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  • The Truth About Wall street Bets

    華爾街賭局的真相

  • It seems like we have developed a tradition where  every year starts with a financial disaster.  

    似乎我們已經形成了一個傳統,每年都是以財政災難開始。

  • 2020 started with a massive stock market crash.  2021 with retail investors pushing hedge funds  

    2020年以大規模股災開始。 2021年以散戶推崇對沖基金為標誌

  • to lose billions of dollars and  putting the entire financial system  

    損失數十億美元,並把整個金融系統

  • upside down. I am just curious  what 2022 is holding for us

    顛倒了。我只是好奇2022年我們會怎樣!

  • The fed is going to announce that it's  going to launch its own crypto currency?  

    美聯儲將宣佈要推出自己的加密貨幣?

  • I wouldn't be surprised.

    我不會感到驚訝。

  • GameStop's stock price surged more than 1,700%  instantly, driven by a group of amateur investors  

    在一群業餘投資者的推動下,GameStop的股價瞬間暴漲超過1700%。

  • on Reddit who organized a revolt against  hedge funds that bet against the company.  

    在Reddit上,他組織了一場反抗對沖基金對公司進行押注的活動。

  • The best part is that these hedge funds that  seemed like no one can beat them at their game  

    最棒的是,這些看似無人能敵的對沖基金,在他們的遊戲中

  • lost billions of dollars. A bunch of  Reddit users destroyed multi-billion  

    損失了數十億美元。一群Reddit用戶毀掉了數十億美元的

  • dollar hedge funds that spend millions on  the latest softwares, best accountants,  

    美元的對沖基金,花費數百萬美元在最新的軟件,最好的會計師。

  • and analysts to predict the market. They even  caught the eye of the White House in the process.

    和分析師來預測市場。在這個過程中,他們甚至吸引了白宮的目光。

  • Melvin Capital, one of the hedge funds that  shorted GameStop, lost 53%. It started the  

    做空GameStop的對沖基金之一Melvin Capital損失了53%。它開始了

  • year with 12.5 billion dollars and ended  January with just 8 billion dollars.  

    年的125億美元,1月末只有80億美元。

  • It's estimated that short-sellers lost nearly  $13 billion on GameStop alone so far this year.  

    據估計,今年以來,僅在GameStop上,做空者就損失了近130億美元。

  • I guess these hedge funds will think  twice before shorting another stock.

    我想這些對沖基金在做空另一隻股票之前會三思而行。

  • However, most retail investors who purchased  the stock at 300 or 400 dollars or above  

    不過,大部分散戶在三四百元以上的價格買入該股

  • ended up losing most of their money since  platforms like Robinhood restricted trading.

    由於Robinhood等平臺限制交易,最終損失了大部分資金。

  • To understand what really happened with GameStop,  

    要想了解GameStop的真實情況。

  • we have to understand why hedge funds  shorted game stop in the first place?  

    我們首先要明白為什麼對沖基金做空遊戲停止?

  • How is it possible to short more stocks than the  number of stocks that exist? Should you trust  

    怎麼可能做空的股票比存在的股票數量還多?你是否應該相信

  • WallStreetBets? and how to avoid the biggest  financial mistake that most investors make?

    WallStreetBets嗎,以及如何避免大多數投資者所犯的最大金融錯誤?

  • We will answer all of these questions and many  more, but before we do that, here is a little  

    我們將回答所有這些問題和更多的問題,但在這之前,這裡有一個小的

  • disclaimer - this is not financial advice, and  everything that's said in this video is for  

    免責聲明--這不是理財建議,在這個視頻中所說的一切,都是為了讓你的生活更美好。

  • educational purposes. In order to make the best  financial decision that suits your own needs,  

    教育目的。為了做出適合自己的最佳理財決策。

  • you must conduct your own research and seek  the advice of a licensed financial advisor

    你必須進行自己的研究,並尋求持牌財務顧問的建議。

  • And now, give this video a thumbs up for the  youtube algorithm, and let's get right into it.

    而現在,為這個視頻的youtube算法豎起大拇指,讓我們直接進入。

  • 
 1. shorting - a tool for the Ultra-Rich

    1.做空----超級富豪的工具。

  • You probably heard about hedge fundsbut you don't know for sure what they do  

    你可能聽說過對沖基金,但你並不清楚他們是做什麼的。

  • because they are not allowed to market  themselves since they are not regulated.  

    因為他們不被允許推銷自己,因為他們不受監管。

  • That's why very few people know how hedge work.  

    這就是為什麼很少有人知道如何對沖的原因。

  • Hedge funds are made by the rich for the  rich to make rich people richer and avoid  

    對沖基金是富人為富人做的,讓富人更富,避免了

  • taxes - that's all that you need to know. If you  have never invested through a hedge fund before,  

    稅--這就是你需要知道的一切。如果你從來沒有通過對沖基金投資過。

  • that's alright because you need a net worth  of a least a few hundred million dollars.  

    這沒關係,因為你需要一個淨資產 至少幾億美元。

  • Unlike ETFs, they take a percentage  of the profit besides a percentage  

    與ETF不同的是,他們除了抽取一定比例的利潤外,還抽取一定比例的利潤

  • of the total assets you invest in. That's why  they try to maximize profits for their clients.

    的總資產。這就是為什麼他們會努力為客戶爭取最大的利潤。

  • The most common investing strategy you probably  heard is - buy low and sell high. That's how you  

    最常見的投資策略你可能聽說過--低買高賣。這是你如何

  • and I invest, but the ultra-rich like hedge  funds invest by reversing this strategy.  

    和我投資,但像對沖基金這樣的超級富豪卻通過顛覆這種策略進行投資。

  • They buy high and sell low. That doesn't  make sense at first glance, but it's simple.

    他們高買低賣。乍一看沒道理,但很簡單。

  • Let's say you expect a certain stock to  decline like Intel because you know that  

    比方說,你預期某隻股票會下跌,比如英特爾,因為你知道

  • Apple who is their biggest client, will announce  next week that they will no longer buy Intel chips  

    作為其最大客戶的蘋果公司將在下週宣佈不再購買英特爾的芯片

  • and make their chips in-house. So you  pick up your phone and call your broker.  

    並讓他們的芯片內部。所以你拿起電話,給你的經紀人打電話。

  • You borrow from him a single intel stock that  costs 100 dollars and instantly sell it in the  

    你從他那裡借到一隻成本為100美元的英特爾股票,並立即在中賣出。

  • open market for 100 dollarsCongrats!  

    公開市場100美元。 恭喜你

  • Now you have 100 dollars in your pocket, but  you still owe your broker one intel stock.

    現在你口袋裡有100塊錢,但你還欠你的經紀人一隻英特爾股票。

  • Let's say you are right, and Next  week intel's stock price drops to  

    假設你是對的,下週英特爾的股價就會跌到。

  • 70 dollars. You use that 100 dollars to buy  one intel stock for 70 dollars since the  

    70美元。你用這100塊錢買一隻英特爾的股票,70塊錢自

  • price dropped and return it to your  broker and pocket the difference

    價格下降,並將其返還給你的經紀人,並將差額收入囊中。

  • Congrats! You have made 30  dollars out of a fall of stock!

    恭喜你啊!跌停的股票,你已經賺了30元!

  • It sounds simple in theory, but it's  extremely difficult and risky in practice

    理論上聽起來很簡單,但實際操作起來卻非常困難,風險很大。

  • What happens if you are wrong? What  if the price doubles overnight?  

    如果你錯了怎麼辦?如果一夜之間價格翻倍怎麼辦?

  • You still have to return that  single intel stock to your broker?  

    你還得把那單英特爾股票退給你的經紀人?

  • Now you have to buy that stock back for  200 dollars to return it to your broker.

    現在你要用200塊錢把那隻股票買回來,還給你的經紀人。

  • When you buy a stock and try  to sell it when it rises,  

    當你買入一隻股票,並試圖在它上漲時賣出它。

  • the maximum that you can lose is the amount you  invested in, but not in the case of shorting.  

    你能失去的最大限度是你投資的金額,但不是在做空的情況下。

  • If the price keeps rising, your losses  keep rising. Theoretically, you can make  

    如果價格不斷上漲,你的損失就會不斷增加。理論上,你可以讓

  • unlimited losses since, theoreticallythe stock price can rise indefinitely

    無限的損失,因為從理論上講,股價可以無限的上漲。

  • So when hedge funds realized  that GameStop is struggling,  

    所以,當對沖基金意識到GameStop正在掙扎。

  • they decided to play around with its stock and  bet against it, and shorted 114% of its stock.  

    他們決定玩弄它的股票,並與它打賭,並做空114%的股票。

  • What? Wait a second!

    什麼? - 等一下!等一下!

  • How can you short more stocks than  the number of stocks that exist

    怎麼能做空的股票數量超過現有的股票數量呢?

  • It's complicated, but here  is the simplified version.

    這很複雜,但這裡是簡化版。

  • Let's say Elon owns 1 GameStop stock. His  broker lends his (Elon's) one share to a  

    比方說,埃隆擁有1只GameStop股票。他的經紀人把他的(埃隆的)1股借給了一個。

  • short seller Jeff. Jeff borrows that stock  and sells it in the open market to Warren.  

    賣空者傑夫。傑夫借了那隻股票,在公開市場上賣給沃倫。

  • Warren doesn't know that Jeff actually borrowed  that stock, so Warren's broker lends his share  

    沃倫不知道傑夫其實是借了那隻股票,所以沃倫的經紀人把他的股票借給了他。

  • to another short-seller Bill who then goes  and sells that share to another investor. The  

    給另一個賣空者比爾,然後他再去把該股賣給另一個投資者。該

  • exact same share now has been shorted twice. This  scenario shouldn't have happened, but it happens

    同樣的股票現在已經被做空兩次。這種情況不應該發生,但它發生了。

  • So the Reddit user who was investing in  GameStop since the fall of 2020 realized that  

    於是,從2020年秋季開始投資GameStop的Reddit用戶意識到

  • all of these hedge funds shorted  over 100% of GameStop shares,  

    這些對沖基金都做空了超過100%的GameStop股票。

  • which means if everyone starts buying GameStopthe sock will keep rising, and hedge funds  

    這意味著如果大家都開始買入GameStop,襪子會不斷上漲,而對沖基金

  • will have to buy these shares no matter how  expensive they get to exist their position.

    將不得不購買這些股票,無論他們得到存在他們的位置多麼昂貴。

  • But that will drive the price higher, which  will attract more investors, which will again  

    但這將推動價格上漲,從而吸引更多的投資者,這將再次

  • drive the price higher to the point where  these hedge funds will either go bankrupt  

    將價格推高,以至於這些對沖基金要麼破產

  • or at least buy back these shares at an  unbelievably high price. So GameStop's  

    或者至少以不可思議的高價回購這些股份。所以GameStop的

  • stock price surged more than 1,700% instantly. Theoretically, it made sense to buy GameStop  

    股價瞬間暴漲1700%以上。從理論上講,買入GameStop是合理的。

  • because short-sellers had to pay  interest on the borrowed stocks.  

    因為賣空者必須支付借入股票的利息。

  • If everyone held their position and didn't sellhedge funds would have kept proposing higher and  

    如果大家都持倉不賣,對沖基金就會不斷提出更高的和

  • higher price. Gamestop could have easily crossed  a thousand dollars, but something went wrong.  

    更高的價格。Gamestop本來可以輕鬆突破千元,但出了問題。

  • Platforms such as Robinhood and others restricted  retail investors from buying more GameStop shares.

    羅賓漢等平臺限制散戶買入更多的GameStop股票。

  • That's insane!

    這是瘋了!

  • Of course, they explained their actions by  saying that they were protecting their clients,  

    當然,他們解釋自己的行為時說是在保護客戶。

  • but I don't personally buy thatThat could be the reason partly,  

    但我個人並不買賬。 這可能是部分原因。

  • but I think there is a lot more to this than we  know. Who knows, maybe one day we will find out

    但我認為有很多東西比我們知道的更多。誰知道呢,也許有一天我們會發現。

  • Trading - another form of gambling

    交易 -- -- 另一種形式的賭博

  • Here is what I don't like about these  kinds of investments. First of all,  

    以下是我不喜歡這類投資的原因。首先是。

  • it's not investing - it's trading. And  it's not based on any data or logic.  

    這不是投資 - 這是交易。而且它不基於任何數據或邏輯。

  • The people who invested in GameStop and similar  companies are not investing because they did  

    投資GameStop和類似公司的人並不是因為他們投資了

  • not do fundamental analysis and expect the  business to grow, it was pure Pump and dump.

    不做基本面分析,指望企業發展,那是純粹的Pump and dump。

  • The problem with that is that, no matter how high  the stock price will rise, it will crash and fall  

    問題是,無論股價漲得多高,都會崩盤下跌

  • back to where it started because the company  didn't change or grow. At some point when the  

    回到最初的地方,因為公司沒有改變或成長。在某些時候,當

  • price reaches a certain point, early buyers  will sell which will drive the price down,  

    價格達到一定程度,早期買家就會賣出,從而推動價格下降。

  • which will force other investors to panic and  sell which will further drive the price down,  

    這將迫使其他投資者恐慌性拋售,這將進一步推動價格下跌。

  • which will force more investors to panic and  sell and so on until most people who purchased  

    這將迫使更多的投資者恐慌性拋售,如此下去,直到大多數購買了

  • the stock after the hype will lose at  least some of their money if not all.

    炒作後的股票至少會失去一些他們的錢,如果不是全部。

  • You could be lucky, you could be one of the  early buyers, but chances that you will lose  

    你可能是幸運的,你可能是一個早期的買家,但機會,你會失去。

  • money especially if you invested once it was  already all over the news are way higher.

    錢,尤其是如果你投資了,一旦它已經是所有的新聞都是高的方式。

  • When something like that happenswhen everyone is making money,  

    當這樣的事情發生的時候,當大家都在賺錢的時候。

  • when it's all over the news, it's  really difficult to control yourself.  

    當它的所有新聞, 它真的很難控制自己。

  • The feeling of missing out will push you to invest  even if its too late. I have had that feeling  

    錯過的感覺會促使你去投資,即使為時已晚。我也有過這種感覺

  • multiple times, but I try my best to control  myself because if I feel like I am missing out,  

    多次,但我儘量控制自己,因為如果我覺得自己錯過了。

  • chances that I have missed out are already 90  percent. So even if it's a great opportunity,  

    錯過的機率已經達到90%。所以就算是一個很好的機會。

  • I would rather miss it than lose the money  I have earned with my blood and sweat.

    寧願錯過,也不願失去自己用血汗賺來的錢。

  • I am not saying you shouldn't take risks  or invest. Investing is great. I do invest  

    我不是說你不應該承擔風險或投資。投資是偉大的。我確實在投資

  • myself. This channel is about investing. But when  investing is based on facts and data, Chances  

    我自己。這個頻道是關於投資的。但是,當投資是基於事實和數據的時候,機緣

  • you will make money are way higher and most  importantly, you can sleep peacefully at night

    你會賺錢的方式更高,最重要的是,你可以在晚上安然入睡。

  • If you have enjoyed this video, you will most  definitely enjoy this custom playlist that I  

    如果你喜歡這段視頻,你一定會喜歡我的這個自定義播放列表。

  • have created specifically for you that  has our most popular videos on business,  

    專門為您創建了我們最受歡迎的商業視頻。

  • investing, and the stock market that  can potentially change your life

    投資,和股市,有可能改變你的生活。

  • And now give this video the thumbs  up that it deserves and make sure to  

    現在給這個視頻豎起大拇指,它應該得到,並確保

  • subscribe if you haven't done that yet. Thanks for watching and until next.

    訂閱,如果你還沒有這樣做。感謝您的觀看,直到下一次。

The Truth About Wall street Bets

華爾街賭局的真相

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不要犯這個投資錯誤--關於華爾街投資的真相。 (Do NOT Make This Investing Mistake - The Truth About WallStreetBets)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 06 日
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