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  • (upbeat electronic music)

    嗨 各位 歡迎來到English With Lucy

  • - Hello everyone and welcome back to English With Lucy.

    今天,我要教一個比較簡短的課程

  • Today, I've got a very short little lesson,

    但我希望可以糾正一個錯誤

  • but I'm hoping to correct an error

    一個我常聽到你們犯的錯誤

  • that I hear and see a lot of you make,

    特別是那些以西班牙語

  • especially students that have Spanish

    為母語的人

  • as their mother tongue.

    所以這堂課可能不會與所有人相關

  • So, this lesson might not be relevant for everybody.

    你可能看了會說

  • You might watch this and say

    露西,你真以為我們那麼笨嗎?

  • "Lucy, do you think we're stupid?"

    但 不是,當我開始教西班牙學生時

  • But no, I started teaching Spanish students,

    因為我當時在西班牙任教,而我經常看到

  • because I was teaching in Spain, and I always saw

    他們真的真的對這個問題非常困惑

  • that they really, really struggled with this,

    因為西班牙語沒有像英文

  • because Spanish does not have the same structure

    一樣的這個文法結構

  • as English regarding this particular grammar point.

    然而,你們的可能語言有

  • Yours, however, might do.

    所以如果你們看完這個視頻

  • So, if you get through this video

    然後你覺得它是不相關的

  • and you find it irrelevant,

    任何文法議題對任何人都可以是有關聯的

  • every grammar topic can be relevant for everyone.

    在開始之前,我想要

  • Before we can started, I just wanted to

    提醒你去註冊Audible.com.

  • remind you to sign up to Audible.com.

    你就可以得到30天的免費適用和有聲書

  • You can get a free 30-day trial and audiobook,

    這些東西都價值不菲唷

  • which is worth rather a lot of money,

    只要註冊跟點擊下面的連結

  • by signing up, clicking on the link below.

    我也有提出一些我推薦的

  • I've given out a couple of recommendations,

    像我真的非常推薦哈利波特系列

  • I really recommend the Harry Potter books,

    他們真是棒極了,而我也覺得

  • they are fantastic, and also I found out

    你們可以去看看由史蒂芬·佛萊所朗讀的夏洛克·福爾摩斯系列

  • that you can have the complete Sherlock Holmes collection

    他也是我最喜歡的喜劇演員之一

  • read by Stephen Fry, who is one of my favourite comedians.

    他使用的是標準英音 (RP)

  • He speaks with Received Pronunciation,

    他有著非常標緻且清晰的發音

  • he's got excellent pronunciation, he speaks clearly.

    我同樣也放了這本有聲書的連結在下面

  • I have left the link for that particular collection

    我同樣也放了這本有聲書的連結在下面

  • of audiobooks down below as well.

    我在之前的視頻中推薦過它

  • I recommended it in a previous video

    而你們好像非常非常喜歡它

  • and you guys seemed to really, really like it,

    所以我想我會再提起它一次

  • so I thought I would mention it again.

    關於有聲書的一大的優點就是

  • The one great thing about audiobooks is

    你可以練習你的聽力

  • you can practise your listening,

    還可順便練習你的發音

  • but you can also practise your pronunciation,

    因為你是在聽一個英文母語者朗讀這本書

  • because you're listening to a native person read the book.

    而如果你也買了這本書

  • And if you buy the actual book as well,

    就像你得到了一套完整的聽力測驗

  • it's like you've got a complete listening exercise.

    話不多說,讓我們開始這堂課吧

  • Anyway, let's start with the lesson.

    今天,我要來討論關於

  • Today, I'm going to talk about

    is 和 it's 之間的不同

  • the difference between is and it's.

    現在,在我們開始之前

  • Now, before we get started,

    我想要快速告訴你

  • I want to just quickly talk to you

    關於這些字的發音

  • about the pronunciation of these two words.

    因為我聽到很多人說 "ees," "eets."

  • Because I hear a lot of people saying "ees," "eets."

    這兩種都是不正確的

  • Both of these are incorrect.

    第一點,它應該是"ih,",一個短母音

  • It should be firstly "ih," a short vowel sound.

    不是 "ee," "ih."

  • Not "ee," "ih."

    所以這是第一個錯誤

  • So that's the first mistake corrected.

    "Ih," 不是 "ee," "ih."

  • "Ih," not "ee," "ih."

    用喉嚨去堵住聲音

  • Stop the voice with your throat.

    "Ih," "ih.

  • "Ih," "ih.

    "Ee," "ih."

  • "Ee," "ih."

    好嗎?

  • Okay?

    你可以猜猜看我再要說什麼

  • See if you can guess what I'm going to talk about next,

    關於這兩個字的發音

  • regarding the pronunciation of the two words.

    Is.

  • Is.

    It's.

  • It's.

    Is.

  • Is.

    It's.

  • It's.

    它們在結尾有著不一樣的音位

  • They end with a different phoneme,

    即便這些音位是由字母S所表示

  • even though the phonemes are represented by the letter S.

    所以is 是有聲音的 聽起來像"zzz"

  • So is is a voiced, "zzz," sound;

    it's是無聲音的 聽起來"sss"

  • it's, unvoiced "sss" sound.

    所以"iss"是不存在的

  • So "iss" doesn't exist.

    It's is, is, it's.

  • It's is, is, it's.

    Is, it's.

  • Is, it's.

    現在, 如果你把這個應用到你的談話

  • Now if you apply this to your speech,

    你會立馬聽起來更像一個天生的母語者

  • you will instantly sound more native.

    下一個我要改正的錯誤是

  • Now the next error that I want to correct

    兩個小小的單詞

  • with these two little words

    討論“主詞重複”

  • is the repetition of the subject.

    不要重複主詞

  • Don't repeat the subject.

    西班牙 它真是太美好了

  • Spain it's wonderful.

    西班牙真是太美好了

  • Spain is wonderful.

    哪一個是正確的

  • Which one is correct?

    這句話的主詞是什麼

  • What is the subject of this sentence?

    主詞是西班牙

  • The subject is Spain.

    如果我說 西班牙 它真是太美好了

  • If I say "Spain it's wonderful,"

    我實際上是在說 西班牙 它真的是太美好了

  • I'm actually saying "Spain it is wonderful,"

    而這代表我有兩個主詞

  • and that means I've got two subjects.

    我重複了主詞

  • I have repeated the subject.

    所以這個it是不需要的

  • So the it is not necessary.

    西班牙 (

  • Spain, subject, is wonderful.

    現在,來比較兩句話

  • Now, compare these two sentences:

    今天真是晴朗

  • Today is sunny.

    今天它真是晴朗

  • Today it is sunny.

    有什麼差別

  • What's the difference?

    哪一個是不正確的

  • Which one is incorrect?

    沒有一個是不正確的

  • Neither of them are incorrect.

    兩句話都是對的

  • Both of them are correct.

    今天它真是晴朗

  • Today it is sunny.

    這個”it“是指天氣的意思

  • "It" refers to the weather.

    今天真是晴朗

  • Today is sunny.

    是個非常細小的差別,但要注意到這個

  • A very slight difference, so be careful with that.

    ”it“是指什麼?

  • What does the "it" refer to?

    另外一個我很常聽到西班牙母語者犯的錯誤

  • Another error that I hear made by Spanish speakers a lot

    就是 "no is“

  • is "no is," okay?

    我有一個學術表現很出色的學生

  • I had a wonderful, wonderful student, an amazing academic.

    如果你給他任何關於電腦的問題

  • If you gave him anything to do with computers,

    他都可以解決它,他真的很厲害

  • he would just sort it out, it was amazing.

    但他就是學不會,"no is"是不對的

  • But he couldn't get it into his head that it's not "no is."

    是 "it's not," 或"isn't."

  • It is "it's not," or "isn't."

    但因為在西班牙語,你會說"no es," "no es asi,"

  • But because in Spanish you say "no es," "no es asi,"

    有些人的大腦想要用一樣的套路在英語裡面說"no is,"

  • some people's brains want to say in English "no is,"

    因為它聽起來很相似,對吧?

  • because it sounds so similar, doesn't it?

    "No es," "no is," "no es," "no is."

  • "No es," "no is," "no es," "no is."

    但在這個例子不是這樣

  • But this isn't, isn't, isn't the case.

    如果我說"No es, no es el",舉個例子

  • If I was to say "No es, no es el," for example,

    我會說"It's not him,"

  • I have to say "It's not him,"

    或"It isn't him."

  • or "It isn't him."

    我不能說 "No is him."

  • I can't say "No is him."

    這個用法不存在

  • It doesn't exist.

    現在,可能有些人可能會覺得有點太基本

  • Now, for some people that might seem quite basic.

    不從你的母語直接地翻譯是很難的

  • It's hard not to translate things

    不從你的母語直接地翻譯是很難的

  • directly from your own language.

    "No," "no."

  • "No," "no."

    "Es," "is."

  • "Es," "is."

    我可以完全理解為什麼一個以西班牙語為母語的人

  • I can totally understand why a Spanish speaker

    會把no es"翻譯成"no is

  • would translate "no es" as "no is,"

    但 聽我道來,這不是正確的

  • but take it from me, it's not correct,

    還有如果你想要說出來和聽起來像一個天生母語者

  • and if you want to speak and sound like a native,

    那你就必須開始試著說it isn't, isn't."

  • then you need to start saying "it isn't, isn't."

    She isn't nice.

  • She isn't nice.

    It isn't good.

  • It isn't good.

    It's not fair.

  • It's not fair.

    所以你要從這堂課學到的重點就是

  • Right, so the points you need to take away

    所以你要從這堂課學到的重點就是

  • from today's lesson.

    發音

  • Pronunciation.

    It's, is.

  • It's, is.

    It's, is.

  • It's, is.

    "It's"就是 "it is" 在一起

  • "It's" is "it is" together.

    所以“is”沒有主詞,但"it's" 有主詞

  • So "is" has no subject, and "it's" has the subject.

    ”it“就是主詞

  • "It" is the subject.

    在"it's."裡it就是主詞

  • "It" is the subject in "it's."

    呼,這真是有點難解釋得題目

  • Hoo, this is quite a difficult topic to explain!

    它看起來很簡單,但實際上也沒那麼簡單

  • It seems so simple, but actually it's not simple.

    下一個重點,要非常非常注意就是

  • The next point, be very, very careful

    當重複主詞時

  • when repeating the subject.

    你有需要去重複嗎?

  • Do you need to repeat it?

    這個答案幾乎是”不用“

  • The answer is almost always no.

    Spain is different.

  • Spain is different.

    Spain it's different.

  • Spain it's different.

    哪一個是對的?

  • Which one is it?

    "Is"是對的,因為西班牙是主語

  • It's "is," because Spain is the subject.

    再來最後一點

  • And then the final point,

    不正確的用法, 決不要用"no is,"

  • with the negative, it's never "no is,"

    一定是"it is not," "it's not," "it isn't."

  • it is always "it is not," "it's not," "it isn't."

    今天就到這裡

  • That's it for today's lesson.

    不要忘記去Audible註冊免費試用

  • Don't forget to sign up for your free trial at Audible,

    然後下載免費的有聲書

  • and download your free audiobook

    只要點擊下面的連結

  • by clicking on the link down below.

    還有,不要忘記關注我

  • Also, don't forget to connect with me

    所有的社交媒體

  • on all of my social media.

    我的臉書 Instagram和我的推特

  • I've got my Facebook and my Instagram, and also my Twitter.

    我們會很快在下一堂課見面的

  • I will see you soon for a another lesson, mwah.

  • (upbeat electronic music)

(upbeat electronic music)

嗨 各位 歡迎來到English With Lucy

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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 主詞 西班牙 有聲書 晴朗 發音 西班牙語

IS or IT'S - 最常見的英語錯誤 | 英語語法和發音錯誤。 (IS or IT'S - Most Common English Errors | English Grammar & Pronunciation Mistakes)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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