Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

自動翻譯
  • The year was 1896 and the country of Zanzibar  was a protectorate of the British Empire.  

    這一年是1896年,桑給巴爾國是大英帝國的保護國。

  • Britain had installed a 'puppet' Sultan  named Hamad bin Thuwaini to lead the region,  

    英國安插了一個名叫哈馬德-本-圖瓦尼的'傀儡'蘇丹來上司該地區。

  • a man that supported British interests thereOn August 25th, he bit the dust, and it was  

    一個支持英國在那裡的利益的人。 在8月25日,他咬住了灰塵,這是

  • widely thought that he'd been poisoned by his  cousin, the man that stepped into his shoes

    人們普遍認為他中了他表哥的毒,那個踏進他鞋子的人。

  • To say the least, the Brits were a little  bit peeved about this and the new man in  

    至少可以說,英國人對這件事有些不滿,新來的人在。

  • charge knew that, so he ordered an armed  Royal Yacht to get ready for a fight. He  

    負責人知道這一點,所以他命令一艘武裝的皇家遊艇做好戰鬥準備。他

  • also sent 3,000 soldiers and a few artillery  guns to the harbor to prepare for battle

    還派了3000名阿兵哥和幾門火炮到港口備戰。

  • In those days the British had quite the  formidable military, and before you could say,  

    在那個年代,英國人擁有相當強大的軍隊,在你還沒有說。

  • Do you fancy a cuppa tea, mate”, two massive  war ships had destroyed the artillery,  

    "你想喝杯茶嗎,夥計",兩艘巨大的戰艦已經摧毀了火炮。

  • the palace, and had taken out about 500 soldiers. The war lasted a grand total of 38 minutes,  

    宮殿,並幹掉了大約500名阿兵哥。戰爭總共持續了38分鐘。

  • making it the shortest war in history. The  countries you are going to hear about today  

    使其成為歷史上最短的戰爭。今天你們要聽到的國家

  • might have fared just as badly as Zanzibar if  they got into a war with a military powerhouse,  

    如果他們與軍事強國發生戰爭,可能會和桑給巴爾一樣糟糕。

  • but we'll let you decide just how well they'd do. 10. El Salvador 

    但我們會讓你決定他們會做得多好。10.薩爾瓦多

  • The South American nation has a surprisingly  large budget for being on this list,  

    南美國家能上榜,預算大得驚人。

  • at around $165 million. That might sound  like a lot, but it's not so much when you  

    在1.65億美元左右。這可能聽起來像一個很大的,但它不是那麼多,當你。

  • consider the New York Police Department hadbudget of $5.6 billion that year. It also had  

    考慮到紐約警察局當年的預算為56億美元。它還擁有

  • 55,304 people working for it. El Salvador  on the other hand only has 35,000 soldiers,  

    55304人在為它工作。而薩爾瓦多隻有35 000名阿兵哥。

  • and 10,000 of those guys and gals are reserves. The country has some fighter aircraft,  

    而這些人中有一萬人是預備役。國家有一些戰鬥機。

  • bought from the USA around the time the  first Star Wars movie hit the theaters,  

    大約在第一部《星球大戰》電影上映的時候,從美國買來的。

  • and you could say the same about its  helicopters. As for artillery and  

    而你也可以說它的直升機也是如此。至於火炮和

  • armored cars, some of that hardware dates  back to the second world war. In the sea,  

    裝甲車,其中一些硬件可以追溯到第二次世界大戰。在海。

  • El Salvador has only three patrol boats  so there's not much happening there

    薩爾瓦多隻有三艘巡邏船,所以那裡沒有發生什麼事情。

  • This is not a modern military by any meansbut you might ask if it needs to be. The  

    這絕不是現代軍事,但你可能會問,是否需要這樣做。的。

  • country hasn't seen many conflicts of lateBack in the 50s when the U.S. was talking  

    國家最近的衝突不多。 早在50年代,當美國還在談及

  • aboutReds Under the Bedand was paranoid that  communism was going to catch-on in many nations,  

    關於 "床下的紅軍",並妄想共產主義會在許多國家流行起來。

  • it supplied El Salvador weapons to  thwart an uprising if one happened

    它向薩爾瓦多提供武器,以便在起義發生時阻止起義。

  • In 1969, there was the Football War with  Honduras, and from 1979 to 1992 there was  

    1969年,與洪都拉斯發生了足球戰爭,1979年至1992年,有了

  • the Salvadoran Civil War. These days the military  spends most of its time fighting organized crime,  

    薩爾瓦多內戰。現在軍隊大部分時間都在打擊有組織犯罪。

  • drug trafficking outfits that no doubt have  a much bigger budget than the armed forces

    販毒團伙,其預算無疑比武裝部隊多得多。

  • Our next country was an ancient military  power house, but not so much today...

    我們下一個國家是古代的軍事強國,但是今天就不一樣了,...

  • 9. North Macedonia (formerly just Macedonia) Hang on a second, you're thinking, wasn't like  

    9.北馬其頓(以前只是馬其頓) 等一下,你會想,是不是像

  • one of the greatest military men in history  from this country. Surely it hasn't gone that  

    歷史上最偉大的軍事家之一,來自這個國家。當然,它還沒有去,

  • downhill. Well, things have changed a lot since  Alexander the Great was taming wild horses on the  

    下坡。自從亞歷山大大帝在馬背上馴服野馬後,情況發生了很大的變化。

  • plains and dreaming about his future empire. Right now, the country only has 8,000 active  

    平原,夢想著自己未來的帝國。現在,全國只有8000個活躍的。

  • personnel and another 5,000 in the  reserves. That's not so many people,  

    人員和另外5000名預備役人員。這不是很多人。

  • but hey, what are you gonna do withmilitary budget of 108 million dollars

    但是,嘿,你打算怎麼做 與1.08億美元的軍事預算。

  • Still, it has a much better reputation than the  military we put at number ten. It might be small,  

    不過,它的名聲還是比我們放在第十位的軍隊要好得多。它的規模可能很小。

  • but the North Macedonia military has seen  plenty of action in Afghanistan and Iraq.  

    但北馬其頓軍方在阿富汗和伊拉克有很多行動。

  • It has some armored vehicles and towed artillerybut most of those have seen better days and  

    它有一些裝甲車和牽引式火炮,但其中大多數已經過了更好的日子,並且有了更大的發展。

  • wouldn't stand out in an episode of MASH. The country has no navy to speak of and while  

    不會在MASH的劇情中脫穎而出。國家沒有海軍可言,雖然

  • it has some helicopters and small pilot trainer  planes, it doesn't have any attack planes.

    它有一些直升機和小型飛行員教練機,它沒有任何攻擊機。

  • Next is another country with  a shockingly large budget,  

    接下來是另一個預算大得驚人的國家。

  • but still a weak military. 8. Namibia 

    但仍然是一支弱小的軍隊。8.8. 那密比亞

  • Namibia actually has quite a large budget  compared to the country we've just talked about,  

    那密比亞的預算與我們剛才說的國家相比,其實是相當大的。

  • and that is a whopping $505 million. The country has a population of around 2.7  

    而這一數字高達5.05億美元。全國人口約2.7萬。

  • million, but it also has a massive desertThat's why it's known as one of the least  

    萬人,但它也有大片的沙漠。 這也是為什麼它被稱為一個最不

  • densely populated countries in the world. Out of  those people, 10,000 of them work in the military

    世界上人口稠密的國家。在這些人中,有1萬人在軍隊工作。

  • The country owns seven tanks, but they were made  back in the 1940s. Whether they work these days  

    我國擁有7輛坦克,但這些坦克是上世紀40年代製造的。不管它們現在是否還能用

  • is questionable. In fact, just about all of  the country's land vehicles and artillery date  

    是值得商榷的。事實上,我國幾乎所有的陸上車輛和火炮都可以追溯到

  • back to a time when wars were watched on black  and white TV. Namibia might have a big budget,  

    回到了在黑白電視上觀看戰爭的時代。那密比亞的預算可能很大。

  • but it's weapons are very much from another era. For instance, it's said that the country has six  

    但它的武器卻很有另一個時代的特色。比如說,據說這個國家有六種。

  • fighter planes, but they're so old no  one's sure if they even work anymore.

    戰鬥機,但它們太老了,沒人知道它們是否還能用。

  • Next is a country which might not have  a powerful military, but has faced lots  

    接下來是一個國家,它可能沒有強大的軍事力量,但卻面臨著很多的

  • of war in its recent past. 7. Bosnia and Herzegovina 

    近代以來的戰爭。7.波斯尼亞和黑塞哥維那

  • The budget for this military is $165 million, and  it has 10,500 personnel in total. The air force  

    這支軍隊的預算為1.65億美元,共有10500人。空軍

  • has zero planes, but it does have some helicopters  that were made in the former Soviet Union

    有零架飛機,但它確實有一些前蘇聯製造的直升機。

  • It actually has 320 tanks and 332 armored  vehicles, so you might be wondering why it  

    它實際上有320輛坦克和332輛裝甲車,所以你可能會想知道為什麼它的

  • comes this low on the list. The answer is, againthose tanks come from another era. Such as the  

    排名這麼低。答案是,那些坦克又來自另一個時代。如

  • American M46 Patton main battle tank, made in the  50s, and the Soviet T-55, made in the 40s and 50s. 

    50年代製造的美國M46巴頓主戰坦克和40、50年代製造的蘇聯T-55。

  • You can add to that some self-propelled  anti-aircraft artillery and some anti-aircraft  

    你可以再加上一些自行式高射炮和一些高射炮。

  • artillery, but still, when you consider  that the country has no navy at all,  

    火炮,但如果考慮到該國根本沒有海軍,還是。

  • we think it deserves the number seven spot.

    我們認為它應該得到第七名的位置。

  • Next is a country who's military is so weakit can't even seize power if it tries to

    其次是一個國家的軍事力量太弱,想奪取政權都不行。

  • 6. Gabon If you don't  

    6.加蓬 如果你不知道

  • know where Gabon is, it's on the west coast of  Central Africa. Its military was pretty busy last  

    知道加蓬在哪裡嗎,它在中非的西海岸。它的軍隊去年很忙

  • year attempting a coup d'état. It didn't work. So, when we talk about personnel, no doubt quite  

    年試圖發動政變。它沒有成功。所以,當我們談論人事的時候,毫無疑問,相當的

  • a few of those guys are new. A lot of people in  the military who were pro-coup rans for the hills,  

    其中有幾個人是新來的。軍中有很多人是支持政變的人,他們都是為了上山。

  • were shot, or metaphorically  speaking went to the chopping block

    被槍斃,或者比喻說被送上了砧板。

  • It's actually a tiny military of just  5,000 people, and they are supported  

    這其實是一支只有5000人的小軍隊,他們得到了支持。

  • with a $83 million dollar budget. It has no tanks but does have 70  

    8300萬美元的預算。它沒有坦克,但有70

  • armored vehicles. If you take a look at  those bad boys, you'll see that 16 of them  

    裝甲車。如果你看看這些壞小子,你會看到,其中16個。

  • are Panhard AMLs. These French made killing  machines were damn good, back when folks were  

    是Panhard AMLs。這些法國製造的殺人機器是該死的好, 當人們還在使用的時候。

  • blown away by the high-tech game Space Invaders. That's the reason it's so low on the list. Its  

    被高科技遊戲《太空侵略者》所震撼。這也是它在榜單上排名靠後的原因。它的

  • land forces are very, very weak. But one thing  it does have is some nice aircraft. It has three  

    陸軍是非常非常弱的。但有一件事它確實有一些漂亮的飛機。它有三架

  • Dassault Mirage 5s and six Dassault Mirage F1s.  They might have been built in the 60s and 70s,  

    達索幻影5和6架達索幻影F1。 這些飛機可能是在60年代和70年代製造的。

  • but they were state of the art back then. The Gabonese navy exists, but the few old  

    但它們在當時是最先進的。加蓬海軍雖然存在,但那幾艘老式的。

  • fast attack crafts and patrol vessels  can't do much except scare pirates away.

    快速攻擊艇和巡邏船除了嚇跑海盜外,沒有什麼作用。

  • Our next country probably as more powerful  militias than an official military… 

    我們下一個國家可能作為比官方軍隊更強大的民兵... ...

  • 5. Somalia Back in the late 80s this military  

    5.索馬里 早在80年代末,這個軍事

  • was on the verge of collapse and then in the 90s  it was dissolved. Hardly a professional force,  

    瀕臨倒閉,然後在90年代解散了。很難說是一支專業部隊。

  • its military was accused of murder, assaultlooting and all kinds of corruption. Back then  

    其軍隊被指控謀殺、襲擊、搶劫和各種腐敗行為。那時候

  • a foreign diplomat wrote, “The inefficiency  of the Somali armed forces is legendary.” 

    一位外國外交官寫道:"索馬里武裝部隊的低效率是一個傳奇"。

  • So, that's not a good look for SomaliaThe military did reinvent itself,  

    所以,這對索馬里來說不是什麼好事。 軍方確實在重塑自己。

  • but in a country that has seen so much internal  discord it was never easy making things right

    但在一個國家,已經看到了這麼多的內部不和 它從來沒有簡單的事情,使正確的。

  • The budget last year was just over $62 millionand in total there were 20,000 active personnel.  

    去年的預算只有6200多萬元,總共有2萬名在職人員。

  • They were actually very active not long agofighting insurgents with some help from the U.S.  

    其實不久前他們就非常活躍,在美國的幫助下打擊叛亂分子。

  • So, unlike some other countries  we've mentioned the Somali military  

    所以,與其他一些國家不同的是,我們已經提到了索馬里的軍隊

  • has seen its fair share of action of late. If you look at what it's got in terms of hardware,  

    最近已經看到了它的動作。如果從硬件方面來看,它的。

  • you'll find there are quite a lot of main battle  tanks. Look a bit closer, and you'll see some of  

    你會發現有不少的主戰坦克。再仔細看,你會發現一些。

  • them such as the British Centurion date back  to the second world war. It's the same with  

    他們如英國的百夫長可以追溯到第二次世界大戰。這也是一樣的

  • the armored personnel carriers, they are more  museum pieces than formidable fighting machines

    裝甲運兵車,它們更多的是博物館的展品,而不是強大的戰鬥機器。

  • There used to be an air force, but that all  fell apart in the bad old days in the 90s.  

    以前有一支空軍,但在90年代的壞日子裡,這一切都崩潰了。

  • Now it's non-existent. The same goes for the navy. 4. Laos 

    現在已經不存在了。海軍也一樣。4.寮國

  • Thanks to the U.S, the country of Laospronounced without the 's', can say it's  

    感謝美國,寮國這個國家,發音沒有's',可以說它是。

  • the most bombed country in the world. To stop the  spread of communism, the U.S thought Laos needed  

    是世界上被轟炸最多的國家為了阻止共產主義的蔓延,美國認為寮國需要...

  • a bit of hellfire. From 1964 to 1973 the  US dropped bombs every eight minutes,  

    有點地獄之火。從1964年到1973年,美國每8分鐘就投下一枚炸彈。

  • 24 hours a day. Laos was obliterated, and it  was all done mostly in secret. A tenth of the  

    一天24小時。寮國被消滅了,而這一切主要是祕密進行的。十分之一的寮國人

  • population died, 98 percent of them civilians. Ok, the history class is over. Laos didn't try  

    人口死亡,其中98%是平民。好了,歷史課結束了。寮國沒有嘗試

  • to build a bigger military after it was  partly destroyed, and the reason is there  

    在它被部分摧毀後,建立一個更大的軍隊,原因是有。

  • just wasn't any money. While it's more  built up today, it is still very poor

    只是沒有任何錢。雖然如今建設得比較完善,但還是很窮。

  • That's why the military budget  is just over $18 million

    所以軍費預算只有1800多萬。

  • Laos actually has a lot of main battle tanksnumbering close to 130. Hmm, you think,  

    寮國的主戰坦克其實很多,數量接近130輛。嗯,你想。

  • that's quite a lot. But again, you have to  understand that those things are antiques.  

    那是相當多的。但你又要明白,這些東西都是古董。

  • They probably don't get used. The air force  consists of utility and transport helicopters  

    它們可能不會被使用。空軍由通用直升機和運輸直升機組成。

  • and the navy only has patrol boats. Laos is not likely to get into a war,  

    而海軍只有巡邏艇。寮國不可能捲入戰爭。

  • far from it, but like its neighbor Thailand  – a country now buying all kinds of expensive  

    遠遠沒有,但就像它的鄰國泰國一樣--一個現在購買各種昂貴物品的國家

  • military hardwarethe military is used  against its own people when they stand up  

  • against corruption. The army, no kiddinghas been accused of extrajudicial killing,  

    反腐敗。軍隊,不是開玩笑,已經被指控為法外處決。

  • torture, kidnapping, rape, attacks against  civilians, and starving minorities

    酷刑、綁架、強姦、襲擊平民和使少數民族捱餓。

  • That's another reason why Laos is so low on  this list. You can't call that good soldiering.

    這也是為什麼寮國在這份名單上排名這麼低的另一個原因。你不能說這是好阿兵哥。

  • The next country gets a bad rap, but its  soldiers have done some honorable things

    下一個國家被罵得很慘,但它的阿兵哥卻做了一些光榮的事情。

  • 3. Sierra Leone Back in 2014, soldiers with the  

    3.塞拉利昂 早在2014年,阿兵哥與

  • Sierra Leone military did a commendable job. They  helped protect quarantine zones during the Ebola  

    塞拉利昂軍隊的工作值得讚揚。他們在埃博拉疫情期間幫助保護隔離區。

  • Outbreak. That's not a nice disease to have, so  you'd think those soldiers were well compensated

    爆發。那可不是什麼好病,所以你會認為那些阿兵哥得到了很好的補償。

  • They weren't. Reports about the military say that it's kind of a  

    他們不是。關於軍隊的報道說,這是一種。

  • last stop for people. Back in the 90s some reports  said that many of the soldiers were drifters,  

    人的最後一站。90年代的時候,有報道說,很多阿兵哥都是漂泊者。

  • drug addicts and criminals. In the 2000s,  privates were earning about 50 bucks a month and  

    癮君子和罪犯。在2000年的時候,私生子的月收入大約是50塊錢,而且。

  • there was no running water in the barracks. The  bathroom was a hole in the ground in a mud hut

    營房裡沒有自來水。浴室是一個泥屋裡的地洞。

  • So, when you bear that in mind, what kind  of military do you think the country has.  

    所以,當你銘記這一點的時候,你認為國家有什麼樣的軍隊。

  • It might have a $75 million dollar budget, but  if you can't take care of your soldiers, you're  

    它可能有7500萬美元的預算,但如果你不能照顧好你的阿兵哥,你就會...

  • likely not going to get much professionalism. The military has two T-72 main battle tanks but  

    很可能不會得到什麼專業性。軍方有兩輛T-72主戰坦克,但。

  • as they are a few decades old it is very doubtful  that they work. It also has 13 armored vehicles

    因為它們已經有幾十年的歷史了,所以很懷疑它們是否能發揮作用。它還有13輛裝甲車。

  • As for airpower, Sierra Leone has seven  helicopters and no planes. Two of the  

    至於空軍,塞拉利昂有7架直升機,沒有飛機。其中兩架直升機

  • helicopters are Mil Mi-24s, vehicles  the Soviets once calledflying tanks.” 

    直升機是米-24,蘇聯人曾稱之為 "飛行坦克 "的車輛。

  • The Sierra Leone Navy consists of some very  old gun boats and patrol boats. They might  

    塞拉利昂海軍由一些非常老舊的炮艇和巡邏艇組成。它們可能

  • not have done much fighting, but in 2007 British  trained naval officers interrupted a hold-up of  

    但在2007年,英國訓練有素的海軍軍官打斷了一次搶劫的行動。

  • another boat by some pirates. It turned out the  pirates were actually Guinean Naval officers.

    另一艘船被一些海盜襲擊。原來,這些海盜實際上是幾內亞海軍軍官。

  • Next up is a country that's hard-pressed  to keep its military from deserting

    接下來是一個很難讓軍隊不開小差的國家。

  • 2. Liberia This is one small military, with only around  

    2.賴比瑞亞 這是一支規模較小的軍隊,只有約1.5萬人。

  • 2,100 active personnel. We say active, but reports  suggest that 300 of those people have defected

    2 100名現役人員。我們說的是現役,但有報道稱,其中300人已經叛逃。

  • Over the last few decades this country has  seen all kinds of conflicts, regime changes,  

    在過去的幾十年裡,這個國家經歷了各種衝突、政權更迭。

  • and a civil war, and that's not good  when you want to build a modern military.  

    和內戰,而當你想建立一支現代化的軍隊時,這不是好事。

  • There isn't really anything  modern about Liberia's equipment,  

    賴比瑞亞的裝備其實並沒有什麼現代化的東西。

  • with the air force consisting of mainly old  transport planes. It has one helicopter,  

    空軍主要由老式運輸機組成。它有一架直升機。

  • but that's getting on in years, too. Believe it or not, it has no land vehicles  

    但那也是年頭了。信不信由你,它沒有陸上車輛。

  • at all. In terms of infantry weapons, Liberia  has to rely on assault rifles and machine guns.  

    根本沒有。在步兵武器方面,賴比瑞亞不得不依靠突擊步槍和機槍。

  • There isn't really a navy, either, but  it does have a National Coast Guard.

    也沒有真正的海軍,但它有國家海岸警衛隊。

  • Finally, our number one country- who unlike  the rest maybe needs no military at all

    最後,我們的頭號國家--他不像其他國家也許根本不需要軍隊!

  • 1. Bhutan If you look at the Global Peace Index, Bhutan  

    1.不丹 如果你看一下全球和平指數,不丹

  • is high up on the list. This wonderful country  located in the Eastern Himalayas wins all kinds  

    是高居榜首。這個位於喜馬拉雅山脈東部的美妙國家,贏得了各類

  • of prizes for being peaceful, not being corrupt  and generally being a really cool place to live

    獎的和平,不腐敗,一般來說是一個非常酷的地方生活。

  • That's likely why it doesn't spend  too much cash on its military.  

    這很可能是它不在軍事上花太多錢的原因。

  • At $10 million or so a year, Bhutan's military  won't be buying any F-35s anytime soon

    一年1000多萬美元,不丹軍方不會很快購買任何F-35戰機。

  • But it does have a military, and in it there  are 7,000 personnel. The country is protected  

    但它確實有一支軍隊,其中有7000人。國家受到保護

  • by India, but that country has been trying to  help Bhutan improve its army and air force

    由印度,但該國一直在努力幫助不丹改善其軍隊和空軍。

  • There's not really that much happeningthough, and we can't find any sources  

    但其實並沒有發生太多事情,我們也找不到任何消息來源

  • that talk about Bhutan buying any new  weapons. The Royal Bhutan Army has had  

    不丹購買任何新武器的說法。不丹王國陸軍已經有了新的武器。

  • to shoot at people before, notably in  2003 when it took on 3,000 militants

    以前曾向人開槍,特別是在2003年,當時它對付了3 000名武裝分子。

  • In its arsenal of weapons, it has one  very old armored personnel carrier,  

    在它的武器庫中,有一輛很舊的裝甲運兵車。

  • mortars, and various kinds of rifles. If the army  uses other weapons, they are supplied by India

    迫擊炮和各種步槍。如果軍隊使用其他武器,則由印度提供。

  • It doesn't have any power in the air, with the  air force only owning two Mil Mi-8 transport  

    它在空中沒有任何力量,空軍只擁有兩架米-8運輸機。

  • helicopters. This is certainly a very, very small  military and would be no match for the NYPD

    直升機。這當然是一支非常非常小的軍隊,不會是紐約警察局的對手。

  • Now you need to watch this, “The Insanely  Crazy Story of a Tiny Soldier”. Or have a  

    現在你需要看這個《一個小兵的瘋狂故事》。或者有一個

  • look at this, “How A Soldier Single-Handedly  Liberated An Entire German Occupied City.”

    看看這個,"一個阿兵哥如何單手解放了整個德國佔領的城市。"

The year was 1896 and the country of Zanzibar  was a protectorate of the British Empire.  

這一年是1896年,桑給巴爾國是大英帝國的保護國。

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 軍隊 國家 坦克 預算 直升機 阿兵哥

2021年全球最弱的10支軍隊 (10 Weakest Militaries in the World in 2021)

  • 2 0
    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 12 月 21 日
影片單字