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  • 80% of corporate wealth is now in just  

    80%的企業財富現在只在

  • 10% of firmsand those are the firms that have  the most personal data and intellectual property.

    10%的公司--而這些公司是擁有最多個人數據和知識產權的公司。

  • So, you know, mostly big tech  firms, Google, Amazon, Facebook

    所以,你知道,大多數大的科技公司,谷歌,亞馬遜,Facebook... ...

  • Google is actually an interesting  narrative arc because Google really  

    谷歌其實是一個很有意思的敘事弧線,因為谷歌真的是

  • invented the business model  of surveillance capitalism.

    發明了監視資本主義的商業模式。

  • And that is the business model of essentially  tracking everything you are doing,  

    而這就是商業模式,基本上跟蹤你所做的一切。

  • saying online and increasingly offline, and  using it to build a profile of you and then  

    在線上說,越來越多的線下說,並利用它來建立你的檔案,然後。

  • selling that information to advertisers who  want to target you down to a microscopic level.

    把這些資訊賣給廣告商,他們想把你定位到微觀層面。

  • So, think about that now as it moves into  healthcare, into finance, into insurance.

    所以,現在想想,當它進入醫療、進入金融、進入保險的時候。

  • Here is a real-world example that is happening

    下面是一個正在發生的真實例子......

  • Insurance companies are now putting sensors  

    保險公司現在把傳感器

  • in some countries in some markets where  this is legalsensors in peoples' cars  

    在一些國家,在一些市場上,這種做法是合法的 -- -- 人們汽車上的傳感器

  • or homesso let's say I'm now driving with my  child in back and I don't stop quickly enough  

    或家庭 -所以,假設我現在開車時,我的孩子在後面,我沒有足夠快地停止

  • at a stop light. That will be tallied –  I might get a black mark on my insurance.

    在紅綠燈前。這將被統計--我的保險上可能會有一個黑色的標記。

  • First of all that's I think incredibly creepy but  it also has the effect of completely changing the  

    首先,這是我認為令人難以置信的毛骨悚然的,但它也有完全改變的影響

  • business model from a business model of  the collective, in which it's about risk  

    從集體的商業模式,其中關於風險的商業模式。

  • sharing and risk poolingto separating all  of us - suddenly we are all individual risks,  

    分擔和風險彙集------把我們所有人分開------突然間我們都成了個體風險。

  • and perhaps you and I can be insured but perhaps  there is a pool uninsurable people over here.

    也許你和我都能買到保險,但也許這裡有一群無法投保的人。

  • It creates this real  

    它創造了這個真正的

  • tier system within society where there are  people who can be completely disenfranchised.

    社會中的層級制度,有的人可以完全被剝奪權利。

  • First Wall St and then Silicon Valley really  have more power than any other entity.

    首先是華爾街,然後是硅谷,其權力確實比其他任何實體都大。

  • I see so many similarities between  the way that Wall Street had both  

    我看到華爾街的方式有很多相似之處,都有。

  • monetary capture of politics but also cognitive  capture of politics before the financial crisis  

    金融危機前,貨幣俘獲政治,但也是認知俘獲政治。

  • and to a certain extent after and the  way Big Tech has captured the debate now.

    並在一定程度上經過和大科技的方式抓住了現在的辯論。

  • With the banks, there is at least some requirement  for how they kind of mark things on the books.

    對於銀行來說,至少有一些要求,他們那種在賬面上標記的東西。

  • With tech firms - you don't have that  – so it's really a very opaque system

    對於科技公司來說--你沒有這個條件--所以這真的是一個非常不透明的系統。

  • We are not doing transactions in dollars  or sterling, we're doing transactions  

    我們不是在做美元或英鎊的交易,我們在做交易。

  • in dataand that is a barter transactionIt's a very opaque transaction.

    而這是一種易貨交易。 這是一個非常不透明的交易。

  • So if you think about what Adam Smith would have  said you needed for a properly functioning market.

    所以,如果你想想亞當-斯密會說,你需要一個正常運作的市場。

  • You need equal access to information, you need  a transparent transactionso both parties  

    你需要平等地獲得資訊,你需要透明的交易--這樣雙方都能獲得資訊。

  • need to understand what's being exchanged  – and you need a shared moral framework.

    需要了解交換的內容--你需要一個共同的道德框架。

  • Now you could argue that in the era of big  datanone of those things are in effect.

    現在你可以說,在大數據時代--這些東西都不生效。

  • Think about the most opaque transaction  in the financial crisisyou know,  

    想想金融危機中最不透明的交易--你知道。

  • the derivativesweapons of mass financial  destruction - and the kinds of transactions  

    衍生品 -- -- 大規模金融毀滅性武器 -- -- 以及各種交易。

  • that we are doing on an hourly basis  now are just as opaque if not more so.

    我們現在每小時做的事情,如果不是更多的話,也是一樣不透明的。

  • We don't really understand what is  happening in the algorithmic black box.

    我們並不真正瞭解算法黑盒中發生了什麼。

  • One of the reasons that the big tech  companies have been so reluctant  

    大的科技公司一直不願意的原因之一就是

  • to police political advertising is they don't  want to open up that algorithmic black box.

    警政治廣告是他們不想打開那個算法黑匣子。

  • One of the possibly elegant answers to  some of the problems we've been talking  

    我們一直在討論的一些問題的可能的優雅的答案之一。

  • about - from privacy, to competitivenessto innovationwould be to create digital  

    從隱私,到競爭力,再到創新--將是創造數字

  • data banks where companies of all sizes, in  all industries, could have access to data,  

    各行業各種規模的公司都可以進入數據庫。

  • but only in a way that citizens and  democratically elected governments would decide.

    但只能由公民和民選政府來決定。

  • Suffice to say, we need to  move from old capitalist model  

    可以說,我們需要從舊的資本主義模式中走出來。

  • to a kind of a new more equal  sharing of this wealth pie.

    到一種新的更平等地分享這塊財富餅。

80% of corporate wealth is now in just  

80%的企業財富現在只在

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大科技是如何背叛我們的? (How Big Tech Betrayed Us | Rana Foroohar)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 26 日
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