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  • Hi everybody. I'm Esther.

  • And in this video we're going to talk about some important English expressions.

  • And let's first start with 'like' and 'like to'.

  • 'I like' and 'I like to'.

  • First let's look at the board for some examples.

  • With 'I like', we have to put a person place or thing. Right?

  • So let's look. "I like cookies." Right?

  • Food is a thing.

  • So I could say, "I like cookies. I like pizza."

  • Okay the next one.

  • "I like English."

  • English is a subject in school so that's another thing.

  • So I can also say, "I like math".

  • Right?

  • The next one is "I like you."

  • You is a person.

  • I can say, "I like him. I like Sally".

  • Right? I can say a person.

  • And "I like dogs."

  • That's another thing.

  • I like dogs. Or for me, personally, I like cats as well.

  • Okay so let's first try these examples.

  • A little bit faster.

  • Now please try to follow with me.

  • "I like cookies."

  • "I like cookies."

  • "I like English."

  • "I like English."

  • "I like you."

  • "I like you."

  • and "I like dogs."

  • "I like dogs."

  • Okay. The second example is, 'I like to'.

  • Now we put a 'to' here.

  • That means, after, I have to put an activity.

  • Right? An activity.

  • For example, "I like to dance."

  • "I like to dance."

  • But what I want you to listen for is that 'to'

  • becomes just like a /t/.

  • Now it's okay to say, "I like to dance."

  • "I like to dance."

  • That's okay. But most native English speakers

  • will kind of get rid of the 'o' and say, "I like to dance."

  • "I like to dance."

  • Here's the next one. "I like to sing."

  • "I like to sing."

  • "I like to study."

  • "I like to shop."

  • Okay so these are all personally things that I like to do.

  • Actually I love to do them.

  • But 'like to' and 'like' is a little more common.

  • Okay so let's practice these four examples one more time.

  • A little more quickly.

  • And please try to follow me.

  • "I like to dance."

  • "I like to dance."

  • "I like to sing."

  • "I like to sing."

  • "I like to study."

  • "I like to study."

  • "I like to shop."

  • "I like to shop."

  • Okay let's look at some more examples together.

  • I like school.

  • I like school.

  • I like dresses.

  • I like dresses.

  • I like pizza.

  • I like pizza.

  • I like money.

  • I like money

  • I like vacations.

  • I like vacations.

  • I like food.

  • I like food.

  • I like to eat.

  • I like to eat.

  • I like to exercise.

  • I like to exercise.

  • I like to walk.

  • I like to walk.

  • I like to drink coffee.

  • I like to drink coffee.

  • I like to meet friends.

  • I like to meet friends.

  • I like to travel.

  • I like to travel.

  • Okay so now we're going to move on to the expressions 'I don't like'.

  • And 'I don't like to'

  • Okay.

  • So if you look at the board,

  • I've changed 'I like' to 'I don't like'.

  • Now it's the same.

  • At the end, I have to say a person, a place, or thing,

  • Okay?

  • So let's look at them together.

  • "I don't like sushi."

  • Let's try it a little bit faster.

  • "I don't like sushi."

  • "I don't like sushi."

  • Okay the next one is

  • "I don't like math."

  • Right?

  • We can say, "I hate..."

  • but "I don't like" is more common.

  • "I don't like math."

  • Again a little faster.

  • "I don't like math."

  • "I don't like math."

  • The next one is...

  • "I don't like him."

  • "I don't like him."

  • "I don't like him."

  • And the last one.

  • "I don't like snakes."

  • Right, a lot of women don't like snakes.

  • "I don't like snakes."

  • "I don't like snakes."

  • Okay.

  • The second example is...

  • 'I don't like to'.

  • 'I don't like to'.

  • Remember, at the end of this, we have to put an action.

  • Something that we do.

  • Right?

  • So we can say, "I don't like to run."

  • "I don't like to run."

  • Remember, again, the 'to'...

  • You can say, "I don't like to" or "I don't like to".

  • "I don't like to run."

  • Let's try the next one.

  • "I don't like to study."

  • "I don't like to study."

  • Okay? After that...

  • "I don't like to drink."

  • A little faster.

  • "I don't like to drink."

  • "I don't like to drink."

  • And the last one is...

  • "I don't like to fight."

  • Right?

  • It can get a little bit scary right?

  • "I don't like to fight."

  • "I don't like to fight."

  • Let's look at more... some more examples together.

  • Okay let's look at some examples.

  • "I don't like spiders."

  • "I don't like spiders."

  • "I don't like snow."

  • "I don't like snow."

  • "I don't like winter."

  • "I don't like winter."

  • "I don't like chicken feet."

  • "I don't like chicken feet."

  • "I don't like heels."

  • "I don't like heels."

  • "I don't like ugly guys."

  • "I don't like ugly guys."

  • "I don't like to work."

  • "I don't like to work."

  • "I don't like to hike."

  • "I don't like to hike."

  • "I don't like to wash dishes."

  • "I don't like to wash dishes."

  • "I don't like to clean up."

  • "I don't like to clean up."

  • "I don't like to eat alone."

  • "I don't like to eat alone."

  • "I don't like to drink soju."

  • "I don't like to drink soju."

  • Okay so in this video we talked about the expressions

  • 'I like...'

  • ' I like to...'

  • and 'I don't like...'

  • 'I don't like to...'

  • But, uh, before we close up I'm going to

  • talk about 'I like' and 'I don't like' one more time

  • because there are other ways to say the same thing.

  • Instead of 'I like', I can also say, 'I enjoy', or 'I love'.

  • But remember, 'love' is very strong.

  • Right, for example "I love cats."

  • "I also love dogs." Right?

  • So 'love' is stronger than 'like'.

  • Okay, the next part is 'I don't like'.

  • I can also say, 'I dislike'

  • Again, 'I dislike'.

  • For example, "I dislike snakes."

  • Right?

  • or "I hate snakes."

  • Similar to 'love', 'hate' is a very strong way of saying I don't like something.

  • For example, "I hate snakes."

  • Right, "I hate snakes."

  • Okay, so I hope that helped and hope to see you guys next time.

  • Bye bye.

  • Hi everybody I'm Esther and in this video I'm going to teach you how to ask

  • someone for permission okay so before I teach you that let's first talk about

  • what permission means okay so when you want to ask someone if it's okay to do

  • something you're asking for permission okay again you want to do something you

  • don't know if it's okay so you ask someone for example maybe you

  • want to borrow something then you should ask someone if you just take it that's

  • stealing right so you have to ask is it okay alright so there are three ways to

  • ask for permission in English the first way is to say can I can I okay the

  • second way is could I could I and the third way is may I may I okay so

  • can I could I and may I are all good ways to ask for permission but the third

  • one may I is more polite okay so if you want

  • to ask somebody who has more power maybe your parents may be your teacher then

  • you should say may I maybe even to somebody that you don't know very well

  • it's better to say may I because again it's more polite so let's

  • look at these examples okay so I've written can I could I and

  • may I on the board remember after these three you have to

  • say a verb okay so let's look at the verbs help see have call borrow go speak

  • and go again okay so I know I went through that a little bit quickly but

  • we're gonna go through it slowly now okay

  • so here's what we'll do I'm gonna read and try to switch some around okay so

  • can I help you can I help you let's try that a little bit faster can I help you

  • can I help you now remember you can also say could I and may I for example if

  • you're walking through a department store and the salesperson comes to you

  • they would probably say may I help you because they want to be polite to the

  • customer so again may I help you okay can I see you again can I see you

  • again a little bit faster can I see you again maybe you like someone you met

  • them and you like them and you want to see them again next time so you say can

  • I see you again okay can I have some water

  • can I have some water a little bit faster can I have some water okay let's

  • try a couple with could could I call you later could I call you later again

  • remember you can use all three but we're doing could could I call you later

  • could I borrow some money okay you usually borrow money from a friend or

  • somebody that you know so that's why it's better to say maybe can I or could

  • I could I borrow some money okay could I go could I go you want to leave so

  • you're asking if it's okay could I go okay and remember

  • may I is polite okay you want to say that to someone who's a little bit more

  • important maybe someone you don't know again you would use me I so may I speak

  • to mr. Kim maybe you called his office okay so you say may I speak to mr. Kim

  • and the last one may I go to the bathroom this one is maybe if

  • you're asking a teacher right you're in class and you have to go you can ask a

  • teacher may I go to the bathroom again can I could can and could are both okay

  • but maybe it's more polite if you want to be polite you should say may I go to

  • the bathroom and I'm sure the teacher will like that better because you're

  • being polite okay so in this video we learned three ways to ask for permission

  • let's go through them one more time can I could I and may I okay well I hope I

  • helped and I'll see you guys next time bye

  • hi everybody my name is Esther and in this video we're going to talk about how

  • to use the word can and can't so first of all let's talk about the meaning of

  • these words ken means you are able to do something

  • maybe because you have the skill or maybe because your body allows you to do

  • that thing and can't it's the opposite right you can't do something you're not

  • able to do something because you don't have the skill or your body doesn't

  • allow you to do it okay let's move on to the pronunciation how do we pronounce