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  • Roswell... Bigfoot...

    羅斯維爾...大腳怪...

  • Oh, that kind of thing.

    哦,那種事情。

  • OK... Shape-shifting lizards. Interesting.

    好吧,變形蜥蜴。有趣的。

  • Conspiracy theories do require a wild imaginative leap.

    陰謀論確實需要瘋狂的想象力跳躍。

  • I think we can explain it in scientific ways.

    我想我們可以用科學的方法來解釋。

  • So why do we believe some more ridiculous way.

    那我們為什麼還要相信一些更荒唐的方式。

  • Yes and of course they spread much more readily now

    是的,當然現在他們更容易傳播了

  • with the advent of social media.

    隨著社交媒體的出現。

  • Who can you trust?

    你能相信誰?

  • The term conspiracy theory refers to explanations according to which

    陰謀論一詞是指這樣的解釋,即:

  • events in the world are caused by an evil plan

    天有不測風雲,人有旦夕禍福

  • plotted in secret by a small group of powerful individuals.

    由一小撮有權勢的人暗中策劃。

  • Some decades ago there was this tendency

    幾十年前,有這樣一種趨勢

  • to conceive conspiracy beliefs as pathological,

    將陰謀信仰視為病態。

  • but psychologists have shifted this.

    但心理學家已經將這一點轉移了。

  • They nowadays believe normal functions of our mind

    他們現在認為我們的大腦的正常功能

  • explain why people believe in conspiracy theories.

    解釋為什麼人們相信陰謀論。

  • The defining features of the conspiracy theory are:

    陰謀論的定義特徵是:

  • the conspirator, the conspiratorial plan -

    陰謀家,陰謀計劃--------。

  • the sinister plan that they're trying to bring about -

    他們試圖帶來的邪惡計劃 -

  • and the means of mass manipulation

    以及大規模操縱的手段

  • by which the conspirator is keeping the plan secret.

    陰謀者通過這種方式對計劃進行保密。

  • Sometimes the conspirator will be defined in terms of a concrete body

    有時,同謀者會被定義為一個具體的機構。

  • with an identifiable membership.

    具有可識別的成員資格。

  • The Illuminati, or the Freemasons,

    光明會,或共濟會。

  • Jews, more recently things like the Bilderberg Group,

    猶太人,最近的事情,如比爾德伯格集團。

  • the Skull and Bones Society, and various other secret societies.

    骷髏會,以及其他各種祕密社團。

  • However very often, the conspirator will be defined

    然而,同謀者往往被定義為

  • in much vaguer terms -

    用更模糊的話來說

  • the Big Pharma, the military-industrial complex,

    大藥廠,軍工聯合體。

  • global elites and so on.

    全球精英等。

  • So they're always balancing between the need to define the enemy

    所以他們總是在定義敵人的必要性之間進行平衡。

  • and the need to accept that the enemy is always going to be shady,

    以及需要接受敵人總是會有陰暗的一面。

  • secret and so on.

    祕密等。

  • Conspiracy theorists will often argue

    陰謀論者經常會說...

  • that if you destroy a group of powerful people in the world

    滅掉一幫強人,就滅掉一幫強人。

  • you will not destroy the conspiracy

    你不會破壞陰謀

  • because the plan is the key thing.

    因為計劃是最關鍵的東西。

  • Very often, that plan is going to involve world domination,

    很多時候,這個計劃會涉及到統治世界。

  • but if one looks at the level of cover up that would be required

    但如果看一下需要掩飾的程度,就會發現

  • in order to keep all these things secret

    為了保守這些祕密

  • it necessitates having somebody who is actually in control of everything.

    這就需要有人能真正掌控一切。

  • Much of the conspiracist's writing will involve trying to analyse

    陰謀論者的很多文章都會涉及到試圖分析

  • what strategies and what power the conspirators have

    陰謀家有什麼策略,有什麼力量?

  • to keep their sinister plan or their identity hidden.

    以此來掩蓋他們的陰險計劃或身份。

  • Very often the manipulation comes from the plausible -

    很多時候,操縱來自於似是而非的--。

  • things like science, government, media ownership -

    像科學,政府,媒體所有權 -

  • to the ludicrous -

    荒謬的

  • paranormal manipulation, use of occult powers,

    超自然操縱,使用神祕力量。

  • manipulation of brainwaves.

    腦電波的操縱。

  • Conspiracy believers, I think they genuinely believe in the theories

    陰謀論者,我想他們是真的相信這些理論的。

  • and they really strive for the truth.

    而他們真正追求的是真理。

  • It may seem naive, but there is this human tendency

    看似天真,但人類有這樣的傾向。

  • to underestimate the role that chance alone can play in events that occur.

    以致於低估了偶然性本身在事件發生中的作用。

  • This belief that the world is ultimately controllable

    這種認為世界最終是可以控制的信念

  • and that is a very powerful driver

    而這是一個非常強大的驅動力

  • of conspiracy beliefs in moments of crisis

    陰謀論在危機時刻的作用

  • where there is almost like a vacuum in explanation.

    在那裡,幾乎就像一個真空的解釋。

  • We see this more social function of conspiracy beliefs

    我們看到陰謀信仰的這種更多的社會功能。

  • in the fact that people believe in them or not

    在於人們是否相信它們。

  • as being part of their social identity.

    作為其社會身份的一部分,

  • The stereotype is that they're in their cellar

    人們對他們的刻板印象是在他們的地窖裡。

  • on the internet, looking for the most recent conspiracy theory.

    在互聯網上,尋找最新的陰謀論。

  • But most people are neither believers nor sceptics

    但大多數人既不相信,也不懷疑的人

  • but fall somewhere in the middle?

    但屬於中間的某一個環節?

  • And for me the key question is not

    對我來說,關鍵問題不是

  • what differentiates the hard believers from the hard sceptics,

    艱難的信徒和艱難的懷疑論者的區別是什麼。

  • but how do we interpret that section of the population in the middle.

    但我們如何解釋中間的那部分人。

  • Conspiracy theories can be dangerous for society -

    陰謀論對社會是危險的--------。

  • people who believe that vaccines cause autism

    相信疫苗會導致自閉症的人

  • and avoid vaccinating their children, put them in danger.

    並避免給孩子接種疫苗,使他們處於危險之中。

  • A thorough thinking person could debunk one argument at a time

    徹底思考的人可以一次駁倒一個論點。

  • but could not debunk all their arguments.

    但無法推翻他們的所有論點。

  • The most sinister conspiracy theories,

    最陰險的陰謀論。

  • like the anti-Semitic conspiracy theories of the early 20th Century,

    像20世紀初的反猶陰謀論一樣。

  • or if you talk outlandish in terms of David Icke's alien lizards,

    或者如果你用大衛-艾克的外星蜥蜴來說話,那就太離譜了。

  • the fundamental error is always the same,

    基本的錯誤總是一樣的。

  • they're all based on the fundamentally flawed assumption about how the world works.

    他們都是基於根本上有缺陷的假設 關於世界如何運作。

  • And I think that if one makes people more aware of what conspiracy theories are

    而我認為,如果能讓人們更加了解什麼是陰謀論

  • it enables them, when they see a conspiracy theory,

    它使他們,當他們看到一個陰謀論。

  • to see it for what it is.

    來看清它的本質。

  • Thanks for watching! :)

    謝謝你的觀看!:)

  • Don't forget to subscribe and click the bell to receive notifications for new videos. See you again soon!

    不要忘記訂閱並點擊鈴鐺接收新視頻的通知。我們很快會再見面的

Roswell... Bigfoot...

羅斯維爾...大腳怪...

字幕與單字
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B2 中高級 中文 陰謀論 操縱 計劃 解釋 蜥蜴 論點

識別陰謀論的三種方法|BBC創意網 (Three ways to spot a conspiracy theory | BBC Ideas)

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    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 12 日
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