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  • this video was made possible by curiosity stream.

    這個視頻是由好奇心流。

  • When you sign up at the link in the description, you'll also get access to Nebula, the streaming video platform that real life lower is a part of back in 2013.

    當你在描述中的鏈接處註冊後,你還將獲得星雲的使用權,星雲是現實生活中較低的流媒體視頻平臺,早在2013年就已加入。

  • The world was exposed to, too, near catastrophes, the Harlem shake memes and a meteor that hit Russia.

    世界也被曝出,近乎災難,哈林震盪回憶錄和一顆隕石撞擊俄羅斯。

  • The meteor was a big 20 m wide rock that waved the same as the Eiffel Tower, and it just so happened to blow up in the air above the Russian city of Chelyabinsk, home to over one million people and most of whom had dash cams that caught some pretty awesome footage.

    這顆流星是一塊20米寬的大石頭,和埃菲爾鐵塔一樣搖搖欲墜,它恰好在俄羅斯城市車里雅賓斯克的上空炸開,這裡有100多萬人,大部分人的儀表盤都有攝像頭,拍到了很精彩的畫面。

  • The asteroid blew up with the force of roughly 26 Hiroshima scale atomic bombs, damaged over 7000 buildings and sent roughly 1500 people to seek medical attention for their injuries.

    這顆小行星以大約26顆廣島規模原子彈的威力炸開,7000多棟建築受損,大約1500人受傷就醫。

  • It's believed that an asteroid of this size and power randomly hits the earth somewhere about once every 60 or so years.

    據信,這種大小和功率的小行星隨機撞擊地球某處,大約每60年左右一次。

  • And while they usually hit places where nobody lives like the oceans, they inevitably will sometimes hit a city with over a million people like this one did in Chelyabinsk.

    雖然它們通常會襲擊像海洋這樣沒有人居住的地方,但有時難免會像這次在車里雅賓斯克一樣,襲擊一個超過百萬人口的城市。

  • While that does sound kind of bad Earth has been absolutely slammed by some much bigger rocks in the past.

    雖然這聽起來確實有點糟糕,但地球在過去絕對被一些更大的岩石砸過。

  • One of them was so bad that it nearly killed every single living thing on the planet.

    其中一個非常糟糕,幾乎殺死了地球上所有的生物。

  • And like a weird sort of balance patch, it reduced the dinosaurs down two chickens.

    而像一種奇怪的平衡補丁,它把恐龍減少了兩隻雞。

  • And it's set up the world for mammals like us to take over.

    而且它為我們這樣的哺乳動物設定了世界,讓它們來接管。

  • And now we are the ones who eat the chickens.

    而現在我們是吃雞的人。

  • This was the asteroid that hit the Earth roughly 66 million years ago so long ago now that it's difficult to even find traces of its effects.

    這是大約6600萬年前撞擊地球的小行星,現在連它影響的痕跡都很難找到。

  • So just for fun, what would happen if that same asteroid hit the Earth in the exact same location today?

    所以,只是為了好玩,如果今天同樣的小行星在相同的位置撞上地球,會發生什麼?

  • What would happen?

    會發生什麼?

  • And would we all basically just died?

    那我們是不是基本上都會死掉呢?

  • For starters, the Dino killing asteroid was an absolute unit believed to be somewhere between 11 and 15 kilometers wide.

    首先,迪諾殺戮小行星是一個絕對組織、部門,據信寬度在11到15公里之間。

  • That is a lot bigger than Mount Everest, and it weighed a lot more to imagine just for a moment, Mount Everest flying directly at your city at 40,000 miles per our, you know, the damage it will cause is gonna be pretty spectacular.

    這比珠穆朗瑪峰大得多,它的重量也大得多 想象一下,珠穆朗瑪峰以每小時4萬英里的速度直接飛向你的城市,你知道,它將造成的破壞是相當壯觀的。

  • And you also know that you're going to die.

    而且你也知道你會死。

  • But what you might not realize is just how absurd the damage and the overkill is actually going to be as it's flying through the sky in burning up, the asteroid appears to you helplessly watching below as being brighter than the sun before it finally smashes into the ground and unleashes an amount of energy that's roughly equivalent to 100 trillion tons of TNT.

    但你可能不知道的是,當它在天空中飛快地燃燒起來的時候,你在下面無奈地看著這顆小行星顯得比太陽還要明亮,最後它砸向地面,釋放出的能量大約相當於100萬億噸TNT的能量,其傷害和殺傷力到底有多大。

  • That is over one by billion times more powerful than the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima.

    這比投在廣島的原子彈威力大了十億倍以上。

  • If you were located anywhere near enough to see that fireball in the sky before it hit the ground, you would now be dead within just a matter of seconds.

    如果你所處的位置足夠近,能在天空中的火球落地前看到它,你現在就會在短短几秒鐘內死去。

  • Any living thing located within a 1000 kilometer radius of the impact area would be vaporized almost immediately within seconds.

    任何位於撞擊區半徑1000公里範圍內的生物,幾乎都會在幾秒鐘內立即被汽化。

  • If the asteroid hit Manhattan, then everything stretching out the Halifax, Indianapolis and Charleston would be instantly annihilated.

    如果小行星撞上曼哈頓,那麼哈利法克斯、印第安納波利斯和查爾斯頓延伸出來的一切都會瞬間湮滅。

  • And for a European perspective, if the asteroid hit the center of London, it would instantly annihilate every living thing inside of the UK, Ireland, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany and Denmark.

    而從歐洲的角度來看,如果小行星撞上了倫敦的中心,它將瞬間消滅英國、愛爾蘭、法國、比利時、荷蘭、瑞士、德國和丹麥境內的所有生物。

  • Plants, trees and grass would spontaneously burst into flames.

    植物、樹木和草會自發地燃燒起來。

  • Thousands of kilometers away from the crash site.

    距離墜機地點數千公里。

  • Due to the absurd levels of heat, wildfires would almost immediately rage across the entire continent of the impact site.

    由於荒誕的高溫程度,野火幾乎會立即肆虐整個衝擊地的大陸。

  • At the epicenter of the impact itself, the asteroid would have punched a massive in deep whole into the surface of the planet 150 kilometers wide and an unbelievable 20 kilometers deep.

    在撞擊本身的震中,小行星會將一個巨大的深層整體打入地球表面150公里寬,深達不可思議的20公里。

  • That hole would be bigger than the big island of Hawaii and deep enough to contain Mount Everest with another Mount Everest stacked on top.

    那個洞會比夏威夷大島還大,而且深得足以容納珠穆朗瑪峰,上面還疊加著另一座珠穆朗瑪峰。

  • And with three Burj Khalifa stacked on top of that, no bunker anywhere on Earth would be capable of protecting you from that kind of overkill.

    而三座哈利法塔疊加在一起,地球上任何地方的地堡都無法保護你不受這種過度殺傷。

  • On the lower end of the estimations from scientists that I've read, the impact would have generated a 10.1 on the Richter scale, which is more powerful than every single earthquake that's taken place on the entire planet in the past 160 years.

    在我讀到的科學家的估計中的較低端,撞擊會產生里氏10.1級的地震,這比過去160年裡整個地球上發生的每一次地震都要強大。

  • Roughly eight minutes after the impact, the massive amount of vaporized rock would begin rainy back down onto the planet in the form of hot ash and soot that would bury the surface and ignite even mawr wildfires.

    撞擊後大約8分鐘,大量汽化的岩石就會以熱灰和煙塵的形式開始雨點般地落回地球上,這些熱灰和煙塵會掩埋地表,甚至會點燃毛毛野火。

  • Roughly 45 minutes post impact.

    大概45分鐘後影響。

  • A sudden roar of wind would blast through the region around the impact area at over 600 MPH, which would scatter debris around and absolutely flatten any structure or tree that was still standing.

    突如其來的呼嘯風聲將以超過600英里/小時的速度吹過影響區周圍的區域,這將使碎片四處飛散,絕對能將任何還在的建築或樹木夷為平地。

  • If the asteroid hit North America again like it did 66 million years ago, then the entire continent would basically be destroyed and on fire and all within just the first day.

    如果這顆小行星再像6600萬年前那樣撞擊北美,那麼整個大陸基本上會被摧毀,並且在第一天內就會著火,而且是全部著火。

  • The chain of events set into motion from the impact, however, would probably come close to wiping out life everywhere else to the shock wave from.

    然而,由撞擊引發的一連串事件,可能會接近消滅其他地方的生命,以衝擊波從。

  • The impact would most likely generate a civilization ending tsunami at least 300 m tall that would sweep across the land that was already burning on fire and choking on ash and where there's probably a big hole in the ground.

    撞擊很可能會產生至少300米高的文明終結海嘯,席捲已經被大火燒得灰頭土臉、嗆得喘不過氣來的土地,而那裡的地面很可能有一個大洞。

  • It's basically an apocalypse buffet at this point, but there's still a lot more left to be served up.

    現在基本上是天啟自助餐了,但還有很多東西沒吃完。

  • The enormous amount of ash and ejecta pumped into the atmosphere from the crash would shroud the continent of impact in total darkness for some time and plunge the entire world into a permanent haze that would resemble a twilight for around three years, Photosynthesis in plants and plankton across the world would be severely restricted, and most plants would likely die out over the course of those three years.

    墜落時抽入大氣層的大量火山灰和噴射物將使撞擊大陸在一段時間內完全籠罩在黑暗中,整個世界將陷入類似黃昏的永久霧霾中,持續三年左右,全世界的植物和浮游生物的光合作用將受到嚴重限制,大部分植物很可能在這三年中死亡。

  • Animals that rely on eating plants would then in turn die out, and animals that rely on eating those animals would ultimately to eventually die out.

    依靠吃植物的動物就會反過來消亡,而依靠吃這些動物的動物最終也要消亡。

  • Just like what happened last time.

    就像上次發生的那樣。

  • A complete and total ecological collapse around the world would take place, and if it was just as bad as the last time around, it would mean that roughly 70% of all life on the planet would be eliminated.

    世界各地的生態將發生全面徹底的崩潰,如果和上次一樣嚴重,那就意味著地球上大約70%的生命將被消滅。

  • Acid rain would fall across the globe.

    酸雨會降臨到全球各地。

  • The oceans acidity levels would rapidly increase.

    海洋的酸度會迅速增加。

  • But the big thing that most life would struggle with would be the unbelievable climate change.

    但大多數生命會苦惱的大事情是不可思議的氣候變化。

  • Because of all the ash and ejecta that was pumped into the atmosphere from the crash, the Earth would enter into a deep, years long nuclear winter where temperatures around the world would be freezing without any other seasons.

    因為所有的灰燼和噴出物都被泵入大氣層從崩潰,地球將進入一個深,多年的核冬天,世界各地的溫度將凍結沒有任何其他季節。

  • Earth would enter into essentially along a game of Thrones style winter for years.

    地球將進入本質上沿著權力的遊戲式的冬季多年。

  • But after that, the planet would flip and rapidly heat up.

    但之後,地球會翻轉,迅速升溫。

  • In a surprise global warming event just waiting around the corner.

    在一場突如其來的全球變暖事件中,就等著你的到來。

  • Because of all the huge forest fires raging on a continent or even global scale, unbelievable amounts of gas is would be pumped into the atmosphere.

    因為所有巨大的森林大火肆虐的大陸甚至全球範圍內,令人難以置信的氣體是將被泵入大氣層。

  • According Toa one estimation, as much as 10,000 billion tons of CO, 2, 100 billion tons of carbon monoxide and 100 billion mawr tons of methane would be unleashed into the atmosphere as a result of the catastrophe.

    根據一項估計,這場災難將有多達10萬億噸的CO、2、1000億噸的一氧化碳和1000億噸的甲烷釋放到大氣中。

  • A double whammy of a several years long winter followed by an extremely hot years long summer would probably prove to be too much for most life on the planet to endure and adapt to just like it was last time.

    幾年長的冬季和多年長的夏季的雙重打擊,可能會被證明是地球上大多數生命無法忍受和適應的,就像上次一樣。

  • But if there's anything to learn from the last time this happened, it's that Earth is much more resilient than we are.

    但如果說從上一次發生的事件中可以學到什麼的話,那就是地球比我們更有彈性。

  • A disaster of this magnitude sounds like it would be the end of the world, but it really wouldn't be.

    這麼大的災難,聽起來好像會是世界末日,但其實不會。

  • It would be the end of our experience on the world, but it wouldn't be the end of the world itself.

    這將是我們在這個世界上的經歷的終結,但它不會是世界本身的終結。

  • For that it would have to take something a lot bigger and a lot scarier.

    要做到這一點,就必須要有更大更可怕的東西。

  • Thankfully, a giant earth eating asteroid like this one hasn't been detected yet, so there's no really big reason to be scared.

    值得慶幸的是,像這種巨大的食土小行星還沒有被探測到,所以真的沒有什麼大的理由去害怕。

  • But one thing that definitely does scare me and keeps me up at night is the inherently unstable nature of every existing video platform.

    但有一點絕對讓我害怕,讓我夜不能寐,那就是現有的每一個視頻平臺都有其固有的不穩定性。

  • That Disincentivize is fun experimentation.

    這Disincentivize是有趣的實驗。

  • I won't be surprised if this video ends up being de monetized here, because I'm talking about something that could be considered a disaster.

    如果這個視頻最終在這裡被de貨幣化,我不會感到驚訝,因為我說的東西可以被認為是一場災難。

  • And that's why a bunch of creators, including myself, got together and founded Nebula.

    這也是為什麼包括我在內的一群創作者聚在一起,成立了星雲。

  • It's built by us to accomplish all of our hopes and dreams of an ideal video platform so that we can make the best stuff that we can in an ecosystem that actually supports us and enables us to talk about subjects that YouTube doesn't like.

    它是由我們建立的,以完成我們對一個理想視頻平臺的所有希望和夢想,這樣我們就可以在一個真正支持我們的生態系統中做出最好的東西,並使我們能夠談論YouTube不喜歡的主題。

  • But the best part about Nebula is that you can get it essentially for free curiosity.

    但星雲最好的地方是,你基本上可以免費好奇心得到它。

  • Stream and Nebula have partnered together so that when you sign up for curiosity stream subscription, you also get a nebula subscription included at zero extra cost.

    Stream和星雲合作,當你註冊好奇心流訂閱時,還可以零額外費用獲得包含星雲訂閱。

  • That means that you will get nebula, the platform built by creators themselves and home to all of our existing content.

    這意味著你將得到星雲,這個由創作者自己搭建的平臺,也是我們所有現有內容的歸宿。

  • Ad free with plenty of exclusive original content like my own car show Grand test auto with an episode up there where I drive and review a Toyota Corolla.

    廣告免費,有大量獨家原創內容,比如我自己的汽車節目《Grand test auto》,上面有一集是我開著豐田卡羅拉評測的。

  • Among plenty of other cool cars like a Lotus Evora and a Tesla Model s and Curiosity Stream the well established platform, home to thousands of professionally produced documentaries and nonfiction titles for just $20 a year.

    在大量其他酷車中,比如蓮花Evora和特斯拉Model s和好奇心流這個成熟的平臺,每年只需20美元,就能看到數千部專業製作的紀錄片和非小說作品。

  • By signing up at curiosity stream dot com slash real life floor.

    通過在好奇心流點點網斜線真人樓報名。

  • This is the best way to support not only my channel but dozens of other channels on YouTube, and you get to see some mawr, awesome educational content and original shows that you won't get to see here because of the way that YouTube is.

    這是最好的方式,不僅支持我的管道,但數十其他管道在YouTube上,你可以看到一些毛,真棒教育內容和原創節目,你不會得到看到這裡,因為YouTube的方式是。

  • So go ahead and check it out now and has always thank you for watching.

    所以現在就去看看吧,一直謝謝你的觀看。

this video was made possible by curiosity stream.

這個視頻是由好奇心流。

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B1 中級 中文 地球 撞擊 小行星 平臺 珠穆朗瑪峰 大陸

如果殺恐龍的小行星今天撞上地球怎麼辦? (What If the Dinosaur-Killing Asteroid Hit Earth Today?)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 23 日
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