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  • Hi.

  • Welcome to www.engvid.com.

  • I'm Adam.

  • In today's video, I want to look at ten words and expressions from the French culinary world.

  • Okay?

  • These are French culinary words; means they're talking about cooking, and eating, etc.

  • But the reason that I chose these ten is because they are very commonly used in everyday English,

  • and not only to talk about food; they have very different contexts... excuse me.

  • Very different contexts as well.

  • So, we're going to look at "� la carte".

  • Oh, and by the way, for the French speakers watching this video, if I butcher the language,

  • I apologize in advance.

  • Okay?

  • "� la carte", "piquant", "prix fixe", "savour/savor".

  • Now, we have with the "u" and without the "u", so British Canadian spelling, American

  • spelling.

  • "Menu", which a lot of you already know.

  • "Du jour", "� la mode", "pice de r�sistance", "caf�", and "cuisine".

  • Okay?

  • Now, we're going to go one by one, and I'll show you in what other contexts they can be

  • used.

  • Now, "� la carte" basically means according to the menu, but what it does is it allows

  • you to order things individually as opposed to a set or a package.

  • Okay?

  • So, if you go to a restaurant, they have a meal plan, like a set meal; all these things

  • are included.

  • For example, you have appetizer, main course, dessert.

  • You can also order other items on the menu individually and pay for them separately.

  • So, whatever is in the menu...

  • In the set, in the dinner set, for example, comes with it.

  • If you want to add anything, you order it separately and pay for it on top of the meal

  • set.

  • But we also use this to talk about any package deal.

  • Okay?

  • So, for example, you go buy a smartphone, a mobile phone and the company offers you

  • a full package with all the features that are available for this phone.

  • Now, you don't need all...

  • For example, if you don't need all these features, you can buy a basic plan and then choose your...

  • The features you wantla carte.

  • Okay?

  • So, we don't only use it for food; we use it for any situation where you can pick individual

  • features to...

  • And pay for each one separately.

  • Okay?

  • "Piquant".

  • "Piquant" means spicy, but not spicy like burn your head off; spicy in a good way, like,

  • just enough of a sting on the tongue to make it enjoyable.

  • Okay?

  • So that's when we're talking about food.

  • We can also use "piquant" to talk about a person.

  • You could say: "The woman is dressed in a piquant way."

  • Or somebody speaks with a little bit of a piquant attitude.

  • Basically, he means with a little bit of attitude; a little bit risky, a little bit racy, but

  • in a way that has a good effect.

  • It's a bit charming, you could even say.

  • It's piquant; it's not...

  • It's not bland, it's not boring.

  • It has a little bit of flavour, even though you're talking about a person or something

  • a person says or does, etc.

  • "Prix fixe", so again, let's go back to the restaurant.

  • You go to a restaurant and they have a prix fixe - means they have a set price.

  • It means fixed price and you pay this much...

  • You pay $50 and these are all the things you get.

  • Okay?

  • You don't...

  • You can't add anything; there's nola carte menu.

  • There's one set, one price - that's what you pay.

  • Again, going back to the mobile phone, you can buy a package and it's a fixed price;

  • you can't make any changes to it, no substitutions, no add-ons, no extra features, etc.

  • Or you can just buy thela carte items as you need them.

  • Okay?

  • "Savour".

  • Now, "savour" basically means to really feel or really enjoy the flavour of something.

  • Okay?

  • And when you talk about "savour" as a noun, it has that special flavour that makes a dish

  • really good.

  • And many of you might know "savoury".

  • Savoury or sweet.

  • You can have, like, a savoury crepe or a sweet crepe.

  • "Savoury" means more of the salty flavour.

  • But when we savour something...

  • We can savour anything.

  • You can savour the sunset, you can savour a book, you can savour a good wine or food,

  • and you can savour something.

  • It means you take the time to really, really enjoy it, and appreciate everything that it

  • has to offer.

  • Okay?

  • I think everybody...

  • Well, most people know "menu", but "menu" is not only in a restaurant.

  • You can go into a store and you want to buy something, and you want to know all the products

  • they have available - they show you a menu of items.

  • So, basically, a "menu" is just a list of available products for purchase, or available

  • services for purchase.

  • So, many companies just use the word "menu" because everybody understands it; they know

  • it's a list of available things to buy, and you choose your items.

  • Now, "du jour".

  • Some of you may have seen my older video about foreign words commonly used in English, and

  • I already spoke about "du jour", but again, it's very relevant to this lesson, but you

  • can also watch that lesson to get other foreign words that are used in English.

  • "Du jour" means "of the day".

  • So, the most common use is "soup du jour", "soup of the day".

  • But we talk about all kinds of other kinds.

  • So, anything that is du jour is what is popular today.

  • You can talk about general things.

  • So, for example, even in politics, the scandal du jour.

  • There are so many scandals lately that you don't know how to keep up, so the scandal

  • du jour is what is happening today.

  • Tomorrow there'll be a new scandal, last week there was a new scandal.

  • Today's scandal, the one that is most popular, the one that is on the news is the scandal

  • du jour.

  • Okay?

  • Of the day.

  • Related, but different: "� la mode" means of the fashion.

  • "Mode" is fashion.

  • So, something that isla mode is what is fashionable today.

  • And, again, it doesn't have to be food.

  • Now, if you go to the US, for example, or even in Canada, and you go to a restaurant

  • and you order piela mode, for some reason, that means pie with ice cream.

  • "� la mode" has been...

  • Somehow translated into "with ice cream", if you go to a restaurant.

  • But "� la mode" means of the fashion.

  • So, basically, what is trendy.

  • Right?

  • So, you're going to wear something, like if you're talking about clothes...

  • It could be food, whatever is trendy in food, or it could be fashion.

  • You have to dressla mode; you have to dress according to the fashion.

  • You have to speak according to the fashion.

  • You have to write booksla mode; according to the fashion, according to what is popular

  • and trendy today.

  • "Pice de r�sistance", so this is the main feature, like, when you're talking about

  • food, you have your appetizer, your salad, your soup, your entr�e, your dessert, but

  • then the pice de r�sistance usually is the one dish that is the most amazing; the

  • most beautiful, the most delicious.

  • Right?

  • But we also use this for anything that is the main feature.

  • So, if you go to a conference and there's a...

  • You know, a whole list of speakers giving speeches or keynote addresses, and then you

  • have the pice de r�sistance; like, the main speaker.

  • The main event of the night, we also call it the pice de r�sistance.

  • "The thing that is hard to resist", you can say it in that way.

  • Everybody knows "caf�".

  • You go to a caf�, you have a coffee.

  • Right?

  • Or you go to a cafand you have...

  • You sit down, you order something to eat and a little coffee, but this word has become

  • so common in so many different contexts; we have internet caf�s, we have...

  • Sorry, we have a fly in my face.

  • That's not in a caf�, though.

  • Internet caf�s.

  • We have all kinds of caf�s that specialize in something.

  • So, a cafused to specialize in coffee; now you have caf�s for anything...

  • Any boutique store.

  • And "boutique" is also a French word, by the way.

  • So, anything that is boutique, anything that is specialized, we just call it a cafthese

  • days.

  • Now, "cuisine".

  • In French, "cuisine" means kitchen, but now "cuisine" basically means anything to do with

  • cooking or food.

  • All right?

  • So we...

  • If you like to eat French cuisine, you like to eat French dishes; if you like Italian

  • cuisine, Chinese cuisine, if you like Portuguese cuisine...

  • We use "cuisine" for anything to do with cooking and the style of cooking.

  • So, it's not only French anymore; it belongs to everybody.

  • It's a very common word in English.

  • Okay?

  • So, there you go.

  • This...

  • You've learned more vocabulary.

  • Even though you didn't learn English words, you learned French words, but again, used

  • in everyday English as well, and not only about food, lots of different contexts.

  • So, if you want to make sure you understand all these words, go to www.engvid.com and

  • take the quiz, test your knowledge of these words.

  • If you have any questions, ask in the comments section below.

  • And please subscribe to my YouTube channel.

  • Don't forget that in engVid, you can go to the search box, you can click on my name there

  • as well.

  • I have lots of different videos; lots of other teachers with lots of other videos to help

  • you improve your English.

  • Don't be shy, look around, watch the videos, come back for even more videos to help you

  • improve your English.

  • I'll see you again very soon with something new.

  • Bye-bye.

Hi.

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法式烹飪常用英語詞彙和表達方式。 (Common ENGLISH VOCABULARY & EXPRESSIONS from French cooking)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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