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  • Ah, death, one of life's great mysteries, despite huge advances in science and medicine, were no better at predicting the exact date and time of our own death than a carnival fortune teller would be.

    啊,死亡,生命中最大的謎團之一,儘管科學和醫學取得了巨大的進步,但在預測我們自己死亡的確切日期和時間方面,並不比一個狂歡節算命先生會更好。

  • While we may not be able to predict when any one individual person will die, we have certainly come a long way in understanding the life expectancy for entire populations.

    雖然我們可能無法預測任何一個人的死亡時間,但在瞭解整個人口的預期壽命方面,我們肯定已經取得了長足的進步。

  • And everyone from insurance companies to medical researchers rely on this information to make important decisions every day.

    而從保險公司到醫學研究人員,每個人每天都要依靠這些資訊做出重要的決定。

  • Understanding life expectancy around the world, throughout history and even into the future can help us all make better decisions about our daily lives, too.

    瞭解世界各地、歷史上甚至未來的預期壽命,也可以幫助我們大家對日常生活做出更好的決定。

  • So when will you die?

    那你什麼時候會死?

  • Find out if you dare.

    看看你敢不敢。

  • We're certainly lucky to live in a time when global life expectancy is at an all time high.

    我們無疑是幸運的,因為我們生活在一個全球預期壽命達到歷史最高水準的時代。

  • The average person alive on Earth today can expect to live up to the ripe old age of 73.

    今天在地球上活著的人平均可以預期活到73歲的成熟年齡。

  • Women have it a bit better, with an average life expectancy of 75 a half years, while men can expect to live just under 71 years.

    女性的情況要好一些,平均預期壽命為75歲半,而男性的預期壽命只有不到71歲。

  • But that's global life expectancy.

    但這是全球預期壽命。

  • If we take a closer look at different countries individually, we can see that life expectancy varies quite a bit around the world.

    如果我們逐一仔細觀察不同國家的情況,就會發現世界各地的預期壽命差異很大。

  • Even today.

    即使在今天。

  • The region with the best life expectancy today is Hong Kong, where the average woman can expect to live for a whopping 88 years and men have a life expectancy of 82 years for an average of 85 years for both sexes, most developed countries have an average life expectancy of over 75 years.

    目前預期壽命最好的地區是香港,女性平均壽命高達88歲,男性平均壽命82歲,男女平均壽命85歲,大多數發達國家的平均壽命都在75歲以上。

  • Australians live an average of nearly 84 years.

    澳大利亞人平均壽命近84歲。

  • Canadians can expect to stick around for almost 83 years on average, and Americans have a life expectancy of about 79 years Less.

    加拿大人平均可以堅持近83年,美國人的預期壽命約為79年少。

  • Developed countries, unfortunately, have a much lower life expectancy in the Central African Republic, the region with the lowest life expectancy in the world.

    不幸的是,發達國家的預期壽命在中非共和國要低得多,該地區是世界上預期壽命最低的地區。

  • The average life expectancy is just 54 years.

    平均壽命只有54歲。

  • Somalians can expect to live 58 years on average, and people living in Haiti haven't expectancy of 65 years.

    索馬里人平均預期壽命為58歲,而生活在海地的人預期壽命為65歲。

  • When we're talking about how long someone will live, it's important that we understand the difference between life expectancy and life span.

    當我們談論一個人的壽命有多長時,重要的是我們要了解預期壽命和壽命之間的區別。

  • The figures we just went over our averages for life expectancy.

    我們剛才的數據超過了我們的平均預期壽命。

  • Life expectancy is the average number of years of life for an entire population, taking into account how long each individual person actually lived.

    預期壽命是指整個人口的平均壽命年數,考慮到每個人的實際壽命。

  • Life span, on the other hand, is the actual length of any given individual's life.

    而壽命則是指任何一個人的實際壽命長度。

  • For example, while the average life expectancy in the year 1200 a D.

    例如,雖然1200年的平均壽命a D。

  • Might have only been 35 years, does that mean that most people back then only lived to be 35?

    可能只有35年,這是否意味著當時大多數人只活到35歲?

  • Of course not.

    當然不是。

  • Life expectancy is calculated from birth, and that figure includes rates of infant mortality and childhood deaths.

    預期壽命從出生開始計算,該數字包括嬰兒死亡率和兒童死亡率。

  • In ancient times before the advent of modern medicine, the likelihood of dying during birth or in early childhood was much, much higher.

    在現代醫學出現之前的古代,出生時或幼兒時期死亡的可能性要高很多很多。

  • And these early deaths to drag down the average life expectancy for the whole population.

    而這些早期死亡,以拖累整個人口的平均壽命。

  • For every child who has died as a baby, another person could have lived to see their 70th birthday.

    每一個死於嬰兒期的孩子,就有另一個人可以活到70歲生日。

  • But when all these individual lifespans air taken together, the average life expectancy land somewhere in the middle around 30 to 40 years.

    但是,當所有這些個人的壽命空氣採取一起,平均預期壽命土地在中間的某個地方約30至40年。

  • Hong Kong, which currently boasts the highest life expectancy in the world, also has some of the lowest infant and child mortality rates, with just 1.2 infant deaths per 1000 live births and only 1.9 deaths per 1000 Children under five.

    香港是目前世界上預期壽命最高的地方,同時也是嬰幼兒死亡率最低的地方,每1 000名活產嬰兒只有1.2名嬰兒死亡,每1 000名5歲以下兒童只有1.9名死亡。

  • In the US these numbers are a bit higher at 5.5 infant deaths per 1000 and 5.7 deaths per 1000 in Children under five.

    在美國,這些數字更高一些,每1000名嬰兒死亡5.5人,五歲以下兒童死亡5.7人。

  • But even these numbers are nothing compared to the Central African Republic, which has 71 infant deaths per 1000 live births and 106 deaths out of every 1000 Children under five.

    但是,即使是這些數字與中非共和國相比也不算什麼,中非共和國每1 000名活產嬰兒中有71名嬰兒死亡,每1 000名5歲以下兒童中有106名死亡。

  • When we factor in infant and child mortality, it's easy to see why the Central African Republic has the world's lowest life expectancy.

    如果我們把嬰兒和兒童死亡率考慮在內,就不難理解為什麼中非共和國是世界上預期壽命最低的國家。

  • Factors like access to medical care, disease, war, famine and natural disasters all contribute to lower infant, child and adult life expectancies.

    獲得醫療服務、疾病、戰爭、饑荒和自然災害等因素都會導致嬰兒、兒童和成人預期壽命降低。

  • We may be currently living in an age of all time highs for life expectancy, but it definitely wasn't always this way.

    我們目前可能生活在一個預期壽命創歷史新高的時代,但絕對不是一直這樣。

  • In 1950 just 70 years ago, the global life expectancy was just 47 years, and in the U.

    在70年前的1950年,全球的預期壽命只有47歲,而在美國。

  • S.

    S.

  • It was only slightly better at 68 years.

    68年的時候才稍微好一點。

  • If we go back a little further, the average life expectancy in Europe and 1800 was between 30 and 40 years the same factors that account for the vast differences in life expectancy between countries today is to blame for the low life expectancy in the past access to medical care, war, famine, disease and high infant and child mortality.

    如果我們再往前追溯一點,歐洲和1800年的平均預期壽命在30到40歲之間同樣的因素,造成今天各國之間預期壽命的巨大差異的原因是過去的低預期壽命獲得醫療服務,戰爭,饑荒,疾病和高嬰兒和兒童死亡率。

  • Infant mortality rates are also improving around the world.

    世界各地的嬰兒死亡率也在改善。

  • In 1921 even countries like Canada had a 10% infant mortality rate.

    1921年,連加拿大這樣的國家,嬰兒死亡率也只有10%。

  • So as these numbers improved, the average life expectancy increases, especially in developed nations.

    所以隨著這些數字的提高,平均壽命也會提高,尤其是發達國家。

  • So now that we understand the difference between life expectancy and life span and have learned a bit about life expectancy around the world and throughout history, let's take a look at the really important question.

    那麼,現在我們瞭解了預期壽命和壽命的區別,也瞭解了一些世界和歷史上的預期壽命,我們來看看真正重要的問題。

  • When will you die?

    你什麼時候會死?

  • In other words, what is your personal expected lifespan?

    換句話說,你個人的預期壽命是多少?

  • There are a few major factors at play when calculating your personal life expectancy.

    在計算個人預期壽命時,有幾個主要因素在起作用。

  • Obviously, the country you're born in plays a huge role.

    顯然,你出生的國家起著巨大的作用。

  • As we've already seen, gender is another big one.

    正如我們已經看到的,性別是另一個大問題。

  • You might have noticed earlier that the life expectancy data always seem to favor women in the U.

    之前你可能已經注意到,預期壽命數據似乎總是偏向於美國的女性。

  • S.

    S.

  • Women can expect to live to 81 while men have a life expectancy of just 76 years.

    女性可望活到81歲,而男性的預期壽命只有76歲。

  • Some researchers chalk this up to the fact that men are more likely to engage in riskier behaviors than women, making them or likely die an accidental death.

    一些研究人員將此歸結為男性比女性更容易從事更危險的行為,使他們或可能意外死亡。

  • Genetics is another big factor in your life expectancy.

    遺傳是影響你壽命的另一大因素。

  • Nine of the 10 leading causes of death in the US currently are directly length to genetics.

    目前美國10個主要死因中,有9個直接長於遺傳。

  • If you have a family history of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's or other hereditary diseases, your life expectancy might be lower than average.

    如果你有心臟病、癌症、糖尿病、阿爾茨海默氏症或其他遺傳性疾病的家族史,你的預期壽命可能會低於平均水平。

  • Thankfully, advances in medical care have boosted life expectancy in recent decades, thanks to innovations like antibiotics, immunizations, surgery and medical imaging.

    值得慶幸的是,近幾十年來,由於抗生素、免疫接種、外科手術和醫學影像等創新,醫療服務的進步提高了預期壽命。

  • Medical conditions that would have been life threatening just a few generations ago are now largely treatable.

    在幾代人之前可能會有生命危險的醫療條件,現在基本上可以治療。

  • Thanks to advances in modern medicine.

    由於現代醫學的進步。

  • Things like your country of birth, your gender and your genetics are largely up to fate.

    像你的出生國、性別、遺傳等,很大程度上是由命運決定的。

  • But what about factors that are within your control?

    但那些在你控制範圍內的因素呢?

  • Is there anything you can do to impact your life expectancy?

    你有什麼辦法可以影響你的壽命嗎?

  • Thankfully, the science says yes, education level has a shocking impact on life expectancy.

    值得慶幸的是,科學說是的,教育水準對預期壽命有驚人的影響。

  • Well, not everyone is lucky enough to be able to go to college.

    嗯,並不是每個人都能幸運的上大學。

  • If you can manage it, it might actually help you live longer.

    如果你能控制它,它可能真的會幫助你活得更久。

  • American men with only a high school education live an average of 93 years less than those with a bachelor's degree or higher.

    只有高中學歷的美國男性比擁有大學以上學歷的男性平均少活93歲。

  • For women, a bachelor's degree increases their life expectancy by 8.6 years.

    對婦女來說,獲得學士學位可使她們的預期壽命延長8.6年。

  • Better get studying.

    最好去學習。

  • This one might surprise you, but married people actually live longer than single, divorced or widowed people.

    這個可能會讓你感到驚訝,但已婚人士實際上比單身、離婚或喪偶的人更長壽。

  • This may be due to the fact that married people are less lonely and isolated, and having a partner might motivate you to take better care of yourself by living a healthy lifestyle and seeking medical care.

    這可能是由於已婚的人不那麼孤獨和寂寞,有一個伴侶可能會促使你更好地照顧自己,通過健康的生活方式和尋求醫療服務。

  • Who knew a nagging spouse was good for your health?

    誰知道嘮叨的配偶對你的健康有好處?

  • Of course, there are plenty of everyday lifestyle decisions that we make that can have a huge impact on our lifespan.

    當然,我們日常的生活方式有很多決定會對我們的壽命產生巨大影響。

  • Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, avoiding smoking and limiting drinking are all great ways to improve your health and increase your lifespan.

    健康飲食、經常鍛鍊、避免吸菸、限制飲酒都是改善健康、延長壽命的好方法。

  • Avoiding risky behaviors and ensuring a safe work environment and safe driving habits can also help.

    避免危險行為,確保安全的工作環境和安全的駕駛習慣也是有幫助的。

  • Data shows that socioeconomic status also plays a role here.

    數據顯示,社會經濟地位在這裡也起到了一定的作用。

  • Those with higher incomes are more likely to exercise and eat well and less likely to engage in risky behaviors like smoking and drinking.

    收入較高的人更有可能鍛鍊身體,吃得好,更不可能有吸菸、喝酒等危險行為。

  • So now that we know what factors impact your life expectancy?

    那麼現在我們知道哪些因素會影響你的壽命了嗎?

  • Is it possible to find out when you will die?

    能不能知道自己什麼時候會死?

  • There are plenty of lifespan calculators available on the Internet that purport to calculate your date of death like faithful day dot you and Death Clock dot or GTA.

    互聯網上有很多聲稱可以計算你的死亡日期的壽命計算器,比如忠實日點你和死亡時鐘點或GTA。

  • Let's look at a few examples from these calculators to see when you might die, given your current age and some lifestyle factors according to Death clocked out.

    讓我們看看這些計算器中的幾個例子,看看你什麼時候可能會死,給你目前的年齡和一些生活方式的因素,根據死亡鍾出。

  • Org's calculator.

    Org的計算器。

  • A 15 year old male born in the US who is of average height and weight, doesn't smoke or drink and is not depressed, can expect to live to the ripe old age of 83.

    一個出生在美國的15歲男性,如果身高體重一般,不抽菸不喝酒,也沒有抑鬱症,可以預期活到83歲的成熟年齡。

  • Calculator actually takes it a step further and estimates their date of death to be Sunday, August 5th 2085.

    計算器其實更進一步,估計他們的死亡日期是2085年8月5日星期日。

  • A female with similar factors would live until age 85 or until 2090.

    有類似因素的女性可以活到85歲或2090歲。

  • However, a 25 year old male who is an overweight smoker and a heavy drinker would only expect to live to age 61.

    然而,一個25歲的男性,如果是一個超重的吸菸者和酗酒者,預計只能活到61歲。

  • Their date of death is calculated to be Thursday, August 3rd, 2056.

    他們的死亡日期計算為2056年8月3日星期四。

  • A similar 25 year old female would expect to die in 2056 at age 66.

    一個類似的25歲女性預計將在2056年66歲時死亡。

  • It's certainly spooky to have a calculator tell you the date of your impending death, but it's important to note that these tools air calculating average life expectancy for someone with your factors.

    有一個計算器告訴你即將死亡的日期當然很詭異,但重要的是要注意到,這些工具空氣計算與你的因素的人的平均壽命。

  • But they can't really predict with any accuracy your actual date of death.

    但他們無法準確預測你的實際死亡日期。

  • If you really want to know exactly how long you live, it turns out that your DNA just might hold the answer.

    如果你真的想知道自己到底能活多久,事實證明,你的DNA只是可能擁有答案。

  • Scientists like Steve Horvath, a biostatistician at U.

    像史蒂夫-霍瓦特這樣的科學家,在U.S.的生物統計學家。

  • C.

    C.

  • L.

    L.

  • A.

    A.

  • Are turning to DNA to see if the date of our death is written into our genetic code.

    正在轉向DNA,看看我們的死亡日期是否寫進了我們的遺傳密碼。

  • Their findings air truly startling.

    他們的發現確實令人震驚。

  • Horvath has discovered an epigenetic clock in our DNA that's remarkably accurate at predicting when will die.

    Horvath在我們的DNA中發現了一種表觀遺傳時鐘,它能非常準確地預測何時會死亡。

  • His tool, called the DNA M grime age, can calculate whether an individual is aging at a faster or slower rate than average.

    他的工具叫做DNA M grime age,可以計算出一個人的衰老速度是比平均水平快還是慢。

  • If the tool shows that you're aging eight or more years faster than your biological age, you have two times the risk of dying than the average person your age.

    如果該工具顯示你的衰老速度比生理年齡快8年或更多,你的死亡風險是同齡人的2倍。

  • If you're aging seven years slower than average, your risk of death is cut in half, so when will you die?

    如果你的衰老速度比平均水平慢7年,你的死亡風險就會降低一半,那麼你什麼時候會死呢?

  • Thanks to science you just might know the answer to that before you know it.

    多虧了科學,你可能在你知道之前就已經知道了答案。

  • If life expectancy has been on the rise, especially in the last century, does that mean that we consume Expect to live to the age of 100 beyond?

    如果預期壽命一直在上升,尤其是在上個世紀,這是否意味著我們消費 預期活到100歲以後?

  • Well, not exactly.

    嗯,不完全是。

  • Some experts are actually concerned that the recent rise in obesity rates in developed countries will actually halt the trend of increasing life expectancy within the first half of the century.

    其實有專家擔心,最近發達國家肥胖率的上升,實際上會在本世紀上半葉內阻斷預期壽命增長的趨勢。

  • 5% of the US population is obese today, compared to just 1% in 1962.

    今天,美國有5%的人口是肥胖的,而1962年只有1%。

  • If this trend keeps up, we'll likely see a slowing of the trend of increased life expectancy.

    如果這種趨勢持續下去,我們很可能會看到預期壽命增加的趨勢放緩。

  • And we may even see a reversal with life expectancy declining around the world.

    而且我們甚至可能看到一個逆轉,全世界的預期壽命都在下降。

  • Well, this is certainly not great news.

    嗯,這肯定不是什麼好消息。

  • Thankfully, this is largely related to factors that we can control, such as diet and exercise.

    值得慶幸的是,這很大程度上與我們可以控制的因素有關,比如飲食和運動。

  • If more people begin to live a healthy lifestyle, we might just be able to correct this problem.

    如果更多的人開始健康的生活方式,我們也許就能糾正這個問題。

  • It might not be possible to accurately predict exactly when you'll die, but science is definitely getting closer.

    也許不可能準確預測你的確切死亡時間,但科學肯定越來越接近。

  • We live in an age with the highest life expectancy in history, thanks to advances in medical care and lower rates of infant and child mortality.

    我們生活在一個歷史上預期壽命最高的時代,這要歸功於醫療的進步和嬰幼兒死亡率的降低。

  • The average person today can expect to live almost twice as long as they're great grand parents did.

    今天的普通人的壽命幾乎是他們曾祖父母的兩倍。

  • That's the good news, and it may be tempting to assume that we're on track to live forever.

    這是個好消息,可能很容易讓人以為我們已經走上了長生不老的道路。

  • Unfortunately, the bad news is that this trend of increasing life expectancy might actually be in danger of reversing in the near future if we don't reduce rates of obesity and live healthier lifestyles.

    不幸的是,壞消息是,如果我們不降低肥胖率,不採取更健康的生活方式,這種預期壽命增加的趨勢實際上可能在不久的將來有逆轉的危險。

  • If humans truly wanna be immortal or at least live longer lives than their parents did we have some work to dio?

    如果人類真的想長生不老,或者至少比他們的父母活得更久,我們是否有一些工作要做?

  • If you thought this video was fascinating, be sure and check out our other videos.

    如果你覺得這個視頻很吸引人,一定要看看我們的其他視頻。

  • Like this video called What Happens When You Die?

    喜歡這段視頻,叫《當你死後會發生什麼?

  • Or perhaps you'll like this other video instead, as always, Thanks for watching.

    或者,也許你會喜歡這個其他的視頻,一如既往,謝謝你的觀看。

  • And don't forget the like share and subscribe.

    別忘了點贊分享和訂閱。

Ah, death, one of life's great mysteries, despite huge advances in science and medicine, were no better at predicting the exact date and time of our own death than a carnival fortune teller would be.

啊,死亡,生命中最大的謎團之一,儘管科學和醫學取得了巨大的進步,但在預測我們自己死亡的確切日期和時間方面,並不比一個狂歡節算命先生會更好。

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 壽命 預期 平均 死亡 嬰兒 死亡率

你什麼時候會死? (When Will You Die?)

  • 9 2
    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 23 日
影片單字