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  • A man is sitting in front of his computer mindlessly scrolling down his Facebook news

    一名男子坐在電腦前無意識地瀏覽他的Facebook新聞。

  • feed.

    飼料。

  • He's been feeling a bit insecure since losing his job and getting dumped by his girlfriend,

    自從丟了工作,被女朋友甩了之後,他一直覺得有點不安全。

  • so it's his good fortune on this particular dark day that he comes across one of those

    所以在這個黑暗的日子裡,他很幸運地遇到了其中的一個人

  • bunkum posts that say, “If you can correctly answer these questions you have a genius-level

    說 "如果你能正確回答這些問題,你就擁有了天才級的垃圾帖子。

  • IQ.”

    智商。"

  • Lo and behold, like his friends before him, he scores 10 out of 10 and is rewarded with

    看吧,和他之前的朋友們一樣,他也得了10分,並得到了獎勵。

  • the knowledge that he's a genius with an IQ of over 160.

    知道他是一個智商超過160的天才。

  • He seems blissfully unaware that most 10-year olds could get those questions right.

    他似乎渾然不知,大多數10歲的孩子都能答對這些問題。

  • Nonetheless, he's not too bright and so he shares his results, which is exactly what

    儘管如此,他並不太聰明,所以他分享了他的成果,這正是

  • the creators of the post wanted him to do.

    崗位的創造者希望他做。

  • Poor guy, if he had a higher IQ, he might be savvier to the manipulative guff that does

    可憐的傢伙,如果他有更高的智商,他可能會更精明的操縱的廢話,做的

  • the rounds on social media.

    在社交媒體上的輪。

  • Ok, so this guy knew the capital city of France and he understood that the chemical formula

    好吧,這傢伙知道法國的首都,他明白化學式為

  • for water is H2O.

    對於水來說是H2O。

  • He even knew that Earth was the third rock from the sun.

    他甚至知道,地球是太陽的第三塊石頭。

  • We hate to burst his bubble here, but that doesn't mean he has a high IQ, far from

    我們不想戳破他的保麗龍,但這並不意味著他有很高的智商,遠非如此。

  • it.

    它。

  • You can't base IQ on the ability to answer a handful of easy general knowledge questions.

    你不能把智商建立在回答少量簡單常識題的能力上。

  • There are even games ofspot of the differencesurfacing on Facebook these days, stating

    這幾天臉書上甚至浮現了 "點差 "的遊戲,稱

  • that if you can spot the 10 differences you have an IQ of 180 or over.

    如果你能發現這10個差異,你的智商就會達到180以上。

  • Before we tell you how you can easily improve your own IQ, you need to know a few things

    在告訴你如何輕鬆提高自己的智商之前,你需要知道一些事情。

  • about what IQ actually means.

    關於智商到底意味著什麼。

  • Its full name is intelligence quotient.

    它的全稱是智商。

  • Such standardized tests have been around since the late 19th century, with their purpose

    這種標準化測試從19世紀末就開始了,其目的是

  • being to help judge a person's intelligence.

    是為了幫助判斷一個人的智力。

  • Sometimes the tests were given to see if a person's background, often a child, affects

    有時候,測試是為了看一個人的背景,往往是一個孩子,是否影響了

  • their intelligence.

    他們的智慧。

  • For example, does poverty affect IQ, or does bloodline make a difference?

    比如,是貧窮影響智商,還是血緣影響智商?

  • During the First World War, the American Army gave new recruits such intelligence tests

    在第一次世界大戰期間,美軍對新兵進行了這樣的情報測試。

  • so it could try and judge what a person could or couldn't do.

    所以它可以試著判斷一個人可以做什麼,不能做什麼。

  • It still does that now.

    現在依然如此。

  • Later, industry and education started using such tests.

    後來,工業界和教育界開始使用這種測試。

  • There are lots of different IQ tests, but if you've ever taken one that has a vast

    有很多不同的智商測試,但如果你曾經參加過一個有廣大的。

  • number of questions and gives you a headache, you'll know that to get a lot of questions

    題的數量,讓你頭痛,你就會知道,要想獲得大量的問

  • right you'll need to be good at a few things.

    對了,你需要做好幾件事。

  • Those are usually arithmetic, abstract reasoning, logic, vocabulary, and spatial reasoning.

    這些通常是算術、抽象推理、邏輯、詞彙和空間推理。

  • Other tests focus more on memory.

    其他的測試更注重記憶力。

  • The average IQ is around 100.

    平均智商在100左右。

  • If you score over 145, you are in the top 0.1 percentile.

    如果你的分數超過145分,你就屬於前0.1百分位。

  • If you get below 70 you are in the bottom 2.1 percentile.

    如果你的成績低於70分,你就處於倒數2.1名。

  • We shouldn't have to say it, but if you can spot a missing cat paw on a sketch it

    我們不應該說出來,但如果你能在草圖上發現一隻失蹤的貓爪,它就會

  • has no bearing whatsoever on your IQ.

    對你的智商沒有任何影響。

  • In fact, if you fell for that test it would likely mean that your reasoning faculties

    事實上,如果你接受了這個測試,很可能意味著你的推理能力。

  • are not top-notch.

    不是頂級的。

  • It's not easy scoring well past 100.

    得分好過100分不容易。

  • Singapore citizens have the highest average IQ in the world at 108.

    新加坡公民的平均智商為108,是世界上最高的。

  • China is 105.

    中國是105。

  • Switzerland is the highest European nation at an average of 102.

    瑞士是歐洲最高的國家,平均為102。

  • Canada is the highest in the Americas at an average of 99.

    加拿大是美洲最高的,平均為99。

  • The U.S. average is 98.

    美國的平均水平是98。

  • The UK average is 100.

    英國的平均水平是100。

  • Brazil is just 87.

    巴西只是87。

  • India, 81.

    印度,81歲。

  • South Africa, 77.

    南非,77歲。

  • Don't fear if you did a test and were below average, because between 85 and 115 is considered

    如果你做了測試,低於平均水平也不要怕,因為85到115之間算是

  • in the normal range.

    在正常範圍內。

  • There are different kinds of intelligence, too.

    智慧也有不同的種類。

  • No doubt a gifted computer programmer would score high in a general IQ test, but someone

    毫無疑問,一個有天賦的電腦程序員在一般的智商測試中會得高分,但有人... ...

  • who'd grown up farming in a hill tribe in South East Asia would likely score low.

    在東南亞的一個山地部落里長大的人,很可能會得低分。

  • Ask that programmer to survive up in those hills and for all his intelligence, he'd

    如果讓那個程序員在山上生存,以他的聰明才智,他就會

  • likely fail.

    很可能失敗。

  • All the same, if that farmer had an IQ higher than his peers he might be faster than them

    同樣,如果那個農民的智商比同齡人高,他可能會比他們更快。

  • deducing tricky problems on the farm.

    推導農場的棘手問題。

  • You might have an average IQ and still write a novel or a historical piece of nonfiction

    你可能有一個平均的智商,但仍然寫小說或歷史的非小說作品。

  • that will be read for centuries to come because your insights were outstanding.

    因為你的見解非常出色,所以會被人讀到幾百年。

  • There are also plenty of people with genius-level IQs who struggle to get a job.

    也有很多擁有天才級智商的人,卻難以找到工作。

  • Still, a high IQ overall is an indicator of success.

    不過,總體來說,智商高還是一個成功的指標。

  • Although social class is way more important when it comes to making it in life.

    雖然在生活中,社會階層是更重要的,當使。

  • Success also often depends on the environment you grew up in.

    成功也往往取決於你成長的環境。

  • You might only have an average intelligence but were schooled at Eton, where British political

    你可能只有一般的智力,但在伊頓公學上學,在那裡,英國的政治

  • leaders and other ruthless capitalists often cut their teeth.

    上司和其他無情的資本家經常切齒。

  • You could have a high intelligence in Britain but were schooled at a place nicknamed the

    你可能在英國有很高的智商,但卻在一個綽號為 "英國 "的地方上學。

  • Zooand grew up with selfish parents that at best acknowledged your existence when

    "動物園 "里長大的父母,自私自利,最多承認你的存在,當

  • feeding you your meager daily ration of baked beans on toast.

    給你餵食你每天微不足道的烤豆子配給。

  • But if you had parents that instilled in you self-confidence, perseverance, self-awareness,

    但如果你的父母給你灌輸了自信、毅力、自覺。

  • open-mindedness, creative thinking, critical thinking- well, that could work out well,

    思想開放,創造性思維,批判性思維--嗯,這可能會有好的效果。

  • even if you are poor.

    即使你是窮人。

  • There are so many factors when it comes to success, including having lady luck on your

    成功的因素有很多,包括有女士的運氣。

  • side, but in general, a high IQ is better than a low IQ when it comes to getting by

    方面,但一般來說,高智商的人比低智商的人要好得多。

  • in the world of work.

    在職場上。

  • But again, we must point out the environment you grew up in.

    但我們又必須指出你成長的環境。

  • Poverty and trauma is a serious issue that should never be overlooked when considering

    貧窮和創傷是一個嚴重的問題,在考慮以下問題時決不能忽視:

  • intelligence.

    情報。

  • For centuries the wealthy folks in the world have looked down on the poor for their alleged

    幾個世紀以來,世界上的富人一直看不起窮人,因為他們所謂的

  • low intelligence, calling them names like white trash.

    低智商,把他們的名字叫得像白色垃圾一樣。

  • It's not as if those rich folks were born with big brains.

    那些有錢人又不是天生腦洞大開。

  • Their success was simply down to where they were born, in some cases at least.

    他們的成功只是歸結於他們的出生地,至少在某些情況下是這樣。

  • Before we get to the teaching part of the video, let's look at some examples of high

    在進入視頻教學部分之前,我們先來看看一些高難度的例子。

  • IQs in the real world.

    在現實世界中的智商。

  • You have an American man named Richard Rosner.

    你有一個美國人叫理查德-羅斯納。

  • His IQ is off the charts.

    他的智商高得離譜。

  • He's scored 190 on some tests.

    他在一些測試中得了190分。

  • He's had some strange jobs, too, at one time working as a nude model and another time

    他也有過一些奇怪的工作,有一次做裸體模特,有一次做

  • working as a bouncer.

    作為一個保鏢的工作。

  • Then there's the Greek man, Evangelos Katsioulis.

    還有一個希臘人,Evangelos Katsioulis。

  • With an IQ of around 198, he's said to have one of the highest IQs in the entire world.

    他的智商在198左右,據說是全世界智商最高的人之一。

  • He currently works as a psychiatrist in Greece and is also the founder of the World Intelligence

    他目前在希臘擔任精神病學家,也是世界情報組織的創始人。

  • Network.

    網絡。

  • The South Korean/Japanese man named Sho Yano started college at the young age of nine and

    韓國/日本人名叫矢野翔,9歲開始上大學,並。

  • had a Ph.D. by the time he was 21.

    在他21歲的時候就已經拿到了博士學位。

  • His IQ is an astounding 200.

    他的智商是驚人的200。

  • This former child genius now works in child neurology.

    這位曾經的兒童天才,現在從事兒童神經學工作。

  • The Guinness Book of Records once had an American woman named Marilyn vos Savant as having the

    吉尼斯紀錄中曾有一位名叫瑪麗蓮-沃斯-薩萬特的美國女子,她的名字是

  • highest IQ.

    最高的智商。

  • She once scored 228 on an IQ test, although some people have questioned the formula used

    她曾經在一次智商測試中得了228分,雖然有人質疑過她的計算公式

  • on that test.

    在這個測試上。

  • Still, she's a genius, there's no doubt about that.

    不過,她是個天才,這一點毋庸置疑。

  • These people seemed to do well in life, giving strength to the theory that high IQ leads

    這些人似乎在生活中做得很好,給高智商導致的理論提供了力量

  • to success.

    到成功。

  • But what about the American guy named Nathan Leopold?

    但那個叫Nathan Leopold的美國人呢?

  • He had an IQ of around 200, but he ended up in prison for committing murder.

    他的智商在200左右,但他最後卻因為犯了謀殺罪而入獄。

  • He thought he was so darn clever that he could commit the crime of the century and get away

    他以為自己很聰明,可以犯下世紀大罪而逍遙法外。

  • with it, but he was wrong.

    與它,但他錯了。

  • At a young age, he was obsessed with German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche's theory

    在年輕的時候,他就迷戀上了德國哲學家尼采的理論。

  • of theSuperman”.

    的 "超人"。

  • It seems a lot of people who take this route end up in dark places, including Mr. Hitler.

    看來很多走這條路的人最後都會陷入黑暗的地方,包括希特勒先生。

  • Perhaps humility is a sign of intelligence, too.

    也許謙虛也是一種智慧的表現。

  • By the way, Nietzsche hated nationalism and he certainly was not an anti-Semite, but some

    對了,尼采討厭民族主義,他當然不是反猶主義者,但有些人

  • people don't have the intelligence to see that.

    人們沒有智慧看到這一點。

  • Ok, so some of you might already know you have a high IQ because you've taken the

    好吧,所以有些人可能已經知道你有一個高智商,因為你已經採取了的。

  • tests or you were dubbed a child genius after getting your physics degree at age 12.

    測試,或者你在12歲拿到物理學位後被稱為天才兒童。

  • But, we are guessing that most of you watching this are average when it comes to IQ.

    不過,我們猜測,看這個的大部分人在智商方面都是一般的。

  • The question is, would it help you to have a higher IQ?

    問題是,你的智商高一點會不會有幫助?

  • The answer to that depends on what you want in life and what you think a high IQ will

    答案取決於你想要的生活和你認為的高智商會是什麼?

  • get you.

    讓你。

  • We had a look at a study that was undertaken to try and compare certain IQs with various

    我們曾看過一項研究,該研究是為了嘗試比較某些智商與各種。

  • jobs.

    工作;

  • That doesn't mean that all workers of one job will have an IQ close to other workers

    這並不意味著所有從事某項工作的工人的智商都會與其他工人接近。

  • in that job, but some occupations on average seem to be filled with higher or lower IQs.

    在那份工作中,但有些職業的平均智商似乎更高或更低。

  • Janitors, for instance, were at the lower end of the scale with an average IQ spanning

    例如,清潔工人處於低端,平均智商跨越了

  • from about 75 to 110.

    從大約75到110。

  • Auto mechanics ranged from 75 to 118.

    汽車修理工從75歲到118歲不等。

  • High school teachers from 92 to 126, and at the top of the scale were college professors.

    高校教師從92人到126人,最高的是大學教授。

  • They scored on average from the high 90s to over 130.

    他們的平均分從90多分到130多分。

  • Physicians scored ever higher, from 106 to over 130.

    醫師的得分越來越高,從106分到130多分。

  • What this means of course is you can be an auto mechanic or a janitor with the same IQ

    當然,這意味著你可以成為一個汽車修理工或看門人 同樣的智商。

  • as a college professor, but in general, if you work as a professor or a doctor, your

    作為一個大學教授,但在一般情況下,如果你作為一個教授或醫生,你的。

  • IQ will likely be higher than that of a janitor.

    智商很可能會比保潔員高。

  • From what we can see, a lot of the high-paying jobs employ people with higher IQs.

    從我們看到的情況來看,很多高薪的工作都會僱傭智商較高的人。

  • If you want a higher paying job, then, maybe improving your IQ couldn't hurt.

    如果你想找一份高薪的工作,那麼,也許提高你的智商也無妨。

  • You'd think that just by taking lots and lots of tests, you'd be able to improve

    你以為只要參加很多很多的考試,你就能提高

  • your IQ score.

    你的智商分數。

  • That's actually debatable.

    這其實是值得商榷的。

  • It might work, it might not.

    可能有用,也可能沒用。

  • There's a saying that goes, “The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and

    有句話說得好:"瘋狂的定義是不斷地做同一件事。

  • over again, but expecting different results.”

    再來一次,但期待不同的結果。"

  • This maxim is often attributed to Albert Einstein, but he never said it.

    這句格言常被歸於愛因斯坦,但他從未說過。

  • The saying is kind of true, though.

    不過,這句話還真有點道理。

  • If you want to improve at something it's better to explore different avenues as to

    如果你想在某方面有所提高,最好是探索不同的途徑,以

  • the problem you want to solve, in this case, your IQ score.

    你想解決的問題,在這種情況下,你的智商分數。

  • One thing that has seen positive results in doing just that is working on your memory.

    有一件事,做起來就有積極的效果,那就是鍛鍊記憶力。

  • According to studies we found, a better memory can help you to attain a higher standard of

    根據研究我們發現,更好的記憶力可以幫助你達到更高的標準。

  • something called, “fluid intelligence.”

    叫做 "流體智能 "的東西

  • You need good fluid intelligence to attain a high IQ score because it relates to solving

    你需要良好的流體智能來獲得高智商的分數,因為它涉及到解決

  • problems on your feet, meaning you don't have the key to the problem but you can figure

    腳上的問題,也就是說,你沒有問題的關鍵,但你能想出

  • it out.

    它了。

  • That's what a real IQ test will have in wait for you; lots of tricky problems you

    這就是真正的智商測試將有什麼在等著你,很多棘手的問題,你的

  • haven't seen before.

    以前沒見過

  • During one study, participants all had to take tests relating to their fluid intelligence.

    在一項研究中,參與者都要進行有關流體智力的測試。

  • But, some people took the tests without any memory training and others had some memory

    但是,有的人在沒有進行任何記憶訓練的情況下就參加了測試,有的人則進行了一定的記憶訓練

  • training.

    訓練;

  • By memory, we mean, working memory, which refers to the memory you use for temporary

    我們所說的記憶,是指,工作記憶,指的是你用於臨時的記憶。

  • tasks.

    任務。

  • If we say the words, sheep, ghost, Steve Jobs, Ukraine, blue, incredible, and we tell you

    如果我們說,羊,鬼,喬布斯,烏克蘭,藍色,不可思議,我們告訴你的詞,羊,鬼,喬布斯,烏克蘭,藍色,不可思議。

  • to repeat that to us in 10 seconds, you're using your working memory.

    在10秒內重複給我們聽,你在使用你的工作記憶。

  • In the tests in the study, each time someone was asked to remember something, there was

    在研究中的測試中,每當有人被要求記住一些東西時,都有

  • never any pattern.

    從來沒有任何模式。

  • Each test was different, making the person think on their feet.

    每一次測試都不一樣,讓人浮想聯翩。

  • There was no key to the puzzle.

    沒有鑰匙的難題。

  • Each time they had to adapt to a different test.

    每次他們都要適應不同的測試。

  • This in fact was training their brains, and as you know, being able to think on your feet

    這其實是在訓練他們的大腦,你也知道,能夠用腳思考的人

  • is good for IQ tests.

    對智商測試是有好處的。

  • Once those people were good at solving the memory questions, they were asked to take

    一旦這些人善於解決記憶題,就會被要求參加

  • the fluid memory test, as were the people in the study that hadn't done the memory

    液體記憶測試,因為是在研究中的人,沒有做的記憶。

  • tests.

    檢驗。

  • What was the outcome?

    結果是什麼?

  • The researchers said that those who'd taken the memory tests showed a striking difference

    研究人員說,那些參加過記憶測試的人,表現出了驚人的差異。

  • in how they fared with the fluid intelligence test.

    在他們在流體智力測試中的表現。

  • Their conclusion was: “Our findings are of general significance

    他們的結論是:"我們的發現具有普遍意義

  • because they provide evidence for enhancement of fluid intelligence by cognitive training

    因為它們提供了通過認知訓練增強流體智能的證據。

  • different from training the test itself.”

    與訓練測試本身不同"。

  • By different, they mean you don't have to train at an IQ test to necessarily become

    所謂不同,是指你不需要在智商測試中訓練,就一定能成

  • better at it.

    更好的在它。

  • You can just improve your working memory.

    你可以只提高你的工作記憶力。

  • To do this yourself, just go online and find working memory tests.

    要想自己做,就上網找工作記憶測試。

  • There are tons of them.

    有大量的人。

  • The researchers said their work was remarkable because it has always been thought that fluid

    研究人員表示,他們的工作非常了不起,因為一直以來人們都認為,流體

  • intelligence wasn't something that could be improved.

    智力不是可以提高的東西。

  • It was previously thought to be innate, unchangeable, but it isn't.

    以前人們認為這是天生的,不可改變的,但事實並非如此。

  • We suggest you take an IQ test before you do this and see what score you get.

    建議大家在做這個之前先做個智商測試,看看自己的成績如何。

  • Then do the memory tests and do them until you see some improvement.

    然後做記憶力測試,做到你看到一些進步為止。

  • After that, take the IQ test again, or one that is similar, and then see what score you

    之後,再做一次智商測試,或者類似的測試,然後看看你的分數是多少。

  • get.

    得到。

  • If the researchers are right, you might just see an improvement.

    如果研究人員是對的,你可能就會看到改善。

  • The brain's elastic, or what people often say, a muscle, so don't go thinking you

    大腦是有彈性的,也就是人們常說的肌肉,所以不要去想你。

  • can't improve.

    無法改善。

  • You can.

    你可以。

  • So, even though you might think you need to be going online and doing lots of IQ tests,

    所以,儘管你可能認為你需要上網做很多智商測試。

  • it's working memory improvement that will get you ahead.

    工作記憶力的提高才會讓你進步。

  • If you've done IQ tests, you'll also know a lot of questions relate to spatial awareness.

    如果你做過智商測試,你也會知道很多問題都與空間意識有關。

  • That can be putting shapes in the right place.

    這可以是把形狀放在正確的地方。

  • Believe it or not, just by doing jigsaw puzzles you can improve upon this.

    不管你信不信,只要做拼圖就可以改善這個問題。

  • You can also play games where objects are put in a certain place, then removed, and

    你也可以玩把物體放在某個地方,然後再移走的遊戲,以及。

  • subsequently, the person has to tell someone to put the object back in the right place

    隨後,該人必須告訴別人將物品放回正確的位置。

  • with words.

    與文字。

  • Like the star of the Netflix series, “The Queen's Gambit”, you could also imagine

    就像網劇《女王的賭博》的主演一樣,你也可以想象一下

  • playing chess in your head.

    在腦子裡下棋

  • This will train what's called, “Spatial Cognition.”

    這將訓練所謂的,"空間認知"。

  • There are other games you can play that might help you to solve problems on an IQ test,

    你還可以玩一些其他的遊戲,也許可以幫助你解決智商測試中的問題。

  • as long as they are problem-solving games.

    只要是解決問題的遊戲。

  • Take Scrabble for instance, in that game you not only have to create the highest-scoring

    以拼字遊戲為例,在該遊戲中,你不僅要創造最高分的

  • words but you have to place a word in a sometimes-complex grid of letters.

    詞,但你必須把一個詞放在一個有時很複雜的字母網格中。

  • You use something called your executive functions when you play games like Scrabble or similar

    當你玩拼字遊戲或類似的遊戲時,你會使用一些叫做執行功能的東西。

  • games.

    遊戲。

  • These functions are what you need to solve challenges that are sometimes not anticipated.

    這些功能是你解決有時無法預料的挑戰所需要的。

  • Again, you have to think on your feet, and if you play such games, you can improve your

    同樣,你要用腳去思考,如果你玩這樣的遊戲,你可以提高你的。

  • fluid intelligence.

    流體智能。

  • Many games that ask you to think outside the box to attain a good score could help you

    許多遊戲要求你跳出框框,以達到一個好的分數,可以幫助你。

  • improve your IQ score.

    提高你的智商分數。

  • When doing these tests, you can't rely on old habits, and you can't just be impulsive,

    在做這些測試的時候,不能靠老習慣,也不能一味的衝動。

  • you need this ability to look at things from all angles.

    你需要這種從各個角度看問題的能力。