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  • At the moment I think we're beginning to see a shift in the way that cities are understood.

    此時此刻,我認為我們將見證到,城市正從你我原有的認知中改變

  • Never before have we had so much data about individuals, about transportation, about the

    我們從未擁有像現在這麼大量的資料,無論是在個人, 交通, 或是經濟方面,

  • economy, on such a fine-grained level as we do today.

    並以如此細緻的程度被儲存著。

  • We see that as developing into the future, exponentially so.

    我們可以預見,這些資料在未來更將以驚人的速度增長著。

  • With that we'll be able to build our understanding of the city, and improve our models of the

    隨這趨勢,我們可以對整座城市建立更深層的了解,並且改進現有模型。

  • city. The bike data - the bike-hire data - from

    例如:腳踏車資料 - 腳踏車租借資料 -

  • that we'll be able to identify different types of usage and where they're used, and why.

    從資料就可以辨別出不同用途, 使用的地點, 以及使用原因。

  • We have the data on the locations of tube trains, of buses, we have oyster card data

    我們擁有地鐵及巴士的位置資訊,也有交通卡資料

  • - so people's movement from origins and destinations across London - with that we're beginning

    因此對於整個倫敦裡面,人們從出發點到目的地,都能夠得到

  • to understand, better than ever before, where people go, when, and why, and start to understand

    比以往更精確的了解。人們都去了哪? 移動的時間, 理由。此外,我們也能夠開始了解到

  • how people change their behaviour in different circumstances.

    人們是如何在不同環境條件下,改變他們的行為。

  • So this is already happening, to a certain degree, and I think in the next 50 years you

    這些目前已經達到某些程度的發展,而且我認為,在接下來50年,

  • can imagine that more increasing levels of individual data will become available, so

    你可以想像到,將有更多個人資料能夠被取得,這

  • relating to each of us, about our individual behaviours. But at the same time you can imagine

    與每個人息息相關,包含我們的個人行為。但同時也可以預料得到,

  • there'd be a kick-back against this movement, so as it becomes increasingly known that your

    一股反對的阻力將隨之而來,比如說當你的

  • financial transactions are available to researchers, what will people's responses be to that, and

    個人金融交易可以被研究員們取得,人們將會有什麼樣的反應?

  • will they be happy with that sort of research continuing?

    他們會樂見諸如此類的研究繼續進行下去嗎?

  • I think we're really seeing these sort-of patterns of realisation occuring - if you

    我認為在現實生活已經有類似的模式被實現 - 假使你

  • look at organisations or companies like Facebook, there's a small movement there against Facebook

    觀察像是Facebook這樣的組織或是企業,會聽到些微的反抗,關於他們

  • their utilisation of people's data for advertising, or marketing purposes,

    利用個人資料,用在廣告或是商業的目的上,

  • so this is a trend you may see continuing as data increases, as individual data increases

    隨著資料繼續增加,這也會是你將持續看到的趨勢,就是個資的增加

  • and people become aware of what data can be used for.

    以及人們開始關心著他們的資料將會被拿來做些什麼。

  • As these data sources become available and more accesible and easier to understand, people

    當資料變得更加容易取得並實際運用,而且也更容易去了解,人們

  • will become better at understanding these and being able to use them for their own purposes,

    將會對這些資料更加內行,並能利用來發展自己的用途,

  • to question their government, to make decisions about their own lives.

    像是用來質疑政府,或是運用在個人生活中的各種決策。

At the moment I think we're beginning to see a shift in the way that cities are understood.

此時此刻,我認為我們將見證到,城市正從你我原有的認知中改變

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A2 初級 中文 英國腔 資料 取得 腳踏車 趨勢 城市 倫敦

智慧倫敦,想像未來的城市 (Smart London - Imagining the Future City: London 2062)

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    DAVID LIAO 發佈於 2014 年 10 月 09 日
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