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  • Hi, I'm Carl Azuz.

    嗨,我是 Carl Azuz。

  • Welcome to CNN 10 on this December 15th.

    歡迎來到 12 月 15 日的 CNN 10。

  • Across the United States, votes were cast yesterday in the 2020 U.S. presidential election.

    昨天在美國各地,2020 年美國總統大選進行了投票。

  • But Carl, you might be asking, didn't that happen on November 3rd?

    但 Carl,你可能會問,這不是 11 月 3 日發生的事嗎?

  • Yes! But Americans do not directly choose their president.

    是的!但美國人並不是直接投票選總統的。

  • They choose electors, members of the Electoral College who cast the final votes for president and those electors met nationwide yesterday toe formally certify each state's results.

    他們是投選舉人,選舉人團成員為總統投最後一票,這些選舉人昨天在全國範圍內舉行會議,正式證實每個州的選舉結果。

  • This is all part of the constitutional election process that happens every four years.

    這是每四年舉行一次的憲法選舉過程中的一部分。

  • It's getting more attention this time around because the results of the 2020 presidential election have been disputed.

    因為 2020 年總統大選的結果一直有爭議,這一次也受到更多關注。

  • Former Vice President Joe Biden won the projected vote on Election Day.

    前副總統喬.拜登在選舉日贏得了預計的選票。

  • States were expected to certify his Electoral College win on Monday, and those Electoral College votes will be sent to Congress, which will formally count them next month.

    預計各州將於週一證實他在選舉人團中獲勝,這些選舉人團的選票將送交至國會,而國會將於下個月正式計票。

  • So is he officially the president elect?

    所以他正式當選總統了嗎?

  • Some experts say yes that a candidate formally gets that title when the 50 states electoral votes are certified.

    一些專家說是的,當 50 個州的選舉人投票通過後,候選人就可以正式獲得這個頭銜。

  • But others say that happens when Congress officially counts them.

    但也有人說,那會發生在國會正式統計票數時。

  • Either way, Congress will have completed that step on January 6th.

    無論如何,國會將在 1 月 6 日完成這步驟。

  • When we produced this show yesterday, though President Donald Trump had not conceded the election, he says he's the rightful winner, though he has authorized the government to start the transition process to the next administration.

    當我們昨天製作這個節目時,唐納·川普總統沒有在選舉中認輸,但他說他是合適的贏家,儘管他已授權政府進行換屆過渡交接。

  • The lawsuits that the president and his supporters have filed have not been successful in overturning the results from several states, and yesterday those states moved forward in making their results official.

    總統和他的支持者們提起的訴訟沒有成功地推翻一些州的選舉結果,而昨天這些州在正式公布結果有了進展。

  • In the United States, the popular vote doesn't directly determine who becomes president.

    在美國,民意並不會直接决定誰成為總統。

  • Under the Electoral College system, each state gets a certain number of electors based on how many representatives it has in Congress, and those people cast the official votes for president.

    在選舉人團制度下,每個州根據其在國會中的代表人數獲得一定數量的選舉人,而由這些選舉人為總統投票。

  • Historically, electors have overwhelmingly voted for the candidate who won the popular vote in their state, but they can stray.

    從歷史上看,選民在該州以壓倒性多數投票給贏得民意的候選人,但他們可以不投票給他。

  • If they do, they're called faithless electors.

    如果他們這樣做,他們被稱為失信選舉人。

  • Faithless electors have never changed the outcome of an election, but they have popped up over the years.

    失信選舉人從來沒有改變過選舉的結果,但這幾年來突然就出現變化了。

  • For example, in 2016, 10 electors didn't vote for the candidate who won their state.

    例如,2016 年,10 名選舉人沒有將票投給在本州獲勝的候選人。

  • There are 33 states with laws that require electors to vote for a pledge candidate, but most of them don't have any penalty for voting another way.

    有 33 個州的法律規定選舉人必須為宣誓候選人投票,但大多數州沒有因投票方法不同而受到任何懲罰。

  • Some states impose a fine.

    有些州會處以罰款。

  • Some cancel the vote and replace the elector, and some count it as a criminal charge.

    有些會取消投票,並更換選舉人,而有些會算是刑事指控。

  • In July 2020 the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that states could enforce these laws.

    2020 年 7 月,最高法院一致裁定各州可以執行這些法律。

  • 10-second trivia!

    十秒問答!

  • Which of these nations is the only one that's covered partially by the Amazon rainforest?

    以下哪個國家是唯一被亞馬遜雨林覆蓋部分的國家?

  • Colombia, Panama, Chile or Paraguay?

    哥倫比亞、巴拿馬、智利,還是巴拉圭?

  • On this list, Colombia is the only nation that's touched by the Amazon rainforest.

    在這些選項中,哥倫比亞是唯一一個被亞馬遜熱帶雨林所覆蓋的國家。

  • [Archaeologists found paintings showing humans living with mastodons and other giant animals.]

    [考古學家發現這幅畫展示了人類與乳齒象和其他巨型動物一起生活。]

  • [The researchers say the images were likely painted around 12,600 to 11,800 years ago.]

    [研究人員說,這些圖像很可能是在 12600 至 11800 年前繪製的。]

  • [The paintings are located on rock walls in what is now central Colombia in the Amazon rainforest.]

    [這些畫位於現在哥倫比亞中部亞馬遜熱帶雨林的岩壁上。]

  • Clearly, we have an overlap between people on these mega herbivores.

    明顯地,我們與這些大型食草動物曾有重疊。

  • It tells us that this artwork was drawn at that time period.

    它告訴我們這圖畫是在那個時期畫的。

  • This is a great chronological marker that these are some of the earliest people.

    這是一個顯著的年代標記,表明這些是最早期的人。

  • [The figures were painted over a period of hundreds of years, according to the researchers.]

    [根據研究人員表示,這些圖像已被畫上有幾百年的時間了。]

  • [They say that local communities knew about the paintings and helped researchers explore them.]

    [他們說當地社區的人知道這些畫,並幫助研究人員探索它們。]

  • A couple weeks or a couple months maybe.

    也許是幾週或是幾個月。

  • That's how long we expected to be producing this show from our remote studio when we were sent home in March.

    這就是我們三月份被送回家時,希望在遠端工作室製作這個節目的時間。

  • But as the coronavirus pandemic has stuck around, we have more or less settled into a very different workflow.

    但是,隨著新冠肺炎的持續,我們或多或少已經進入了一個完全不同的工作流程。

  • And one question being asked by people across corporate America and beyond is: how long will this continue?

    美國企業界和其他國家的人都在問一個問題:這種情況會持續多久?

  • Some companies tried this long before the pandemic struck.

    有一些公司早在疫情爆發之前就嘗試過這種方法。

  • Yahoo once had a work from home option that the company did away with in 2013, same thing for some IBM workers who were asked to come back to the office in 2017.

    Yahoo 曾在 2013 年取消了在家工作的選擇,這與 2017 年被要求重返辦公室的一些 IBM 員工一樣。

  • But will the changes of 2020 become more permanent even after the pandemic finally goes away?

    但就算在疫情終於結束之後,2020 年做的改變是否會變得更持久?

  • This was the year working from home went mainstream right around the world.

    這是在家工作成為全世界主流的一年。

  • This was a "how to work from home" video that I made a way back in March.

    這是一個我在三月份製作的「如何在家工作」的影片。

  • I thought this might be the way of things for a couple of months.

    我想這可能是幾個月來做事的方式。

  • Wow!

    哇!

  • Did I get that wrong?

    我有說錯嗎?

  • As we reach the end of 2020 many of us haven't returned to the office.

    到了 2020 年底,我們的許多人還沒有回到辦公室。

  • We're still on Zoom, Skype, WebEx, Slack.

    我們還在用Zoom、Skype、WebEx、Slack。

  • While video conference fatigue has set in for some, others are happy with this new way of working.

    雖然一些人開始對視訊會議感到疲勞,而其他人卻很喜歡這種新的工作方式。

  • Twitter is one company that's embraced the change and is allowing some employees to choose to work from home permanently.

    Twitter 是一家接受此變革的公司,它允許一些員工選擇永久在家工作。

  • We had about over 80% of our employees working four or five days in the office.

    我們曾經約有 80% 的員工在辦公室工作四到五天。

  • So pretty much full-time in the office, and one very small percentage single digits of people who are working full-time remote, and that's almost flipped.

    很多在辦公室裡全職工作的員工,只有一小部分人是全職遠端工作的,這比例幾乎相反了。

  • We've done these surveys coming back out of it.

    我們已經做了這些調查。

  • We have in the single digits people want who want to spend four or five days in the office and much more in terms of almost a third of our workforce wanna be, actually, full-time remote.

    我們只剩個位數的員工想在辦公室四到五天,而幾乎三分之一的員工其實都希望全職遠端工作。

  • Actual productivity has remained pretty steady.

    實際的生產率保持相當穩定。

  • But people's perception is increasing as they figure this out.

    但當人們發現這一點時,他們的觀念正在進步。

  • Productivity is critical.

    生產力至關重要。

  • 90% of workers surveyed in the UK said they would like to continue working from home often or all the time.

    英國 90% 的受訪員工表示,他們希望繼續經常在家工作或一直在家工作。

  • However, only 70 percent felt they were as productive or more so.

    然而,只有 70% 的人認為他們的工作效率不變或更高。

  • I think we'll be moving to more hybrid forms of working where people do actually work a lot more from home than they used to before the pandemic.

    我認為我們將轉向為更混合的工作方式,人們在家工作的時間比疫情前還要更多。

  • So it has ushered in a major change.

    因此,它引領了重大變化。

  • I think in the landscape, in terms of how we were, where we were.

    我認為在這種情況下,要從我們當時的情况如何、身在何處來看。

  • The shift to remote has had a devastating impact on local economies.

    轉向遠端工作對當地經濟產生了極糟的影響。

  • Cafes, bars and shops are reliant on office workers, who may never go back to their offices from 9 to 5, 5 days a week.

    咖啡館、酒吧和商店都仰賴一周上班五天,每天朝九晚五的上班族,而這些上班族有可能不會再回到辦公室上班了。

  • Companies could reduce their office space or give up expensive leases altogether.

    公司可以同時减少辦公空間,或省去昂貴的租約。

  • What was in for many of our clients?

    我們的許多客戶都經歷了什麼?

  • People choosing to work from home, perhaps two, maybe three days a week.

    人們選擇在家工作,也許一周在家工作兩、三天。

  • There still is the requirement then of the office, but people will come into it for a different reason.

    那時還是有辦公室的需求,但人們會因為不同的原因而進辦公室。

  • The great work from home experiment has sparked long-term change in the way that we work.

    偉大的在家工作實驗引發了我們對工作方式長期的改變。

  • But it isn't for everyone, whether it's unsuitable home environments, noisy children, or in my case, way with pets.

    但這不是每個人都適合,無論是不合適的家庭環境、吵鬧的孩子,還是我的例子,家裡有養寵物。

  • Some of us will be hoping to get back to the office in 2021.

    我們其中一些人則希望在 2021 年回到辦公室。

  • Crazy to think of 2019 as a simpler time when kids could just walk up to Santa, sit on his lap and get their pictures taken while they told him what they wanted for Christmas.

    2019年當時孩子們可以走到聖誕老人前,坐在聖誕老人的大腿上拍照,並同時告訴他自己想要什麼聖誕禮物,當回想到以上這些看似平常的生活都覺得現在很荒唐。

  • Now there are masks, face shields, plexi glass, sometimes computer screens between jolly young people and the jolly old elf.

    現在快樂的孩子們和老精靈之間都隔著口罩、防護面罩、壓克力塑料板,有時還有電腦螢幕。

  • But as everyone involved hopes this is the first and last year for scenes like this, they're still finding creative ways to drum up Christmas magic.

    但因為所有參與其中的人都希望這是第一次,也是最後一次能目睹這樣的場景,他們仍試圖尋找具有創意的方式來激發聖誕節的魔力。

  • I do have my Merry Christ-mask, so when I'm out and about I could mask up.

    我有我的聖誕快樂口罩,所以當我出去時我就可以戴上口罩。

  • And make everybody else feel safe as well.

    也讓其他人感到安全。

  • He's been "ice-olating" in the North Pole for 11 months, now, Santa's ready to get back to business with a little help from his friends.

    他已經在北極「被冰隔離」11 個月了,現在,聖誕老人準備在朋友們的幫助下重操舊業。

  • This year, many of Santa's grottoes are closed due to COVID-19, which means Santa's helpers he kindly step in when he's busy, are having to learn some new skills.

    今年,許多聖誕老人的小洞穴因新冠肺炎而關閉,這意味著聖誕老人的助手們在他忙的時候會友好地介入,他們不得不學習一些新的技能。

  • Welcome to a slightly different but still wonderful Santa school.

    歡迎來到一個稍有不同但仍然很棒的聖誕老人學校。

  • Santa HQ is an app allowing for zoom chats with Santa.

    Santa HQ 是一款可以和聖誕老人進行即時聊天的應用程式。

  • Very good indeed.

    非常好。

  • Now what we need to do is just scale it down slightly.

    現在我們需要做的只是稍微小聲一點。

  • Oh, it's run by the Ministry of Fun, one of the biggest Santa recruitment firms in the UK who see plenty of benefits.

    它是由英國最大的聖誕老人招聘公司之一的 Ministry of Fun所經營,他們看到了眾多益處。

  • You get to see Santa in his home, get longer with him because normally there's a queue, and there's lots of people that want to see the great man on.

    你可以在聖誕老人家裡看到他,和他在一起的時間會更長,因為通常都會有人排隊,且很多人都想看到這位偉人的出現。

  • And it's much more personal.

    而且也比較私人。

  • I know it'll be slightly different, but by using video, and all this technology, we can see our family no matter where they are in the world on.

    我知道會略有不同,但透過使用視訊和所有這些科技,無論他們在世界上的任何地方,我們可以看到我們的家人。

  • You can see Santa too, now he's Zoom-ready.

    你也可以看到聖誕老人,現在他已經在 Zoom 上準備好了。

  • Anna Stewart, CNN reporting from Santa's London office in the UK.

    Anna Stewart,CNN 在聖誕老人英國倫敦辦事處的報導。

  • One of them says he always wears gloves and uses "Santa-tizer", that's fantastic.

    他們其中一個說聖誕老人總是戴著手套,用「聖誕老人牌消毒殺菌劑」(sanitizer 消毒殺菌劑的諧音),真的太棒了。

  • You could say it "sleighs" me.

    你可以說它「用雪橇載」我。

  • Now, he probably won't catch coronavirus up on the housetop.

    現在,他可能不會在屋頂上感染新冠肺炎。

  • But Mommy better not be caught kissing him because whether you have a white Christmas, a blue Christmas or a Holly Jolly one, "Navi Dad" would be anything but feliz about that.

    但是媽媽最好不要被發現在親吻他,因為不管是白色的聖誕節、藍色的聖誕節,還是快活快樂的 (holly 跟 jolly 有押韻) 聖誕節,"Navidad" (Navi爸爸的諧音) 絕對不會感到快樂的。 (Feliz Navidad 西班牙語 "聖誕快樂" 的意思)

  • I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

    我是 CNN 10 的 Carl Azuz。

  • Pine Forest High School Sounds pretty picturesque, especially this time of year.

    Pine Forest 中學聽起來很美麗,尤其是每年的這個時候。

  • Shout out to our viewers in Fayetteville, North Carolina.

    向北卡羅萊納州費耶特維爾的觀眾致敬。

  • We have three shows to go before we wrap up for 2020.

    我們還有三集節目就要結束 2020 的CNN 10了。

Hi, I'm Carl Azuz.

嗨,我是 Carl Azuz。

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美國選舉人團投票、探索古代岩畫、未來辦公室的規劃、聖誕老人學校| 2020年12月15日(Voting In The U.S. Electoral College | December 15, 2020)

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    Anthony Wong 發佈於 2020 年 12 月 21 日
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