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  • Hello and welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English.

    你好,歡迎來到BBC學英語的新聞評論。

  • I'm Georgina and joining me today is Catherine.

    我是喬治娜,今天加入我的是凱瑟琳。

  • Hi Catherine.

    嗨,凱瑟琳

  • Hello Georgina! Hello everybody.

    你好,喬治娜!大家好,我是喬治娜

  • Yes, today's News Review story is about the wildfires

    是的,今天的新聞評論是關於野火的報道

  • that are sweeping the West Coast of America.

    正在席捲美國西海岸的。

  • And don't forget: if you want to test yourself on the vocabulary you learn

    不要忘了:如果你想測試一下自己所學的詞彙量

  • today, go to bbclearningenglish.com to find a quiz.

    今天,去bbclearningenglish.com找一個小測驗。

  • Now, let's hear more about that story about the wildfires

    現在,讓我們聽聽更多關於野火的故事。

  • in California from this Radio 1 News headline:

    在加州,從這個電臺1號新聞頭條。

  • So, wildfires in America are now in

    所以,美國的野火現在在

  • three states on the West Coast. That is Washington,

    西海岸的三個州。那就是華盛頓州。

  • Oregon and California. The wildfires have claimed

    俄勒岡州和加利福尼亞州。這場野火已經奪走了

  • several lives and thousands of people have had to leave their homes.

    幾條生命,數千人不得不離開家園。

  • We've got three words and expressions you can use to talk about this story.

    我們有三個詞和表達方式,你可以用來談論這個故事。

  • What are they Catherine?

    他們是什麼人,凱瑟琳?

  • They are: 'brace', 'smog' and 'grip'.

    它們是:"支撐"、"煙霧 "和 "抓緊"。"支架"、"煙霧 "和 "握手"。

  • 'Brace', 'smog' and 'grip'. Catherine, give us your first headline.

    "支撐","煙霧 "和 "抓緊"。凱瑟琳,給我們你的第一個標題。

  • Yes, we're in America for all our

    是的,我們在美國的所有的

  • headlines this week and the first one comes from ABC News.

    本週的頭條新聞,第一條來自ABC新聞。

  • It reads like this:

    它的內容是這樣的。

  • Yes, so it's 'brace' – get ready physically or mentally for something bad.

    是的,所以是 "支撐"--做好身體或精神上的準備,以應對不好的事情。

  • That's right. B-R-A-C-E – that's a verb. It can also be a noun.

    沒錯,B -R -AB -R -A -C -E -- 這是一個動詞。它也可以是一個名詞。

  • Now Georgina, imagine that you see me coming towards you.

    喬治娜,想象一下,你看到我向你走來

  • You're in an enclosed space and I have my hand in a fist and

    你在一個封閉的空間裡,我的手握著拳頭,然後...

  • an angry look on my face: what are you gonna do?

    我一臉怒容:你要幹什麼?

  • I'm gonna run away, Catherine.

    我要逃跑了,凱瑟琳。

  • But you can't run away: you're in an enclosed space

    但你不能逃跑:你在一個封閉的空間裡。

  • so what are you gonna do when you

    所以,你是什麼 當你打算做

  • see that fist coming?

    看到那拳頭來了嗎?

  • I'm going to prepare myself physically,

    我要做好身體上的準備。

  • so I'm going to tighten up all the muscles in my body...

    所以我要收緊我身體的所有肌肉... ...

  • ...and wait for the impact of the fist to hit me.

    ...等著拳頭的衝擊力打到我身上。

  • And yeahso I'm going to tighten up

    是的,所以我打算加強

  • all my body like a hard piece of cardboard, so to speak.

    我的身體就像一塊硬紙板,可以說。

  • I'm going to brace myself.

    我得給自己壯壯膽。

  • OK. You're going to brace yourself. Now of course,

    好吧,你要振作起來。你要支撐自己。現在,當然。

  • Georgina, I would never do a thing like thatnever in a million years!

    喬治娜,我絕對不會做這樣的事情--一百萬年都不會!我的意思是,我的意思是,我不會做這樣的事情。

  • But in this scenario, if you feel that someone's about to

    但在這種情況下,如果你覺得有人要...

  • hit you, you're going to prepare yourself physically and mentally because you know

    你要做好身體和精神上的準備,因為你知道。

  • something bad is going to happen.

    會有不好的事情發生。

  • Same if you're intraveling in a car and a crash is about to happen:

    同樣的,如果你在--車上旅行,即將發生車禍。

  • you will tighten up and get ready for an impact and this is the idea of 'brace'.

    你會收緊身體,做好衝擊的準備,這就是 "支撐 "的概念。

  • It's both physical and mental of course. You're going to be

    當然是身體和精神兩方面的。你將會是

  • feelingpreparing yourself mentally for an

    感覺------------------做好心理準備,迎接

  • impact of some kind and this is the way that 'brace' is being

    某種衝擊,這就是 "支撐 "的方式。

  • used in this context. In the West Coast of America, people are

    在這種情況下使用。在美國西海岸,人們都

  • getting ready physically: they're making fire defences.

    做好身體上的準備:他們在做火力防禦。

  • They're getting ready emotionally

    他們已經做好了情緒上的準備

  • and mentally: they might have to moveit's going to be difficult, traumatic,

    並在精神上:他們可能要搬家--這將是困難的,有創傷的。

  • uncertainso preparing yourself for something bad to happen.

    不確定--所以要做好準備,以備不測。

  • Let's – so let's have a summary slide:

    讓我們--所以讓我們有一個總結性的幻燈片。

  • So, 'brace' is an action verb and we've got

    所以,'brace'是一個動作動詞,我們已經得到了。

  • lots of useful information all about those, haven't we Catherine?

    很多有用的資訊都是關於這些的,不是嗎,凱瑟琳?

  • We have. To find out what action verbs

    我們有。要想知道什麼是動作動詞

  • are and how they work, just click the link and

    是什麼以及它們是如何工作的,只需點擊鏈接和

  • you'll go straight there.

    你會直接去那裡。

  • Great. So, let's have a look at your second headline.

    很好,那麼,讓我們來看看你的第二個標題。那麼,讓我們來看看你的第二個標題。

  • Yes and now for the Los Angeles Timesthe headline:

    是的,現在洛杉磯時報--頭條。

  • 'Smog' – type of air pollution often found in cities that makes it difficult to breathe.

  • Yes, 'smog' – S-M-O-G – it's a noun: 'smog'.

    是的,'煙霧'--S-M-O-G--這是一個名詞:'煙霧'。

  • Now Georgina, you know what 'smoke' is, don't you?

    喬治娜,你知道 "煙 "是什麼,對吧?

  • Yes. So, when you light a fire it's the grey kind of stuff

    是的,所以,當你點火的時候,是灰色的那種東西。

  • that comes off it and it can get in your eyes and in your

    它脫落,它可以得到你的眼睛和在你的。

  • lungs as well and make it difficult to breathe.

    肺部也是如此,並使其呼吸困難。

  • That's right. And you know what 'fog' is, don't you Georgina?

    沒錯,你知道 "霧 "是什麼嗎,喬治娜?你知道 "霧 "是什麼嗎,喬治娜?

  • I do. Well, actually I just learnt really

    我是這麼想的嗯,其實我只是學會了真的

  • what it is todaylike the detailsSo, it's small water

    今天的它是什麼--喜歡細節。所以,它是小水

  • droplets that come together to create a form of a cloud, but it's low to the

    的液滴,聚集在一起形成雲的形態,但它的低到了

  • ground and it means you can't see through it.

    地,這意味著你無法看穿它。

  • Yes. So, if we take the 'sm-' from 'smoke'

    是的 如果我們把 "煙 "的 "煙 "去掉的話

  • and we add the '-og' from 'fog' and we put them together, we get...

    再加上 "霧 "中的"-og",然後把它們放在一起,我們得到... ...

  • ...'smog'. 'Smog'!

    ...煙霧。 煙霧!

  • 'Smog', 'smog'. Now, smog is traditionally a combination of smoke and fog,

    '煙','霧'。現在,煙霧是傳統的煙和霧的結合。

  • but these days we use it to mean

    但現在我們用它來表示

  • airborne pollution that makes it difficult to breathe,

    空氣汙染,使人難以呼吸。

  • difficult to see properly. If you look at photographs now of California,

    很難看清楚。如果你看現在加州的照片。

  • you can see that the air literally is orange

    你可以看到,空氣是橙色的。

  • and quite hazy: you can't see very well. People are struggling to breathe.

    並且相當朦朧:你看不清楚。人們在掙扎著呼吸。

  • So, it's air pollution which is either a mixture of smoke and fog,

    所以,這是空氣汙染,它要麼是煙和霧的混合物。

  • or it's just airborne pollution.

    或只是空氣汙染。

  • Right, so let's have a look at a summary slide:

    好的,我們來看看總結性的幻燈片。

  • Catherine, we've covered other stories on wildfires, haven't we?

    凱瑟琳,我們已經報道了其他關於野火的故事,不是嗎?

  • Yes, we have. And to see a story about the Australian

    是的,我們有。並看到一個關於澳洲的故事

  • bushfires that happened at the beginning of this year,

    今年年初發生的叢林大火。

  • just click the link.

    只要點擊鏈接。

  • Let's have a look at our next headline.

    我們來看看我們的下一個標題。

  • And we're in The New York Times nowthe headline:

    我們現在在《紐約時報》的頭條。

  • 'Grip' means: hold tightly.

    '握'的意思是:緊緊地握住。

  • Yes. Now, it's spelt: G-R-I-P – 'grip'. It's a verb

    是的,現在,它的拼寫是:現在,它的拼寫。G -R -I -P - "握"。這是一個動詞

  • and it is also a noun. Now Georgina, would you please demonstrate

    而且它也是一個名詞現在喬治娜,請你演示一下

  • 'grip', please, by gripping your pencil very tightly?

    '握',請把鉛筆握得很緊?

  • Yes, I'm gripping the pencil. And I – and I can see

    是的,我在抓鉛筆。而我--我可以看到

  • you're kind of straining: your handyour fingers are going white

    你有點緊張,你的手--你的手指都要發白了

  • because you're gripping it so hard. And I think if I tried to get that pencil out of

    因為你抓住它這麼難。我想,如果我試圖讓 鉛筆出來的。

  • your hand it would be very very difficult.

    你的手將是非常非常困難的。

  • Almost impossible, Catherine. Almost impossible.

    幾乎不可能,凱瑟琳。幾乎不可能

  • You've got quite a strong grip, I think, Georgina.

    喬治娜,我想,你有很強的控制力。

  • Yeah. I feel like I need to relax it now actually.

    是啊,我覺得我現在需要放鬆一下。

  • Yes, relax! Yes, you won't be able to use your hand.

    是的,放鬆!是的,你的手不能用了。

  • OK. So, grip means hold very very very tightly. It can be literal,

    好的。所以,抓緊的意思是非常非常非常緊地握住。它可以是字面意思。

  • as you've just been demonstrating with your pencil, Georgina,

    就像你剛才用鉛筆演示的那樣,喬治娜。

  • or it can be the idea of something having a lot of power over people's

    或它可以是一個想法的東西有很大的力量對人們的。

  • movements. In this case the wildfires are causing

    運動。在這種情況下,野火正在造成

  • fear: they're causing destruction. And it's those two things,

    恐懼:他們正在造成破壞。而就是這兩件事。

  • fear and destruction, which are 'gripping' people. That means they are

    恐懼和毀滅,這是讓人'抓狂'的。這意味著他們是

  • controlling people: people are thinking about it all the time,

    控制人:人們無時無刻不在思考。

  • they're planning around it, they're worried about it.

    他們計劃圍繞它,他們擔心它。

  • So, if something 'grips' you, it really takes all your attention so that you can't

    所以,如果有什麼東西 "抓住 "你,它真的會佔用你所有的注意力,讓你無法。

  • think of anything else, and you behave in a particular way

    顧此失彼,我行我素

  • because of the thing that's gripping you.

    因為那件事情讓你抓狂。

  • So, in the headline it's being used as a

    所以,在標題中,它被作為一個。

  • verb. Can it also be used as an adjective, Catherine?

    動詞它也可以用作形容詞嗎,凱瑟琳?

  • Yes, it can. Yes.

    是的,它可以。是的,它可以。

  • If you add '-ing' – '-pping', it's 'gripping' and you can talk

    如果再加上'-ing'-'-ping',就是'叼'了,就可以說話了

  • about lots of things that are gripping,

    關於很多事情,都是令人抓狂的。

  • especially in the world of entertainment, Georgina.

    尤其是在娛樂圈,喬治娜。

  • Do you like to watch gripping films?

    你喜歡看抓人的電影嗎?

  • Oh yes! So, the last film that I watched

    哦,是的!所以,我看的最後一部電影

  • that was really gripping was 'Gravity': I was on the edge of my seat,

    真正讓人抓狂的是《地心引力》。我在我的座位的邊緣。

  • the effects were fantastic, the characters, the script was amazing.

    效果是夢幻般的,人物,劇本是驚人的。

  • I didn't know what was going to happenwould Sandra Bullock survive her

    我不知道會發生什麼,桑德拉-布洛克能不能活下來。

  • space expedition? What would actually happen? It was amazing.

    太空探險?實際上會發生什麼?太神奇了

  • Fantastic! Sounds really gripping.

    太棒了!聽起來真讓人抓狂。

  • Yes, it is. It is amazing.

    是的,它是。它是驚人的。

  • So, let's have a look at our summary slide:

    那麼,我們來看看我們的總結幻燈片。

  • Catherine, could you recap the vocabulary please?

    凱瑟琳,你能複述一下詞彙嗎?

  • I could. We had 'brace' – get ready physically or mentally for something bad.

    我可以。我們有'支撐'--為一些不好的事情做好身體或精神上的準備。

  • We had 'smog' – type of air pollution often found in cities that makes it difficult to breathe.

    我們有 "煙霧"--城市中經常出現的空氣汙染,使人難以呼吸。

  • And we had 'grip' – hold tightly.

    而我們有'握'--緊握。

  • So, you can test yourself on today's vocabulary with the quiz

    所以,你可以通過測驗來測試自己今天的詞彙量。

  • on the website. We're all over social media too.

    在網站上。我們也都在社交媒體上。

  • Thanks for joining us. Bye!

    謝謝你加入我們。再見!

  • Bye everyone!

    大家再見

Hello and welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English.

你好,歡迎來到BBC學英語的新聞評論。

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B1 中級 中文 喬治娜 凱瑟琳 煙霧 支撐 抓狂 野火

加州野火 - 新聞回顧 (California Wildfires - News Review)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 24 日
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