字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 - Hello, muggles, today we're learning English with the half-blood wizard himself, Harry Potter - Holy Cricket, you're Harry Potter! I'm Hermione Granger. - We're going to watch clips from Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone and we're gonna study Harry's British English accent and learn lots of fantastic vocabulary along the way. So, hop on board the Hogwarts Express and let's learn some English! Let's start with Harry Potter's accent. He speaks with received pronunciation, which is a British English accent that's associated with education and with privilege. Now, it has no geographical boundaries, so you can find it anywhere in the UK, although it is connected with London and the South of England. Here's an example. - A key part of received pronunciation is clarity, it's being understood by the person listening to you. So therefore it's very important for each sound to be clear. So in this example, the consonants are very clear. For example, that. The T at the end of that he pronounces very clearly. - Hagrid, what is that? - In other accents, that would be dropped, it would be tha', but with Harry Potter and received pronunciation, that. - In this example, the H of hear in some accents of British English, that would be dropped, it'd be 'ear, but in received pronunciation it's nice and clear, you're saying every single sound, hear. - Can you hear me? - Now, Harry does use examples of connected speech, this is where we join sounds or we omit sounds. - For example there, talked to. Now, that ed of talked is a tuh and in the next word is a tuh, too, so the first tuh disappears, so it's talk to, talk to a snake. In this example, he says often off-en. There are two different ways to say this word: off-ten or off-en. It's up to you, it's up to the individual speaker which one you prefer, there's no change in meaning, it's exactly the same. Often or offen. - Here again is another example of a word that could be changed in sound, ee-ther or eye-ther. Ee-ther, eye-ther. It doesn't matter which one you choose, they're completely interchangeable. - Okay, here Harry uses up, up, he uses the uh sound, uh. Now, in England, this sound divides the country in half. In the South they say uh and in the North it's oo, oo. So in the South uh-p, in the North oo-p. Take the word butter, butter. Now, I'm using that uh sound, buh, buh-tter. In the North of England, bu, bu-tter, bu-tter. Muh-ther, in the South of England, moo-ther in the North of England. Sh-uht in the South of England, sh-ut in the North of England. Now, speaking of different accents, this is something that I love about Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is there are a variety of British English accents. We'll look at a few of those right now. So let's start with Harry's best friend Ron Weasley. He speaks with a London accent. It has features of RP, of received pronunciation, but also of cockney. It's a kind of mixture between the two. Very common in London and the southeast of England. So, in this example, he's showing features of cockney, so things like the glottal T. So the glottal stop of bit, it's not bit, it's bi'. It's not toast, it's toas'. It's not mate, it's ma'e, ma'e. So that glottal T sound. - [Ron] Take a bi' of toas', ma'e, go on! - Even just the word mate is quite an informal word, and probably wouldn't be used by some speakers of received pronunciation, but in Ron's accent it's a very common word. Also, that broader vowel sound t-a-ke, t-a-ke. So it's not take, it's t-a-ke. So a slightly wider mouth position when he says that. - Ah, here's another example! That T disappears, shu' up, not shut up, shu' up. And Harry. Now, if he was a true cockney, he would drop that H, it'd be 'arry, shu' up, 'arry. As I said, his accent is a combination of received pronunciation and cockney and sort of general London influence, so he's using that H there, Harry. - Shu' up, Harry! - We've also got Neville. Now, Neville speaks with a Yorkshire accent, this is a northern accent and it's very distinctive. - Here's an example of that oo sound. So, in received pronunciation it's c-uh-me, uh, uh, but in a Yorkshire accent it's c-oom, oom, oo. And you also have there baa-throom, baa-throom. This is another sound that distinguishes the North from the South. So in the North of England, that A has a aa, it's an aa, but in received pronunciation and southern accents, it would be ah, so bah-throom, bah-throom. In Yorkshire and northern accents, baa-th, - Okay, he says aa-fternoon, aa-fternoon. In a southern accent and received pronunciation, ah-fternoon, so ah. So that aa and ah, there is a division between the North and the South. So another example might be fast. Fah-st in received pronunciation, faa-st in a northern accent like a Yorkshire accent. Now, it does depend on the speaker, so sometimes someone with received pronunciation might say faa-st or someone with a northern accent might say fah-st. It depends on the speaker but those are general rules. Before we continue, guys, I just wanna say a big thank you to Cambridge University Press for sponsoring this video. Now, you guys know how much I love Cambridge University Press, I think they do some fantastic work. I use their books in my lessons, I've used their books in my lessons for the last 10 years, and now they have a brand-new YouTube channel dedicated to teaching English on YouTube. I think that's fantastic! So, it's called Learn English with Cambridge and what I want you guys to do is to go to the description below this video, click the link and subscribe to their channel, and you'll get weekly videos from them. And it's free, it costs you absolutely nothing, how fantastic is that? Now, what's the channel like? Well, it's got five teachers from around the world, which is really cool, it gives it that global feel. So the teachers are George in the UK, Rebecca in Brazil, Greg in Spain, and Maria and Andres in Colombia. And, as I said before, I love that since that English is a global language, that this is for everyone, it's very inclusive. These guys are fun, they're energetic, and they make learning English an enjoyable experience. And they all teach the kind of English that you're gonna need in everyday situations. So whether it's asking for a cup of coffee, or ordering a cup of coffee, or asking for directions, they have those kinds of videos. Now, they're releasing one video a week and they're quite short videos, one to two minutes long, which I think is great. Short, bite-size amounts, okay? So you can watch at any time, anywhere. So, I want you guys to go to the description below, look at that link, click on it, and then go and subscribe to Learn English with Cambridge. Okay, let's look at Hagrid! Now, Hagrid has an incredible West Country accent. It's very strong, it's very distinctive. - You'll notice here he's dropping the Hs, so it's 'e's and 'ave. And he says dunnae, dunnae. Dunnae is a spoken representation of doesn't he, but it's merged together as one, so dunnae, dunnae. - Norbert? - Yeah, well, 'e's gotta 'ave a name, dunnae? - You got the vowel sounds there of pub, pub. Not puh, but pu, it's a kind of uh sound. I won it off a stranger I met down the pub. Okay, I need to work on my West Country accent. - I won it, off a stranger I met down the pub. - And, of course, you have McGonagall with her soft Scottish accent. - Well, thank you for that assessment, Mr. Weasley. Perhaps it would be more useful if I were to transfigure Mr. Potter and yourself into a pocket watch? - But perhaps the most distinctive is Hermione, with her conservative RP. Harry, I would say, has contemporary RP, but Hermione has conservative RP, which is just a little bit more formal. For example. - You're Harry Potter. So every sound is given full attention. Pah, Pah-tter, not Puh-tter, Pah-tter. The sound of that ah is made at the front of the mouth to create that ah sound, ah. Also the T is so clearly pronounced, that true T, Pah-tter. Let's look at another example. - Ah, now in this one scene, we get to understand the importance of word stress. It's not levi-osah, it's levi-o-suh. That change in stress allows Hermione to perform her spell perfectly. If you get it wrong, then you can't perform the spell. Now, that's much like in real English, there are some words where if we change the stress of the word, it has a different meaning. For example, pres-ent and pre-sent. Pres-ent, the stress on the first syllable is a noun, and it means a gift. So, thank you for my birthday pres-ent, thank you for my birthday pres-ent. Shift the stress to the last syllable, pre-sent, and it becomes a verb and it means to introduce something, so often maybe a TV show. So, I've been asked to pre-sent the news, I've been asked to pre-sent the news. So there the stress is on the last syllable, pre-sent, and it becomes a verb. So you can see there the importance of word stress. Levi-osah, levi-o-suh. Another really interesting feature in Harry Potter's accent is the formal, polite structures that he uses. He's a very polite child and he uses long, polite sentences to request things. For example. - Can you tell me where I might find Platform 9 3/4? He's requesting to find where this platform is. Can you tell me where I might find? Such a long way to ask where's Platform 9 3/4? That's how you could say it, excuse me, where's Platform 9 3/4? But that's quite direct and less polite. What Harry is doing here is making it a less direct question that creates the impression that it's more polite. So, can you tell me where I might find Platform 9 3/4 is more polite. And that's a very useful general rule with English, is if you are making requests, the longer the sentence, the more indirect it is, also means the more polite it is. Okay, let's look at some great vocabulary that appear in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. - Bits and bobs, this is a noun and it just means an assortment of small items. You don't necessary need to mention what they are, they're just little things. So, for example, I could say, I'm just going to the shops to get some bits and bobs. Now, I don't want to list all the things that I'm gonna get, milk, eggs, bread, you don't care, I'm just gonna say bits and bobs and that just means a few things, little items. - And over there all your bits and bobs for doing your wizardry. - Light reading is just reading content that's not too demanding, it's quite easy to read, it doesn't have complicated words, it's quite pleasurable. So, for example, just a magazine could be light reading. So you might say, "I bought this magazine "for a bit of light reading on the train journey." Obviously, the opposite of light reading would be heavy reading, that'd be more complicated, dense text. Here Hermione is being quite funny, she says it's a bit of light reading for her, that big book, but for Ron, it's not reading, that's quite dense reading, so it's quite funny. - To break in. To break in a phrasal verb and that is when people intrude into a house or into a building without permission in order to steal something or take something. So a robber would break in to someone's house. So an example sentence, last night robbers broke in to the museum. Last night robbers broke in to the museum. - Ah, to sneak out, this is a great phrase! To sneak out is to leave somewhere without anyone noticing, to do it quietly, secretly so that people of authority don't notice. So maybe if you're a teenager in a house and you sneak out to see your friends, you do it without your parents noticing, and that's the same here, the kids are talking about sneaking out of Hogwarts. The past of sneak is snuck, snuck. So last night I snuck out to see my friends. - Nighty night is a phrase that we use, usually with children, to say good night. So if I'm saying good night to my niece or my nephew, I would say nighty night. It's not something you would probably use with another adult, but it's up to you, you can do what you want. - Here's a wonderful phrase, holy cricket! Hermione here is showing surprise. "Holy cricket, you're Harry Potter!" Now, I don't know how many people would say holy cricket, it's a fun phrase but I don't think I would say it. There are other ways you might say this. Oh my goodness could be a phrase. If they redid Harry Potter now maybe Hermione would say OMG. "OMG, you're Harry Potter!" Possibly. But oh my goodness, oh my gosh, oh my God, OMG, wow, jeez, gee wiz, there are lots of options. Okay guys, I hope you enjoyed that lesson with Harry Potter. If you would like me to look at the second Harry Potter film, then let me know if the comments below and I could maybe do another video for you guys looking at the accents and language in that film. Remember to click the link below and subscribe to Learn English with Cambridge. But until next time, guys, this is Harry Potter, the half-blood wizard, saying good-bye. Guys! It's me, the Chief Dreamer! Shh, don't tell anyone!