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  • The human nature is extremely interesting.

    人性是非常有趣的。

  • Neuroscience and psychology help explain and describe our behaviors.

    神經科學與心理學能幫忙解釋和描述我們的行為。

  • Our brain controls our actions.

    我們的大腦控制著我們的行為。

  • Everything from making decisions, to feeling love, to daydreaming, to creating habits and even remembering.

    從決策、感受愛、作白日夢、到養成習慣,甚至是記憶,無所不包。

  • At times, we tend to wonder why we act, think or feel a certain way.

    有時,我們會想知道為什麼我們會這樣反應,這樣想,或這樣感覺。

  • So, here's a list of 12 fun and awesome psychology facts you wish you knew.

    那麼,以下列出了 12 個你想知道,有趣且令人驚嘆的心理學事實。

  • Fact number one: multitasking.

    事實一:多工處理。

  • Did you know you can't multitask?

    你知道你其實不能同事做多件事嗎?

  • According to science, your brain can only focus on one thing.

    根據科學顯示,你的腦只能專注在一件事情上。

  • It might seem like you are multitasking but the truth is, your brain is shifting its focus quickly.

    表面上,看起來像在多工處理,事實上,你的大腦只是在快速轉移焦點。

  • The reason we can talk and walk at the same time is because these behaviors are automatic.

    我們能同時說話和走路,是因為這些是我們不假思索的行為。

  • On the other hand, your brain cannot process simultaneously tasks that require high levels of brain function.

    另一方面,你的大腦無法同時處理多個需要高水準腦功能的任務。

  • For example, reading a book and watching television at the same time.

    舉例來說:同時看書和看電視。

  • Fact number two: gossip.

    事實二:八卦。

  • Do you like gossip or deep conversations?

    你喜歡八卦還是有內涵的談話呢?

  • If you enjoy communicating in a meaningful manner, I hate to break this to you.

    如果你喜歡進行有內涵的談話,我真的不想潑你冷水。

  • Up to 75 to 80 percent of your conversations contain gossip.

    你的談話中,高達 75%至 80%包含了八卦。

  • People use this as a source of information to get to know people and formulate their own conclusions.

    人們以此當作訊息來源來認識人,並得出自己的結論。

  • Fact number three: addiction to social media.

    事實三:社群媒體上癮。

  • Are you addicted to social media?

    你對社群媒體上癮嗎?

  • Some of us continuously check out Instagram and other social pages.

    我們之中,有些人總在查看 Instagram 和其他社群軟體的頁面。

  • Dopamine makes you addicted to seeking information.

    多巴胺讓你對尋找資訊上癮。

  • This is a neurotransmitter in the brain that gives you the desire to constantly look for information; therefore, you will feel gratified when you browse your feed on social media.

    這是大腦中的一種神經傳遞物,激起你不斷找尋訊息的慾望;因此,當你在瀏覽社群媒體時,你會因而感到滿足。

  • Fact number four: habit.

    事實四:習慣。

  • Have you ever wondered how long it takes to form a habit?

    你曾想過要建立一個習慣需要多久的時間嗎?

  • At first it was believed it took 21 days, but recent research suggests it takes approximately 66 days which is the reason why many people try to create a new habit such as exercising only to fail within the first couple of days.

    起初,我們相信是 21 天,然而近期的研究顯示這需要大概 66 天的時間,這就是為什麼人們想建立像是規律運動的習慣,但最終在前幾天就失敗的原因。

  • Fact number five: holding hands.

    事實五:牽手。

  • Do you fancy holding hands with a loved one?

    你曾幻想過被心愛的人握著手嗎?

  • Well, I have good news for you.

    嗯,我有一個好消息要分享給妳。

  • Holding hands with someone you truly care about can alleviate stress and physical pain.

    與一個你真心在乎的人牽手,能減輕壓力和舒緩身體疼痛。

  • This is beneficial because it decreases cortisol levels and increases oxytocin.

    牽手是有益的,因為這能降低皮質醇,增加催產素。

  • Cortisol is a stress hormone and oxytocin is the love hormone.

    皮質醇是一種壓力賀爾蒙,而催產素是一種愛情賀爾蒙。

  • Therefore, you end up feeling better after holding hands.

    因此,在牽手後,你會感覺比較好。

  • Fact number six: junk food.

    事實六:垃圾食物。

  • Do you have a difficult time stopping yourself from buying and eating junk food?

    你在阻止自己購買和吃垃圾食物這件事上有遇到困難嗎?

  • Food addiction involves the same areas of the brain as drug addiction.

    食物成癮和藥物成癮所涉及的大腦部位其實是一樣的。

  • Junk food activates the reward system in your brain, releasing dopamine.

    垃圾食物會激起你腦中的犒賞系統,釋放多巴胺。

  • Your brain unconsciously seeks out rewarding behavior, making it harder for you to control yourself from eating processed food.

    你的大腦會不自覺地尋找獎勵行為,讓你更難控制自己吃加工食品。

  • Fact number seven: Dunning Kruger effect.

    事實七:達克效應。

  • Did you know that intelligent people tend to underestimate their intellect?

    你知道聰明的人往往會低估自己的智力嗎?

  • This is called the Dunning Kruger effect.

    這個現象叫做達克效應。

  • This is a phenomenon that occurs when people fail to appropriately evaluate their capacity to do things, therefore minimizing their potential.

    當一個人無法適當評估自己做事能力,因而將自身潛力降至最低時,就稱為達克效應。

  • Fact number 8: long-term memory.

    事實八:長期記憶。

  • Have you ever looked back at your past only to realize your memory got distorted?

    你是否曾經回首過往,卻意識到自己的記憶被扭曲了?

  • This occurs because the brain alters the memory every time you think about it.

    這是因為每當你回想某件事時,你的大腦就會去改變記憶。

  • Research suggests when you recall a memory, you're remembering the last time you recalled it and not the actual memory introducing faulty information to it.

    研究顯示,當你回想時,你記得的是你上次回想它的時間,而非引入錯誤資訊的實際記憶。

  • Fact number 9: decision-making.

    事實九:決策。

  • Have you ever wondered how you make your decisions?

    你曾想過自己是怎麼下決定的嗎?

  • Well, I hate to break this to you but most of your decisions are made subconsciously.

    我不想潑你冷水,但是你大多數的決定都是在淺意識裡做出的。

  • Your brain will become overwhelmed if you consciously calculated every decision.

    如果你有意識地去評估每個決定,你的大腦將會難以承受。

  • Your brain receives loads of information per second and it simply doesn't have enough power to process it all consciously without overloading.

    你的大腦每秒都在接受大量訊息,它根本沒有足夠的精力去處理每個決定還不超載。

  • Fact number 10: nature and the brain.

    事實時:自然與大腦。

  • Did you know your brain secretes chemicals when you're in nature?

    你知道當你身處自然之中時,大腦會分泌化學物質嗎?

  • These chemicals help boost your thinking and relieve stress.

    這些化學物質能幫助你思考,舒緩壓力。

  • Spending time in nature allows your brains prefrontal cortex to rest.

    身處自然之中能使你腦中的前額葉皮質休息。

  • Research also suggests that spending time in nature will improve your mental health.

    研究也顯示,在大自然中度過一些時光,能改善你的心理健康。

  • Fact number 11: rejection and physical pain.

    事實十一:拒絕和身體疼痛。

  • Have you ever wondered why the brain can't differentiate rejection from physical pain?

    你曾想過,為什麼大腦沒辦法區別身體疼痛和被拒絕的痛苦嗎?

  • Although the brain processes physical pain and emotional pain differently, it can't discriminate between the two.

    儘管大腦對身體疼痛和心靈痛苦的處理方式不同,但它仍無法區分這兩者。

  • This is because the brain releases the same natural pain killing chemical when a person is shunned or physically hurt, therefore confusing the brain.

    這是因為當人們被拒絕或身體受到傷害時,大腦會釋放相同的天然止痛化學物質,使得大腦無法區分這兩者。

  • Fact number 12: daydreaming.

    事實十二:作白日夢。

  • Did you know you can daydream 30 to 47 percent of your day?

    你知道你一天有 30% 到 47% 的時間都在作白日夢嗎?

  • Why do you do this?

    為什麼會這樣呢?

  • Well, it allows your brain to wander freely.

    因為這使你的大腦能夠任意遊蕩。

  • Research suggests that daydreaming increases productivity and boosts creativity.

    研究顯示,作白日夢能夠增加生產率,提高創造力。

  • Scientists think daydreaming also allows you to understand your thoughts and help you exercise different scenarios in your brain.

    科學家認為,白日夢能讓你了解自己的想法,並在腦中演練多種可能發生的情況。

  • These are only a few of many interesting psychology facts out there.

    以上只是許多有趣心理學事實的一小部分。

  • Which of these facts have you enjoyed the most?

    你最喜歡哪一個呢?

  • What other cool information do you know?

    你還知道哪些有趣的訊息嗎?

  • Let us know in the comments section.

    在下方留言區讓我們知道。

The human nature is extremely interesting.

人性是非常有趣的。

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21 天養成習慣是胡扯的?帶你來看 12 條心理學事實! (12 Fun and Awesome Psychology Facts You Wish You Knew)

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    doris.lai   發佈於 2020 年 09 月 18 日
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