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  • Almost everyone online has heard of the Russian  Sleep Experiment. It's a terrifying story about  

    幾乎每個網友都聽說過俄羅斯睡眠實驗。這是一個可怕的故事,關於

  • a group of political dissidents forced to take  an experimental chemical by the Soviets - a  

    一群持不同政見者被蘇聯強迫服用一種實驗性的化學物質----------。

  • chemical that takes away their ability to  sleep. Over the following days and months,  

    奪走他們睡眠能力的化學物質。在接下來的幾天和幾個月裡。

  • the subjects of this brutal experiment go insanemany die, and some even take on otherworldly or  

    這個殘酷的實驗對象發瘋了,許多人死了,有些人甚至變成了另一個世界的人,或者...

  • demonic qualities. Thankfully, the Russian Sleep  Experiment is just an Internet creepypasta,  

    惡魔般的品質。值得慶幸的是,俄羅斯的睡眠實驗只是一個互聯網上的creepypasta。

  • but the nine sleep deprivation experiments  we're discussing today are horrifyingly real.

    但我們今天討論的九個睡眠剝奪實驗是可怕的真實。

  • Today, we're going to explore all of them, from  least to most crazy. Some of these impressive  

    今天,我們要探索所有這些,從最少到最瘋狂。其中一些令人印象深刻的

  • acts of sleep-deprivation were done for scienceothers for more practical reasons, and some even  

    剝奪睡眠的行為有的是為了科學,有的則是為了更實際的原因,有的甚至是為了更多。

  • just because they could. And at the very endwe're going to tell you about a real disease  

    只是因為他們可以。而在最後,我們要告訴你 關於一個真正的疾病。

  • which can cause you to never sleep again, to  frightening and deadly results. So pour yourself  

    這可能會導致你再也睡不著覺,造成可怕而致命的結果。所以你要把自己

  • a cup of coffee and crack open the red bull: These  are nine Horrific Real Life Sleep Experiments.

    一杯咖啡,打開紅牛。這九個可怕的真實生活睡眠實驗。

  • 9. Peter Tripp's 201 Hour DJ Set

    9.Peter Tripp的201小時DJ表演

  • The year is 1959. American Radio DJ Peter Tripp  has decided he wants to raise money for children  

    這一年是1959年。美國電臺DJ彼得-特里普決定要為兒童籌款。

  • in need, and what's more, he's thought of  the perfect way to do it: Locking himself  

    更重要的是,他想到了一個完美的方法。把自己鎖起來

  • in a glass box in the middle of Time's Square and  spinning records for 201 hours straight while the  

    在時代廣場中央的玻璃盒子裡,連續201個小時旋轉唱片,而這時

  • general public looked on in. To save you the maththat's over eight straight days of hardcore DJing.  

    廣大市民看在眼裡。省去了你的計算,那就是連續八天多的硬核DJ。

  • How he planned to bathe or go to the bathroom in  that time without breaking public indecency laws  

    他打算如何在不觸犯公共非禮法的情況下,在那個時候洗澡或上廁所

  • we'll just leave to your imaginationHe entered his giant goldfish bowl on  

    我們就留給你想象吧。 他進入他的巨型金魚缸

  • day one in high spirits, ready to undertake  this crazy feat of human endurance.

    第一天精神抖擻,準備好進行這場人類忍耐力的瘋狂壯舉。

  • However, by day three, the lack of sleep  was really starting to get to Mr. Tripp.  

    然而,到了第三天,睡眠不足真的開始影響到了特里普先生。

  • He began experiencing severe hallucinationslike believing there were spiders in his shoes.  

    他開始出現嚴重的幻覺,比如相信鞋裡有蜘蛛。

  • He would also become irritable, paranoid, and  confused, cursing at the people around him.  

    他也會變得暴躁、偏執、糊塗,對身邊的人破口大罵。

  • Sleep scientists observing this charitable act  of masochism found that Tripp's hallucinations  

    睡眠科學家觀察這種受虐的慈善行為時發現,特里普的幻覺

  • often occurred during the 90 minute REM  sleep cycle, the stage in sleep that people  

    經常發生在90分鐘的REM睡眠週期,即人們在睡眠中的階段。

  • tend to experience dreams. Tripp was so sleep  deprived he was literally dreaming while awake.

    往往會經歷夢境。特里普睡眠不足,他真的是在清醒的時候做夢。

  • Many of his family and friends claimed  the sustained sleep deprivation forever  

    他的許多家人和朋友聲稱,持續的睡眠剝奪永遠

  • changed Peter Tripp. Soon after, his marriage  broke down, and he left the radio business to  

    改變了彼得-特里普。不久後,他的婚姻破裂了,他離開了廣播事業,轉而做起了電臺。

  • become a traveling salesman. Think this  is wild? It's nothing compared to...

    成為一個巡迴推銷員。你覺得這很瘋狂嗎?這比不上...

  • 8. Randy Gardner's sleep deprivation world record

    8.蘭迪-加德納的睡眠剝奪世界紀錄。

  • These days, the Guinness Book of World Records  doesn't observe world records related to sleep  

    如今,金氏世界紀錄大全並沒有觀察到與睡眠有關的世界紀錄。

  • deprivation, out of fear that it could lead  aspiring world record holders to commit  

    因為擔心這可能導致有抱負的世界紀錄保持者犯錯誤。

  • self-destructive acts. This was not the case in  1964, when high school student Randy Gardener  

    自毀行為。1964年的情況並非如此,當時高中生蘭迪-加德納(Randy Gardener)

  • managed to achieve the highest universally  agreed upon record for sleep deprivation:  

    成功實現了普遍認同的睡眠剝奪的最高紀錄。

  • 11 days and 24 minutes. This particular  study in sleep deprivation was so  

    11天24分鐘。這項特殊的睡眠剝奪研究是如此的

  • special because it was closely observed and  documented by a large number of researchers,  

    特殊的是,它被大量的研究人員密切觀察和記錄。

  • including a sleep expert from Stanford University.

    包括斯坦福大學的睡眠專家。

  • Much like Peter Tripp, Randy began  to experience confusion, paranoia,  

    就像彼得-特里普一樣,蘭迪也開始出現困惑、偏執。

  • and even hallucinations as his sleeplessness  progressed. However, he managed to stay lucid  

    甚至隨著他失眠症的發展出現幻覺。然而,他卻能保持清醒

  • enough to win a pinball match against one of  his observers on the tenth day of no sleep.  

    足以在第十天不睡覺的情況下,與他的一個觀察者進行彈球比賽獲勝。

  • If that doesn't make you feel insecure about  your pinball skills, I don't know what will.

    如果這還不能讓你對你的彈球技術感到不安全,我不知道什麼能讓你感到不安全。

  • But losing sleep on your own is one thing. What  if, like the Russian Sleep Experiment itself,  

    但自己失眠是一回事。如果像俄羅斯睡眠實驗本身一樣。

  • a whole group of people were  deprived? This brings us to...

    一整群人都被剝奪了?這讓我們想到...

  • 7. Shattered - a Reality TV show from 2004

    7.Shattered -- -- 2004年的一個真人秀節目;

  • This sleep deprivation experiment  brings us back to jolly old England,  

    這個睡眠剝奪實驗讓我們回到了快樂的老英國。

  • the world's chief exporter of  morally-questionable reality TV.  

    世界上主要的道德問題真人秀出口國。

  • Back in 2004, Shattered - a play on a common  British expression fortired” - decided to  

    早在2004年,Shattered--一個英國人對 "累了 "的常見表達方式的玩法--就決定要

  • pit 10 contestants against one another for a  £97,000 cash prize. What was the challenge?  

    讓10名參賽者互相競爭,爭奪9.7萬英鎊的現金大獎。是什麼挑戰?

  • Stay awake for seven days, while completingseries of increasingly difficult challenges.

    保持七天的清醒,同時完成一系列越來越難的挑戰。

  • In the end, contestant Clare Southern took home  the grand prize after remaining awake for 178  

    最終,參賽者Clare Southern在保持清醒178天后,獲得了大獎。

  • hours. The rest were probably at leastlittle happy with the consolation prize:  

    小時。其餘的人可能至少對這個安慰獎有些滿意。

  • Getting the best night's sleep of  their entire lives. Thankfully,  

    獲得一生中最好的睡眠。值得慶幸的是。

  • none of the contestants experienced  any kind of long-term negative side  

    沒有一個參賽者經歷過任何形式的長期負面的副作用。

  • effects for their participation. But  for all the narcissists out there,  

    效果為他們的參與。但對於所有的自戀者來說。

  • our next Sleep Experiment answers a more troubling  question: Will sleep deprivation make you uglier?

    我們的下一個睡眠實驗回答了一個更令人不安的問題。睡眠不足會不會讓你變得更醜?

  • 6. SwedishBeauty SleepExperiment

    6.瑞典 "美容睡眠 "實驗

  • We're in scenic Sweden for this sleep studyasking whether the old truism about needing  

    我們在風景秀麗的瑞典進行了這項睡眠研究,詢問是否有老生常談的關於需要

  • beauty sleep actually holds any water. And  it turns out, according to a 2013 study  

    美容覺其實有什麼作用。而事實證明,根據2013年的一項研究顯示

  • into the correlation between fatigue and facial  expressions, it may actually be totally right.

    成疲勞和麵部表情之間的相關性,其實可能完全正確。

  • They photographed 5 men and 5 women  after a normal, healthy night's sleep,  

    他們拍攝了5名男性和5名女性在正常、健康的睡眠後的照片。

  • and again after 31 hours of sleep deprivationAn impartial group of 40 people were then asked  

    並在剝奪睡眠31小時後再次進行。 然後,一個由40人組成的公正小組被問及

  • to judge the faces in the photos. They found  that the sleep deprived faced had, quote,  

    來判斷照片中的面孔。他們發現,睡眠不足的面孔有,引。

  • more hanging eyelids, redder eyes, more swollen  eyes, darker circles under the eyes, paler skin,  

    "吊眼皮多了,眼睛紅了,眼睛腫了,黑眼圈多了,皮膚白了。

  • more wrinkles/fine lines, and  more droopy corners of the mouth.”

    皺紋/細紋較多,嘴角下垂較多。"

  • This actually leads nicely into our nextand even more anxiety-inducing study:  

    這其實很好地引出了我們下一個,也是更令人焦慮的研究。

  • Will people want to avoid you  if you look sleep deprived?

    如果你看起來睡眠不足,別人會不會想避開你?

  • 5. 2017 Swedish Sleep Experiment

    5.2017年瑞典睡眠實驗

  • For some reason, the Swedish are really  interested in seeing how people react  

    出於某種原因,瑞典人真的很想看看人們的反應。

  • to the sleep deprived. In 2017, they performed  a study into how people perceive others with  

    到睡眠不足的人。2017年,他們進行了一項研究,研究人們如何看待別人與

  • sleep deprivation. 122 people rated photos  of 25 people after 2 days of not sleeping,  

    睡眠不足。122人評價25人2天不睡覺後的照片。

  • and the scientists performing the study  found an interesting cluster of results.

    而進行研究的科學家發現了一組有趣的結果。

  • The subjects reported that they were less  inclined to socialize with the sleep-deprived  

    受試者表示,他們不太願意與睡眠不足的人交往。

  • people. The sleep-deprived people were seen as  less healthy, and more sleepy. No surprise there.  

    的人。睡眠不足的人被視為健康狀況較差,而且更愛睡覺。這一點也不奇怪。

  • The subjects also reported that they found the  sleep-deprived people less attractive overall,  

    受試者還表示,他們認為睡眠不足的人整體吸引力較低。

  • suggesting a good night's sleep  is key to protecting your mojo.  

    建議睡個好覺,是保護自己魔力的關鍵。

  • And in one minor positive for  the sleep-deprived, there were  

    對於睡眠不足的人來說,有一個小的積極因素,那就是...

  • no reported changes in the trustworthiness of  Sleep-deprived people. So at least there's that.

    睡眠不足的人的信任度沒有變化的報道。所以至少有這一點。

  • But now it's time to look at a much more  horrifying and serious question: Can sleep  

    但現在要看一個更可怕更嚴重的問題了。睡眠

  • deprivation kill you? It's a heavy question  indeed, but thankfully, we have the answers.

    剝奪會死嗎?這的確是個沉重的問題,但值得慶幸的是,我們有了答案。

  • 4. Can sleep deprivation kill you?

    4.睡眠不足會死嗎?

  • Now, if we're simply talking about people innormal, healthy environment - I.e., somewhere  

    現在,如果我們只是簡單地談論一個正常的、健康的環境中的人--即在某個地方。

  • you don't have soldiers with rather large, nasty  guns keeping you awake at all hours - studies have  

    你沒有阿兵哥相當大的,討厭的槍 讓你在所有的時間清醒 - 研究有

  • shown that humans have evolved some biological  mechanisms that keep them from dying due to  

    顯示,人類已經進化出了一些生物機制,使他們不至於因。

  • sleep deprivation. The body literally forces  you to sleep for brief, seconds-long periods  

    睡眠不足。身體從字面上強迫你短暫的睡眠,幾秒鐘長的時間。

  • known asmicro-sleep”, allowing humans  to survive prolonged sleep deprivation.

    稱為 "微睡眠",讓人類在長期睡眠不足的情況下生存。

  • However, just because you can doesn't mean  you should. Chronic sleep deprivation has  

    然而,你能做到並不意味著你應該做到。長期睡眠不足有

  • been linked to everything from  high blood pressure to dementia,  

    從高血壓到老年痴呆症,都與此有關。

  • so make sure you're catching those zees whenever  you can. There are other ways you can die from  

    所以要確保你能隨時抓住那些澤斯。還有其他的方式,你可以死於

  • lack of sleep - one such way being the reason  why heavy machinery has a “do not operate while  

    睡眠不足--其中一種方式就是重型機械為什麼有 "不要在睡眠時操作 "的原因。

  • tiredwarning. Tired drivers sadly causehuge number of car crashes every single year.

    累 "的警告。可悲的是,疲憊的司機每年都會造成大量的車禍。

  • While the answer to the question of whether  sleep deprivation can kill humans is actually  

    雖然睡眠不足會不會讓人類死亡這個問題的答案其實就是

  • pretty reassuring, our next set of studies  sadly don't have a very happy ending...

    蠻讓人放心的,我們接下來的研究很遺憾沒有一個很好的結局... ...

  • 3. Can sleep deprivation kill animals?

    3.睡眠不足會讓動物死亡嗎?

  • It doesn't get any less horrifying from  here, folks. Two different studies - one  

    從這裡開始,它不會變得更可怕了,夥計們。兩個不同的研究 - 一個

  • from 1983 and another from 1995 - basically  performed the Russian Sleep Experiment on rats,  

    1983年的和1995年的另一個--基本上是在老鼠身上進行俄羅斯睡眠實驗。

  • and found that they were extremely  susceptible to its effects. Unlike humans,  

    並發現它們極易受其影響。與人類不同的是。

  • the rats' ability to micro-sleep is quarantined  at any given time to a tiny part of the brain.  

    大鼠的微睡眠能力在任何時候都會被隔離到大腦的一個微小部分。

  • As a result, it isn't nearly as effective at  preserving vital brain functions. Rats die  

    是以,它在保存重要的大腦功能方面並沒有那麼有效。老鼠死亡

  • as a result of this between 11 and 32 days, and  they're probably grateful for it at that point.

    是以,在11到32天之間,他們可能會在那個時候感激不盡。

  • At the tail end of the nineteenth centurythe Russians themselves got in on the action,  

    在十九世紀的尾聲,俄國人自己也參與了行動。

  • performing two studies in 1894 and 1898 -  conducted by some scientists who definitely  

    在1894年和1898年進行了兩項研究--由一些科學家進行,他們絕對是

  • weren't dog people. With the help  of a number of Italian scientists,  

    並不是狗人。在一些意大利科學家的幫助下。

  • they kept a group of dogs awake by  continually forcing them to walk. All  

    他們通過不斷地強迫一群狗走路,讓它們保持清醒。所有

  • of these dogs died of sleep deprivation  and exhaustion within a two week period.

    這些狗在兩週內因睡眠不足和疲憊而死亡。

  • Before we get into the darkest and  most horrifying sleep studies of  

    在我們進入最黑暗和最恐怖的睡眠研究之前。

  • all - and the disease that literally  kills you with a permanent lack of  

    和疾病,從字面上殺死你與一個永久的缺失

  • sleep - let's take a quick break and  look at a slightly more useful study.

    睡眠--讓我們快速休息一下,看看一個稍微有用的研究。

  • 2. Can controlled sleep deprivation  actually alleviate depression?

    2.控制性睡眠剝奪真的能緩解抑鬱症嗎?

  • That's right. Typically, when you think  of sleep deprived people, you think of  

    是的,沒錯。通常情況下,當你想到睡眠不足的人,你會想到的是

  • the kinds of people we've described: Grumpyparanoid, and irritable. But for some people,  

    我們所描述的那種人。脾氣暴躁,偏執狂,易怒。但對某些人來說

  • it seems that a little sleep deprivation can  actually help combat depressive episodes.  

    看來,一點睡眠剝奪其實可以幫助對抗抑鬱症發作。

  • A study has shown that a single 24 hour period of  Sleep Deprivation Therapy (SDT) improves both mood  

    一項研究表明,單次24小時的睡眠剝奪療法(SDT)可以改善情緒。

  • and behavior in people with treatment-resistant  depression or bipolar disorder.

    抑鬱症或雙相情感障礙患者的行為。

  • These periods of improved mood and behavior have  been known to last up to 48 hours. Perhaps, with  

    據悉,這些情緒和行為的改善期可持續48小時。也許,隨著

  • further research, Sleep Deprivation Therapy can  be a valuable part of treatment plans for people  

    進一步的研究表明,睡眠剝奪療法可以成為人們治療計劃的重要組成部分。

  • suffering from severe depressive mental disordersIn 2017, a review into 66 similar studies  

    患有嚴重的抑鬱性精神障礙。 2017年,一項對66項類似研究的回顧

  • concluded: “These findings support a significant  effect of sleep deprivation and suggest the need  

    總結道:"這些發現支持了睡眠不足的顯著影響。"這些研究結果支持睡眠不足的重大影響,並表明需要:

  • for future studies on the phenotypic nature of  the antidepressant response to sleep deprivation.”

    為今後研究抗抑鬱劑對睡眠剝奪反應的表型性質。"

  • And now from depressive to depressing. Let's look  at the most horrifying sleep experiments of all,  

    而現在從鬱悶到壓抑。我們來看看最恐怖的睡眠實驗。

  • and perhaps the closest to the events depicted  in the legendary Russian Sleep Experiment.

    也可能是最接近傳說中的俄羅斯睡眠實驗所描述的事件。

  • 1. Sleep Deprivation as a form of Torture

    1.剝奪睡眠作為一種酷刑的形式。

  • Even if sleep deprivation can't normally  kill you, that doesn't mean it doesn't  

    即使睡眠不足正常情況下不能致死,也不代表不會致死

  • suck to experience it against your willAnd several world governments have taken  

    違揹你的意願去體驗它,是很糟糕的。 而世界上一些國家的政府已經採取了

  • advantage of this fact to use sleep deprivation  as a form of torture against their prisoners,  

    利用這一事實,將剝奪睡眠作為對囚犯的一種酷刑。

  • either in interrogation or just for sadistic funThe most infamous user of this particular kind  

    無論是在審訊中,還是隻是為了虐待狂的樂趣。 最臭名昭著的使用者 這種特殊的類型

  • of torture is actually the Central Intelligence  Agency, on behalf of the United States of America.

    的酷刑,實際上是中央情報局代表美國。

  • In 2005, the CIA admitted to authorizing up  to 180 hours of continuous sleep deprivation  

    2005年,中情局承認準許了長達180小時的連續睡眠剝奪。

  • during interrogations. That's over a week  without sleep. This was a common form of  

    審訊期間。那是一個多星期沒有睡覺。這是一種常見的形式

  • torture used in the Abu Ghraib detention  facility in Iraq. In 2014, the US was even  

    在伊拉克阿布格萊布拘留所使用的酷刑。2014年,美國甚至

  • criticized by the United Nations for their  use of sleep deprivation torture techniques.

    聯合國責備他們使用剝奪睡眠的酷刑手段。

  • Though in what seems like another  nod to the Russian Sleep Experiment,  

    雖然在似乎又是對俄羅斯睡眠實驗的點贊。

  • it's likely that the US was inspired  in their use of sleep deprivation  

    可能是美國在睡眠剝奪方面受到了啟發。

  • torture by the earlier actions of the  Soviets. It's a particularly grisly  

    蘇聯人先前的行動所帶來的酷刑。這是一個特別可怕的

  • example of cross-cultural exchange  from two international superpowers.

    兩個國際超級大國跨文化交流的例子。

  • And there you have it, folks, nine  real sleep studies ranging from  

    有了,夥計們,九項真實的睡眠研究,從...

  • weird to utterly terrifyingSo you're probably wondering:  

    怪異到徹底的可怕。 所以你可能想知道。

  • What's the horrifying condition that can cause  you to literally die from a lack of sleep,  

    有什麼可怕的病症會讓你因睡眠不足而真的死去。

  • despite humans seemingly having biological  defence mechanisms against such a horrible  

    儘管人類似乎有生物防衛機制來抵禦這種可怕的東西

  • fate? Allow us to introduce you to the rare  condition of Fatal Insomnia - the disease that  

    命中註定?請允許我們為您介紹致命性失眠這種罕見的疾病------。

  • keeps you awake until you go mad and die, just  like the victims of the Russian Sleep Experiment.

    讓你保持清醒,直到你發瘋而死,就像俄羅斯睡眠實驗的受害者一樣。

  • There are two varieties of this chilling  illness: Fatal familial insomnia and sporadic  

    這種令人心寒的疾病有兩種。一種是致命的家族性失眠,另一種是零星的

  • fatal insomnia. The former is a familial genetic  disease, and the latter could - in theory - happen  

    致命的失眠症。前者是一種家族性的遺傳病,而後者--理論上--可能會發生

  • to anyone. The disease has no known cure, and  nobody who has ever contracted the disease  

    給任何人。這種疾病沒有已知的治療方法,也沒有人感染過這種疾病。

  • has survived eighteen months beyond the first  onset of symptoms. Much like CreutzfeldtJakob  

    已經活了18個月,超過了第一次出現症狀的時間。就像克雅氏症

  • disease, or Mad Cow Disease, this disorder  is caused by misfolded proteins in the brain  

    病,或瘋牛病,這種疾病是由大腦中的蛋白質錯誤摺疊引起的。

  • known as prions. It's unlikely you'll even know  you're sick until it's already far too late.

    被稱為 "朊病毒"。你甚至不太可能知道自己生病了,直到已經太晚了。

  • The disease occurs in four stages: In the firstthe victim experiences prolonged insomnia,  

    本病的發生分為四個階段。在第一個階段,受害者會經歷長期失眠。

  • paranoia, and fear. In the second, they'll  experience increasing hallucinations and panic  

    妄想症和恐懼症。在第二種情況下,他們會經歷越來越多的幻覺和恐慌。

  • attacks. In the third, they'll begin to rapidly  lose weight as their physical health declines.  

    攻擊。第三種,隨著身體健康狀況的下降,他們的體重會開始迅速下降。

  • Finally, in the fourth stage, the victim will slip  

    最後,在第四階段,受害者會滑倒。

  • into a state of severe dementia and lose  their mind entirely. In this final stage,  

    陷入嚴重的痴呆狀態,完全失去理智。在這最後階段。

  • they'll essentially be locked into their own  bodies, becoming completely mute and unresponsive.

    他們基本上會被鎖進自己的身體裡,變得完全啞巴,毫無反應。

  • Of course, things are well beyond  the point of no return by this point,  

    當然,事情到了這個地步,已經遠遠超出了不歸路。

  • and the victim of this horrifying  disease will die shortly afterwards.

    而這種可怕的疾病的受害者不久後就會死去。

  • Sleep well. If you can...

    睡個好覺如果你能...

  • Now check outRussian Sleep  Experiment - EXPLAINED”  

    現在請看 "俄羅斯睡眠實驗--解釋"

  • and “50 Insane Facts About  Sleep You Didn't Knowfor more!

    和 "50個你不知道的關於睡眠的瘋狂事實 "瞭解更多!

Almost everyone online has heard of the Russian  Sleep Experiment. It's a terrifying story about  

幾乎每個網友都聽說過俄羅斯睡眠實驗。這是一個可怕的故事,關於

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B2 中高級 中文 睡眠 不足 剝奪 實驗 研究 酷刑

可怕的現實生活中的睡眠實驗 (Horrific Real Life Sleep Experiments)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 17 日
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