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  • we explain gender and what it means to be transgender.

    我們解釋性別和變性人的含義。

  • Meet Kayla.

    見見凱拉

  • Her friend Adam recently came out as transgender, but she's unsure what that means.

    她的朋友亞當最近以變性人身份出櫃,但她不確定這意味著什麼。

  • Adam, happy to explain, lets her know that first, she must recognize the difference between gender and sex in order to comprehend what it means to be transgender.

    亞當高興地解釋,讓她知道,首先,她必須認識到性別和性之間的區別,才能理解什麼叫變性人。

  • Kayla is confused because she thought gender and sex were the same thing.

    凱拉很困惑,因為她以為性別和性是一回事。

  • But Adam informs her that they are very different sexes.

    但亞當告知她,他們是截然不同的性別。

  • What everyone is biologically born as male, female or, in some cases, intersex.

    什麼每個人都是生物上出生的男性,女性,或者在某些情況下,雙性人。

  • In contrast, gender, which is separate from sexual orientation, is how we express masculinity and femininity.

    相比之下,性別與性取向是分開的,是我們如何表達男性和女性的。

  • Think of a linear scale with femininity on one side and masculinity on the other instead of a moting one or the other.

    想象一個線性的尺度,一邊是女性氣質,另一邊是男性氣質,而不是動不動就說一個或一個。

  • Based on sex, people can move throughout the gender scale freely and express various degrees of both at will.

    在性別的基礎上,人們可以在整個性別尺度上自由移動,並隨意表達不同程度的兩者。

  • Despite their biological anatomy since Kayla's Sex and gender identity match, she is considered CIS gender.

    儘管他們的生物解剖學,因為Kayla的Sex和性別認同匹配,她被認為是CIS性別。

  • However, transgender people have a gender identity that doesn't match their assigned sex at birth.

    然而,變性人的性別認同與他們出生時分配的性別不一致。

  • In Adam's case, he identifies as a trans man, even though his assigned sex was female, excited to learn more halo wonders is transgender.

    在亞當的情況下,他認同自己是一個變性人,即使他被分配的性別是女性,興奮地瞭解更多光環奇蹟是變性人。

  • A third gender?

    第三種性別?

  • No.

    不知道

  • Adam reveals that it is an umbrella term that can be used for someone who identifies with the opposite sex, such as Adam, or it can refer to other various genders that aren't exclusively masculine or feminine.

    亞當透露,這是一個總稱,可以用來指代認同異性的人,比如亞當,也可以指代其他不專指男性或女性的各種性別。

  • This includes by gender people who identify with two genders and gender, people who identify with all genders and even a gender people who are genderless.

    這其中包括按性別劃分的認同兩種性別和性別的人,認同所有性別的人,甚至是無性別的人。

  • Ultimately, people can choose from many terms and definitions they think represents their gender identity and also matches their self expression.

    最終,人們可以從許多他們認為能代表自己的性別認同,同時也符合自我表達的術語和定義中選擇。

  • With so many different genders, Kayla is uncertain what pronouns she should use.

    有了這麼多不同的性別,Kayla不確定她應該用什麼代詞。

  • Adam clarifies that it depends on each person's preference.

    亞當澄清說,這要看每個人的喜好。

  • If unsure, there is nothing wrong with asking.

    如果不確定,問一問也沒有錯。

  • Still, curious, Kayla wants to know.

    凱拉還是很好奇,想知道。

  • Do all transgender people automatically get hormone therapy and gender reassignment surgery?

    所有變性人都會自動接受激素治療和變性手術嗎?

  • Adam explains that being transgender does not rely on a physical change.

    亞當解釋說,變性並不依賴於身體的變化。

  • It's about identifying and expressing oneself based on how they feel.

    就是要根據自己的感受來確定和表達自己。

  • If they do seek medical assistance to transition, then they would be called transsexual.

    如果他們真的尋求醫療援助來過渡,那麼他們將被稱為變性人。

  • Additionally, Adam tells Kayla that he wants to educate the public about what it means to be transgender in order to fight the consistent discrimination they face.

    此外,亞當還告訴凱拉,他想教育公眾什麼是變性人,以打擊他們面臨的一貫歧視。

  • Transgender people have come a long way on the path to acceptance.

    變性人在被接受的道路上已經走了很長的路。

  • However, they still have a difficult journey ahead.

    然而,他們的前路依然艱難。

  • They must find the strength and confidence to embrace who they are while combating social stigma that can even influence friends and family.

    他們必須找到力量和信心來擁抱自己的身份,同時對抗甚至會影響朋友和家人的社會汙名。

  • Kayla now understands that being transgender doesn't follow the current status quo, but that's okay.

    凱拉現在明白,作為變性人並不遵循目前的現狀,但這沒關係。

  • She plans to educate her friends and family to help spread awareness.

    她計劃教育她的朋友和家人,以幫助傳播意識。

we explain gender and what it means to be transgender.

我們解釋性別和變性人的含義。

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B1 中級 中文 性別 變性人 亞當 凱拉 女性 男性

變性人是什麼意思? (What Does It Mean to be Transgender?)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 25 日
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