Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • The Korean peninsula is unified by the Silla dynasty in 668 AD

    朝鮮半島在西元後668年被新羅王朝統一

  • during 12 centuries of independence the Korean people develop a strong sense of identity

    經過12個世紀的獨立後,人們發展出了很強的國家自我意識

  • distinct from China and Japan

    有別於中國以及日本

  • in 1910, Japan colonizes Korea ending their independence

    在1910年,日本殖民韓國,結束了他們的獨立

  • Koeran nationalist groups arise hoping to regain their independence

    韓國的國家主義團體便發聲,希望可以拿回獨立自治的權利

  • Some associate with Chinese and soviet communists

    有些團體和中國以及蘇維埃共產有關聯

  • others hope to gain favor with western nations like the United States

    其他則是希望可以沾到西方國家,像是美國的一些光

  • Kim Il-sung aligns with the Chinese communists

    金日成和中國共產黨聯合

  • and leads small guerrilla forces fighting the japenese in the wilderness of Manchuria

    領導小游擊隊去對抗在滿州的日本人

  • Syngman Rhee goes to the U.S.

    李承晚則是去美國

  • 1945. End of world war II

    在1945年,第二次大戰結束後

  • Japan has defeated and their 36 year occupation of Korea ends

    日本打了敗仗,結束了36年以來佔領韓國的日子

  • A rushed agreement is reached to fill the power vacuum

    為了要填補權力中空,簽訂了一個貿然的協定

  • Soviet forces control the northern half of the peninsula

    蘇維埃政權控制了朝鮮半島的北半部

  • installing communist Kim Il-sung as the leader

    扶植金日成為共產首領

  • and U.S. forces control the southern half installing anti-communist Syngman Rhee in the south

    而美國軍事力量則是控制了半島的南半部,扶植了李承晚為反共產的首領

  • creating a de facto divide at the 38th parallel

    創造了一個事實上分裂的38度平行線

  • mistrust on both sides and the emergent cold war prevents cooperation on country wide elections

    雙邊的不信任加上冷戰的來臨,阻擋了雙邊要舉行全國選舉的合作

  • that would keep Korea unified

    讓韓國可以統一

  • August 15th, 1948. Syngman Rhee declares the formation of the Republic of Korea in Seoul

    在1948年8月15號,李承晚在首爾宣布南韓這個國家的成立

  • claiming jurisdiction over all of Korea

    主張對於韓國的管轄權

  • 25 days later. Kim Il-sung declares the formation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, in Pyongyang

    25天之後,金日成在平壤宣布北韓的成立

  • also claiming jurisdiction over all of Korea

    主張對韓國的管轄權

  • June 25th, 1950. Confident of a quick victory and driven by the desire to control all of Korea

    1950年6月25號,因有信心可以快速地拿到勝利加上想要掌控全韓國的渴望

  • Kim Il-sung backed by communist China and the Soviet Union launches an attack on the south

    有共產中國以及蘇維埃撐腰的金日成對南韓發動了攻擊

  • and the Korean war begins

    而韓戰就開始了

  • the U.S. intervenes helping to push the north back

    美國因此干預韓戰,幫忙南韓的勢力往北推回

  • the war devastates the entire peninsula, tearing famlies apart

    這個戰爭破壞了整個朝鮮半島,撕裂了許多家庭

  • and taking the lives of millions

    也奪走了許多人的生命。

  • July 27th, 1953. An armistice assigned to end major hostilities

    在1953年7月27號,他們簽訂休戰書,要結束敵對關係

  • however to this day the Korean peninsula remains technically at war

    然而,朝鮮半島現在還是維持著對戰的狀態

  • the only separation between north & south is a 2.5 mile wide demilitarized zone

    南韓跟北韓的分界只有2.5里的非軍事化區域

  • the most heavily fortified border in the world

    全世界防守最重的邊界

  • over the next few decades both Koreas rebuild

    幾十年後,韓國重建了

  • North Korea's development is initially faster than the south

    北韓在一開始發展得比南韓還快

  • massive effort is put into propaganda campaigns to create a personality cult around Kim Il-sung

    強大的宣傳活動神話了金日成

  • their eternal president

    他們永久的總統

  • Juche the heart of north korean ideology ingrains the attitude of self-reliance

    北韓意識的核心深植了自立自強的態度

  • in order to resist foreign invasion and guard against outside intervention

    為了要抵抗外國的侵略,和抵抗外面的干預

  • by the 1960s, the north provides medical care, universal education, food, and housing to the people

    在1960年代,北韓提供了醫療的照顧,全面性的教育,食物,住宿給人民

  • the south experiences periods of dictatorship, rapid economic development, and democratization

    南方經歷過短暫的獨裁,快速的經濟發展和民主化

  • later emerging as one of the most successful democracies in Asia

    之後成為在亞洲最成功的民主國家之一

  • communism collapses in eastern europe and the Soviet Union

    共產權力在東歐以及蘇維埃崩塌後

  • major sources of aid and trading partners for North Korea are eliminated

    北韓大部分的援助資源都消失了

  • July 8th, 1994. Kim Il-sung's death triggers intense national mourning.

    1994年7月8號,金日成的死亡引起強烈的國悼

  • his son Kim Jong-il prepared for power decades in advance replaces him as leader

    他的兒子金正日為了接位準備了幾十年,取代金日成成為領袖

  • under Kim Jong-il's military first policy precious resources are diverted away from the North Korean people

    在金正日的軍事政策之下,珍貴的資源從北韓被分割

  • and massive efforts go into developing nuclear weapons

    也致力於發展核子武器

  • ensuring the security and survival of the regime continues to be the top priority

    確保政權的存在跟穩定,使這個政權可以蒸蒸日上

The Korean peninsula is unified by the Silla dynasty in 668 AD

朝鮮半島在西元後668年被新羅王朝統一

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 北韓 韓國 金日成 南韓 朝鮮半島 蘇維埃

您需要知道的關於韓國的一切 (Everything You Need to Know About Korea)

  • 650 54
    姚易辰   發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字