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  • Hi there. My name is Emma, and today, we are going to be talking about a scary topic: "Tips for

    嗨!我是Emma。今天我們要談論一個令人害怕的話題:

  • dealing with speaking anxiety". What do I mean by 'anxiety', just in case you don't

    解決口說焦慮的撇步。所謂的焦慮,就是萬一你不知道某個字

  • know that word? What I mean is... have you ever, maybe gotten very nervous before talking

    我的意思是...你曾經在跟別人說英文或母語之前感到緊張嗎?

  • to someone in English or even in your own language? Maybe you have a presentation to

    或者是你要報告

  • give, and right before the presentation your hands get all wet and sweaty, your heart starts

    在上台報告前你就流手汗 且你的心開始砰砰跳

  • to beat. For some people, they start to shake. Speaking anxiety is not a fun thing to go

    對一些人而言 他們會開始發抖。口說焦慮不好克服

  • through, and people get it for meetings, when they even just go to a party, or out with

    且人們在會議時容易焦慮,甚至去派對或是

  • their friends, some people get nervous, especially if they have to speak in a different language.

    和朋友外出 有些人會緊張 尤其是要用不同語言

  • Looking at engvid.com, I've noticed a lot of you have asked, "How do I deal with speaking

    從engvid.com 我發現很多人會問「我要怎麼解決口說焦慮」?

  • anxiety? How can I become a more confident speaker?" This video is going to talk specifically

    我如何成為更有自信的演說者?

  • about that, and give you some good tips to use.

    這部影片就要詳細的說明並給你好的方法

  • These tips are all tested, because as some of you may know, I have a second language.

    這些方法都是經過測試過的,因為有些人可能知道,我會第二外語

  • I speak English -- that's my native language -- my second language is French. When I was

    我的母語是英文,第二外語是法文。當我

  • learning French, I had a lot of these types of situations, where maybe in class the teacher

    學法文時 我遇到很多狀況。在教室裡 老師

  • would ask me a question, and I would panic. As I tried to talk, I just couldn't find the

    會問我問題 所以我很痛苦。當我試著回答時 我不能找到

  • right words. My heart would start to race, and my language-speaking ability would just

    適合的用字。我開始心跳加速,且我口說的能力退步

  • drop. I'd start to make mistakes. I knew they were mistakes, but for some reason, because

    我開始犯錯。我知道這些錯誤 但因為某些因素

  • I was so nervous, I wasn't able to communicate well. I made lots of mistakes that I knew

    我緊張到不能好好和他人溝通。我犯了很多

  • I shouldn't be making.

    不應該犯的錯誤

  • Let's look at some of these tips. Some of these tips, before we begin, are maybe a little

    讓我們看看這些技巧。在開始前 這些技巧可能只是

  • bit common sense. Maybe you've heard these tips before, but ask yourself: do you actually

    常識 或許之前聽過 但問問你自己: 當你在說話時 你有真的

  • do these things when you speak? Because it's one thing to know that something is good for

    使用這些技巧嗎? 因為知道是一回事

  • you, it's another thing to actually do it.

    真正去實行又是另一回事

  • My very first tip is the importance of breathing. When you are nervous, it's very important

    第一個技巧是呼吸的重要 當你感到緊張 呼吸很重要

  • to breathe. To breathe deeply. You don't have to do this in front of people, though. You

    深深地吸一口氣 你可以不用在人群前做這動作

  • don't have to take a deep breath where they notice you're breathing heavily. Just remember,

    你不用在他們會發現你深呼吸時這麼做 只要記得呼吸就好

  • take a breath. What does this do? It calms your heart. Scientists have proven that just

    這有什麼作用? 它可以讓你平靜 科學家已經證明

  • by breathing, you calm yourself down and you relax yourself. This is something you can

    只要呼吸 你就可以平靜下來並讓自己放鬆 這是你可以做到的事情

  • do, especially in a speaking test. I know a lot of my students do the IELTS, they do

    尤其是在口語測驗時 我知道很多我的學生考雅思、托福

  • the TOEFL, they do various tests like this. At some point, maybe they make a mistake and

    和多種的測驗 在某些時候 他們或許會犯錯和感到

  • they panic. They think, "Oh, no. I've made a horrible mistake. I'm going to fail this

    痛苦 他們會想: 喔不! 我犯了很大的錯誤。 我不能通過了。

  • test." What do I tell them to do? Take a breath and continue.

    這時我會怎麼告訴學生?深呼吸並繼續

  • My second tip is to walk. I'm not saying you have to... before speaking to people, always

    第二個技巧是:走動。我不是要你在講話前都要走動

  • have to be walking, because that's just not practical. I'm not saying you have to go on

    因為那不實際。 我不是要你

  • hour-long walks in order to be better speakers. What I'm saying though, is that if you have

    為了成為更好的說話者而要走動好幾小時 我的意思是 如果你

  • some sort of speaking performance, speaking test, something you have to do which you're

    有演說、口語測驗等

  • very nervous about. If you have a little bit of time before you have to speak, a good idea

    讓你覺得很緊張的場合 如果你在說話之前只有一點點時間 有個好方法就是

  • is to take a short walk. Before a presentation, before you present, walk around the room for

    稍微走動一下。 在報告前 花三分鐘在這空間走動一下

  • three minutes. Again, this sends a signal to your brain, and it naturally has a calming

    這也能傳達一個訊息到大腦 自然產生冷靜的

  • effect on you. It will calm your heart and it will help you to not panic. If you're at

    效果。 它能讓你平靜並舒緩你的不安。 如果你

  • a party and your friends are all there, and you're still really nervous, you can still

    參加你朋友都在場的派對且你依然感到緊張 你可以使用這個技巧。

  • use this tip. You don't have to be obvious, like pacing back and forth. You can walk before

    你不要做得很明顯 只要緩慢的前後走動。你可以在說話前走動

  • you speak, if possible. It's a very good way to keep you from panicking.

    如果可以 這會是讓你免於痛苦的好方法

  • The third point is a little bit more technical. I've written here "Automate Language". What

    第三個技巧是需要一些技術的 就是我這裡寫的"Automate Language"

  • does this mean? Practice. The way your brain works is the more you do something, it becomes

    這是什麼意思? 大腦運作的方式是你做越多

  • automatic, almost like a robot or a machine. If you practice the same expressions again,

    大腦就會更自動 幾乎像是機器人或是機械。 如果你反覆練習同樣的表達方式

  • and again, and again, you don't have to think about them anymore, they just come straight

    你就不用再用腦 這些表達就會自然地

  • out of your mouth. This is what you want to do with speaking. Learn key expressions, either

    脫口而出。 這是口說所需要的。學習主要表達語 不管是你要在

  • that you might use for work, or that you may use for school. For example, a lot of students, they always

    工作或是在學校時使用。 比如說很多學生會說

  • say, "I think" -- that's a key expression. You can change that -- "in my opinion". If

    "I think" 而這就是主要表達語。你可以變換成 "in my opinion"

  • you practice saying that enough, anytime somebody asks you your opinion, it will just come out.

    如果你的練習足夠 只要有人問你的意見 你就會脫口而出

  • You won't have to think about it. Even if you're panicking, these words still come out,

    你不用再去思考。 即使你坐立難安 這些字依然會自然出現

  • so practice these key expressions.

    所以 練習這類的關鍵表達語

  • Our fourth tip is to remember you don't need to be perfect. This is something a lot of

    第四個是你不需要表現完美。這是很多

  • ESL students forget. They meet a native speaker and they think, "Wow. This person, their English

    英語學習者(英語為第二外語)都會遺忘的。當他們遇到外國人 他們就會想 "哇 這個人的

  • is beautiful. They have perfect English. I wish I could talk like that." What a lot of

    英文好棒 他們英文好完美 我希望我能跟他們一樣" 但很多外語學習者

  • ESL students don't realize is native speakers make mistakes all the time in their English.

    不知道其實外國人講英文時一樣會犯錯

  • Every time I talk to my friends, family, even professors, they make grammar mistakes, they

    每次我跟朋友、家人甚至教授聊天時 他們文法會犯錯

  • make vocabulary mistakes, they have what's called, 'slip of the tongue', where maybe

    字彙用錯 他們一樣會口誤

  • something comes out incorrectly. It's normal to make mistakes, and people don't judge you

    他們所說的也會不正確。犯錯是正常的且別人不嚴厲的審視你所犯的錯誤

  • harshly on your mistakes. Don't judge yourself too harshly. It's okay to make mistakes. In

    不要對你自己太過嚴厲 犯錯是可以接受的

  • fact, the best way to learn a language is to make mistakes. So make mistakes -- don't be perfect.

    事實上 最好的學習英文方法就是犯錯 所以不要要求完美 犯錯吧

  • Number five: I'll be giving you a bit of an example with this specific point in a minute.

    第五: 我將給你一個例子來解說這特殊的技巧

  • Use a "speaking template". What is a template? It's like a map, where you figure out exactly

    套用口說模版 什麼是模板? 它就像是地圖 能幫你組織

  • how to organize the way you speak. These are very useful especially for speaking tests.

    你說話的方式。 這對於口語測驗特別有幫助

  • For the TOEFL, for the IELTS. They're good for presentations, for business meetings.

    像是托福或雅思、報告或是商務會議很好用

  • If you memorize a template that is useful for what your specific need is, it will really

    如果你背誦一個對於你個人所需的有用模板,它真的能

  • help you with the flow of your language. You won't have to think so hard about what you're

    幫你語言的流暢度。 你不用再去思考等一下要說什麼

  • going to say next. If you follow a template... I'll show you how to do this in a second.

    如果你跟著模板...我等會就示範給你看

  • It will show you how to speak in just a couple of easy steps.

    它能示範給你如何用幾個簡單步驟去講話

  • Finally, number six: mantras. For those of you who don't know what a mantra is, these

    最後 第六點:箴言。對於不知道箴言的人 這些是

  • are things we say to ourselves -- you don't have to say them to other people. Often, you

    我們對自己說的話 你不用跟別人說。 通常

  • say them in your own head, and they usually have a good message, a positive message.

    你在你大腦裡說 而且它們通常都會有好的、正向的訊息

  • When I was learning French, my mantra is, or my mantra was, "I am a good French speaker."

    當我在學法文時 我的箴言是 (或曾經是) "我很會說法文"

  • The problem with a lot of students who are learning languages is that when they talk,

    問題是很多語言學習者在講話時

  • they start to get nervous and they think in their head, "I'm horrible. My language is

    就開始緊張,且他們會想 "我好遜。我的語言

  • terrible. I'm making so many mistakes. The person I'm talking to can't understand me."

    好爛。我犯了好多錯誤且跟我講話的人不能了解我。"

  • They start to panic. "My English is so bad." Do you ever think these things when you're

    所以他們感到痛苦。"我英文好爛" 當你在對話時,你曾經有想過這些字嗎?

  • talking to someone? Because what scientists have proven is that if you have these types

    因為科學家曾經證明如果你有這些想法

  • of thoughts, it's going to make your language ability go down. You're not going to talk

    它會讓你的語言能力下降。 你沒辦法說得

  • as well as you could; whereas if you think positively, if you say, "I am a good speaker",

    跟你能力一樣好。但是如果你正向思考 如果你說 "我很會說英文"

  • anytime that negative thought comes into your head, anytime you think, "I'm not a good speaker,"

    每次只要有負面想法 想到 "我英文說得不好"

  • I want you to immediately to tell yourself, "No, I am a good speaker". Because if you

    我要你馬上跟自己說 "不, 我英文說得很好。" 因為如果你

  • do this... language is very powerful, a lot of people don't realize that, but the

    這麼做 語言是很有力量的 很多人不明白 但是

  • way that we talk about something changes the way we think about something. If you say out

    語言能改變我們的想法。 如果你大聲跟自己說

  • loud to yourself, if you tell yourself, "I'm a good speaker," it will become true; you

    如果你跟自己說 "我英文說得很好",就會成真

  • will become a better speaker. This is a very important tip. Tell yourself, "I am a good

    你會說得更棒。 這是很重要的技巧。告訴你自己 "我英文說得很好"

  • speaker". Come up with your own mantra. Anytime you think negatively, think like this. Overcome

    把你自己的箴言說出來。當你有負面想法時 想想箴言。用正面思考克服

  • the negative with the positive.

    負面思考

  • Now I am going to show you an example of a speaking template.

    現在 我要示範給你看何謂口說模板

  • Here is a template that can be used for the speaking part of the TOEFL test or the IELTS test, or these tests where

    這是我可以在托福、雅思考試時,或是被問到你的想法時之模板

  • they ask you your opinion on something. I probably wouldn't use this template if I'm

    我在派對上時就不會用這模板

  • at a party with my friends; it would just be too formal. Again, using different types

    跟朋友對話 這會太正式。在不同場合用不同的

  • of speaking templates for different situations can really help you conquer speaking anxiety.

    口語模板可以真正幫助你克服口說焦慮

  • Let's look at this template. First of all, if I'm asked a question, I would state my

    讓我們看看這模板。首先 如果我被問一個問題 我會述說我的想法:

  • opinion: What do I think? What do I prefer? What do I think? Second thing I would do is

    "我在想什麼? 我比較喜歡什麼? 我認為如何?" 第二個我會

  • give a reason, and I would introduce it with a transition. There are many different transitions

    給予原因 且我會用轉折方式來介紹。有很多轉折語可以用

  • you can use. "First of all" is a good one. I'd give a little bit of a detail for that

    像是"首先" 就很好用。 我會先給那個理由一點細節

  • reason, then I would give a second reason. I could say, "A second reason is...", "Secondly...".

    然後我會給第二個理由。 我可以說 "第二個理由是..." "第二..."

  • I give a detail for that reason. I'd give a third reason: "Finally..." detail for

    我會給細節然後給第三個理由: "最後..." 再給予細節

  • this, and then I would give a conclusion; maybe something like "For these reasons, blah blah blah blah."

    然後我會做總結 或許會說"對於這些理由,....."

  • I know I've just said "blah blah blah blah".

    我知道我只是說"...."

  • Now I'm actually going to do a question so you can really see a template in use. One common

    現在我要實際回答一個問題 所以你可以看我怎麼使用模板。一個常

  • question that's on both the TOEFL and the IELTS is asking if you would prefer to live

    出現在托福和雅思的問題會問你是否比較喜歡

  • in a small town or a big city. I've seen this question on many of these tests, so it's a

    住在小城鎮還是大都市。 我在很多考試看過這題 所以

  • good one to practice. This template would be perfect for a type of question like this.

    這是很好的練習題。 這模板非常符合像這樣的問題。

  • First of all, if somebody asked me, "Would you prefer to live in a small town or a city?"

    首先,如果有人問我 "你比較喜歡住在小城鎮還是大都市?"

  • I'd state my preference with a word like, "I believe", "in my opinion", "I think".

    我會用以下字詞述說我的喜好: "我相信" "我認為" "我想"

  • I'll use "believe", for now: "I believe that living in a big city is better than living in a small

    我現在會用 "believe": "我相信住在大都市比住在小城鎮好"

  • town." Now I'm going to give a reason: "First of all, living in a big city means there are

    現在我要給一個理由: "首先,住在大都市意會著那裡

  • many restaurants around you. If you feel like Greek food, you can get Greek food. If you

    有很多餐廳。如果你想吃希臘食物 你就可以吃到。 如果你

  • feel like Indian food, you can get Indian food. For people who love eating well, for

    想吃印度食物,你也能吃到。對於喜歡吃美食、

  • people who love restaurants, living in a big city is better than living in a small town."

    喜歡餐廳的人而言 住在大都市比在小城鎮好。"

  • I also gave some details with that. I gave you the reason, restaurants, and I gave you

    我會給一些細節。 我給你一個理由- 餐廳- 且我給你

  • detail, some examples.

    細節和例子

  • Now I'm going to move on to a second reason: "Secondly, living in a city is better than

    現在 我要繼續我第二個理由: "第二,住在大都市比

  • living in a small town because of the nightlife. In a big city, there are lots of clubs, there

    比較好 因為它有夜生活。大都市有很多夜店

  • are lots of places to go dancing, movie theaters, plays -- there's a lot to do; whereas in small

    很多可以跳舞、看電影和看戲的場所-- 可以做很多事 然而在小城鎮

  • cities, maybe there's not so much to do." Again, I've given transition words -- "secondly"

    可能沒那麼多事情可以做。" 再一次的我給了轉折語-- "第二"

  • -- and I've given some details.

    也給了細節

  • Now I'm going to move on to reason number three: "Finally, living in a city is great

    現在我要繼續第三的理由: "最後 住在大都市會有好工作

  • for jobs. There are a lot of jobs in a city. Sometimes in small towns, it's hard to find jobs.

    那裏有很多工作。有時在小城鎮很難找到工作

  • So, for these reasons, I think living in a big city is better than living in a small town."

    所以因為這些因素 我比較喜歡生活在大都市。"

  • I didn't actually practice that. With that question, I just came up with it off the top

    我並沒有真的練習這題。針對這題 我只是使用腦海裡的模板

  • of my head using this. This is very useful, just for organizing your thoughts. Any question

    這很有用 可以組織想法。 任何

  • I ask you that has to do with your opinion, you can use this template.

    有關問你想法的問題你都可以套用

  • Find transition words you like. Maybe some of you don't like "first of all". "Firstly...",

    使用喜歡的轉折語。或許你不喜歡 "first of all" 。其他像是 "Firstly"

  • "my first point is...", "my first reason is..." -- these are all fine.

    "my first point is..." "my first reason is..." 都可以

  • "Secondly...", "my second point is..." , "another point is...". "Finally...", "my third point is..." These

    "Secondly... " "my second point is... " "another point is..." "Finally..." "my third point is..."

  • transitions can really help you with the flow of your language. Again, speaking templates

    這些轉折詞可真正幫助你語言的流暢度。口說模板

  • are good things to use. They will help you organize your thoughts, they will help you to not ramble

    很好用。 它們能幫你組織想法 不會讓你的想法散亂

  • on and on, and they can help you calm down, especially in speaking tests.

    可以幫你冷靜 尤其是在考試時

  • For more templates, for more tips, for more ways to conquer speaking anxiety, come visit

    對於更多解決口說焦慮的模板或更多技巧、方法 可以到

  • our site, www.PresentationPrep.com . Also, if you want to practice some of these tips

    我們的網站 www.PresentationPrep.com。還有 如果你想在我們網站www.engvid.com

  • at our home site, www.engvid.com, I welcome you to join us there. Until next time, take care.

    練習這些技巧 歡迎加入我們。直到下一次 保重。

  • Learn English for free www.engvid.com

    到www.engvid.com 免費學英文

Hi there. My name is Emma, and today, we are going to be talking about a scary topic: "Tips for

嗨!我是Emma。今天我們要談論一個令人害怕的話題:

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 模板 英文 都市 技巧 箴言 焦慮

超實用!6個讓你說英文不緊張的方法 (中英文字幕) (6 tips for dealing with speaking anxiety)

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    VoiceTube   發佈於 2014 年 08 月 21 日
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