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  • This video is done in a collaboration with Skillshare.

    這個視頻是與技能共享合作完成的。

  • Make sure to check out their video next after this one and their website for two months premium access for just 99 cents.

    接下來一定要看看他們的視頻,這個視頻之後,他們的網站兩個月的高級訪問,只需要99分。

  • The wealthiest person in the world has a new face. And his name is Jeff Bezos.

    世界上最富有的人有了新面孔。他的名字是傑夫-貝佐斯。

  • With a current net worth of 123.6 Billion dollars that is increasing all the time,

    目前的淨資產為1236億美元,一直在增加。

  • he's on track to becoming the wealthiest person in modern human history.

    他有望成為現代人類歷史上最富有的人。

  • His title of wealthiest person in the world, though, may be broken sometime in the future

    不過他的世界首富頭銜,可能在未來的某一天會被打破。

  • by an industry that hasn't even really started yet.

    由一個甚至還沒有真正開始的行業。

  • And by whoever gets heavily involved in this industry first.

    而由誰先大量介入這個行業。

  • The industry that I'm talking about is asteroid mining,

    我說的這個行業就是小行星採礦。

  • which has been talked about extensively by people like Neil DeGrasse Tyson in video clips like this one:

    這已經被廣泛談論的人 像尼爾-德格拉斯-泰森 在視頻剪輯這樣的一個。

  • "The first trillionaire will ever be is the person who mines asteroids for their natural resources. I'm just saying."

    "第一個萬億富翁將會是那些為了自然資源而開採小行星的人。我只是說說而已。"

  • To get a little more detail about why this will be the case, we need to understand why certain asteroids are valuable.

    為了更詳細地瞭解為什麼會這樣,我們需要了解為什麼某些小行星是有價值的。

  • Take the asteroid belt, for example, located between Mars and Jupiter.

    以位於火星和木星之間的小行星帶為例。

  • There are millions of asteroids located here that are together estimated to be worth over 700 Quintilian dollars.

    這裡分佈著數百萬顆小行星,加在一起估計價值超過700崑崙幣。

  • That's because several asteroids here contain enormous amounts of raw materials that are very rare back on Earth's surface.

    那是因為這裡的幾顆小行星含有大量的原材料,而這些原材料在地球表面是非常稀有的。

  • Like gold, silver, palladium, and perhaps most interestingly platinum.

    像黃金、白銀、鈀金,或許還有最有趣的鉑金。

  • A company called "Planetary Resources" estimated in 2012 that the platinum mined from a small 30 meter wide asteroid,

    一家名為 "行星資源 "的公司在2012年估計,從一顆30米寬的小行星上開採的鉑金。

  • could be worth somewhere between 25 and 50 Billion dollars at current market value.

    按照目前的市場價值,可能價值在250億到500億美元之間。

  • Just one Platinum rich asteroid could contain more Platinum than humanity has ever mined in history.

    僅僅一顆富含鉑金的小行星所含的鉑金就可能比人類歷史上開採的鉑金還要多。

  • Which, if introduced all at once, would almost certainly crash the economic value of platinum.

    這如果一下子推出,幾乎肯定會讓鉑金的經濟價值崩潰。

  • This would, however, greatly reduce the cost of nearly all electronic devices that we use.

    不過,這將大大降低我們使用的幾乎所有電子設備的成本。

  • About one in four manufactured products on Earth use platinum group metals that are very expensive now

    地球上大約四分之一的製成品使用了現在非常昂貴的鉑族金屬。

  • but wouldn't necessarily be any more in this scenario.

    但在這種情況下不一定會更。

  • But it's not just platinum that future space miners will be after.

    但未來的太空礦工追求的不僅僅是鉑金。

  • A large asteroid with a diameter of 1 kilometer could contain two to three times the global production of Iron Nickel Ore.

    一顆直徑為1千米的大型小行星所含鎳鐵礦的產量可能是全球產量的兩到三倍。

  • And the very large asteroid, 16 Psyche, could satisfy the entire global demand for nickel iron for several million years.

    而非常大的小行星16 Psyche,可以滿足全球幾百萬年對鎳鐵的全部需求。

  • Asteroids like these have the potential to give humanity a near infinite supply of these incredibly valuable raw materials.

    像這樣的小行星,有可能給人類提供近乎無限的這些難以置信的寶貴原材料。

  • And the corporations that are providing these infinite supplies will reap the tremendous financial returns.

    而提供這些無限供給的企業將獲得巨大的經濟回報。

  • If you start one of these corporations you may not even have to go as far out as the asteroid belt to find one that's valuable enough.

    如果你創辦了其中的一家公司,你可能甚至不用去小行星帶那麼遠的地方,就能找到一家足夠有價值的公司。

  • Nearly 15,000 Near-Earth asteroids, or NEA'S, have been discovered with close orbits to Earth so far.

    迄今為止,已經發現了1.5萬顆近地小行星,即NEA S,它們的軌道接近地球。

  • Of these, the most valuable one identified so far is likely 162173 Ryugu.

    其中,目前查明最有價值的可能是162173龍宮。

  • Nearly one kilometer wide and estimated to be worth nearly 83 billion dollars.

    近一公里寬,估計價值近830億元。

  • This one asteroid is worth about the same as the entire Starbucks corporation is.

    這一顆小行星的價值和整個星巴克公司的價值差不多。

  • And the Japanese government is sending a probe there that will return a valuable sample to Earth in December 2020.

    而日本政府正在向那裡派遣一個探測器,將在2020年12月向地球返回一個有價值的樣本。

  • That's because the next time the asteroid will be closest to Earth will be on December 29th 2020.

    因為下一次小行星離地球最近的時間是2020年12月29日。

  • And then again on June 3rd 2025.

    然後在2025年6月3日再來一次。

  • Any company started by anybody between now and then that manages to get a mining operation set up on it could see profits of tens of billions of dollars.

    從現在到那時,任何一個人創辦的公司,只要設法在上面建立起一個採礦作業,就可以看到數百億美元的利潤。

  • And if successful, it could be stepping stone out to the far more valuable asteroids out in the asteroid belt.

    如果成功的話,它可能是通往小行星帶中更有價值的小行星的踏腳石。

  • Where there have already been 711 asteroids discovered estimated to be worth over 100 trillion dollars each!

    其中已經發現了711顆小行星,估計每顆價值超過100萬億美元!

  • Making each one equal to about the entire global GDP in 2014.

    使每個人約等於2014年全球GDP的全部。

This video is done in a collaboration with Skillshare.

這個視頻是與技能共享合作完成的。

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B2 中高級 中文 小行星 價值 開採 地球 公司 美元

如何成為人類第一個萬億富翁? (How to Become Humanity's First Trillionaire)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 02 月 23 日
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