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  • If you want to become a doctor in the U.S., there are 3 main medical school paths to choose

    如果你想成為美國的醫生,主要有3個醫學院的途徑可以選擇。

  • from: MD, DO, or Caribbean.

    來自:醫學博士、醫學博士或加勒比地區;

  • Unfortunately, there's a terribly large amount of misinformation regarding the pros

    不幸的是,有一個非常大的誤導,關於優點的資訊

  • and cons of each, and which you should ultimately choose.

    和弊端,以及你最終應該選擇哪個。

  • In classic Med School Insiders fashion, we'll cut the fat, debunk the myths, and give it

    以經典的醫學院內部人士的方式,我們將削減脂肪,揭穿神話,並給它。

  • to you straight.

    對你直。

  • Dr. Jubbal, MedSchoolInsiders.com.

    朱波醫生,醫派內參網。

  • No matter what you may have heard, it does matter which medical school path you take.

    不管你聽到什麼,你走哪條醫學院的路確實很重要。

  • It frustrates me that people's egos and pride get in the way of providing sound advice

    這讓我很沮喪,人們的自尊心和自豪感阻礙了提供合理的建議。

  • to pre-meds who deserve to know the truth.

    給值得了解真相的醫前人員。

  • First, understand that the default path to become a doctor is attending a U.S. allopathic

    首先,要明白成為醫生的默認路徑是就讀於美國的對立療法

  • medical school.

    醫學院;

  • At an allopathic medical school, you earn your MD.

    在對立療法醫學院,你會獲得你的醫學博士學位。

  • However, getting into one of these medical schools is insanely competitive, the reasons

    然而,進入這些醫學院的競爭是瘋狂的,原因是什麼?

  • for which I have explored in a previous video.

    對於這一點,我在之前的視頻中已經探討過。

  • Link in the description below.

    鏈接在下面的描述中。

  • For almost every pre-med, going the U.S. allopathic route is the default, and the best choice.

    對於幾乎每一個醫前教育來說,走美國的對症治療路線是默認的,也是最好的選擇。

  • It keeps the most options and doors open moving forward, and it doesn't have any major drawbacks

    它能保持最多的選擇和大門敞開前進,而且它沒有任何大的缺點。

  • compared to its alternatives.

    與其替代品相比。

  • However, 60% of applicants each year don't get into a U.S. allopathic medical school.

    然而,每年有60%的申請者沒有進入美國全科醫學院。

  • Luckily, there are alternatives if you still want to become a doctor.

    幸運的是,如果你還想成為一名醫生,還有其他選擇。

  • Osteopathic medical schools are those where you earn a DO.

    骨科醫學院是指那些你獲得DO的學校。

  • This degree is technically distinct from the MD, but you're still granted the same rights

    這個學位在技術上有別於醫學博士,但你仍然被授予相同的權利。

  • in practicing medicine, and you're still a physician at the end of the day.

    在行醫中,到頭來你還是個醫生。

  • If you want to know more about the differences between the MD and DO, I have compared the

    如果你想了解更多關於MD和DO之間的區別,我已經比較了

  • two paths in a previous video.

    在之前的視頻中,兩條路徑。

  • If you haven't already, I recommend you watch that video as a supplement to this video

    如果你還沒有,我建議你看那個視頻,作為這個視頻的補充。

  • to get the full picture.

    以獲得完整的畫面。

  • Now a quick disclaimer about my first MD vs DO video.

    現在,關於我的第一個MD與DO視頻的快速免責聲明。

  • It's my most controversial video yet because of the subject matter.

    這是我最有爭議的視頻,但因為主題的關係。

  • The video is 100% factual, accurate, and I stand by it completely.

    視頻100%真實、準確,我完全支持。

  • That being said, I did make an apology video as a follow up where I doubled down on the

    說到這裡,我確實做了一個道歉視頻作為後續,在那裡,我加倍地在

  • facts presented but apologized for not treating the topic more gently, as it is admittedly

    所提出的事實,但對沒有更溫和地對待這一主題表示歉意,因為它是公認的。

  • a heated conversation.

    一場激烈的談話。

  • The second alternative is going Caribbean, where you earn your MD but at a medical school

    第二個選擇是去加勒比海,在那裡你賺你的MD,但在醫學院

  • on a Caribbean island rather than in the United States.

    在加勒比島國而不是在美國。

  • While tropical climates and beach weather year round may sound great, there are significant

    雖然熱帶氣候和全年的海灘天氣聽起來很不錯,但也有一些重大的問題。

  • drawbacks to this option, which I have explored in great depth in my video titled The Truth

    這個選項的缺點,我在我的視頻《真相》中已經深入探討過了。

  • About Caribbean Medical Schools.

    關於加勒比醫學院。

  • At U.S. allopathic medical schools, over 90% of graduates successfully match into residency,

    在美國全科醫學院,90%以上的畢業生成功匹配到住院醫師。

  • and attrition, meaning students who don't finish, is quite low at 4%.

    而流失率(指沒有完成學業的學生)則相當低,只有4%。

  • In short, the odds of finishing medical school and successfully matching into a U.S. residency

    簡而言之,完成醫學院學業併成功匹配到美國住院醫師的機率很大

  • is good if you go to a U.S. MD school.

    是好的,如果你去美國MD學校。

  • For DO medical schools, the good news is that you don't have to be as strong academically

    對於DO醫學院來說,好消息是,你不一定要在學術上有多強的實力。

  • to get in.

    以獲得。

  • According to the most recent data, the average GPA and MCAT of DO medical school matriculants

    根據最新的數據,DO醫學院預科生的平均GPA和MCAT成績為

  • is 3.5 and 503, respectively, compared to 3.7 and 511 for MD schools.

    分別為3.5和503,而醫學博士學校則為3.7和511。

  • The match rate is in the mid 80's, compared to mid 90's for allopathic schools.

    對口率在80左右,而全科學校則在90左右。

  • More on the Match and residency merger shortly.

    更多關於火柴和居住的合併不久。

  • For Caribbean schools, the data are very different.

    對於加勒比地區的學校來說,數據是非常不同的。

  • Caribbean schools are by far the most approachable by students with weaker academic records,

    加勒比地區的學校是目前學習成績較差的學生最容易接近的。

  • and you are bound to find a school in the region that will take you.

    而你一定會在該地區找到一所能帶你的學校。

  • But according to the NRMP, the Match rate for U.S. citizens who are graduates of international

    但根據NRMP的數據,美國公民如果是國際學校的畢業生,其匹配率為

  • medical schools is only 50%.

    醫學院只有50%。

  • There is a very important caveat to this data, which is that within the Caribbean there is

    這一數據有一個非常重要的警告,那就是在加勒比地區內,存在著

  • a large range in school quality.

    學校質量範圍大;

  • The match rates amongst the big 4 Caribbean medical schools, including St. George's,

    包括聖喬治在內的加勒比四大醫學院的匹配率。

  • AUC, Saba, and Ross are higher, but still nowhere near the level of their U.S. MD and

    AUC、Saba和Ross較高,但仍遠未達到其美國MD和。

  • DO counterparts.

    DO對應的。

  • Additionally, attrition rates are abysmal, anywhere from 10 to 50% depending on the school.

    此外,流失率也很糟糕,根據學校的不同,從10%到50%不等。

  • And remember, to even apply to residency, to even begin paying off your study loans, you first need to finish medical school.

    記住,要想申請住院醫師,甚至開始償還學習貸款,你首先要完成醫學院的學業。

  • There are several other worrisome trends about Caribbean schools.

    關於加勒比地區的學校,還有幾個令人擔憂的趨勢。

  • For example, all medical schools in the Caribbean are for-profit institutions, whereas less

    例如,加勒比地區的所有醫學院都是營利性機構,而在加勒比地區的醫學院則較少。

  • than 2% of U.S. based MD and DO schools are.

    超過2%的美國MD和DO學校是。

  • Based on this data, it becomes clear that U.S. allopathic medical schools should be

    根據這些數據,美國的對立面醫學院顯然應該是

  • your first option.

    你的第一選擇。

  • The real question becomes what is the second best option?

    真正的問題變成了什麼是第二好的選擇?

  • If you're unable to get into a U.S. MD school, should you go DO or should you go Caribbean?

    如果無法進入美國MD學校,是去DO還是去加勒比海?

  • The data suggests that DO schools are a clearly superior option.

    數據表明,DO學校是一個明顯的優勢選擇。

  • These numbers may or may not be news to you, but as we've been exploring on our Research

    這些數字對你來說可能是或不是新聞,但正如我們一直在探索我們的研究。

  • Explained series, data is often misrepresented.

    闡發系列,數據經常被誤導。

  • It's important to understand that statistics apply to populations, not to individuals.

    重要的是要明白,統計學適用於人群,而不是個人。

  • We obviously cannot create randomized controlled trials sending pre-meds randomly to MD, DO,

    我們顯然不能建立隨機對照試驗,把醫學前輩隨機送到MD、DO。

  • or Caribbean medical schools.

    或加勒比醫科學校。

  • Therefore, there are certain biases we need to take into consideration.

    是以,我們需要考慮到一些偏見。

  • First, student caliber matters.

    首先,學生的口徑很重要。

  • On average, the strongest students go to U.S. MD schools, followed by DO schools, and finally

    平均來說,最強的學生去美國MD學校,其次是DO學校,最後是DO學校

  • Caribbean schools.

    加勒比學校:

  • Again, this is on average.

    同樣,這也是平均水平。

  • Congrats to your mom's friend's cousin who got a 520 on the MCAT and a 3.9 GPA and

    恭喜你媽媽的朋友的表弟,他的MCAT考了520分,GPA3.9,還有

  • went to a DO school, but that doesn't change this fact.

    去了一個DO學校,但這並不能改變這個事實。

  • Therefore, some of the variation in the data we see is due to the average caliber of the

    是以,我們看到的數據中的一些變化是由於平均口徑的。

  • students rather than to the institutions themselves.

    學生,而不是機構本身。

  • It's impossible to determine the exact magnitude of this effect, but it is present.

    雖然無法確定這種影響的確切程度,但它是存在的。

  • In other words, your individual efforts and performance are factored into the equation,

    換句話說,你的個人努力和表現都被納入了方程式。

  • not just the school you go to.

    不只是你去的學校。

  • While MD vs DO vs Caribbean is a very important decision, we may not be accounting for student

    雖然MD vs DO vs 加勒比海地區是一個非常重要的決定,但我們可能沒有考慮到學生的情況。

  • contributions enough.

    貢獻足夠。

  • Going back to your mom's friend's cousin with the 520 and 3.9 would likely be fine

    回你媽媽朋友的表哥那裡,用520和3.9的車,很可能就可以了。

  • at either DO or Caribbean programs, regardless of the trends in the data.

    無論數據的趨勢如何,在DO或加勒比方案中都是如此。

  • If you're attending a DO or Caribbean program, you can put your pitch forks down.

    如果你參加的是DO或加勒比海計劃,你可以把你的投叉放下。

  • I'm not saying you're a weak student, I'm just speaking to the population averages,

    我不是說你是個弱小的學生,我只是針對人口平均數說的。

  • as based on the data.

    作為根據數據,。

  • Just reporting the facts.

    只是報告事實。

  • Plus, I fully believe that any student can learn the right study techniques and tools

    另外,我完全相信任何一個學生都能學到正確的學習技巧和工具。

  • to be a stellar student.

    要做一個優秀的學生。

  • That's what this entire channel is about.

    這就是整個頻道的目的。

  • Second, not all residency matches are created equal.

    其次,不是所有的居住地匹配都是一樣的。

  • Another point of oversimplification is the Match rate.

    另一點過於簡單化,就是匹配率。

  • Match rate success as a percentage is only part of the picture.

    匹配率成功率作為百分比只是一部分。

  • Being able to go into your desired specialty and at a strong program is also tremendously

    能夠進入自己心儀的專業和強勢的項目,也是極大的。

  • important.

    重要。

  • This is arguably the most frustrating part of this entire conversation.

    這可以說是整個對話中最令人沮喪的部分。

  • I have heard others on social media, who I will not name, telling pre-meds that going

    我在社交媒體上聽到了其他人,我不會說出名字,告訴預科醫生,去

  • MD or DO does not matter.

    醫學博士還是醫學博士並不重要。

  • Shame on them.

    他們真丟人

  • If you're considering primary care, the differences are present but they are diminished.

    如果你正在考慮初級保健,差異是存在的,但它們被削弱了。

  • However, it matters tremendously if you're considering a more competitive specialty.

    不過,如果你考慮的是競爭更激烈的專業,那就非常重要了。

  • If you want to go into a hyper competitive specialty like dermatology or plastic surgery,

    如果你想進入競爭激烈的專業,如皮膚科或整形外科。

  • you'll be far better off going to a U.S. MD school over both DO and Caribbean medical

    你最好去美國的醫學博士學校,而不是DO和加勒比海的醫學學校。

  • schools.

    學校:

  • I've gone over the top competitive specialties in a previous video so you can know for yourself

    我在之前的視頻中已經介紹過頂尖的競技特長,大家可以自己瞭解一下。

  • where your specialty of interest ranks in terms of competitiveness.

    你感興趣的專業在競爭力方面的排名。

  • Because of this, I'd still urge most students to pursue U.S. MD options when possible, as it

    正因為如此,我還是勸大多數學生在可能的情況下選擇美國MD,因為它

  • has been demonstrated that over 50% of medical students change their specialty of choice

    事實證明,超過50%的醫學生改變了自己的專業選擇。

  • during the course of medical school.

    在醫學院學習期間。

  • For example, I entered medical school thinking I would match into internal medicine, but

    例如,我進入醫學院時,以為自己會匹配到內科,但... ...

  • I ended up falling in love with plastic surgery.

    我最終愛上了整形。

  • The fact remains that if you go the DO route and want to go into something hyper competitive,

    事實上,如果你走DO路線,想去做一些競爭激烈的事情。

  • it's going to be more challenging for you.

    這對你來說將是更大的挑戰。

  • It's definitely not impossible.

    這絕對不是不可能。

  • And again, congratulation to your dog's friend's owner's sister that went DO and

    再次恭喜你的狗狗朋友的主人的姐姐,去DO和

  • matched into plastics, but that's the exception, not the rule.

    匹配成塑膠,但這是例外,不是規則。

  • It doesn't change the fact that it is much tougher to go into hyper competitive specialties

    這並不能改變一個事實,那就是要進入競爭激烈的專業,要艱難得多。

  • if you graduate from a DO or Caribbean program.

    如果你畢業於DO或加勒比地區的課程。

  • Now you may be throwing your arms up in protest because won't the residency merger solve

    現在你們可能會振臂高呼抗議,因為居民區合併不就解決了嗎?

  • all these problems?

    所有這些問題?

  • I'm glad you asked.

    我很高興你問了。

  • Previously, MD students would apply for residency in the MD Match, and DO students would often apply

    以前,MD的學生會在MD Match中申請住院醫師,而DO的學生往往會申請

  • to both the MD and DO Matches.

    醫學博士和博士生匹配。

  • But beginning in 2020, there will no longer be two separate Matches.

    但從2020年開始,將不再有兩個獨立的馬特賽。

  • Now, both MD and DO students will be applying to residency under the same Match.

    現在,MD和DO學生都將在同一個Match下申請住院醫師。

  • I'll start with a disclaimer.

    我先說一下免責聲明。

  • No one knows for certain what effects this merger will have, unless you have a crystal ball.

    除非你有水晶球,否則沒有人知道這次合併會有什麼影響。

  • That being said, I have spoken with several DO colleagues and admissions experts very

    說到這裡,我和幾位DO的同事和招生專家聊得很

  • familiar with the matter, and here's what they had to say.

    熟悉此事的人,他們是這樣說的。

  • Some argue that the residency merger will eliminate the problem altogether.

    有的人認為,居住地合併會徹底消除這個問題。

  • After all, everyone will be applying to the same residency programs, and we can all

    畢竟,大家都會申請同樣的住院醫師項目,我們都能

  • hold hands and sing kumbaya.

    手拉手,唱Kumbaya。

  • Others argue the opposite, that it will make it even more difficult for DO students to

    另一些人則認為,這將使DO學生更難獲得以下機會

  • match into competitive specialties.

    匹配成競爭性專業。

  • For example, some orthopedics or dermatology DO programs have not made the cut when re-certifying

    例如,有些骨科或皮膚科DO項目在重新認證時沒有入選

  • by ACGME standards.

    根據ACGME標準。

  • As a result, there would be fewer spots for a similar number of applicants.

    這樣一來,申請人數相近的名額就會減少。

  • Equally important, those spots wouldn't be open to just DO applicants, but MD applicants

    同樣重要的是,這些名額不會只對DO申請人開放,而是對MD申請人開放。

  • as well.

    也是。

  • And MD applicants on average, again emphasis on average, have higher Step 1 and Step 2CK scores, due in part to their

    而醫學博士申請者平均,再次強調平均,他們的Step 1和Step 2CK分數較高,部分原因是他們的。

  • stronger average academic history, and also because DO schools don't generally focus

    更強的平均學術歷史,也因為DO學校一般不注重

  • their curricula around high-yield USMLE topics.

    他們的課程圍繞著高收益的USMLE主題。

  • Additionally, ACGME program directors don't trust COMLEX scoresthe USMLE is preferred.

    此外,ACGME項目負責人不相信COMLEX成績--USMLE是首選。

  • Some argue that the COMLEX should even be abolished and replaced by all DO students

    有人認為,甚至應該取消COMLEX,由所有DO學生代替

  • taking the USMLE with an addition of a smaller supplemental exam to test them on osteopathic

    參加USMLE考試,並增加了一個較小的補充考試,以測試他們對骨科的瞭解。

  • manipulative medicine, or OMM for short.

    操控醫學,簡稱OMM。

  • Regardless, these are just two separate sides of the argument, no one knows for certain, and only time will tell how the merger will effect

    無論如何,這只是爭論的兩個方面,誰也不知道,只有時間才能知道合併後會產生怎樣的影響。

  • the Match.

    的比賽。

  • It's important to dispel some toxic misconceptions I've heard thrown around.

    消除我聽到的一些有毒的誤解很重要。

  • You may hear osteopathic medical students or physicians suggest they prefer the DO degree

    你可能會聽到整骨醫學學生或醫生建議他們更喜歡DO學位。

  • because they want to treat their patients holistically, implying the MD route isn't

    因為他們想對病人進行全面的治療,這意味著醫學博士的路線並不。

  • holistic.

    整體性。

  • This is an idiotic and toxic mindset that only further divides DO's and MD's.

    這是一種白痴和有毒的思維方式,只會進一步分裂DO和MD。

  • You can be a phenomenal physician and treat patients holistically regardless of your degree.

    無論你的學歷高低,你都可以成為一個了不起的醫生,對病人進行全面的治療。

  • Good doctors are good doctors, whether DO or MD.

    好醫生就是好醫生,無論是DO還是MD。

  • The DO is still, unfortunately, subject to a stigma that the MD is not.

    遺憾的是,DO還是受到了MD所沒有的汙名。

  • I mentioned this in my previous video and got a few highly agitated comments.

    我在之前的視頻中提到了這一點,得到了一些非常激動的評論。

  • I don't agree with the stigma, and MD and DO physicians deserve equal respect.

    我不同意這種成見,MD和DO醫生應該得到同等的尊重。

  • Again, the degree has little to do with one's abilities, merit, or skill as a physician.

    同樣,這個學位和一個人作為醫生的能力、功底、技術沒有什麼關係。

  • That being said, pretending the world is all sunshine and rainbows to make you feel better

    話說回來,假裝這個世界都是陽光和彩虹,讓你感覺好一些

  • doesn't actually fix the problem.

    其實並不能解決問題。

  • It's dishonest and harmful to pre-med students to deny these realities.

    否定這些現實,對醫學預科生來說是不誠實的,也是有害的。

  • Don't shoot the messenger.

    不要射殺信使。

  • This stigma is ultimately detrimental and we should continue to actively work to reduce

    這種成見終究是有害的,我們應該繼續積極努力,減少

  • harmful misconceptions, but we need to in a mature and ethical way.

    有害的錯誤觀念,但我們需要以成熟和道德的方式。

  • Lying to pre-meds is neither.

    騙預醫都不是。

  • Also, if you're a DO and you never experienced this stigma yourself, that's awesome, and

    另外,如果你是一個DO,而你自己從來沒有經歷過這種成見,那就厲害了,而且。

  • that likely points to progress being made in this area, but I know dozens of DO medical

    這很可能表明在這個領域取得了進展,但我知道幾十個DO的醫療。

  • student and physician colleagues who would beg to differ.

    學生和醫生的同事們,誰也不敢苟同。

  • Lastly, after my DO physician colleague reviewed this video script, she asked me to include

    最後,我的DO醫生同事審閱完這個視頻腳本後,她要求我在視頻中加入了

  • one last thing: when going Caribbean, you would earn your MD, and therefore wouldn't

    最後一件事:去加勒比地區時,你會獲得醫學博士學位,是以不會

  • have to deal with any stigma of the DO or constantly explain to patients what the DO

    要面對任何關於DO的恥辱,或不斷向病人解釋DO的內容。

  • degree is.

    度是。

  • While a relatively minor point, this was factored into her own decision and I'm including

    雖然這只是相對較小的一點,但這也是她自己決定的因素,我將其包括在內

  • it here for you to assess yourself.

    在這裡讓你自己評估。

  • Now to be honest, the reception to my first MD vs DO video made me second guess myself.

    現在說實話,我的第一個MD與DO視頻的接待讓我懷疑自己。

  • I feel so privileged and honored to have each of you viewing my videos, and I take this

    我感到非常榮幸,你們每一個人都能觀看我的視頻,我把這個

  • YouTube channel very seriously.

    YouTube頻道非常認真。

  • I want to provide sound advice and ultimately help you all.

    我想提供合理的建議,最終幫助大家。

  • As much as I derive joy, entertainment, and even inspiration from the haters, the messages I received

    雖然我從仇敵那裡獲得了很多快樂、娛樂,甚至是靈感,但我收到的資訊是

  • from that first video made me seriously consider if I had misled you.

    從第一個視頻讓我認真考慮 如果我誤導你。

  • So I reached out to almost a dozen DO medical student and resident friends and colleagues,

    於是我聯繫了近十位DO醫學生和住院醫師的朋友和同事。

  • I rewatched the video multiple times, I double checked the data, and all of that reassured me that

    我重看了多遍視頻,我仔細核對了數據,所有這些都讓我確信

  • the first video was valid.

    第一個視頻是有效的。

  • I have a feeling this video, despite my multiple disclaimers, will rustle some feathers as

    我有一種感覺,這個視頻,儘管我的多個免責聲明,將沙沙作響一些羽毛,因為。

  • well.

    好吧

  • But I remain committed to providing you with factual, effective, and accurate information to help

    但我仍然致力於為您提供真實、有效、準確的資訊,以幫助您實現

  • you in your journey to becoming the best possible doctor.

    在你成為最好的醫生的過程中。

  • And as much as I love social media, it has the side effect of augmenting the already problematic

    雖然我很喜歡社交媒體,但它的副作用是增加了已經存在問題的

  • snowflake mentality.

    雪花心態。

  • Outrage porn is a growing issuemany people believe they have the right to not be offended,

    憤怒的色情是一個日益嚴重的問題--許多人認為他們有不被冒犯的權利。

  • that their feelings are more important than facts, and they should be able to silence

    他們的感覺比事實更重要,他們應該能夠保持沉默。

  • those that make them uncomfortable, even if those people are speaking the truth.

    那些讓他們不舒服的人,即使這些人說的是實話。

  • I don't subscribe to this notion and I'd rather cut through the noise and tell you

    我不認同這種觀念,我寧願穿過噪音,告訴你。

  • the honest truth that you deserve to know, even if it is unpopular for me to do so.

    誠實的真相,你值得知道, 即使它是不受歡迎的我這樣做。

  • I'm always open to being wrong and being corrected.

    我總是願意接受錯誤和被糾正。

  • If you have data or logical arguments against anything that I raised in this video, by all means

    如果你有數據或邏輯論據反對我在這個視頻中提出的任何東西,通過所有手段

  • let's have a discussion down in the comments.

    讓我們有一個討論下來在評論。

  • But if you'd rather tell me how angry this video makes you or how your cousin's goldfish's

    但如果你想告訴我這段視頻讓你多麼生氣 或者你表哥的金魚是如何的。

  • twin's father went DO and matched plastics, then perhaps we'll just agree to disagree.

    雙子的父親去DO和配塑膠,那麼也許我們就會同意不同意。

  • If you'd like to learn more about either DO or Caribbean medical school options, I

    如果你想了解更多關於DO或加勒比海地區醫學院的選擇,我。

  • have a video on each - link in the description below.

    有一個視頻在每個 - 鏈接在下面的描述。

  • Thank you for watching.

    謝謝你的觀看。

  • Seriously, it means a lot to me and please leave any feedback or suggestions you may have down below.

    說真的,這對我來說意義重大,請在下面留下您的任何反饋或建議。

  • Much love to you all.

    非常愛你們。

If you want to become a doctor in the U.S., there are 3 main medical school paths to choose

如果你想成為美國的醫生,主要有3個醫學院的途徑可以選擇。

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B1 中級 中文 醫學院 學校 視頻 學生 醫生 博士

醫學博士VS醫學博士VS加勒比海地區就讀醫學院

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    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 08 月 09 日
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