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  • - [David] Hello, readers.

  • Today, I wanna talk all about me.

  • Well, I wanna talk about three things.

  • First, I wanna talk all about me,

  • then I'm gonna talk about you,

  • and then we're gonna talk about them.

  • David, what are you talking about, you're probably asking.

  • Well, in a word, POV.

  • In three words, point of view.

  • Every story has a point of view.

  • It's being told to us by someone, a narrator.

  • But who is that narrator?

  • Understanding the answer to that question

  • in the stories that you read

  • will make you a strong reader.

  • There are three different flavors of point of view.

  • First, second, and third person.

  • First person is when the narrator

  • is a character in the story.

  • They use words like I, me, and my.

  • Here's an example.

  • I bolted out of bed, grabbed my backpack,

  • and rushed out the door.

  • Today was the day I was finally going to learn

  • to ride a horse.

  • First person narrators can only tell us

  • the parts of the story that they experienced

  • or already know about.

  • If something happens that the narrator doesn't know about,

  • we, the reader, won't know about it either.

  • Second person is when you are a character in the story.

  • This is pretty rare.

  • A lot of the choose your own adventure books,

  • that were popular when I was a kid,

  • used second person point of view,

  • but they're not as big as they used to be.

  • Imagine a guided relaxation recording,

  • when you think of second person.

  • (calm music)

  • You are calm.

  • Your breathing is slow and even.

  • You are sitting on a bench, looking at the ocean.

  • The ocean is calm, and so are you.

  • This kind of point of view usually sounds

  • like it's giving directions to you, the reader.

  • The most common point of view in stories

  • is the third person.

  • A narrator who isn't a character in the story.

  • A third person narrator uses words like he, she, and they,

  • for characters in the story,

  • instead of I, or you.

  • It lets the story teller

  • get inside the heads of characters

  • to see how they're feeling,

  • or what they're thinking.

  • Here's an example.

  • Beni opened his closet door to grab a jacket,

  • only to be greeted by a horrifying monster.

  • He screamed and ran out of the room,

  • scared out of his mind.

  • Inside her monster costume, Rita giggled.

  • She had tricked her brother!

  • See how we can follow both Rita and Beni?

  • The narrator can see what both of the are thinking

  • or feeling at the same time.

  • Now, imagine if that little snippet were told

  • from Rita or Beni's first person's perspectives.

  • Rita using I, or Beni using I,

  • instead of a third person POV,

  • using he or she.

  • We might see it differently, reading that story.

  • From Rita's perspective, it's a funny prank,

  • from Beni's, it's super scary.

  • He just saw a monster.

  • So to recap, there are three different types of narration

  • or points of view in a story.

  • First person, the narrator is a character inside the story

  • and uses words like I or me.

  • Second person, the narrator is speaking directly to you,

  • the reader, and uses the pronoun you.

  • This is rare and it sounds like it's giving directions.

  • And third person, the narrator is outside the story.

  • In telling it, they use words like he, she, and they.

  • What's the POV of your favorite story?

  • Is it first person, second, or third?

  • How would it feel different

  • if it were told from a different point of view?

  • Would the narrator know different things?

  • I can tell you one thing I know for certain,

  • and that's that you can learn anything.

  • David out.

- [David] Hello, readers.

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B1 中級

一個故事的觀點|閱讀|可汗學院。 (A story's point of view | Reading | Khan Academy)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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