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自動翻譯
  • motivation is the experience of wanting something or wanting to avoid it.

    動機是指想要得到某樣東西或想要逃避的體驗。

  • When we study how we get motivated to learn, develop and succeed, we can identify two contrary forces extrinsic and intrinsic ones.

    當我們研究我們如何獲得學習、發展和成功的動力時,我們可以識別出兩種相反的外在和內在的力量。

  • On the one hand, we want to belong, desire to be loved and seek to get the attention we think we deserve.

    一方面,我們想要歸屬感,渴望被愛,尋求得到我們認為應得的關注。

  • We are motivated, extrinsic Li Bai rewards in order to progress socially.

    我們為了進步社會的積極性,外在的李白獎勵。

  • On the other hand, we strive to explore things that are satisfying in themselves, disregarding rewards.

    另一方面,我們努力探索本身就很滿意的事情,不計回報。

  • We are motivated, intrinsically by a natural curiosity, which we follow because it feels right.

    我們的動機,內在的是一種天生的好奇心,我們追隨這種好奇心,因為它感覺是對的。

  • The opinions of others don't matter.

    別人的意見並不重要。

  • To understand why we probably need a good mix of both.

    要理解為什麼我們可能需要兩者的良好結合。

  • Let's imagine 24 year old Children both grow up in families that want only the best for their kids but have completely opposing views on how to motivate them to succeed.

    讓我們想象一下,24歲的孩子都成長在一個只想給孩子最好的家庭裡,但在如何激勵他們成功的問題上,他們的觀點卻完全相反。

  • Tom's parents believe that all their boy needs is love to not undermine his intrinsic interests.

    湯姆的父母認為,他們的孩子需要的是愛,不要破壞他的內在興趣。

  • They never praise him or use rewards.

    他們從不表揚他,也不用獎勵。

  • Eventually they decide not to give him any feedback at all, fearing it could corrupt his free mind.

    最後他們決定完全不給他任何反饋,擔心這會腐蝕他的自由思想。

  • Mhm over the years, Tom develops an immense capacity to imagine spending most of his time playing by himself by being allowed to follow his passions.

    Mhm多年來,Tom形成了一種巨大的能力,想象著大部分時間都是自己玩,通過被允許追隨自己的激情。

  • He learns what he likes and what he doesn't.

    他知道自己喜歡什麼,不喜歡什麼。

  • But Tom doesn't learn what others expect and gets easily irritated when asked to do something in a particular way.

    但湯姆並沒有學會別人的期待,當被問到用某種特定的方式做某件事時,他很容易被激怒。

  • Mm Mira's parents believe that their precious little girl needs clear rules about what's good and what's not.

    Mm Mira的父母認為,他們的寶貝女兒需要明確的規則,什麼是好的,什麼是壞的。

  • They see it as their duty to help Mira learn by providing precise and actionable feedback on all aspects of her young life.

    他們把幫助Mira學習視為自己的責任,對她年輕生活的各個方面提供精確和可操作的反饋。

  • Mira spends her days in preschool music and ballet lessons.

    米拉每天都在上學前音樂和芭蕾舞課。

  • Over the years.

    多年來,。

  • She gets exceptionally good at the things that please the adults around her.

    她在討好身邊的大人的事情上,變得異常優秀。

  • However, since there is neither time to play nor to relax, she doesn't discover her own interests.

    然而,由於既沒有時間玩,也沒有時間放鬆,她沒有發現自己的興趣。

  • Being alone bores her.

    獨自一人讓她感到厭煩。

  • At 14, Tom is independent and begins writing science fiction.

    14歲時,湯姆獨立了,開始寫科幻小說。

  • He realizes that he isn't quite like his friends and spends most of his time at the library when he shares his writing.

    他意識到自己和朋友們不太一樣,大部分時間都是在圖書館分享自己的寫作。

  • Others can't quite relate at the same age.

    其他人在同齡人中不能完全體會。

  • Mira is at the top of her class and has plenty of friends and admirers.

    米拉是班上的佼佼者,有很多朋友和崇拜者。

  • She knows what is expected of her and makes sure to meet those expectations.

    她知道人們對她的期望是什麼,並確保滿足這些期望。

  • Sometimes the pressure becomes unbearable, although that's her secret by the day he turns 21.

    有時壓力變得難以承受,雖然這是她的祕密,到他21歲那天。

  • Tom has a unique perspective of the world.

    湯姆對這個世界有著獨特的看法。

  • He is intelligent but doesn't like to work for money and hence is always broke.

    他很聰明,但不喜歡為錢工作,是以總是破產。

  • He hates the idea of conforming to conventional norms and is annoyed if someone interferes with his creative expression.

    他討厭符合傳統規範的想法,如果有人干涉他的創造性表達,他就會感到惱火。

  • What at this point, Tom knows a lot about himself but doesn't connect well with others.

    這時,湯姆知道很多自己的事情,但卻不能很好地與他人溝通。

  • To him, people seem to follow rules without questioning them, just like sheep.

    在他看來,人們似乎都是循規蹈矩,不問青紅皁白,就像羊一樣。

  • Integrating into the society is difficult at this point, and he begins to search for Utopia.

    此時融入社會是困難的,他開始尋找烏托邦。

  • Yeah, Mira makes it into a top medical school, where she realizes she'll never be top of the class again.

    是啊,Mira進入了一所頂尖的醫學院,在那裡她意識到自己永遠不會再成為班上的佼佼者了。

  • Once that place seems out of reach, her motivation drops, and she wonders if medicine actually interests her.

    一旦那個地方似乎遙不可及,她的動力就會下降,她不知道醫學是否真的讓她感興趣。

  • Since quitting is no option, she takes up a second major and runs for student council president.

    由於辭職是不可能的,她就選了第二個專業,競選學生會主席。

  • Soon, Mira will know everything about what others expect, but nothing about what she likes for herself.

    很快,米拉就會知道別人期望的一切,但對自己喜歡的東西卻一無所知。

  • All her life, she has just listened, driven by external feedback loops.

    她的一生,只是在外部反饋迴路的驅動下,聽從。

  • At this point, she's almost lost the ability to question the norms of the society she grew up in listening to.

    此時,她幾乎已經失去了質疑自己聽著長大的社會規範的能力。

  • Our heart can tell us who we are, but not how to be happy among others.

    我們的心可以告訴我們是誰,但不能告訴我們如何在別人中快樂。

  • Listening to others can motivate us to be a part of their world, but doesn't teach us if that world is ours.

    傾聽別人的聲音可以激勵我們成為他們世界的一部分,但並不能教會我們這個世界是否是我們的。

  • This is why it's probably good for the two to go together.

    這就是為什麼兩個人在一起可能是好事。

  • Then we can learn what we want and get the feedback we need in order to stay motivated to explore new roads into a better society.

    然後,我們可以瞭解我們想要的東西,並獲得我們需要的反饋,以便保持動力,探索新的道路,進入一個更好的社會。

  • A large body of research shows that balancing the two forces is not straightforward.

    大量研究表明,平衡兩種力量並不簡單。

  • One meta analysis of 128 studies examined the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation.

    有一項對128項研究的元分析研究了外在獎勵對內在動機的影響。

  • While most rewards significantly undermined our intrinsic interest, positive feedback, which is an extrinsic motivator, inspires us to keep going.

    雖然大多數獎勵大大削弱了我們的內在興趣,但作為外在動力的正向反饋卻激勵著我們繼續前進。

  • Put simply, honest words of encouragement get us going while money or gifts undermine our inner drive.

    簡單地說,真誠的鼓勵話語讓我們前進,而金錢或禮物則會削弱我們的內在動力。

  • What about you?

    你呢?

  • Do you listen to your heart or to the voices of society and from your personal experience, which of the two eventually takes your decision?

    你是聽從自己的內心還是聽從社會的聲音,從你的個人經歷來看,這兩者最終哪一個會成為你的決定?

  • Share your thoughts and check the description to dive deeper into the topic.

    分享你的想法,並查看描述,深入瞭解主題。

  • Sprouts videos are published under the Creative Commons license.

    Sprouts視頻是在知識共享許可下發布的。

  • That means our videos are free and anyone can download, edit and play them for personal use and public schools, governments and nonprofit organizations can also use them for training online courses or designing new curriculums To help us stay independent and support our work.

    這意味著我們的視頻是免費的,任何人都可以下載、編輯和播放,供個人使用,公立學校、政府和非營利組織也可以使用它們來培訓在線課程或設計新的課程,以幫助我們保持獨立和支持我們的工作。

  • You can join our patrons and contribute.

    你可以加入我們的贊助人,並做出貢獻。

  • Just visit patreon dot com slash sprouts.

    只要訪問patreon dot com slash sprouts。

  • Even $1 can make a difference.

    哪怕是1美元,也能帶來不同的效果。

motivation is the experience of wanting something or wanting to avoid it.

動機是指想要得到某樣東西或想要逃避的體驗。

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自動翻譯

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B1 中級 中文 內在 反饋 外在 米拉 湯姆 獎勵

外在動機與內在動機。你是在傾聽還是在追隨自己的內心? (Extrinsic vs Intrinsic Motivation: Are You Listening or Following Your Heart?)

  • 19 2
    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 01 日
影片單字