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  • hello and welcome to news review once again from our home studios we are in

  • lockdown like many millions of other people but we are still bringing you the

  • headlines in News Review Catherine is in another part of London but by the magic

  • of technology we are together hi Catherine

  • I knew hi everyone yes working from home again and today's story comes from

  • Germany where a very big festival has been cancelled okay well I wonder what

  • that can be let's find out from this BBC news report you can perhaps understand

  • why the authorities have made this call and if you've been to Oktoberfest you'll

  • know that those people pack into huge decorated tents they sit side by side at

  • trestle tables drinking beer and eating German food while listening to German

  • brass bands and the authorities have simply taken the view that it would be

  • far too great a risk to public health to let it continue yes the biggest beer

  • festival in the world and also the most well-known has been canceled obviously

  • lots of people sitting right next to each other in a tent drinking beer is

  • not very good for social distancing so the event is off okay well you've been

  • looking at this story and you have picked out three words and expressions

  • that we can use to talk about it what have you got

  • yes we have iconic bitter pill and scrapped iconic bitter pill and scrap so

  • let's start them with your first headline please and we're going to the

  • United States first the headline is from WH IO TV 7 and it reads coronavirus

  • germany cancels iconic oktoberfest amid pandemic iconic very famous

  • represents an idea yes I see oh I see and if something is iconic it's really

  • well known and it represents a classic of a particular group so for

  • example if you think about world monuments all over the world

  • kneel which wand springs to mind immediately oh wow probably the Eiffel

  • Tower yes Eiffel Tower a lot of people know this it's an iconic world monument

  • so it's very very well known it's also iconic of Paris you know if you think of

  • Paris you think of the Eiffel Tower so something that's iconic very well-known

  • it's classic and it really represents that particular group that it belongs to

  • so when it comes to beer festivals the Oktoberfest in Germany is known very

  • very well around the world lots of people go to it lots of visitors go to

  • it you can what what do you think of when you think Oktoberfest near what's

  • an image in your mind I think huge litre glasses Stein of beer

  • and those brass bands playing and sausages sausages sausages yes so it's

  • really well known because of its dot because of it the way it is the things

  • people do its reputation images around it so something that's iconic really

  • represents its its class if you like now there's a sort of religious component to

  • this word as well isn't there from that word icon which is in the adjective

  • iconic yes now the Oktoberfest isn't about religion I don't think it has

  • religious connotations but in religious terms an icon is a statue or a picture

  • of a very important religious figure often a saint so again it's this idea of

  • representing something of importance and there's another use of icon as well just

  • a noun icon I see om Neel if you look at your

  • computer can you see any icons oh yes my my desktop is covered in icons there's

  • one that I click on for my email there's one that I click on to open a web

  • browser yeah what does it look cute little your web browser icon well

  • it's a kind of symbol that represents the thing that will happen when I click

  • on it right yes so you've got a paintbrush that represents changing the

  • color of things having a little paintbrush symbol that's right yeah and

  • cons yes I can see how much battery is left from a little battery icon little

  • battery icon yeah so icons are also symbols this idea of representing

  • something on your computer that show you what each function does when you click

  • on the icon so useful word icon yes it is and let's have a summary of that

  • useful word now time for our second headline please Katherine yes we are now

  • going to the Guardian in the UK the headline bitter pill barbarian councils

  • Oktoberfest over fears of coronavirus spread

  • bitter pill unpleasant but necessary yes now near taste let's talk about taste

  • what's your favorite flavor of things what do you like to eat well I suppose I

  • like sweet or savory things yeah you know things that make your mouth water

  • yes sweets chocolate yeah things that put a smile on your face when you eat

  • them cheese love it yeah okay because they've got nice sweet savory flavors

  • but the opposite of sweet is a very unpleasant taste isn't there something

  • that's bitter kind of bitter sour if you imagine the expression on someone's face

  • when they sink their teeth into a lemon yeah it's not it's not a pleasant

  • experience do you do your bitter face my yeah I've just done it okay yeah yes

  • bitter bi TT ER refers to a taste or flavor that's very unpleasant

  • now I'm pill neol as well do you like taking pills well I wouldn't say I

  • like taking them but what they do is make you feel better generally even if

  • you dislike the experience yes P i double-l is like it's an it the medicine

  • that comes in tablet form is another word for pill is tablet and you take

  • this medicine even though you don't like the taste often because it has a benefit

  • or because you have to take it so I remember when I was small Neil I had

  • when I needed some kind of tablets my mum used to crush them up and mix it

  • with Jam because I didn't like the taste the taste of the pills was bitter it was

  • a bitter pill so it made me better I knew I had to eat it but I didn't like

  • it a bitter pill is something that you have to do essentially yeah and your

  • example there was a literal example we use it figuratively for example perfect

  • example at the moment this lockdown is a bitter pill yes there are a lot of

  • things that we're having to do right now we don't like doing them but we have to

  • do them because in these cases often it's a health and safety things so a

  • bitter pill the expression a bitter pill or a bitter pill to swallow means that

  • something you don't want to do it but you have to either because it will have

  • a benefit or because you have no alternative it's not what you want to do

  • but you have to do it ok well let's have a summary of that word bitter pill

  • if you would like to see another story that contains that sense of a bitter

  • pill something you have to do even if you don't want to we have one for you

  • don't we Catherine we do now this one is about combating the effects of global

  • warming it's saying that rich countries must pay more to stop global warming to

  • help poor countries some people say that's a bitter pill to see more click

  • the link ok brilliant now time for our final headline please and illness have

  • line comes from Radio France international it reads Germany's

  • Oktoberfest scrubbed over virus in blow to beer industry scrapped not continued

  • canceled yes CRA double PE D pronunciation scrapped

  • interestingly it's a sound at the end scrapped yes that's right now to scrap

  • something what does that mean if you scrap something you get rid of it

  • because you no longer needed or you it's no longer fit for purpose you can't use

  • it anymore usually because it's old or broken so you might have a piece of

  • equipment in your kitchen that no longer works you don't want it anymore you

  • can't do anything with it so you scrap it you throw it away maybe to the

  • recycling but it's gone because it's useless it doesn't work anymore so

  • that's when you scrap something as a verb the adjective and the past simple

  • form are scrapped so you can scrap things literal objects that don't work

  • anymore or you don't want them anymore you can also scrap plans or ideas if you

  • scrap a plan you had a plan but you've decided not to do it anymore usually

  • because it's no longer possible you had an idea that we had to scrapped India

  • neo I remember it very well people may remember that I was obsessed with this

  • idea of developing a English course for cats English for cats episode word

  • went down like a lead balloon we made one episode and nobody liked it and so

  • we scrapped it was granted we scrub the rest of English my cats

  • nevermind Neal it was fun while it lasted I liked it

  • ok let's have a summary of that word scrap time now for a summary of the

  • words we've looked at today please yes we had iconic very famous representing a

  • particular idea bitter pill unpleasant but necessary scrapped not continued or

  • cancelled why not test yourself on this vocabulary there's a quiz on our website

  • BBC learning english.com goodbye stay safe bye

hello and welcome to news review once again from our home studios we are in

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B1 中級 武漢肺炎 新型冠狀病毒 新冠肺炎 COVID-19

冠狀病毒。啤酒節被取消。BBC新聞評論 (Coronavirus: Oktoberfest cancelled: BBC News Review)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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