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  • Hi, welcome to www.engvid.com . I'm Adam.

  • In today's video, I want to talk to you about coffee.

  • Everybody drinks it -- well, not everybody, but many people all around the world drink coffee.

  • It's a lovely drink.

  • I drink at least one cup every day, it wakes me up a little bit and it tastes good.

  • So, I want to give you some of the words you're going to need to understand coffee a little

  • bit and how to order coffee.

  • We're going to look at how to order coffee a little bit later on.

  • First, you need to know some of the vocabulary that you're going to hear and are going to

  • be expected of you in a coffee shop, okay?

  • Especially - at least in Canada, anyway.

  • So, let's start with the process.

  • First, we have our raw beans, beans grow on plants, okay?

  • The raw beans are picked and then they are - basically, they are harvested, collected,

  • they're picked, usually hand picked by the people, the locals in the area.

  • The most common type of bean is arabica, and it's actually the best quality bean and most

  • places serve arabica or some sort of blend or arabica and some other type, okay?

  • Now, I want to talk you about fair trade a little bit.

  • Sometimes, you're going to go a coffee shop or a supermarket to buy coffee and the label

  • will say it is a fair trade coffee.

  • Fair trade means that they don't exploit the locals there.

  • They don't take advantage of the countries or the people working in the farms and the

  • fields where the coffee beans grow, because generally the best coffee growers are in poorer

  • countries, so the rich countries can exploit the situation and pay them very little.

  • Fair trade means they get the true value of the coffee beans and everybody's happy.

  • The growers are happy, the pickers are happy, the customers, wherever they are, are happy,

  • okay?

  • Now, so you have your beans, they're harvested, they're ready to go.

  • What do you do next?

  • You roast them, basically cook the coffee beans, get them ready to process into coffee,

  • right?

  • Once you roast them, there are different levels of roasting.

  • You can make them dark, medium, or light.

  • Dark is a very strong, full-flavored coffee.

  • Light is a little bit weaker for people who don't really love the taste of coffee, but

  • they want the caffeine or they want just a little bit of a hint of coffee, right?

  • And again, sometimes you'll have blends where they mix the different roasts to create a

  • different flavor.

  • Coffee has caffeine, that is the chemical, basically, that keeps you wake, gets your

  • blood flowing a little bit and it's actually quite addictive.

  • If you try to quit drinking coffee, for the first few days, you may have headaches, and

  • then it'll go away and you'll be fine, which is why a lot of people drink decaf, decaffeinated

  • coffee, where the caffeine has been taken out.

  • Now, just keep in mind, the darker the roast, the less caffeine, alright?

  • That's how they actually get the caffeine out of it.

  • Now, once these are roasted, they are ground.

  • Now ground like the ground, this a verb, to ground, means they become grinds, right?

  • So, the bean, okay, the bean is crushed in and made into little pieces that become coffee.

  • Now, you can have coarse or you can have fine.

  • So, you have different levels of how small you want the coffee - little coffee bean pieces

  • to be.

  • Fine, to be espresso, coarse, to be percolator, for example, depending how you're going to

  • cook the coffee.

  • But, again, we don't say "cook", we say brew.

  • You brew the coffee.

  • You also brew beer, but basically, you mean - it means you let the beans sit in hot, boiling

  • water for a period of time to get all the flavor out of them, okay?

  • Now, when you roast the coffee beans, when you cook - brew them, they give off an aroma,

  • so we don't say the smell of the coffee, we say the aroma, okay?

  • It means the smell.

  • In Canada, we also have a coffee chain called "Aroma", which is actually a very good name

  • for a coffee chain.

  • Now, so you have your coffee, it's all brewed, now you're getting ready to serve it, okay?

  • There are different ways to serve coffee, different coffee-based drinks you can make.

  • I put instant in paragraphs because some people don't consider this real coffee, okay?

  • It is real coffee, but it doesn't taste exactly like real coffee.

  • So instant, you put it into a cup, pour in boiling water, your coffee's ready.

  • Otherwise, you have to do it - make them in different ways.

  • You can have your coffee black, which means no milk, no cream, or nothing.

  • You can have white, but we don't really say white, but just so you have an understanding

  • of what it looks like.

  • So white basically means it has milk or cream or soy milk or almond milk, all types of different

  • ways to make it white these days, and if it's skinny, skinny coffee, it means low fat milk,

  • okay?

  • Low fat milk.

  • So, if you order a skinny coffee or a skinny cappuccino, they'll use low fat milk in that.

  • So, how are you going to drink your coffee?

  • Well, you can have an espresso.

  • Oh, I forgot the "o" here.

  • Espresso.

  • Notice it's not "ex-resso", there's no "x" in this word.

  • Espresso.

  • S, okay?

  • This is a very strong coffee, usually served in a little cup, a tiny little cup like this

  • in one shot, okay?

  • One shot of espresso can be used to make other drinks.

  • So, you can have a single shot, double shot, triple shot, or a quad.

  • Now, if you're having a quad, either you're having a very big coffee or you're getting

  • a serious caffeine buzz and you're going to be bouncing off the walls.

  • So, if you're going to be taking a test, just a little side note, don't have an espresso

  • before the test, because you'll be very energetic to start and then halfway through the test

  • you'll be like, falling asleep, so not a good idea.

  • So, shots.

  • You have long shot, you can have a short shot, okay?

  • Sometimes, people say double or they just say long.

  • Long means an extra shot.

  • Short just means a single shot, okay.

  • Now, you can also have an Americano.

  • Americano is an espresso with however many shots you want, plus extra hot water.

  • It looks like a regular drip coffee, like a regular coffee from the pot, but it's espresso

  • made in the espresso machine with extra hot water.

  • A latte basically means milk, so it's a coffee with a little bit of espresso, lots of milk

  • on top.

  • A cappuccino is basically the same as a latte, but it has espresso, the milk and then the

  • milk is steamed.

  • The milk is steamed, so it looks a little bit foamy.

  • Now, if you're not sure what foam is, think about a bubble bath.

  • In your bathtub, you put special soap and you have all these little bubbles, that is

  • called foam.

  • You can have the same foam, except not soap, it's just milk, but you can have the same

  • foam in your coffee, and that's your cappuccino.

  • Now, a lot of places will sell you gourmet coffee, okay, how do we pronounce this?

  • "Goor-may", okay?

  • It's a French word, it basically means extra good quality and extra good flavor, okay?

  • In many cases, it's just a promotion to change you more money.

  • In some cases, it's just higher quality coffee and whatever.

  • You can have all kinds of gourmet coffees with different mixes.

  • You can have it with alcohol sometimes, etc.

  • Of course, you can also have an ice coffee, which is generally coffee poured over ice

  • and you drink it cold, which is actually quite nice in the summertime.

  • Now, when we talk about coffee, just like we talk about wine, there's different levels

  • of quality, different levels of taste.

  • And we also talk about body, okay?

  • So, a wine has body.

  • A coffee also has body.

  • It means if it's like, rich, or if it's light, or if it's smooth, or if it's, etc.

  • Now, most coffee is bitter, which is why people put sugar in it, but the levels of bitterness change.

  • It could be bland.

  • Now, bland coffee is not really good.

  • But again, some people like it.

  • Some people order, like, light.

  • Like, if you go to Starbucks, for example, they'll call it a blonde.

  • But it just basically means light, it's not too much coffee flavor, not too bitter.

  • It could be earthy, which means it tastes like the earth, it has that hint of the plant

  • and the hint of the ground itself.

  • It could be fruity, depending what they mix the plants with, it has a little fruit flavor

  • to it, like wine.

  • And acidity, basically the sour taste of the coffee.

  • Now, I did forget to mention that all of these things you will be telling your barista.

  • A barista is the person who makes and serves your coffee in the coffee shop.

  • To be honest, I don't think this word became popular until just a few years ago, and again,

  • I think Starbucks started using it, but again, it's a coffee handler.

  • Just like a sommelier handles wine, a barista handles coffee.

  • Now, how do you make your coffee?

  • A few different ways.

  • You can use a drip, which is basically you have like a container with all the coffee

  • grinds, and water just drips on top of it, soaks inside the beans, and then comes out

  • the other end.

  • Filter is the same idea, you have like a paper filter and the coffee - the water just goes

  • through it.

  • Basically, filter - drip uses a paper filter, more or less.

  • A percolator, you have coffee on the top of your coffee pot, water underneath, the water

  • boils and as it boils, it basically like jumps up and down, so the water jumps up into the

  • coffee and soaks it and let it do this for a little while and all the flavor comes back

  • down into the water and then you pour your coffee and drink it.

  • And then there's the French press.

  • You basically - you put it into a container, put the coffee grinds, put the boiling water,

  • let it sit for a while, and then you press down with a mesh, okay, which is basically

  • a sheet of metal with lots of tiny little holes, so as you're pushing down, the water

  • can come through, but the grinds are pushed down to the bottom and then you pour your

  • coffee and drink it.

  • So, that's the French press.

  • Now, these are basically the words you're going to need to know in terms of coffee.

  • Now, let's look at how you're going to order one in a coffee shop.

  • Okay, so before I go on, let me just say one thing.

  • I may have scared you a little bit with all these words, but keep in mind that most people

  • are creatures of habit.

  • So, this is a good expression, meaning that you will probably do the same thing over and

  • over again and when you go order your coffee, you already know which one you like, that's

  • the one you should concentrate on.

  • Go to your favorite coffee shop, figure out which drink you like, and just learn how to

  • say that.

  • But still, good idea to know all the different words.

  • For me, I'm the easiest, black, no sugar, always.

  • That's what I drink, black coffee, no sugar, very simple.

  • Other people need a little bit more work.

  • So, first thing you're going to tell them is the size of the coffee you want.

  • You walk into a coffee shop.

  • Small, and again, some coffee shops have different words, so small is tall, medium is grande,

  • large is venti.

  • If you go to any particular stores that use those words.

  • Now, generally speaking, and again, this is more Canada and the US, they will very easily

  • understand you if you say, "I'll have a small, black, no sugar."

  • Easy.

  • "I'll have a small, black, two sugar".

  • Now, when you say "two sugar", it basically means two teaspoons, two teaspoons of sugar,

  • or two sweetener, two little bags of sweetener, whatever they use, right?

  • Now, if you say, "I'll have a small regular", regular means one cream, one sugar, okay?

  • If you say "double double", it'll be two cream, two sugar.

  • Keep in mind that if you don't say anything, they will give you cream.

  • If you don't want cream, but you want milk, make sure you say that.

  • I'll have a small, regular milk, okay?

  • The regular part stays the same, one and one, milk instead of cream.

  • I'll have a small double double with milk, or just milk is fine, and they'll understand,

  • two milk, two sugar.

  • Okay?

  • Now, if you want to get a little bit more fancy, like you have all these fancy drinks,

  • like just an example, medium cappuccino, extra shot, skinny.

  • Now again, I don't drink these types of drinks so I don't know all the language of the places

  • that have all these fancy drinks.

  • Learn the drink you like, learn the words you need to say them, to make sure the person

  • understands how to pronounce these words, like cappuccino, capp-uh-chi-no, right?

  • Go in, say it every time, and you'll be served fine.

  • Now, if you like to go to Starbucks and they have all these crazy things you can put into

  • your drink, that's a whole other language that I'm not very familiar with, but you know,

  • we'll try to make a video about this for you guys, so you can go order at Starbucks, but

  • for now, go into any coffee shop, say your double double, your regular, your triple triple

  • if you like it.

  • Now, if you're going to order a quadruple quadruple, you know, just order a glass of

  • milk and ask them to put a shot of coffee in it.

  • It'll be much easier.

  • Otherwise, go enjoy any one of these drinks or the ones we spoke about before and you'll

  • have a good time.

  • Anyway, if you have any questions about any of these words or expressions, please go to

  • www.engvid.com and ask me there in the comments section.

  • There's also a quiz there to make sure you understand all these new vocabulary.

  • And, if you like this video, please subscribe to my YouTube channel and come back for more

  • helpful videos to help you improve your English.

  • Until then, I'll see you.

  • Bye bye!

Hi, welcome to www.engvid.com . I'm Adam.

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去咖啡店 (REAL ENGLISH: Going to the COFFEE SHOP)

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