字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hello, everyone. Welcome to this English course on adverbs. And in this video we're gonna talk about adverbs. Now the simplest definition of an adverb is that it's a word that describes or modifies a verb. Now actually adverbs can modify other parts of the sentence like other adverbs. But in this video, we will focus on verbs and four kinds of adverbs. Adverbs of time. Adverbs of place. Of Manner and Adverbs of Degree. Usually they will answer the following questions about the verbs: When? Where? How? and To what extent? Let's look at these sentences. "The boy ran." And then we have, "The boy ran excitedly." Now this example shows the power of adverbs. In the second sentence you find out how the boy ran. In the first sentence you don't have any information on how the boy ran. So in the second sentence, we find out that the boy was very excited. So it's very important to understand adverbs and understand how to use them because they will make you speak English a lot better. So let's get started. First let's talk about the position of an adverb. So where do we put the adverb in the sentence? Now that is a bit tricky because the adverb in an English sentence can be in different parts of the sentence. Let's look at a few examples: She climbed the mountain slowly. Slowly she climbed the mountain. She slowly climbed the mountain. Can you guess which word is the adverb? The word 'slowly' is the adverb. It describes how she climbed the mountain. And as you can see, the adverb is in three different parts of the sentence but the meaning is exactly the same. Let's now talk about how to make adverbs. Now most adverbs, not all of them, but most of them end in -ly. So it's actually very easy. You take the adjective and you add 'ly' at the end. Let's look at a few examples. If you have the adjective 'nice', and you add 'ly' to it, you make the adverb 'nicely'. So for example you could say, "He is a nice speaker" using the adjective 'nice'. But you could also use the adverb 'nicely' and say, "He speaks nicely." A second example - If we take the adjective 'quick', and we add 'ly', we can make the adverb 'quickly'. So we could say, "He is a quick runner." But we could also say, "He runs quickly." Be careful guys. Not all adverbs end in 'ly'. Some adjectives don't change form when they become adverbs. They're called flat adverbs. Typical flat adverbs would be 'early' or 'late' and a few others. And it's very important to know these flat adverbs. Because a lot of my students try to add 'ly' to some adjectives and unfortunately they make incorrect sentences. So let's take a look at an example. Okay. If I tell you "The car drove fastly" Do you think that makes sense? Now it does make sense to try to add 'ly' to the adjective 'fast', but unfortunately guys 'fastly' does not exist in English. So the correct sentence is, "The car drove fast." Another example, "He arrived 'late' or 'lately' to class." What do you think's the correct answer? Again, it makes sense to try to add 'ly' to the adjective 'late', but 'lately' is not the adverb of the adjective 'late'. The adverb is 'late'. So the correct sentence is, "He arrived late to class." Let's now take a look at a few sentences to practice finding and making adverbs that modify verbs. Now remember, adverbs tell us so much about the verb. Usually they tell us 'when' or 'where' or 'how' or 'to what degree'. So the first example we have is, "He easily lifted the box." Can you spot the adverb in this sentence? Of course the adverb is 'easily' - ending in 'ly'. Okay and it tells us how he lifted the box. It's an adverb of manner. Now the second sentence, and this is a bit more difficult, "I will download the file tomorrow." Now where is the adverb? Because there is no word ending in 'ly', so it's a bit more complicated. Well the adverb is 'tomorrow' and it tells you 'when'. It's an adverb of time. And these are sometimes a bit more difficult. Make sure you watch my next video. I will talk about them. Our third example now. "I put it there." Again no words ending in 'ly'. The adverb is the word 'there'. And it tells us 'where'. It's an adverb of place. We will talk about them in our next videos as well. And our last example, "You didn't study enough for the test." The adverb is the word 'enough'. And it's an adverb of degree. Okay. It tells us to what degree. Again it's not a word ending in 'ly'. And we will talk about adverbs of degree in our next videos. Remember guys - it's very important to understand adverbs and to know how to make them. They will make you speak English so much better. And this video was only a quick introduction to adverbs in English. In our next videos, we will focus on each kind of adverbs. So make sure you watch the rest of the course. Thank you for watching my video and see you next time. Thank you guys for watching my video. I hope you liked it and found it useful. If you have, please show me your support. Click 'like', subscribe to the channel. Put your comments below if you have any,. And share the video with your friends. See you. Hello, everyone. Welcome to this English course on adverbs. And in this video I'm gonna focus on Adverbs of Time. Now adverbs of time tell us 'when' an action happens, and also 'how long' and 'how often'. Now these adverbs are extremely common in English, so you really need to know about them. So let's start learning together. Let's now take a look at a few example sentences telling us 'when' something happened. 'She ate ice cream yesterday.' The adverb in this sentence is… have you noticed? 'yesterday' of course. And it's an adverb of time. When did you eat ice cream? 'yesterday' I see you now. Now where is the adverb in this sentence? Of course the adverb is 'now'. Again it's an adverb of time. When do I see you? 'now' 'I tell him daily.' The adverb is 'daily'. Again adverb of time. 'We met last year.' Can you see the adverb? Of course the adverb in this case is 'last year'. Again notion of time. When did we meet? 'last year' And finally, 'He will call you later'. The adverb in this sentence is also an adverb of time. It is 'later'. So these are all adverbs of time And as you can see in those examples, usually adverbs of time are at the end of the sentence. Let's now move on to example sentences showing us how long something happened. These adverbs are also usually placed at the end of the sentence. But let's have a look. 'She stayed home all day.' Which part of this sentence is an adverb? Can you see it? Of course, 'all day'. And it tells us how long she stayed home. 'I studied in Canada for a year now.' In this sentence, 'for a year' tells us how long I studied in Canada. 'He has taught English since 1990.' How long has he taught English? Since 1990. 'I studied English for four hours.' Which pond is the adverb? 'For four hours' 'How long did I study English?' 'for four hours' And finally, 'We have lived in New Zealand since 2005.' The adverb is of course 'since 2005'. As you can see adverbs are not necessarily just one word. 'since 2005' - two words. 'for four hours' - three words. Okay, so they're not just one word sometimes they're more than one. Adverbs telling us how often express the frequency of an action. They're usually placed before the main verb, but after the auxiliary verb, such as B may have or must. The only exception is if the main verb is the verb to be. In which case the adverb goes after the main verb. Let's have a look at a few example sentences. 'I often eat pizza.' Can you spot the adverb? It's 'often'. And as you can see, it is placed before the main verb which is 'eat'. So 'I often eat'. The second example, 'He has never drunk Cola.' In this case, we have an auxiliary verb. The auxiliary verb 'have' and the main verb is 'drunk'. So the adverb is placed between the auxiliary verb and the main verb. 'He has never drunk.' 'You must always brush your teeth.' Same applies. We have an auxiliary verb 'must'. Okay. And we have the main verb 'brush', so the adverb goes after the axillary verb, but before the main verb. 'You must always brush.' 'I am seldom late'. So the main verb is the verb 'to be'. Be careful. So in this case the adverb goes after the main verb. 'I am seldom late'. And finally, 'He rarely lies.' The main verb is 'lies'. So the adverb goes before the main verb. 'He rarely lies'. Okay. Some adverbs expressing 'how often' express the exact number of times that an action happened They're called definite 'adverbs of frequency'. And in this case, they're usually placed at the end of the sentence. Let's have a look at a few examples. 'I visit my dentist yearly.' The adverb is 'yearly'. Okay. 'Once a year' and it expresses the exact number of times that I visit my dentist. It's a definite adverb of frequency, so it's placed at the end of the sentence. Other example, 'He goes to the gym once a week.' Again we have a definite adverb of frequency which is 'once a week'. 'I work five days a week.' Same thing. We have a definite adverb of frequency which is 'five days a week' so it's placed at the end of the sentence. And finally, 'I saw the movie five times.' Again 'five times' expresses the exact number of times that I saw the movie. Now, if you want to use more than one adverb of time in a sentence, you should put them in the following order: First, 'how long?'. Second, 'how often?'. And finally, 'when?'. Let's take a look at a very good example sentence. 'He taught at the school for ten days every month last year.' Now as you can see, first, we're told 'how long' - for ten days. Then, we're told 'how often' - every month. And finally, were told 'when' exactly - last year. This is a very good sentence using the different kinds of adverbs of time in the right order, so I hope you can do the same. Okay, guys. Let's do a bit of extra practice. I have four example sentences for you to spot adverbs of time, so let's get started. 'He has been to Canada three times.' Can you spot the adverb? Of course the adverb is the adverb frequency 'three times'. Okay. How often has he been to Canada three times. The second example is, 'Generally I don't like to eat spicy food.' The adverb is 'generally'. And remember I told you some adverbs of frequency work well at the beginning of a sentence if you want to emphasize the frequency, so 'generally' is one of them. Another example would be 'sometimes'. Next example. 'He will clean his room regularly from now on.' Now be careful. In this case, we have two adverbs. The first one 'regularly'. The second one 'from now on'. Keeping the order, 'regularly' is 'how often?' followed by 'when?' – 'from now on'. And finally, 'I've been going to church for four days every month since 1996.' Three adverbs in this case. 'how long?' – 'for four days' 'how often?' - 'every month' 'when?' – 'since 1996' Okay guys. You now know a lot more about adverbs of time. Remember these adverbs are extremely common in English, so it's very important for you to learn about them. They will improve your English skills very quickly. Okay now there are obviously other types of adverbs - adverbs of place of manner and of degree And I will focus on these in my next videos, so check them out. Thank you for watching my video and see you next time. Thank you very much guys for watching my video. I hope you liked it, and if you did, please show me your support. Click like, subscribe to the channel, put your comments below if you have some, and share it with all your friends. Hello, everyone. Welcome to this English course on adverbs. In this video, we're gonna talk about adverbs of place. Adverbs of place tell us where an action happens. They could also give us information on direction, distance, or movement. Let's take a look at a quick example. 'Let's go and play outdoors.' Now in this sentence, the adverb of place is 'outdoors'. It answers the question, 'Where?'. Where? 'Outdoors.' Okay. Now let's learn a bit more about adverbs of place together. Let's get started. First, let's talk a bit about 'here' and 'there'. 'Here' and 'there' are two adverbs of place that relates specifically to the speaker. 'Here' meaning close to the speaker. Close to me. 'There' meaning farther away. Okay. Let's take a look at a few examples. 'I put my keys there.' So the adverb 'there' indicating the location of the keys and they're a bit farther away from me. Okay? Second example. 'Please come here.' 'Here' being the adverb, you know, meaning to me. So these adverbs are place at the end of the sentence. But you can also put them at the beginning if you want to emphasize the location. For example, 'Here are your keys.' 'Here'. close to me. 'There is your umbrella.' Over there, farther away. So in these two cases, I want to emphasize the location so I place the adverb at the beginning of the sentence. Okay, guys? Let's now take a look at adverbs of movement and directions. Some adverbs end in '-ward'. Or '-wards'. It's the same thing. And they express movement in a particular direction. For example, 'homeward' or 'homewards' 'backward' or 'backwards' 'forward' or 'forwards' 'onward' or 'onwards' So they express a movement. And they specify a particular direction. Let's take a look at a few examples sentences. 'We drove eastwards.' or 'eastward'. It would be the exact same thing. 'The children looked upwards at the stars.' 'You need to move forward one step.' So each time you have a movement specifying the direction of this movement. Okay?