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  • Montessori Education is based on the principles developed by Maria Montessori,

    蒙特梭利教育

  • who opened her first school for children of low-income workers in an apartment building in Rome in 1907.

    是根據瑪莉亞蒙特梭利所制定的教育方法

  • The school was calledCasa dei Bambini”, Home for Children.

    西元1907年,他在羅馬的公寓裡

  • This firstCasawas furnished with a teachers table,

    為低收入工人的孩子創立了第一所蒙特梭利學校

  • a stove, a blackboard, some chairs, group tables for the children

    學校的名字是“Casa dei Bambini”

  • and a cabinet filled with materials that Montessori developed in her earlier career

    即為義大利語的“兒童之家”

  • when she researched how to teach kids who experience some form of mental disability.

    在這個兒童之家中

  • Maria Montessori created the materials after she realised

    配有一張教師用的桌子

  • that students seem to understand complex concepts better when they engaged all their senses.

    一個爐子

  • Activities at this first school included personal care (such as dressing and undressing),

    一塊黑板

  • care of the environment like sweeping, dusting and gardening.

    一些椅子

  • Otherwise they were free to move around and play with the materials.

    幾組兒童用的桌椅

  • Montessori did not teach herself

    和一個裝滿蒙特梭利女士研究物品的櫃子

  • but instead oversaw the classroom work of her teachers.

    那是在她早期職涯研究中

  • Montessori observed that children showed episodes of deep concentration

    用來教導和治療有缺陷孩子的教具或物品

  • and multiple repetitions of the same activity.

    當她了解到孩子們

  • Given free choice,

    能夠藉由專注而理解複雜的概念時

  • kids showed more interest in practical activities and the materials

    就自製了這些教具幫助孩子

  • than normal toys, sweets or other rewards.

    兒童之家的活動包含生活自理

  • Over time spontaneous self-discipline emerged.

    如穿脫衣物

  • Montessori concluded that working independently

    環境照護

  • children seemed to reach new levels of autonomy and become self-motivated learners.

    如掃地和照顧植物

  • She began to see the role of the teacher as a facilitator of young human beings

    除此之外

  • who are free to move and act within the limits of a prepared environment.

    孩子們也可以自由走動和操作教具

  • The goal: to grow children to become independent and responsible adults who share a love for learning.

    蒙特梭利女士並沒有親自教學

  • Soon after Montessori herself and her ideas started travelling the world

    而是在教室中督導她的老師們

  • to inspired progressive thinkers and educators from all over.

    蒙特梭利女士觀察到

  • The inventors, Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison, became early advocates.

    孩子在重複的動作和活動中展現了高度的專注力

  • Later alumni include Jimmy Wales from Wikipedia,

    給予孩子自由選擇的權力

  • author Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    他們對於實際活動和教具的興趣

  • as well as the two Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin.

    更甚於玩具、糖果和其他獎勵

  • Today the termMontessoristands more for a method, than a school itself.

    自律能力也會隨著時間自發性地發展出來

  • The fact that it can be used freely by anyone led to a great variation of schools.

    蒙特梭利女士的結論是

  • Educators all over the world borrow Montessori's name,

    能夠獨立工作的孩子似乎可以更好的管理自己

  • insights and materials to organize kindergartens,

    並成為能夠自我激勵、自我成長的學習者

  • elementary schools, special needs programs,

    她發覺

  • or even full 12 year curriculums.

    ”導師”的角色

  • Some parents use it for homeschooling.

    是在準備好的環境裡

  • The following characteristics are shared among most programs:

    引導年幼人類具備生活能力和活動的能力

  • - Students are free to choose what to learn

    目標是

  • - Open classrooms that allow free movement

    培養孩子成為獨立和負責任的成年人

  • - Use of specialised Montessori materials

    分享對學習的熱愛

  • - Mixed age classes (from 0-3, 3-6 or 6-12)

    不久之後

  • so children can learn from each other

    蒙特梭利女士和她的教育理念在全世界廣為流傳

  • - Uninterrupted blocks of study time, usually three hours

    啟發了來自各地的發展學家和教育工作者

  • - No grading or homework

    發明家Alexander Graham Bell

  • - and a trained teacher

    和湯瑪士愛迪生是早期的倡導者

  • Maria Montessori once famously said:

    後來的校友包括

  • Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.”

    創辦維基百科的Jimmy Wales

  • What are your thoughts on Montessori?

    作家Gabriel Garcia Marquez

  • Please share your opinions in the comments below!

    以及Google創辦人Larry Page和Sergey Brin

Montessori Education is based on the principles developed by Maria Montessori,

蒙特梭利教育

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蒙特梭利學校教育 (Montessori School Education)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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