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  • Hello and welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English.  

    你好,歡迎來到BBC學英語的新聞評論。

  • I'm Tom and joining me today is Catherine. Hi Catherine.

    我是湯姆,今天加入我的是凱瑟琳。嗨,凱瑟琳。

  • Hello Tom. Hello everybody. Today we're looking at a recovery in the Chinese economy.

    你好,湯姆大家好。今天我們要關注的是中國經濟的復甦。

  • And don't forget if you want to test yourself on the vocabulary that you  

    不要忘了,如果你想測試自己的詞彙量,你的

  • learned today we have a quiz at www.bbclearningenglish.com.  

    今天瞭解到,我們在www.bbclearningenglish.com,有一個測驗。

  • Now, let's hear more about today's news story from a BBC World News bulletin:

    現在,讓我們來聽聽BBC世界新聞公告中關於今天的新聞報道。

  • Yes, so a lot of countries have experienced economic downturns due to the coronavirus,  

    是的,所以很多國家都因為冠狀病毒而出現經濟衰退。

  • but China says its economy is recovering. Nowthis is partly due to the travel restrictions,  

    但中國表示其經濟正在復甦。現在,這部分是由於旅行限制。

  • which mean that Chinese people are choosing to holiday in China instead of going abroad.

    這意味著中國人選擇在中國度假而不是出國。

  • And we've got three words and phrases that you can use to talk about today's story.

    而我們有三個詞和短語,你可以用來談論今天的故事。

  • Yes, we have: 'bounce back', 'accelerates' and 'rebound'.

    是的,我們有。"反彈","加速 "和 "反彈"。

  • 'Bounce back', 'accelerates' and 'rebound'.

    '反彈'、'加速'和'反彈'。

  • Catherine, can you give us today's first headline please?

    凱瑟琳,你能給我們今天的第一個標題嗎?

  • Yes. We're starting here in the UK with BBC Newsthe headline:

    是的,我們從英國的BBC新聞開始。我們從英國的BBC新聞開始,頭條新聞。

  • 'Bounce back' – return to a high level. What can you tell us about 'bounce back', Catherine?

    '反彈'--恢復到一個高水平。你能告訴我們什麼是 "反彈",凱瑟琳?

  • Oh, I can tell you lots about 'bounce back', Tom,  

    哦,我可以告訴你很多關於 "反彈 "的事,湯姆。

  • starting with: it's a phrasal verb. It's made of two words:  

    開頭是:這是一個短語動詞。它是由兩個詞組成的。

  • the first word is 'bounce' – B-O-U-N-C-E – and the second word is 'back' – B-A-C-K.

    第一個詞是 "反彈"--B-O-U-N-C-E,第二個詞是 "回"--B-A-C-K。

  • Now, 'bounce' is a verb of movement  

    現在,"反彈 "是一個運動的動詞。

  • and it's often associated with ballsSo, do you like ball games, Tom?

    而且它經常與球聯繫在一起。那麼,你喜歡玩球嗎,湯姆?

  • I do like a game of tennis from time to time, yes. Why?

    我偶爾也喜歡打打網球,是的。為什麼要打?

  • Well, think about your tennis ball, Tom:  

    想想你的網球吧,湯姆。

  • what happens if you get your tennis ball and you throw it against the ground or a wall?

    如果你得到你的網球,你把它扔到地面或牆上會發生什麼?

  • So, if I get my tennis ball and I throw it against the wall, it will bounce  

    所以,如果我拿著我的網球,把它扔到牆上,它就會彈起來。

  • and it will come back to me, so you're right it will 'bounce back'.

    它會回到我身邊,所以你是對的,它會 "反彈"。

  • It'll 'bounce back' with a lot of energy as well;  

    它也會'反彈'的能量很大。

  • it's not like a small movement, a bounceis it? It's really, kind of, quite powerful.

    這不像是一個小動作,一個反彈,是嗎?它真的是,有點,很強大。

  • It is, yes, but what does this have to do with economic recovery?

    是的,沒錯,但這與經濟復甦有什麼關係呢?

  • Aha! Good question. Well, if you think about that recoverythat the ball  

    啊哈,好問題。好吧,如果你認為關於恢復 - 該球...

  • comes back with lots of energy... an economic 'bounce back' means that the economy has  

    充滿了活力......經濟的 "反彈 "意味著經濟已經... ...

  • struggled, it has fallen, it's slowed downbut it turns around and begins to recover:  

    掙扎過,它已經倒下了,它的速度變慢了,但它轉身開始恢復。

  • it has more energy, it grows againAnd that's the sense of this economic  

    它有了更多的能量,就會再次增長。這就是這個經濟的意義

  • 'bounce back', which we can also use as a noun phrase: in China the economy is growing stronger

    '反彈',我們也可以用作名詞性短語:在中國,經濟越來越強。

  • It was weak. It was strugglingbut now it's strong and powerful.

    它很弱。它在掙扎,但現在它很強大,很有力量。

  • So, we can use it to, kind of, indicate a comeback.  

    所以,我們可以用它來,一種,表示復出。

  • Now, I'm thinking of a famous British politician who made a comeback recently.

    現在,我想到了最近復出的一位英國著名政治家。

  • Well, Boris Johnson, the prime minister, came back or 'bounced back' from coronavirus.

    好吧,首相鮑里斯-約翰遜,從冠狀病毒中回來了,或者說 "反彈 "了。

  • He was really quite ill with it and now he's back to health, so that's a 'bounce back'.  

    他的病真的挺嚴重的,現在又恢復了健康,可謂是'逆襲'了。

  • You can 'bounce back' from anything bad: a breakup, you know, a bad job situation,  

    你可以從任何不好的事情中 "反彈 "回來:分手,你知道,糟糕的工作環境。

  • an illness, lots of things. When you get better and you feel better, you've 'bounced back'.

    一場病,很多事情。當你的病好了,感覺好了,你就已經 "反彈 "了。

  • 'To bounce back' – a very useful word. Thank you, Catherine.

    "反彈"--一個非常有用的詞。謝謝你,凱瑟琳。

  • OK. 'Bounce back' was a phrasal verb and we've got plenty more  

    好的。"反彈 "是個短語動詞,我們還有很多呢。

  • about phrasal verbs as well, don't we Catherine?

    短語動詞也是,不是嗎,凱瑟琳?

  • Most definitely, and if you want to see some videos, just click the link down below there.

    最肯定的是,如果你想看一些視頻,只要點擊下面的鏈接就可以了。

  • Click the link. Click the link.

    點擊鏈接。點擊鏈接。

  • OK, fantastic. Catherine, let's have a look at your second headline please.

    好的,太棒了。凱瑟琳,讓我們看看你的第二個標題吧。

  • Yes. We're still in the UK with The Independent this time:

    是的,我們這次還是在英國的《獨立報》。我們這次還是在英國的《獨立報》。

  • 'Accelerates' – goes faster. What can you tell us about 'accelerates', Catherine?

    "加速"--走得更快。你能告訴我們什麼是 "加速",凱瑟琳?

  • I can tell you that 'accelerates' is a verbIt's spelt like this: A-C-C-E-L-E-R-A-T-E-S.  

    我可以告訴你,"加速 "是一個動詞。它的拼寫是這樣的: A-C-C-E-L-E-R-A-T-E-S.

  • The 's' because the subject is China's economy in this case. Yes. Now, for pronunciation we've  

    's'是因為這次的主題是中國的經濟。是的 Yes.現在,對於發音,我們已經

  • got a four syllable word here: 'accelerates'.

    這裡有一個四個音節的詞,"ac -cel -er -ates"。 "ac -cel -er -ates"。

  • And the stress, Tom is where?

    而壓力,湯姆在哪裡?

  • 'ac-CEL-erates'. So, it's 'accelerates'.  

    "ac -cel -erates"。所以,是 "加速"。

  • Often with four syllable words we can find the stress on the second syllable.

    通常對於四個音節的單詞,我們可以發現第二個音節的重音。

  • Second syllable it is. Now 'acceleratesdescribes speed. It describes increasing  

    第二個音節是。現在 "加速 "形容速度。形容速度增加

  • speed. If something accelerates, it goes faster and faster. Now, if you're driving  

    速度。如果東西加速,它就會越跑越快。現在,如果你在開車

  • you use a pedal with your foot to make your car or bike go faster and that pedal is called what, Tom?

    你用腳踩踏板讓你的汽車或自行車跑得更快 那踏板叫什麼,湯姆?

  • That is the 'accelerator'. That's the name of the  

    這就是'加速器'。這是它的名字

  • pedal and we can say it gives us increased 'acceleration'.

    踏板,我們可以說它給我們增加了 "加速度"。

  • Good noun! Good noun – 'acceleration'. Now, what has this got to do with the Chinese economy?  

    好名詞!好名詞--"加速度"。現在,這和中國經濟有什麼關係?

  • Well, 'accelerate' is to do with speed but it can be not just physical speed in a  

    嗯,"加速 "是與速度有關的,但它可以不只是物理速度,在一個。

  • vehiclemoving vehicleit's to do with growth in this case. The growth is getting  

    車輛--動車--在這種情況下,它與增長有關。增長是越來越

  • faster and faster and faster, so the economy's growth is getting faster: it's accelerating.  

    越來越快,越來越快,所以經濟的增長速度越來越快:它在加速。

  • Things are not alwaysit's not always about upward movement. A decline or a decrease can  

    事情並不總是--向上發展。下降或下降可以

  • also 'accelerate'. If something's going down faster and faster, it's still 'accelerating'.

    也是'加速'。如果一個東西越下越快,那還是'加速'。

  • So, it describes the speed at which something moves and we can use it to describe a car,  

    所以,它描述的是事物運動的速度,我們可以用它來描述汽車。

  • or a quickening trend like the growth in China.  

    或像中國的增長一樣呈加快趨勢。

  • Are there any other words we could use with accelerate?

    還有其他的詞可以和加速一起使用嗎?

  • Yes. Now, we can often use adjectives and adverbs depending on whether it's a verb or a noun.

    是的。現在,我們可以經常使用形容詞和副詞,這取決於它是一個動詞還是一個名詞。

  • So, you can talk about things 'quickly accelerating'. You can talk about them 'accelerating steadily',  

    所以,你可以談論事情 "快速加速"。你可以談論它們'穩步加速'。

  • for example. A very, very common word to use is 'rapidly' – something 'accelerates rapidly' or  

    比如說,"迅速 "是一個非常非常常用的詞。一個非常非常常用的詞是 "迅速"--某事 "迅速加速 "或。

  • you can talk about a 'rapid accelerationand that means a very fast acceleration.

    你可以談一個 "快速加速",這意味著一個非常快的加速度。

  • It sounds very dramatic, doesn't it? Yeah.

    聽起來很有戲劇性,不是嗎?對啊

  • You 'rapidly accelerate' from somethingOK. Wonderful. Thank you Catherine.

    你 "迅速加速 "的東西。好了,好了妙不可言謝謝你,凱瑟琳。

  • And we have more videos about driving as well, don't we?

    我們還有更多關於駕駛的視頻,不是嗎?

  • We do: in fact, driving withoutdriver. To watch a video all about  

    我們是這樣做的:事實上,開車沒有司機。要觀看視頻,所有關於

  • driverless cars, just click the link.

    無人駕駛汽車,點擊鏈接即可。

  • Fantastic. And let's have a look at our next headline please.

    很好讓我們來看看我們的下一個標題,請。

  • Yes. We're in the Middle East for this oneit's Al Jazeera and the headline:

    是的,我們在中東報道這條新聞--是半島電視臺,標題是:我們在中東報道這個消息--是半島電視臺和頭條。

  • And we can see that word 'accelerate' again.

    而且我們又可以看到那個 "加速 "二字。

  • So, 'rebound' – recovery. What can you tell us about rebound?

    那麼,"反彈"--復甦。關於反彈,你能告訴我們什麼?

  • Yes. Now, R-E-B-O-U-N-D – 'rebound' – begins with that little prefix,

    是的,現在,R-E-B-O-U-N-D現在,R-E-B-O-U-N-D--"反彈"--以這個小前綴開始。

  • or prefix, 're-' – 'R-E'. Now, 're-' means what, Tom?

    或前綴 're-re' - 'R-E'.現在,"再 "是什麼意思,湯姆?

  • It means to happen again, doesn't it?

    它的意思是再次發生,不是嗎?

  • Exactly. The key part of the prefix is 'again'. 'Bound',  

    正是如此。前綴的關鍵部分是'又'。'束縛'。

  • and 'rebound' I should say, is very similar to a 'comeback' or a 'bounce back'. If something's  

    和'反彈'我應該說,是非常相似的'復出'或'反彈'。如果有什麼事

  • gone away and then it comes back, it's 'rebounded'. Something got bad; it got better...  

    消失了,然後它又回來了,它的 "反彈"。有些東西變壞了,它變好了... ...

  • we talk about a 'rebound'. So, the Chinese economy was bad; now it's better, it's 'rebounded'.

    我們說的是'反彈'。所以,中國經濟不好,現在好了,是'反彈'了。

  • So, I heard you use 'rebound' as a verb as well. Is that right?

    所以,我聽說你也用'反彈'做動詞。是這樣嗎?

  • Yes, it is. It's a verb as well as a noun. The pronunciation is slightly different though.  

    是的,它是。這是一個動詞,也是一個名詞。但發音略有不同。

  • So, when this word is a noun, the stress is on the first syllable, like this

    所以,當這個詞是名詞時,重音在第一個音節上,像這樣。

  • 'RE-bound'.

    'RE-bound'。

  • And when it's a verb we stress the second syllable, like this

    當它是一個動詞時,我們強調第二個音節,像這樣。

  • 're-BOUND' – as in the Chinese economy has 'rebounded'.

    're-BOUND'--如中國經濟已經'回暖'。

  • Good example.

    好的例子。

  • So, my favourite use of the noun 'reboundis as part of a fixed expression to talk  

    所以,我最喜歡用名詞 "反彈 "作為固定表達的一部分來說話

  • about relationships. Can you tell us more please?

    關於關係。你能告訴我們更多嗎?

  • Oh yes, this is a good one. Now Tom, imagine  

    哦,是的,這是一個很好的一個。現在,湯姆,想象一下

  • that you were deeply in love with somebody and then they broke up with you.

    你深愛著某人,然後他們和你分手了。

  • That sounds awful.

    這聽起來很可怕。

  • Awful, awful, awful... Terrible.

    太可怕了,太可怕了,太可怕了... ...可怕的。

  • ...but somebody else came along quite quicklyafter about two weeks, and you fell in love with  

    ...但很快就有其他人出現了 大約兩個星期後,你就愛上了這個女人

  • them and you started dating them and all your friends were a little bit worried about it.

    他們和你開始約會 他們和你所有的朋友都有點擔心。

  • Sounds like a bit of a rush, actuallyit doesn't sound like a very good idea.

    聽起來有點急,其實:這聽起來不是一個很好的主意。

  • Because you're not ready for the relationshipYou went into it 'on the rebound'.

    因為你還沒準備好接受這段關係。你是在 "反彈 "中進入的。

  • 'On the rebound'. So, I kind of bounced off my last relationship

    "在反彈"。所以,我有點反彈 我的最後一個關係。

  • straight into a new one... Yep.

    直接進入一個新的...對啊

  • ...that perhaps isn't perfect or appropriate.

    ......這也許並不完美,也不合適。

  • Because you're not ready for it, yes. So, don't go into relationships 'on the rebound', Tom.

    因為你還沒有準備好,是的。所以,不要進入關係 "在反彈",湯姆。

  • Give yourself a break in between. You should.

    中間給自己放個假。你應該。

  • Great. Catherine, can you please recap today's vocabulary for us?

    很好,凱瑟琳,你能不能給我們複習一下今天的詞彙?凱瑟琳,你能不能給我們複習一下今天的詞彙?

  • Sure. We had: 'bounce back' – return to a high level.

    當然,我們有。"反彈"--回到一個高水平。

  • 'Accelerates' – goes faster.

    '加速'--走得更快。

  • And 'rebound' – recovery.

    而'反彈'--復甦。

  • And don't forget you can test yourself as well at www.bbclearningenglish.com  

    別忘了你也可以在www.bbclearningenglish.com,測試自己。

  • and as well as the website we are all over social media. That's it from us today, so  

    以及網站我們都在社交媒體上。我們今天就到這裡,所以

  • I will see you next time. Say goodbye, Catherine.

    我下次再來看你說再見,凱瑟琳。

  • Bye! Bye everyone. Thank you.

    再見!大家再見謝謝大家

Hello and welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English.  

你好,歡迎來到BBC學英語的新聞評論。

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 23 日
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