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  • Hello, I'm Julian Northbrook from DoingEnglish.com

  • and welcome to Doing English With Julian.

  • (upbeat rock music)

  • How to speak English like a native speaker.

  • It's a very good question.

  • But in order to answer this question,

  • first we need to think about how native speakers

  • actually use their language.

  • Why do native speakers sound so natural?

  • How do they speak so fluently?

  • How do native speakers sound so native-like?

  • For quite a long time, the answer to these questions

  • was actually quite a mystery to linguists.

  • How is it that we speak so fluently?

  • We believed that native speakers used

  • grammar rules and added items of vocabulary

  • to those rules to construct sentences

  • in their brain, on the fly as they were speaking.

  • But this doesn't make any sense,

  • because working memory, the brain's RAM

  • is actually very, very limited.

  • Therefore, in order for us to speak

  • at the speed that we do,

  • the brain would not be able to keep up.

  • The brain wouldn't be able to compute

  • the sentences we need to compute fast enough.

  • Not only this, but why does a phrase like

  • good morning, sound so natural,

  • but the equally grammatical pleasant first half of the day

  • sound strange?

  • Why do we say, please marry me,

  • instead of please become my spouse?

  • Why do people say hey Julian,

  • your ugly face needs plastic surgery

  • but never plastic operation?

  • Clearly, some of the things that we can say in English

  • just sound more natural than others,

  • regardless of whether those others

  • are grammatical or not.

  • Simply being grammatical is not enough

  • to sound natural.

  • Why is this?

  • Again, for a long time,

  • the answers to these questions confused linguists

  • because we believed that native speakers

  • speak with grammar rules

  • and vocabulary attached to those rules.

  • We now know that this is not the case,

  • or at least not for most of the time anyway.

  • Native speakers can use syntax,

  • that is grammar rules,

  • and vocabulary and create

  • creative utterances, expressions and sentences

  • with those, however

  • most of the time, native speakers

  • are actually speaking in chunks.

  • A chunk is a very common sequence of words

  • that native speakers store in memory

  • as a complete unit of language.

  • When we speak, what we are actually doing

  • is simply pulling these chunks out of memory

  • and lining them up.

  • These chunks may be several words long,

  • meaning we can speak very fluently

  • and very efficiently.

  • We no longer need rules

  • to process and compute our sentences.

  • Rather, our sentences are either completely ready made

  • or only need one or two bits to create them.

  • Not all language is a chunk, and this explains

  • why some things sound more natural than others.

  • Good morning is a chunk.

  • Pleasant first half of the day is not.

  • Plastic surgery is a chunk.

  • Plastic operation is not.

  • Would you marry me is a chunk.

  • Would you be my spouse is not.

  • What this means for you,

  • the English learner, is this.

  • If you are learning English in the way

  • that it is usually taught at school,

  • you are memorizing grammar rules

  • and you are memorizing lists of vocabulary

  • to combine with those rules.

  • You're actually learning in a way

  • that is very inefficient when it comes to speaking

  • and understanding the language.

  • You're learning in a way that is actually different

  • to how native speakers speak English.

  • Rather, a much better way to learn

  • is by focusing on chunks.

  • Learning chunks first and foremost

  • and aiming to learn the language in the way

  • that native speakers actually use it when they speak.

  • Put simply, good chunking skills

  • is the fast-track to speaking English

  • like a native speaker.

  • That is, fluently and naturally

  • as opposed to just grammatically.

  • How can you identify these chunks in language?

  • What are the best chunks to learn?

  • How do we learn these chunks?

  • All good questions, my friend.

  • Questions whose answers are revealed

  • in chapter six of my book,

  • Master English Fast,

  • An Uncommon Guide to Speaking Extraordinary English.

  • To get your hands on a copy of this bad boy

  • and start chunking your way to fluency,

  • just head over to MasterEnglishFast.com.

  • And there we have it.

  • That is how to speak English like a native speaker.

  • If you are new to this channel,

  • make sure that you subscribe to Doing English With Julian

  • to get more videos to help you speak

  • extraordinary English.

  • Thank you and goodbye.

Hello, I'm Julian Northbrook from DoingEnglish.com

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B1 中級 英國腔

如何像母語人士一樣說英語? (How to speak English like a native speaker?)

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    luna.chou 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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