字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hello, students. This is [email protected]nny. Welcome to this English pronunciation video. In this video, I'm going to focus on two English vowel sounds: /æ/ and /ʌ/ They sound similar, but they are different so you need to pronounce them differently. Let's start with two example words. My first example word is 'ran'. Can you hear the sound? 'ran' M second word is, 'run'. /ʌ/ run run run Can you hear the difference? Well if you can't I promise by the end of this video, you will improve your hearing and pronunciation of these two vowel sounds. So keep watching. Get ready guys. I am going to help you make these sounds. are and in English I want you to hear the difference very clearly and to be able to pronounce them correctly. Also you should know the IPA spelling, watch how I move my mouth, and please try to always repeat after me. I know you can do it so let's get started. First, let's try to make the sound /æ/. So your tongue is very low in your mouth. /æ/ Can you repeat after me: /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ Let's now use the word, 'ran'. Repeat after me. ran ran ran And now let's produce the sound /ʌ/. /ʌ/ Your tongue is in the middle part of your mouth. Please repeat after me. /ʌ/ Let's now practice with the word 'run'. Repeat after me. run run run Good guys. Let's now use minimal pairs. Words that are very similar, but the vowel sounds change. A very good way to practice the vowel sounds. First, just the sounds. Repeat after me. And watch how my mouth moves. /æ/ /ʌ/ /æ/ Let's now use the words 'ran' and 'run'. Please repeat after me. ran ran ran run run run ran run ran run ran run Great guys. Ok, guys. Let's see other minimal pairs together. Repeat after me and pay attention to my mouth how it moves. Let's get started. ankle uncle back buck bad bud badge budge bag bug ban bun bank bunk bat but began begun brash brush cab cub cam come cap cup cat cut champ chump cram crumb crash crush dabble double dab dub dad dud dam dumb damp dump dank dunk drank drunk fan fun fanned fund [email protected]nny funny flank flunk flash flush flax flux gash gush glam glum grab grub hag hug ham hum hang hung hash hush hat hut hatch hutch jag jug lag lug mad mud massed must mat mutt match much pack puck paddle puddle pan pun pat putt rabble rubble rag rug ram rum rang rung rash rush sack suck Sally sully sang sung sank sunk sapper supper sax sucks scam scum shacks shucks slag slug slam slum slang slung slash slush stab stub stack stuck stand stunned stank stunk swam swum tab tub tack tuck tag tug tang tongue thrash thrush track truck tramps trumps Excellent job guys. Let's carry on. Okay, guys. Let's practice further. I'm going to show you some words. I want you to read them, but with the proper vowel sound. Let's get started. Let's start with word number one. Which one is it? 'hang' or 'hung'? 'hung' Very good. Next word. dad or dud? dud Next word. Which one is it? rag or rug? rag Next word. [email protected]nny or funny? funny Next word. Which one is it? stab or stub? It's 'stab'. Next word. hang or hung? It's 'hang'. Next word. dad or dud? It's 'dad'. Next word. rag or rug? rug Next word. stab or stub? It's 'stub'. And finally, [email protected]nny or funny? It's '[email protected]nny'. Very good guys. Awesome guys. Let's move on. Okay, guys. Let's move on to sentences now. I have sentences for you and they all contain /æ/ and /ʌ/ sound so pay attention and repeat after me. The first sentence is: 'My funny uncle must come'. The second sentence: 'The bad crab stunk'. And finally: '[email protected]nny must teach funny slang'. Excellent, guys. Let's move on. Great job, guys. I know it's hard but you now have a better understanding of the difference between the English vowel sounds /æ/ and /ʌ/. Keep practicing. It takes time and practice of listening and speaking to master the English vowel sounds. But you can do it. And also make sure to watch my other pronunciation videos. They're very important if you want to improve your English skills. See you next time. Thank you so much guys for watching my video. If you've liked it show me your support. Click 'like'. Subscribe to the channel. Put your comments below. Share the video.