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  • this video was created in partnership with Bill Gates.


  • Inspired by his new book How to Avoid a Climate Disaster, You can find out more about how we can all work together to avoid a climate disaster in the link below.


  • There are 1.2 billion vehicles that exist across the world today, and nearly all of them consume a form of gasoline or fossil fuels to power themselves.


  • We are all incredibly familiar with gasoline and diesel powered cars.


  • They've been a part of nearly every person's life in the developed world now for decades and decades.


  • But the age of fossil fuel powered cars is likely coming to an end a lot sooner than many of us would like to believe.


  • I'm making this video, after all.


  • As a huge fan of the internal combustion engine and the car, I made an entire secondary channel a while back where I drove and reviewed cars, and my favorites have always been high power big engine gas guzzlers like the Dodge Viper, a Corvette or others like them.


  • However, I do recognize where society and the future is headed and it's headed doors, electric vehicles, and here's why.


  • It's unfortunately, just a fact of reality that fossil fuel powered vehicles are contributing substantially to the overall global climate crisis.


  • The transportation industry in general is currently contributing around 16% of all the world's greenhouse gas emissions, but that could be broken down into several different cars.


  • Rail accounts for a measly 1% of the transportation industries emissions as a whole, while cargo and cruise ships account for 10% aviation ads in another 10% while the overwhelming majority is contributed from vehicles driving on the road.


  • Garbage trucks, Busses and 18 wheelers contribute 30% nearly three times as many emissions as the entire aviation industry does.


  • While cars, SUVs and motorcycles contribute a further 47% or nearly five times as many emissions as the shipping in cruise line industries do combined, this means that 7.5% of the entire world's emissions are coming just from traffic on our roads.


  • Further, the demand for transportation is going to be substantially increasing in the future as the world's population continues to explode to new records and his poverty is reduced.


  • Mawr and Maurin, newer places more people want and can actually afford cars than in any other previous time in history.


  • The International Energy Agency expects the number of vehicles in the world to more than double by 2060 while demand for aviation will more than triple by 2070.


  • All of these increases are going to dramatically increase the rate of global emissions, and they simply aren't compatible with international climate agreements.


  • The most widespread of these agreements, the Paris climate accord, has been ratified by nearly every country in the world and aims at preventing the world from heating beyond two degrees Celsius over preindustrial levels in the 19th century.


  • Ideally, the agreement would actually restrict heating to just 1.5 degrees Celsius over the era before the Industrial Revolution.


  • But we've already reached one degree warmer in orderto limit, the increase to just 1.5 degrees.


  • Every country around the world has to make significant cuts to their emissions over the next decade, and one of the most obvious ways to do that is by reducing the emissions from the transportation industry.


  • And the most obvious way to do that is by getting more and more people to adopt electric vehicles or e V s you've maybe heard that E.

    而最明顯的方法就是讓越來越多的人採用電動車或者e V s你也許聽說過E。

  • V s air justice polluting or even more so than conventional fossil fuel vehicles.


  • But the simple fact is that that's just wrong.


  • It's true that Evie's produce more of a carbon footprint to actually create than fossil fuel vehicles, dio.


  • But in the long run, their farm or ecological, let's take the E V Pole star to and the Volvo XY 40 as two examples made by the same company, the pole star, to create the 26 ton carbon footprint before leaving the factory, which is substantially more than it takes to create the C 40.

    但從長遠來看,他們的農場還是生態的,我們以E V極星為和沃爾沃XY 40為兩個例子,由同一家公司製造的極星,在出廠前就創造了26噸的碳足跡,這比創造C 40所需的碳足跡大幅增加。

  • However, the pole star to could be powered completely on renewable energy sources, which means that at 50,000 kilometers of driving, their carbon footprints equal out, and from that on the XY 40 is the more polluting vehicle.

    不過,極星至可以完全依靠可再生能源驅動,也就是說,在行駛5萬公里時,它們的碳足跡就等於出來了,從此XY 40就是汙染較嚴重的車輛。

  • This is consistently true across all E V s.

    這在所有的E V s中都是一致的。

  • They're generally more polluting to create at first, but over time they will be significantly less polluting than fossil fuel vehicles are.


  • And because of that simple fact, governments and countries around the world are making plans right now to completely change their societies into abandoning fossil fuel vehicles and making the switch to electrification in order to reduce their own emissions.


  • So here is a general timeline of thes plans.


  • So far, several cities across the European Union already have some form of restrictions in place for petrol and diesel powered vehicles.


  • But the first national level restriction on the books that will go into effect is going to be in Norway, where the country is presently planning on banning the sale of all new diesel and petrol vehicles by 2025 or in other words, just four years from now.


  • Currently, existing diesel and petrol vehicles will, of course still be able to be driven.


  • You just won't be able to buy and newly manufactured one the only new vehicles you'll be allowed to buy our non fossil fuel vehicles, and it's already begun to affect the country.


  • Over 60% of new car purchases in Norway are already E V s, which is the highest market share of any country in the world so far, but they're far from the only place that's planning on restricting the sale of fossil fuel vehicles in the future.

    在挪威,超過60%的新車購買已經是E V s,這是迄今為止世界上市場份額最高的國家,但他們遠不是唯一一個計劃在未來限制化石燃料汽車銷售的地方。

  • There just the first Austria plans on limiting the registration of new taxis and right shares.


  • TV's only by 2027 by 2030.


  • Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Netherlands, Slovenia and India all have some kind of plan right now to join Norway in eliminating the sale of any newly produced non electric vehicle.


  • In addition, Israel also has plans by 2030 to eliminate the importation of any newly produced petrol or diesel vehicle.


  • And a whole host of cities plan on restricting the use of petrol and or diesel vehicles inside of them by 2030 as well, including London, Bristol, Madrid, Barcelona, Paris, Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Utrecht, The Hague, Copenhagen, Oslo, Heidelberg, Milan, Athens, Los Angeles, Seattle, Mexico City, Cape Town, Auckland and surely more to come by then by 2035.


  • Japan is also planning on eliminating the sale of new petrol and diesel vehicles, and this will certainly end up having the most profound effect on the automotive industry.


  • Yet as the Japanese automobile market is among the largest and most influential in the world, with huge brands like Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Subaru, Mazda and others becoming highly affected by the policy, the United Kingdom is also intending on eliminating the sale of plug in hybrid vehicles by this point as well.


  • And despite the transportation industry taking up 30% of all of America's greenhouse gas emissions, the United States doesn't currently have any plans at the federal level to eliminate new fossil fuel vehicle sales.


  • But a few states do.


  • Both California and Massachusetts have so far made plans to eliminate new fossil fuel vehicle sales by this point, as well as the Canadian province of Quebec, and other states and provinces are likely to follow them by 2040.


  • The entirety of Canada is expected to eliminate new fossil fuel vehicle sales, while the province of British Columbia is taking it a step further, with plans to eliminate all existing fossil fuel vehicles by this point, with plans to rely exclusively on E V s by then, Egypt, France, Spain and Taiwan all have the same goal is Canada for ending new fossil fuel vehicle sales by 2040 while Sri Lanka and Singapore have the goal to completely eliminate all internal combustion engine vehicles from the country by the same year, new or used New York City intends on converting all city owned vehicles TVs by 2040 as well, and the final country with a firm plan on eliminating new petrol and diesel vehicle sales.

    加拿大全境有望取消新的化石燃料汽車銷售,而不列顛哥倫比亞省則更進一步,計劃在此時取消所有現有的化石燃料汽車,計劃到時完全依靠E V s,埃及、法國。西班牙和臺灣都有相同的目標是加拿大在2040年之前結束新的化石燃料汽車銷售,而斯里蘭卡和新加坡的目標是在同年之前徹底消除國內所有的內燃機汽車,新的或二手的紐約市打算在2040年之前也將所有的城市自有車輛轉換為電視,最後一個有堅定計劃的國家是消除新的汽油和機油汽車銷售。

  • It's Costa Rica, which they plan on doing by 2050.


  • The Chinese government is currently investigating a timetable of eliminating new petrol and diesel vehicle sales, but they don't have anything solid yet.


  • However, China is already by far the world's biggest market for E V s, with over half of the world's total being located inside of the country.

    然而,中國已經是目前世界上最大的E V s市場,世界總量的一半以上都在中國境內。

  • But the developed world, simply ditching their petrol and diesel cars and replacing them with TVs, presents additional and perhaps unexpected challenges As laws related to petrol and diesel vehicles become more stringent in the developed world and the demand for any vehicles becomes greater in the developing one, more and more people and companies air going to just begin dumping and pawning off their used petrol or diesel vehicles to the developing world, who may not be financially capable of investing into TVs.


  • In the nearest future, we might end up seeing a starkly contrasted world where most vehicles in the developed world are electric, while most vehicles in the rest of the outside world will remain powered by fossil fuels, thus limiting the climate saving impacts of ditching internal combustion engine vehicles in places like the European Union or Japan.


  • But thankfully, there are already some forward thinking solutions to fixing this problem, like some proposals in the EU to ban the export of used internal combustion engine vehicles or in other countries like Israel to ban the importation of them, along with mandatory recycling programs for used cars and government sponsored incentives for scrapping them.


  • The world is at the tipping point for the widespread adoption of electric vehicles, and it's going to happen steadily over the course of the 20 twenties.


  • And every company can see the writing on the wall.


  • With Volkswagen, the world's largest automobile manufacturer, pledging to transition to an all electric line up by the end of the decade and with Tesla's surging ahead to become the world's most valuable car company, the internal combustion engine will stick around for a while longer.


  • But it's almost certain that the future is going to be almost entirely electric.


  • The world stands at a crossroads.


  • If humanity doesn't do anything to address the growing climate crisis that we can expect, global temperatures to increase well beyond two degrees Celsius over preindustrial levels by the end of the century, which will have catastrophic consequences for all of us.


  • Governments, corporations and individuals like you and me have to do what we can to reduce and mitigate this catastrophe from happening.


  • And reducing our emissions is just one of the many steps we have to take.


  • If you're curious to learn more about the growing climate calamity and how humanity can optimistically win the fight in the future, the night strongly recommend you check out the new book written by Bill Gates, titled How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.


  • I am tremendously grateful to have collaborated directly with Gates Ventures on this important project, and the figures and numbers that you just listen to me talk about have been taken directly from the book, which dives into tremendously more detail than this video has on where we stand on climate change right now and the steps we can take to avoid a total disaster in the future.


  • It's an absolutely fascinating read.


  • It heavily inspired the production of this video, and it will help you learn more about what's at stake and what we're doing is a species toe.


  • Win the battle for the planet.


  • If that sounds like something you'd be interested in reading than please go ahead and check it out by following the link in the description.


  • And thank you so much for watching.


this video was created in partnership with Bill Gates.



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為什麼汽車的未來必然是電動的? (Why the Future of Cars is Inevitably Electric)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 02 月 20 日