Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hi, I'm Stephanie.

  • Welcome to Oxford Online English!

  • In this lesson, you can learn how to improve your reading skills in English.

  • We'll show you the number one mistake English learners make when they try to practice their

  • reading in English, and how to avoid it.

  • You'll see a step-by-step plan that you can use to improve your English reading skills,

  • and we'll give you several suggestions to improve your English reading level more quickly

  • and efficiently.

  • You heard just now that there's one big mistake that many English learners make when

  • trying to practice reading.

  • So, what is it, and how can you avoid it?

  • Here's a situation.

  • Think about whether you've been here before.

  • You start reading something in English.

  • You can't understand a lot of it, and there are many unknown words.

  • You start looking up every word you don't know in a dictionary.

  • Thirty minutes later, you're either asleep, or you've read about two paragraphs.

  • Of course, this makes you feel bad, and you start feeling that you can't read in English,

  • that it's too difficult, and so on.

  • But, this isn't true!

  • You can read in English and you can improve, whatever your English level now.

  • What's the key?

  • You need to select materials at the right level.

  • Often, people try to read the same things they would read in their native language.

  • But, if your English level is intermediate, like many of the learners we meet, then you

  • need to accept that you can't read all the same things in English that you would read

  • in your own language.

  • If you try, you'll probably feel frustrated, and maybe give up.

  • So, it's essential to select reading materials that are the right level for your English

  • abilities now.

  • But, how can you do that?

  • Here are some tests you can use:

  • One: can you understand the general meaning of the text without using a dictionary?

  • Two: can you understand the general meaning of most sentences without using a dictionary?

  • Three: can you read the text at a reasonable speed?

  • This is subjective, but it shouldn't take an hour to read a few paragraphs.

  • If you can't answer 'yes' to these questions, then the text is probably too hard.

  • Of course, you don't want it to be too easy, either!

  • If you can understand everything first time, it's probably too easy.

  • There should be some words and ideas which aren't easy to understand.

  • You're probably thinking: so where can I find suitable reading materials?

  • That's a hard question to answer, because this depends on your level, your study goals,

  • and your personal tastes.

  • Here's one suggestion: look for Graded readers.

  • Graded readers are books adapted specially for English learners.

  • They take famous stories, or even things like Shakespeare plays, and adapt them for different

  • levels.

  • Naturally, there are many other sources of English reading materials: news websites,

  • magazines, blogs, forums, books, journals, and so on.

  • However, whatever you read, it should pass these tests.

  • You should be able to read and understand most of the general ideas without using a

  • dictionary or spending hours reading a short text.

  • If you can get this right, then you've done the most important work.

  • Remember that you don't have to finish reading everything you start.

  • For this lesson, we're talking about reading in order to improve your English level.

  • To do this, you need to find the right materials at the right level.

  • Don't waste your time trying to read things which are much too difficult.

  • So, what's the next step?

  • Let's get one thing clear: improving your reading skills in English is going to take

  • a lot of time.

  • It's not something you can do in days or weeks.

  • There aren't any tricks which can help you to improve faster.

  • So, the best thing you can do is very simple: read as much as possible.

  • Spend as much time reading in English as you can.

  • Also, variety is important in your reading practice.

  • If you read the same kind of texts again and again, you'll get good at reading that kind

  • of text.

  • For example, if you only ever read news articles about economics, you'll get very good at

  • reading news articles about economics, but you might find it difficult to read other

  • styles of text on other topics.

  • If you've seen our video about how to improve your listening, then you might recognise these

  • ideas.

  • That's because improving your reading and improving your listening need a similar approach.

  • Let's make an example reading study plan together, but first, we want you to think

  • about something: how many different things could you read in English?

  • Pause the video, and try to think of five different things you could read.

  • Make them as different as possible.

  • Ready?

  • Let's make a reading study plan together.

  • There are two rules:

  • 1.

  • Do something every day.

  • If you're very busy, try to do five minutes a day.

  • Five minutes is better than nothing.

  • If you can do ten minutes a day, do ten minutes.

  • If you can do more, do more.

  • But, do something, even if it's just a little bit!

  • 2.

  • Do something different every day.

  • If you read part of a novel one day, read something different the next day.

  • Also, try to find things you're interested in, and that you really want to read.

  • That way, it won't feel so much like studying, which will make it easier to do regularly.

  • Anyway, here's a possible plan for one week:

  • Monday: read 1-2 pages of a short story Tuesday: read a blog post

  • Wednesday: read a BBC news article Thursday: do a reading exercise from an English

  • textbook Friday: read a film review online

  • Saturday: read the comments on an online news article

  • Sunday: read the lyrics to a song

  • Of course, you should make your own plan to suit your own interests and level.

  • When you've made your plan, write it down and stick it on a wall, or on your bathroom

  • mirror, or somewhere where you'll see it every day.

  • When you finish each thing, cross it off your plan.

  • That way, you can track what you've done, and feel good about finishing your plan.

  • On the one hand, it's good to challenge yourself, so give yourself one or two harder

  • days, where you're reading more, or reading something more difficult.

  • On the other hand, be realistic and don't try to do too much.

  • It's more important to make reading in English a long-term habit, so make a plan which you

  • can stick to regularly!

  • Next, keep doing this, every day, every week, every month.

  • You might not feel that you're getting better, but over time, you will improve.

  • Now, you've seen the most important ideas you need to improve your English reading.

  • There are a couple more points to think about.

  • Let's look.

  • Here's a situation: you're taking an English exam, maybe an IELTS exam.

  • You have a reading text which is difficult for you.

  • There are many words you haven't seen before, and many sentences which you don't understand

  • clearly.

  • The clock is ticking.

  • What can you do?

  • Are there any tricks to make it easier to understand the text in this situation?

  • Surely there must be some special techniques which make it easier, right?

  • Not really.

  • If you're reading a text and you don't know many of the words, that's a bad situation.

  • If your grammar knowledge isn't enough to understand complex sentence structures, then

  • that's a bad situation.

  • At that moment, when you're in your exam and you're faced with this difficult text,

  • there's really no good solution.

  • There are many videos and lessons giving you 'reading tips and tricks', including some

  • of our own!

  • However, these are only necessary if your reading level isn't high enough for a specific

  • task, like an IELTS reading exam.

  • These tips and tricks are ways to deal with having a lower reading level than you need.

  • Like everything in this lesson, there's no quick fix here.

  • To improve your English reading level, you also need to improve your vocabulary and grammar

  • knowledge, and that's a long, slow process.

  • But, it's necessary.

  • Remember in part one, we said that you should choose reading materials which you could understand

  • most of without a dictionary?

  • Now, we need to look at this from the other side.

  • Often in life, you can't choose the things you need to read.

  • If you're at work, or taking an English exam, you'll be given a text.

  • You can't choose to read something easier.

  • In that situation, you need to know most of the words in the text already.

  • If you don't, it will take you a long time and a lot of work to read and understand the

  • text, and there's a high chance that you'll misunderstand parts of it.

  • So, what should you do?

  • Firstly, your reading practice needs to be supported by regular grammar and vocabulary

  • work.

  • We won't go into details about this here, because it's too big as a topic, but if

  • you need advice, there are many free materials and videos on our channel and our website

  • to help you learn vocabulary and grammar effectively.

  • Secondly, when you read something in English, don't just read it once.

  • Read it two, three, four or more times, especially if it's difficult to understand the first

  • time.

  • Vocabulary learning depends on repetition, so by reading a text many times, you give

  • yourself more chances to see new words and phrases in context, which makes it easier

  • to remember them.

  • Thirdly, as you practice and as your reading level improves, increase the difficulty of

  • your reading materials.

  • This way, you'll continuously see new words, new phrases, new sentence structures, and

  • so on.

  • Okay, let's look at one more useful point you can use to practice your English reading.

  • Okay, you're probably bored of hearing that improving your English

  • reading is a long, slow, pro

  • Okay, okay, you get it.

  • We've told you many times.

  • The problem with long, slow processes is that they're often boring.

  • And, when something's boring, it can be hard to motivate yourself to do it.

  • So, how can you deal with this?

  • The most important point is something you've already heard: read things you're interested

  • in.

  • However, there are a few other things you can do.

  • One idea is to set yourself challenges.

  • For example, use a timer when reading something and set yourself a time limit.

  • Try to read the whole text within that time.

  • Or, get a speed reading app.

  • There are many available in the Apple Store or Play Store, including many free apps.

  • These apps display text at a specific speed, so you have to read at the same speed.

  • As you get better, you can challenge yourself by increasing the speed.

  • Another good challenge is to read texts without a dictionary or any help.

  • You shouldn't do this all the time, because it's useful to learn new vocabulary when

  • you read, and you need a dictionary for this.

  • However, sometimes it's good to practice without any help.

  • It's also useful because this is often closer to real-life situations, where you might be

  • under pressure and unable to look up every word you don't know.

  • Follow these tips and your English reading level will improve.

  • Remember that you need to be patient!

  • Do you have any good tips to help others improve their English reading level?

  • Please share your ideas in the comments!

  • Thanks for watching!

  • See you next time!

Hi, I'm Stephanie.

字幕與單字

A2 初級 美國腔

如何提高你的英语阅读能力 (How to Improve Your English Reading Skills - 4 Steps to Improve Now!)

  • 60 1
    Courage   發佈於 2020 年 04 月 05 日
影片單字

返回舊版