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  • There's only one thing we want to tell you in this introduction, and that's the fact

    在這篇介紹中,我們只想告訴大家一件事,那就是其實

  • you really don't want to end up on death row.

    你真的不想在死囚牢房裡結束。

  • After hearing these 50 facts we guarantee you that your mind will be blown.

    聽完這50個事實,我們保證你的腦子會被炸開。

  • 50.

    50.

  • Ok, some hard facts first.

    好吧,先說一些硬道理。

  • Some of you might be wondering what exactly is death row.

    有些人可能想知道到底什麼是死囚。

  • Well, it's simply the name for a part of prison where inmates await their execution.

    嗯,這只是監獄的一個部分的名稱,在那裡囚犯等待他們的執行。

  • For instance, if you get sentenced to death in California you'll go to a death row unit

    比如說,如果你在加州被判了死刑 你就會被送進死囚室

  • at either Corcoran State Prison or San Quentin Prison.

    在科科蘭州監獄或聖昆丁監獄。

  • You're thinking, tell me something I don't knowok, how about the fact that California

    你在想,告訴我一些我不知道的事情吧......好吧,那加州的事實如何?

  • leads the U.S. in terms of how many people are on death row.

    在死囚牢房的人數上,領先於美國。

  • The current number is 725 as of January 1st, 2020.

    從2020年1月1日起,目前的數字是725。

  • ' Florida is next with 347 death row inmates

    ' 下一個是佛羅里達州,有347名死囚。

  • and Texas gets the bronze with 218 death row inmates.

    德州以218名死囚獲得銅牌。

  • 49.

    49.

  • We'll give you some more hard facts soon, but let's now add some insanity to this

    我們很快就會給你一些更多的硬事實,但現在讓我們給這個添加一些瘋狂的東西吧

  • story.

    故事。

  • As you might guess, some death row inmates are not of a sound mind.

    正如你所猜測的那樣,有些死囚的心智並不健全。

  • They might not have been declared insane in the courts, but it's very likely they were

    他們可能沒有在法庭上被宣佈為瘋子,但很有可能他們是...

  • very much certifiably mad.

    非常肯定的瘋狂。

  • In 2004, a man named Andre Thomas killed his estranged wife and two children.

    2004年,一名叫安德烈-托馬斯的男子殺死了他疏遠的妻子和兩個孩子。

  • He used a different knife for each killing, later saying he didn't want to contaminate

    他每次殺人都用不同的刀子,後來說他不想汙染了

  • them withdemons”.

    他們與 "惡魔"。

  • He removed some of their organs and subsequently stabbed himself in the chest.

    他摘取了他們的一些器官,隨後在胸口捅了一刀。

  • He then left a voicemail message for his dead wife's parents.

    "然後,他給他死去的妻子的父母留下了語音信箱。

  • It went like this, “I need y'alls help, something bad is happening to me and it keeps

    它是這樣的,"我需要你們的幫助,一些不好的事情發生在我身上,它一直

  • happening and I don't know what's going on.

    我不知道發生了什麼。

  • I need some help, I think I'm in hell.

    我需要幫助,我想我在地獄裡。

  • I need help.”

    我需要幫助。"

  • He turned himself in and confessed to what he had done.

    他自首,承認了自己的所作所為。

  • While he was in jail he removed one of his eyes, and later three doctors confirmed this

    在監獄裡,他摘掉了自己的一隻眼睛,後來有三個醫生證實了這一點。

  • guy had schizophrenia.

    這傢伙有精神分裂症。

  • The state didn't care, and the man stood trial and was sentenced to death.

    國家不管,那個人接受了審判,被判處了死刑。

  • While serving time on death row he removed another eye... and proceeded to eat it.

    在死囚牢房服刑時,他摘下了另一隻眼睛... ...然後吃掉了它。

  • He's still waiting for his execution.

    他還在等著被處死。

  • Yep, that's a crazy story, and they will get even crazier.

    是的,這是一個瘋狂的故事,他們會變得更加瘋狂。

  • 48.

    48.

  • So, which states have executed the most death row inmates since 1976?

    那麼,自1976年以來,哪個州處決的死刑犯最多?

  • The top three states are: Oklahoma with 112, Virginia with one more at 113, and Texas far

    排名前三的州是:俄克拉荷馬州112個,弗吉尼亞州113個,得克薩斯州遠遠超過

  • away at number one with 566 executions.

    以566人的處決數位居第一。

  • 47.

    47.

  • A lot of you don't know this, but it can take a really long time to get yourself executed,

    很多人都不知道,但是要想讓自己執行,真的需要很長的時間。

  • often between 15 and 20 years.

    往往在15至20年之間。

  • The average time spent on death row before execution or releaseyep, a lot of guys

    在執行死刑或釋放前在死囚牢房裡度過的平均時間--是的,很多人都是這樣的

  • have been innocent on death rowis 16 years.

    在死囚牢房裡一直是無辜的--是16年。

  • 46.

    46.

  • People literally go mad waiting to be killed by the state, and this madness is actually

    人們真的瘋了,等著被國家殺死,這種瘋狂其實是

  • a phenomenon with a name.

    有名的現象。

  • It's called, “death row phenomenon”, and we are going to talk more about that later.

    這就是所謂的,"死囚現象",稍後我們再談。

  • For now, all you need to know is it means basically losing your mind.

    現在,你需要知道的是,這意味著基本失去了理智。

  • 45.

    45.

  • Ok, so you can spend a lot of time on death row.

    好吧,所以你可以花很多時間在死囚牢房。

  • As you'll see, more inmates on death row have been innocent that you would believe.

    如你所見,更多的死囚是無辜的,你會相信。

  • In fact.

    事實上

  • It's mind-blowing, and sad, just how many folks have gotten off death row.

    這是令人震驚的,也是可悲的,有多少人從死囚牢房裡出來了。

  • One man spent 39 years there and his name was Gary Alvord.

    有一個人在那裡呆了39年,他的名字叫加里-阿爾沃德。

  • He murdered three people and was sentenced in 1974, but like the guy we just talked about,

    他殺了三個人,1974年被判刑,但就像我們剛才說的那個人。

  • he had a long history of severe mental illnesses including schizophrenia.

    他有長期的嚴重精神疾病史,包括精神分裂症。

  • The state knew very well he was totally insane, and that's why he could never be executed.

    國家很清楚,他完全是個瘋子,這就是為什麼他永遠不能被處決。

  • He waited 39 years and saw 75 other death row inmates in Florida leave and never come

    他等了39年,看到佛羅里達州其他75名死囚離開,再也沒有來過。

  • back.

    後面的。

  • He died of a brain tumor in 2013.

    2013年,他因腦瘤去世。

  • 44.

    44.

  • Ok, so one more person that spent a long time on death row was a guy named Jack Alderman,

    好吧 還有一個人在死囚牢房裡呆了很久 是一個叫Jack Alderman的人

  • and he spent 33 years fighting for his freedom.

    他花了33年時間為自由而戰。

  • He was accused of killing his wife, although there was no forensic evidence and the story

    他被指控殺害了他的妻子,雖然沒有法醫證據,而且這個故事。

  • is just plain weird.

    只是普通的奇怪。

  • He was sentenced only on the testimony of another man…a man who might have actually

    他是根據另一個人的證詞被判刑的... 一個可能真的有的男人

  • been the killer.

    是凶手。

  • The execution of Alderman has been called a gross miscarriage of justice, because it

    處決Alderman被稱為嚴重的司法不公,因為它是:

  • is highly unlikely he killed his wife.

    他殺妻子的可能性很小。

  • He was offered all kinds of deals, and wouldn't have been executed if he'd only said he

    他得到了各種各樣的待遇,如果他只說自己,就不會被處死

  • was guilty.

    是有罪的。

  • He refused to do this every time he was offered a plea deal, and said he just couldn't admit

    每次有人給他提供認罪協議,他都拒絕,他說他就是不能承認。

  • to doing something he hadn't done.

    到做一些他沒有做過的事情。

  • He was executed in 2008.

    他於2008年被處決。

  • 43.

    43.

  • You don't actually have to kill someone to be convicted of murder.

    你不必真的殺了人就能被判處謀殺罪。

  • You can end up on death row having been convicted of murder, but you might not have been sentenced

    你可能會因為謀殺罪被判處死刑 但你可能沒有被判刑。

  • for actually killing someone.

    因為真的殺了人。

  • 42.

    42.

  • If that's confusing to you, here's a story.

    如果你覺得很困惑,這裡有一個故事。

  • One night you are hanging out at the park, but this particular night there are a couple

    有一天晚上,你在公園裡閒逛,但這個特別的夜晚,有一對夫婦。

  • of guys you don't know that well.

    的傢伙,你不知道那麼好。

  • All you guys get a bit drunk and then decide to go into town.

    你們都喝得有點醉,然後決定進城。

  • Those two new guys get into a fight.

    那兩個新來的傢伙打起來了。

  • They beat some dude so bad he dies.

    他們把某個傢伙打得很慘,他死了。

  • You were merely there, and you didn't even throw a punch, plus you didn't know these

    你只是在那裡,你甚至沒有出拳,再加上你不認識這些人。

  • guys very well.

    你們很好。

  • But if you're poor, have a crappy lawyer and maybe a couple of minor crimes to your

    但是,如果你是窮人,有一個蹩腳的律師,也許一對夫婦的輕微罪行,你的。

  • name, you might be charged with something calledfelony murder.”

    名字,你可能會被指控的東西 所謂的 "重罪謀殺"。

  • If you are African American you are even more screwed.

    如果你是非洲裔美國人,你就更完蛋了。

  • Sadly, racial bias in the American justice system is still prevalent.

    可悲的是,美國司法系統中的種族偏見仍然普遍存在。

  • Ok, the point is, you sometimes just have to be there.

    好吧,重點是,有時候你必須要在那裡。

  • If you do your research, you'll find lists of people who were executed for just being

    如果你做你的研究,你會發現名單 誰被處決的人誰是隻是作為

  • there.

    在那裡。

  • It was the other guy that pulled the trigger or stuck in the blade.

    是對方扣動了扳機,還是卡在了刀刃上。

  • You'll find names such as G.W. Green, Carlos Santana, Joseph Garcia and many more.

    你會發現G.W.Green、Carlos Santana、Joseph Garcia等名字。

  • 41.

    41.

  • One more thing you need to know is that you could get charged for murder if one of your

    還有一件事你需要知道的是,你可能會被指控謀殺,如果你的其中一個人

  • friends dies.

    朋友們這。

  • Yep, if you've heard of theElkhart Four”, you'll know that four kids decided to burglarize

    是的,如果你聽說過 "埃爾哈特四人組",你就會知道四個孩子決定盜竊

  • a house and the house owner shot and killed one of those kids.

    一所房子,房子的主人開槍打死了其中的一個孩子。

  • The three other kids were charged with felony murder and were looking as 55, 50 and 55 years

    另外三個孩子被控謀殺重罪,分別是55歲、50歲和55歲的樣子。

  • behind barsfor something some guy did when protecting his house.

    被關在監獄裡... ...因為有人在保護他的房子時做了一些事情。

  • They didn't end up spending any time on death row and eventually got much lower sentences,

    他們最終沒有在死囚牢房中度過任何時間,最終獲得了更低的刑期。

  • but it's a warning to you all.

    但這是給大家的一個警告。

  • 40.

    40.

  • A guy named Nick Yarris spent 22 years on death row for a crime he didn't commit.

    一個叫尼克・亞里斯的人在死囚牢房裡呆了22年,因為他沒有犯罪。

  • He educated himself there, and he was later released after DNA evidence proved that he

    他在那裡接受了教育,後來在DNA證據證明他的身份後,他被釋放。

  • did not commit the crime.

    沒有犯罪。

  • Yarris sued the Delaware County District Attorney's Office and the settlement was $3 million.

    亞里斯起訴了特拉華縣地方檢察官辦公室,和解金額為300萬美元。

  • You can see his story in the documentary film, “The Fear of 13.”

    你可以在紀錄片 "13的恐懼 "中看到他的故事。

  • 39.

    39.

  • What about lethal injection, what is that?

    那注射死刑呢,那是什麼?

  • It's a three shot cocktail.

    這是一杯三杯的雞尾酒。

  • The first part is usually sodium thiopental, a super-strength barbiturate that basically

    第一部分通常是硫噴妥鈉,這是一種超強的巴比妥酸鈉,基本上是以

  • knocks the person out.

    把人打暈了。

  • Then, pancuronium bromide, a muscle relaxant, should make the lungs not work so well and

    那麼,泮庫溴銨這種肌肉鬆弛劑,應該會使肺部工作不那麼好,而

  • the third part is potassium chloride.

    第三部分是氯化鉀。

  • Enough of this will affect the heart and should bring on cardiac arrest.

    足夠的會影響心臟,應該會帶來心臟驟停。

  • We should also say that certain states have their own recipes.

    我們還應該說,某些州有自己的食譜。

  • 38.

    38.

  • Actually, lethal injection, while generally viewed as the most humane form of execution

    其實,注射死刑雖然被普遍認為是最人道的處決方式。

  • in modern times, has a really high botch rate at 7.1 percent.

    在現代,7.1%的拙劣率真的很高。

  • Yep, that's a lot of botching, and you could ask if the formidable guillotine at least

    是的,這是一個很大的拙劣, 你可以問,如果強大的斷頭臺至少

  • caused less pain for some folks.

    給一些人帶來了較少的痛苦。

  • Firing squads also had a 100 percent success rate.

    射擊隊的成功率也達到了100%。

  • The botch rate of the electric chair is 1.9 percent, hanging, 3.1 percent, and the gas

    電椅的拙劣率為1.9%,吊掛,3.1%,氣。

  • chamber, 5.4 percent.

    室,5.4%。

  • 37.

    37.

  • You might now be thinking, wait a minute, in recent years there have been bodies piling

    你現在可能會想,等等,近幾年來,有屍體堆積的

  • up all over the USA during what we call the opioid crisis.

    在我們所謂的阿片類藥物危機期間,在美國各地。

  • In 2018, there were 46,802 deaths related to opioids such as heroin and fentanyl and

    2018年,與海洛因、芬太尼等阿片類藥物有關的死亡人數為46802人,而。

  • the new tidal wave of prescription opioids.

    處方阿片類藥物的新浪潮。

  • The numbers were similar in 2017 and 2019.

    2017年和2019年的數字相近。

  • So, that's around 150,000 deaths, which if you've ever seen one, pretty much means

    所以,這是約15萬的死亡, 如果你見過,這幾乎意味著:

  • going to sleep and not waking up.

    睡去,不醒。

  • It seems pretty humane.

    看起來挺人性化的。

  • Since 1999, there have been around 800,000 deaths in the USA because of drugs, and mainly

    自1999年以來,美國約有80萬人死於毒品,主要是

  • the deaths were opiate related, although the opiates might have been mixed with another

    鴉片劑,儘管鴉片劑可能與另一種鴉片劑混合在一起。

  • drug such as a benzodiazepine.

    藥物,如苯二氮卓類藥物。

  • Then there's the lethal threesome, the opioid, the benzoand the booze.

    然後是致命的三人組,阿片類藥物,安息藥... ... 還有酒。

  • Anyway, some people have said why not give people a strong drug like Fentanyl when you

    無論如何,有人說,為什麼不給人們一個強烈的藥物,如芬太尼,當你。

  • want to execute them.

    想要執行它們。

  • It's obviously a formidable killer on the streets, so why not mainline murderers with

    這顯然是街頭的一個可怕的殺手,為什麼主線殺人犯不與。

  • it.

    它。

  • Well, in 2018, Nebraska became the first state to use Fentanyl as part of a lethal injection

    好吧,在2018年,內布拉斯加州成為第一個使用芬太尼作為致死注射劑的州。

  • and they even threw in a benzodiazepine.

    他們甚至扔在苯二氮卓。

  • They knocked him out with the opioid, slowed him down with the relaxant, and for good measure

    他們用阿片類藥物讓他昏迷,用鬆弛劑讓他緩和下來,還有好的措施是...

  • they threw in some of the heart stopping potassium chloride.

    他們扔了一些心臟停止氯化鉀。

  • 36.

    36.

  • Lethal injection often fails simply because the executioners can't find a vein, but

    注射死刑往往只是因為劊子手找不到靜脈而失敗,但是... ...

  • on one occasion they actually injected the substances into the flesh of a man and not

    有一次,他們居然將這些物質注射到一個人的肉體中,而不是。

  • his veins.

    他的血管。

  • 35 minutes later and he got another shot.

    35分鐘後,他又得到了一個鏡頭。

  • That kind of timeframe is what we now callcruel and unusual punishment.”

    這種時限就是我們現在所說的 "殘忍而不尋常的懲罰"。

  • Others have just reacted badly to the cocktail, with their bodies going into spasms and moans

    還有的人剛剛對雞尾酒反應不好,身體進入痙攣和呻吟狀態

  • coming from their mouths.

    從他們口中說出。

  • Still, the real horror stories involved the gas chamber and the electric chair.

    不過,真正的恐怖故事還是涉及到毒氣室和電椅。

  • This you'll hear about later.

    這個你以後會聽到的。

  • 35.

    35.

  • There might also be two separate cartridges during a lethal injection.

    在注射致死的過程中,也可能會有兩個獨立的藥盒。

  • The second one is a back-up.

    第二種是備用的。

  • 34.

    34.

  • A guy named Romell Broom actually survived his execution in 2009.

    一個叫Romell Broom的人居然在2009年的處決中活了下來。

  • Over the period of two hours, the executioners tried to find a vein.

    在兩個小時的時間裡,劊子手們試圖找到一條脈絡。

  • Romell, reportedly sobbing at times, even helped them.

    據報道,羅梅爾時而泣不成聲,甚至還幫助他們。

  • But it failed.

    但它失敗了。

  • They took him off the gurney and the state was accused ofcruel and unusual punishment.”

    他們把他從輪床上拿下來,國家被指控為 "殘忍和不尋常的懲罰"。

  • Romell is still on death row today.

    羅梅爾如今還在死囚牢房裡。

  • 33.

    33.

  • Ok, so this was before modern death row, but when the British first settled in the colonies

    好吧,所以這是現代死囚之前, 但當英國人第一次定居在殖民地,

  • they had a list of 222 crimes that were punishable by death.

    他們有一份222項可判處死刑的罪行清單。

  • If you destroyed a fish pond you could die.

    如果你毀了一個魚塘,你可能會死。

  • Or if you messed with a rabbit warren you could be strung up.

    或者如果你惹到了兔子窩,你可能會被絞死。

  • Painting your face black at night was also a capital crime.

    晚上把臉塗黑也是死罪。

  • Yep, that's crazy, but we have morecrazydown the line.

    是的,這很瘋狂,但我們還有更多的 "瘋狂 "在後面。

  • 32.

    32.

  • Serial killer Phillip Carl Jablonski was on San Quentin's death row for many years.

    連環殺手菲利普-卡爾-雅布隆斯基在聖昆丁的死囚牢房裡待了很多年。

  • He was an avid letter writer, and had pen pals all over the world.

    他熱衷於寫信,筆友遍佈世界各地。

  • He would sometimes draw cartoons on the letters, but often they were quite disturbing.

    他有時會在信上畫漫畫,但往往畫得很令人不安。

  • In fact, his letters could be pleasant in parts, and then suddenly he'd talk about

    事實上,他的信有的時候是很愉快的 然後突然間他就會說起... ...

  • really gruesome things he'd done.

    真正可怕的事情,他已經做了。

  • He actually killed his first wife, but married a female pen pal while doing time for that

    他其實殺了他的第一任妻子,但在服刑期間娶了一個女筆友。

  • murder.

    謀殺。

  • When he got out, they could finally be together as a real married couple.

    等他出來後,他們終於可以作為真正的夫妻在一起了。

  • He soon killed his new wife and also killed her mother.

    他很快就殺了他的新婚妻子,還殺了她的母親。

  • Jablonski would kill again, and he would get caught.

    雅布隆斯基會再次殺人,而且他會被抓住。

  • Believe or not, more women proposed to him when he was on death row.

    不管你信不信,他在死囚牢房的時候,有更多的女人向他求婚。

  • He recently died in his cell, so he's no longer an eligible death row bachelor.

    他最近死在了牢房裡,所以他不再是一個合格的死囚單身漢了。

  • 31.

    31.

  • In fact, a few people have gotten married while on death row.

    事實上,有幾個人在死囚牢房裡結婚了。

  • One of the worst serial killers of all time got married even though his hobby was brutally

    有史以來最糟糕的連環殺手之一結婚了,即使他的愛好是殘酷的。

  • killing women.

    殺害婦女;

  • His name was Ted Bundy.

    他的名字是泰德邦迪。

  • Some women have a thing for killers.

    有些女人對殺手情有獨鍾。

  • There is a term for it.

    有一個名詞。

  • It's calledhybristophilia.”

    這就是所謂的 "混血兒"。

  • 30.

    30.

  • The death penalty was actually abolished for a while, but it came back in 1976.

    死刑其實曾經被廢除過一段時間,但在1976年又恢復了。

  • In the U.S., there are only 29 states in which you can be legally killed by the state.

    在美國,只有29個州可以被州政府合法殺害。

  • 29.

    29.

  • Since 1976, there have been 1,512 executions in the US.

    自1976年以來,美國共執行了1512次死刑。

  • 28.

    28.

  • Only 15 of those executions were of women, and twenty two of the executed people were

    其中只有15名婦女被處決,被處決的人中有22名是婦女。

  • juveniles.

    年輕人:

  • 27.

    27.

  • Since the death penalty there have been a total of 294 cases of clemency.

    自死刑以來,共有294個寬大處理的案例。

  • This is when someone with power steps in and says this guy should not be killed.

    這時候就會有一個有權力的人出面,說這個人不應該被殺。

  • The president or the state governor could do this, but they will have to weigh up a

    總統或州長可以這樣做,但他們將不得不權衡一下。

  • lot of facts and also think about the public's reaction.

    很多事實,也要考慮公眾的反應。

  • This doesn't mean the person is released, or what we callexonerated”.

    這並不意味著這個人被釋放了,也就是我們所說的 "無罪釋放"。

  • It just means the person's death sentence has been commuted to another sentence.

    這只是意味著這個人的死刑被減刑了。

  • And yes, it sometimes happens like it does in the movies.

    是的,它有時會像電影裡那樣發生。

  • That is, it can happen just hours before the execution is due to be carried out.

    也就是說,這種情況可能在執行死刑前幾個小時才發生。

  • In 2020, a guy named Jimmy Meders was given clemency just a few hours before he was about

    在2020年,一個叫吉米-梅德斯的人在他即將離開前幾個小時被寬大處理。

  • to get a lethal injection.

    以獲得致命的注射。

  • His sentence was reduced to life without the possibility of parole.

    他的刑期被減為無期,不得假釋。

  • Meders was accused of killing a store clerk, but he says another guy did it.

    梅德斯被指控殺害了一名店員,但他說是另一個人乾的。

  • He's even tried to get DNA evidence to support this, but that hasn't been possible yet.

    他甚至試圖得到DNA證據來證明這一點,但這還不可能。

  • He claims he is innocent.

    他聲稱自己是無辜的。

  • He had no criminal history before the event and has a spotless prison record, which was

    他在事發前沒有犯罪記錄,在監獄裡的記錄也是一塵不染,這是

  • all taken into consideration when he was granted clemency.

    在給予他寬大處理時,所有這些都被考慮在內。

  • We will soon tell you shocking facts about innocent people on death row, but we think

    我們很快就會告訴你關於死囚區無辜的人的驚人事實,但我們認為...

  • you need to hear other facts first.

    你需要先聽聽其他事實。

  • 26.

    26.

  • One Republican governor shocked