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  • Everything looks bigger than life when you are five.

    當你五歲的時候,一切看起來都比生活大。

  • So everything was big, everything was strange, and I remember feeling a bit scared.

    所以一切都很大,一切都很奇怪,我記得我覺得有點害怕。

  • Like many children, I remember my school years fondly but the bits I remember fondly aren't

    像許多孩子一樣,我對我的學校生活記憶猶新,但我記憶中美好的片段並不是';。

  • the bits I should have remembered.

    我應該記住的部分。

  • I remember the play and the sport and the naughtiness and the playfulness and the mischief.

    記憶中的玩耍、運動、調皮、嬉戲、惡作劇。

  • In fact, I remember the bits that were non-standard.

    其實,我還記得那些非標的位。

  • Itís an incredible privilege for me to have had education be such an important and present

    對我來說,這是一個令人難以置信的特權 有教育是如此重要的,並提出了

  • part of my life.

    我生命的一部分。

  • I remember being bored a lot. It didnít bring out the best in me, I got through it anyhow.

    我記得自己很無聊它沒有給我帶來最好的東西,但我還是挺過來了。

  • I wasnít a great fit or the system wasn't a great fit for me. Itís kind of crazy when

    我不是一個偉大的適合或系統是不是一個偉大的適合我。這是種瘋狂,當

  • you think about it.

    你想想看

  • That we take all these children and we force them to try to adapt to this really complex

    我們帶著這些孩子,強迫他們去適應這個複雜的環境。

  • bureaucracy system, the system should adapt to them.

    官僚系統,系統應該適應他們。

  • The origins of traditional education lie inside the military, to a large extent.

    傳統教育的起源在很大程度上在於軍隊內部。

  • They needed identical people; soldiers, administrators, and so on, so they produced this system.

    他們需要一模一樣的人,阿兵哥、管理員等等,所以他們就產生了這個系統。

  • When the industrial revolution happened they too wanted identical people in their assembly

    當工業革命發生時,他們也希望在他們的裝配中使用相同的人。

  • lines.

    行。

  • Even with consumers, they wanted consumers to be identical so that everybody would buy

    即使是對消費者,他們也希望消費者是相同的,這樣大家都會購買

  • the same things.

    同樣的事情。

  • So if you look at school that way, if you look at the fact that we process twenty or

    所以,如果你這樣看學校,如果你看事實,我們處理20或。

  • thirty kids at a time, in a batch, just like in the factory.

    一次三十個孩子,一批一批的,就像在工廠裡一樣。

  • If you look at the fact that if you fail third grade, what do you do? We hold you back and

    如果你看看,如果你三年級不及格,你怎麼辦?我們把你擋在後面

  • we reprocess you.

    我們重新處理你。

  • All matching with the factory works, we built it on purpose. And it was really useful for

    都是與工廠工程相匹配的,我們特意打造的。而且它真的很有用

  • its function.

    其功能。

  • But we donít have a shortage of factory workers any more.

    但我們不缺工廠工人了。

  • We are probably at the death of education right now.

    我們現在可能已經到了教育的死期。

  • I think the structures and strictures of school, of learning from nine till three, working

    我認為學校的結構和束縛,從九點到三點的學習,工作。

  • on your own, not working with others.

    自己的,而不是和別人合作。

  • I think thatís dead or dying. And I think learning is just beginning.

    我認為,這是死或死亡。而我認為學習才剛剛開始。

  • I had ADD when I was growing up, like so many people now do.

    我在成長過程中也有ADD,就像現在很多人一樣。

  • And thereís this feeling that there is something broken about the kid, because the kid doesnít

    有這種感覺,有什麼東西壞了孩子,因為孩子不

  • conform to the system.

    符合制度。

  • So what we do is we medicate children to fit into the system, as opposed to saying; wait,

    所以我們所做的就是給孩子們用藥,讓他們融入這個體系,而不是說;等等。

  • the system is here for the kids.

    系統是為了孩子們而存在的。

  • And there are lots of people who can quite easily sit still for eight hours and take

    有很多人可以很容易地坐著不動8個小時,並採取。

  • notes, and then two weeks later say back what they

    筆記,然後兩個星期後,說回他們的

  • wrote down.

    寫了下來。

  • But there is also this huge population of extraordinarily talented and engaged people

    但也有這龐大的人群,他們特別有才華,特別有參與感。

  • who canít learn that way.

    誰不能學習的方式。

  • Thereís a very big difference between accessed information and school, they used to be the

    有一個非常大的區別之間訪問信息和學校,他們曾經是

  • same thing.

    同樣的事情。

  • Information is there online to anyone of the billion people who have access to the Internet.

    十億人中任何一個能上網的人,資訊都在網上。

  • So what that means is if we give access to a four year old or an eight year old or a

    所以,這意味著,如果我們給一個4歲的孩子或8歲的孩子或一個。

  • twelve year old, they will get the information if they want it.

    十二歲的孩子,只要他們想要,就會得到資訊。

  • Knowing something is probably an obsolete idea.

    知道一些事情可能是一個過時的想法。

  • You donít actually need to know anything, you can find out at the point when you need

    你其實不需要知道什麼,你可以在你需要的時候找到。

  • to know it.

    來了解它。

  • Itís the teacherís job to point young minds towards the right kind of question.

    老師的工作是為年輕人指出正確的問題。

  • A teacher doesnít need to give any answers, because answers are everywhere.

    老師不需要給出任何答案,因為答案無處不在。

  • And we know now from years of measurements that learners who find the answers for themselves

    而我們現在從多年的測量中知道,學習者如果自己找到答案,就會發現

  • retain it better than if they're told the answer.

    保留它比如果他們'告訴答案。

  • Education is being very slow to look at data, to look at numbers, to look at analysis and

    教育正在非常緩慢地看數據、看數字、看分析和。

  • whatís actually happening.

    實際上發生了什麼。

  • We measure a test here, and an exam there, but the details of whatís happening we donít

    我們在這裡衡量一個測試,在那裡衡量一個考試,但發生的細節我們不知道。

  • really have.

    真的有。

  • That will be, for sure, the next important thing in our pockets, our ability to analyze

    這將是,肯定的,下一個重要的東西在我們的口袋裡,我們的分析能力。

  • wherever you are.

    無論你在哪裡。

  • Some of the people watching this will already be analyzing their health and their wellbeing

    有的人看了之後,就已經會分析自己的健康和福祉了

  • and their sport.

    和他們的運動。

  • They will be analyzing their learning too soon.

    他們會過早地分析自己的學習情況。

  • And then weíll be really good at it.

    然後,我們將是真正的好。

  • Knewton is a data-mining and adaptive learning platform that allows anybody, anywhere to

    Knewton是一個數據挖掘和自適應學習平臺,它允許任何人,在任何地方都可以進行

  • upload content.

    上傳內容。

  • They could be a publisher, an individual teacher, or anything in-between.

    他們可以是出版社,可以是個體教師,也可以是介於兩者之間的任何一個人。

  • And produce a course that will be uniquely personalized to each student based on what

    並根據每個學生的情況,製作出獨一無二的個性化課程。

  • she knows and how she learns best.

    她知道和如何學習最好。

  • The textbook of the future is going to be delivered on connected devices.

    未來的教科書將在聯網設備上交付。

  • What that means is the incredible amount of data that students have always produced, when

    這意味著學生們總是產生不可思議的數據量,當

  • they studied, are now capturable and useable.

    他們所研究的,現在都是可以捕捉和使用的。

  • So Knewton and any product built on Knewton can figure out things like; you learn math

    所以,Knewton和任何建立在Knewton上的產品都可以算出這樣的事情;你學了數學

  • best in the morning between 08:32 and 09:14 am.

    在早上08:32到09:14之間最好。

  • You learn science best in 40 minute bite sizes.

    在40分鐘的時間裡,你能學到最好的科學知識。

  • At the 42 minute mark your click rate always begins to decline, we should pull that from

    在42分鐘的時候,你的點擊率總是開始下降,我們應該把它從

  • you then and move you to something else to keep you engaged.

    然後再把你轉移到別的地方去,讓你參與其中。

  • That 35 minute burst you do at lunch everyday you're not retaining any of that just

    那35分鐘的爆發,你做在每天的午餐你'不保留任何的只是

  • hang out with your friends and do that stuff in the afternoon instead when you learn better.

    和朋友一起出去玩,下午學好了再去做那些事。

  • You learn this stuff best with short questions; this stuff best with complicated, difficult

    你學這個東西最好的是短題,這個東西最好的是複雜的,難的。

  • questions.

    問題。

  • We should return this type of material to you four days later for optimal retention.

    我們應該在四天後把這種材料還給你,以達到最佳的保存效果。

  • And here's exactly the things you're going to struggle with your homework tonight because

    而這裡'正是你'今晚要為你的作業而苦惱的事情,因為

  • you havenít learned some of the concepts that are embedded in that material.

    你還沒有學會一些概念 這是嵌在該材料。

  • And we can go in real-time and grab you the perfect little bit of content, from last month,

    而且我們可以實時去抓取你完美的一點內容,從上個月。

  • or last year, and put that seamlessly in front of you so that you don't struggle.

    或去年,並將其無縫地放在你面前,這樣你就不會掙扎了'。

  • We can predict failure in advance and prevent it from happening.

    我們可以提前預測故障,防患於未然。

  • Weíre going to move from this kind of alienating and in some cases boring and in some cases

    我們將從這種疏遠的,在某些情況下無聊的,在某些情況下,我們將從這種疏遠的。

  • frustrating model of everybody gets exactly the same stuff.

    令人沮喪的模式,每個人都得到完全相同的東西。

  • They're getting it at the exact same time, the exact same order, and the exact same difficulty

    他們'得到它在完全相同的時間,完全相同的順序,和完全相同的難度。

  • level.

    級別。

  • For half of the class it's too hard, for half of the class itís too boring.

    對於一半的同學來說太難了,對於一半的同學來說太無聊了。

  • It's going to get the most advanced kids, the most stimulating material.

    它'要讓最先進的孩子,最刺激的材料。

  • Itís going to get them to unlock their potential in a way that theyíre not today.

    這將讓他們釋放自己的潛力,以一種他們今天沒有的方式。

  • But for every kid, no matter how much you are struggling, youíve got a path to success.

    但對於每一個孩子來說,無論你多麼掙扎,你都有一條通往成功的道路。

  • It might take you a little longer, but youíll have a path to success no matter what.

    這可能需要你花一點時間,但無論如何你都會有一條通往成功的道路。

  • And also the system gets smarter and smarter as more people use it.

    而且隨著使用的人越來越多,系統也會越來越智能。

  • Strategies compete against each other to be replicated in the next generation, so the

    策略之間相互競爭,以便在下一代中得到複製,所以。

  • strategy that is the most effective for you, once we find that; any kid in the future will

    策略,是對你最有效的,一旦我們找到了這一點;未來任何一個孩子都會。

  • have that strategy teed up.

    有該策略的eed起來。

  • It's a whole new thing.

    這是一個全新的東西。

  • When the automobile was invented people werenít asking for the automobile they were asking

    當汽車被髮明時,人們並不要求汽車,他們要求的是什麼?

  • for faster horses.

    為快馬。

  • And people arenít really asking for Knewton because they donít know what it is yet, but

    人們並不是真的在問Knewton,因為他們還不知道它是什麼,但是... ...

  • once they see it and experience it then they'll get it right away.

    一旦他們看到它,體驗它,那麼他們'就會馬上得到它。

  • People say that education moves very slowly.

    人們都說,教育的發展非常緩慢。

  • Suddenly you just need to be connected.

    突然間,你只需要連接。

  • That changes everything; it changes the basis on which you can make a contribution, your

    這就改變了一切;它改變了你可以做出貢獻的基礎,你可以在你的工作崗位上做出貢獻。

  • brain can make a contribution at a distance.

    腦可以在遠處做出貢獻。

  • It's one thing to sit here in the media lab and talk about the future.

    坐在媒體實驗室裡談未來是一回事。

  • I often go into places that are about as different from a media lab as it can get.

    我經常去一些和媒體實驗室差不多的地方。

  • And I think to myself; whatís the value of all my ideas over here. But, there is one

    我想,我的想法在這裡有什麼價值。但是,有一個

  • great hope.

    巨大的希望。

  • Wherever I go, the very first thing that I ask, or I take out my phone to check for,

    無論我去哪裡,第一件事就是問,或者拿出手機檢查。

  • is; do I have that little bit of bandwidth to give me GPRS, or something equivalent to

    是;我有那麼一點帶寬,給我GPRS,或者是相當於

  • that?

    那個

  • And in the middle of jungles I find that sometimes it says connected

    而在叢林中,我發現,有時它說連接的

  • And I know then that everything that I'm saying can go anywhere, and work exactly the

    我知道我所說的一切都可以在任何地方進行,並且完全按照我所說的那樣工作。

  • same way.

    同樣的方式。

  • Itís a question of time.

    這是一個時間的問題。

  • Connectivity is actually opening up the world. If you open up a village, for example Bonsaaso,

    互聯互通其實就是打開了世界。如果你打開一個村子,比如說Bonsaaso。

  • and the students can actually now communicate with other students, say in London.

    和學生實際上現在可以與其他學生交流,比如在倫敦。

  • It means they start seeing the world in a different way.

    這意味著他們開始以不同的方式看待這個世界。

  • Educate a youth, and you educate a nation.

    教育一個青年,就能教育一個國家。

  • Connect to Learn is a partnership between Ericsson, together with AF Institute in Columbia

    Connect to Learn是愛立信與哥倫比亞AF學院的合作項目。

  • University, and the Millennium Promise.

    大學和千年承諾。

  • It's twofold, it provides scholarships to girls, and Connect to Learn gives students

    它有兩個方面,它為女孩提供獎學金,而 "連接學習 "則為學生提供了

  • computers and connectivity and shows them how to use it, and how to get information.

    計算機和連接,並告訴他們如何使用它,以及如何獲得資訊。

  • Education was limited to what the teacher could tell the students, and the teacher was

    教育僅限於老師能告訴學生的東西,而老師是

  • relying on a small textbook, or those few books, so the teacher was not getting very

    依靠小本子,還是那幾本書,所以老師並沒有得到很。

  • exposed.

    暴露了。

  • Now you are able to access a lot of information and the children start chatting and exchanging

    現在,你能夠獲取很多資訊,孩子們開始哈拉、交流

  • information, you can see that there is much more things for them to talk about because

    資訊,你可以看到,有更多的東西,他們談論,因為

  • they feel like they are more exposed.

    他們覺得自己比較暴露。

  • And the children are more confident.

    而孩子們也更加自信。

  • They have the energy, they have quite a lifespan ahead of them and they are about to start

    他們有精力,他們有相當長的壽命,他們即將開始。

  • thinking bigger.

    想得更遠。

  • If you bring connectivity to them, they are actually able to do transactions and they

    如果你給他們帶來了連接,他們其實是可以做交易的,而且他們

  • can start small businesses, which will uplift them.

    可以做小生意,這將提升他們。

  • So I'd say it's actually opening up our villages, our country, and the whole continent.

    所以我'會說,它'實際上是在開放我們的村莊,我們的國家,以及整個大陸。

  • We're rolling it out in as many countries as possible in Africa, and also in South America.

    我們'正在儘可能多的國家推出,在非洲,也在南美。

  • It has the potential to be upscaled to any country.

    它有可能被提升到任何國家。

  • The way we solve interesting problems is we fail and we fail and we fail and we fail,

    我們解決有趣問題的方式就是我們失敗,我們失敗,我們失敗,我們失敗。

  • until we succeed.

    直到我們成功。

  • And if youíve talked to people who have succeeded, what they almost all have in common is that

    如果你和成功的人交談過,他們幾乎都有一個共同點,那就是...

  • theyíve failed a hundred times before they succeeded.

    在成功之前,他們已經失敗了一百次。

  • And what separates them, from people who arenít successful, isnít that they succeeded, itís

    而他們與那些不成功的人的區別,並不是因為他們成功了,而是因為他們的成功。

  • that they failed more that the other people did.

    他們比其他人更失敗。

  • Iím not sure itís okay for the schools to say; we have to optimize, to process as many

    我不知道這是好的學校說,我們必須優化,處理儘可能多的。

  • people as we can to match this testing regime.

    人,以配合這種測試製度。

  • You canít imagine, in a world where you sit down to do an exam and you ask yourself the

    你無法想象,在這個世界上,你坐下來做一個考試,你問自己的。

  • question; I hope there are no surprises on the exam paper.

    問題;希望試卷上不要出現意外。

  • And your teachers think; I hope I prepared him for everything.

    而你的老師認為;我希望我為他準備好一切。

  • How would that prepare you then to go out into a world that everyday is going to surprise

    那麼,這將如何準備你去到一個每天都會給你帶來驚喜的世界中去呢?

  • you.

    你。

  • Itís full of the surprises of the economy, of society, of politics, of invention, of

    它充滿了經濟、社會、政治、發明的驚喜。

  • technology.

    技術。

  • Everyday is a surprise.

    每天都是一個驚喜。

  • Learning prepares you to cope with the surprises, education prepares you to cope with certainty,

    學習讓你準備好應對意外,教育讓你準備好應對肯定。

  • there is no certainty.

    沒有把握。

  • The teacher stands between the child and the formal education. Trying to make the child

    老師站在孩子和正規教育之間。試圖讓孩子

  • face that system.

    面對這個系統。

  • And until that system breaks down, or disappears, she has an incredibly difficult job of keeping

    在這個系統崩潰或消失之前,她有一個令人難以置信的困難的工作,以保持。

  • the childís curiosity alive, while at the same time saying; listen, by the time you

    激發孩子的好奇心,同時說;聽著,到了你的時候

  • are sixteen, youíll have to start memorizing certain things, so that you can go and sit

    16歲的時候,你就得開始背誦一些東西,這樣你就可以去坐坐了

  • for the examination, clear it, and get out of school properly.

    為考試,通過考試,好好地走出學校。

  • No one I know takes standardized tests for a living.

    我認識的人中沒有人以標準化考試為生。

  • So why are we using standardized test to see if you are going to be good when we donít

    所以,為什麼我們使用標準化測試,看看你是否會是好的,當我們不。

  • have standardized tests after you take it.

    有標準化的測試後,你把它。

  • Itís infected the entire marketing eco-system of education, because famous colleges are

    它感染了整個教育的營銷生態,因為著名的高校都是。

  • famous because they are picky about your SAT scores.

    因為他們對你的SAT成績很挑剔,所以很出名。

  • Parents want their kids to go to a famous college.

    家長都希望自己的孩子能上名牌大學。

  • Parents push their school to create kids who will get into a famous college by doing well

    家長催促學校打造孩子成績好就能考上名校的孩子

  • on the SAT.

    在SAT考試中。

  • All which is corrupting the entire reason we have education in the first place.

    所有這些都在敗壞著我們最初設立教育的全部理由。

  • If we can get parents, and teachers, and kids, and administrators, to have this conversation,

    如果我們能讓家長,老師,孩子,還有行政人員,進行這種對話。

  • to just talk about it, then if at school board meetings, or if, at ten year reviews the questions

    要只是說說而已,那麼如果在學校董事會會議上,或者說,在十年檢討的時候,問題

  • we are asking are not; how did your students do on the SAT.

    我們問的不是;你的學生在SAT上做得怎麼樣。

  • But instead we say; the SAT makes no sense, famous colleges are a scam, we need to create

    但我們卻說;SAT沒有意義,名校是個騙局,我們需要創設一個

  • a different thing and we can have this conversation.

    不同的事情,我們可以有這樣的對話。

  • Then change will start to happen.

    然後改變就會開始發生。

  • Coursera is a social entrepreneurship company that enables the best universities to take

    Coursera是一家社會創業公司,它能讓最好的大學以

  • their best courses and put them out there, so that everyone around the world with an

    他們最好的課程,並把它們放在那裡,使世界各地的每個人都有一個最好的課程。

  • Internet connection can benefit from having access to a great education.

    互聯網連接可以受益於有機會接受良好的教育。

  • As of today, which is the end of September we have 1.5 million students from 196 countries,

    截止到今天,也就是9月底,我們有來自196個國家的150萬學生。

  • itís a little debatable how you count countries.

    如何計算國家,這一點值得商榷。

  • We have 195 courses from 33 universities.

    我們有來自33所大學的195門課程。

  • Our larger courses have an enrollment of 130,000, our smaller courses have an enrollment of

    我們的大型課程的招生人數為13萬,小型課程的招生人數為

  • only about 10,000, of course theyíre still growing, most of them havenít launched yet.

    只有大約10,000,當然,他們還在增長, 他們中的大多數還沒有啟動。

  • A medium class, when it launches, has about 50- 60,000 students registered.

    一箇中等班級,推出後,大約有5-6萬名學生註冊。

  • Scale is interesting because it allows us to offer a high quality product at a very

    規模是有趣的,因為它使我們能夠以非常低的價格提供高質量的產品。

  • low marginal cost per student, which is what allows us to take people who really canít

    每個學生的邊際成本低,這就是為什麼我們可以把人誰真的不能。

  • pay for an education and to provide them a free education.

    支付教育費用併為他們提供免費教育;

  • Education for free at the highest quality because the costs are so low per student.

    最高品質的免費教育,因為每個學生的費用很低。

  • The student experience in Coursera is that the course starts on a given day and each

    學生在Coursera中的體驗是,課程在特定的一天開始,而每個

  • week a student has access to numerous pieces.

    週一個學生可以接觸到眾多的作品。

  • One piece is video lecture, and itís interactive videos, you donít sit there for an hour just

    有一塊是視頻講座,它是互動視頻,你不需要坐在那裡一個小時就可以了。

  • watching video, you get to interact with the video.

    看視頻,你可以和視頻互動。

  • There is rigorous meaningful assessments of different kinds, not just multiple choice

    有嚴格的有意義的不同類型的評估,而不僅僅是選擇題。

  • but real exercises with real depth.

    但真正的練習,有真正的深度。

  • And there is a community of students that you get to interact with to ask questions

    還有一個學生社區,你可以和他們互動,提出問題

  • and have those questions answered by your fellow students.

    並由同學們解答這些問題。

  • So that you get both a better learning experience via peer teaching as well as a social experience,

    這樣,你既可以通過同伴教學獲得更好的學習體驗,也可以獲得社會體驗。

  • where you feel like there is a community of learners surrounding this intellectual activity.

    在這裡,你會覺得有一個學習者的群體圍繞著這個智力活動。

  • People often ask us whether universities are a thing of the past, whether universities

    經常有人問我們,大學是否已經成為過去,大學是否是

  • are going to die out, and I definitely do not think so.

    是會消亡的,我絕對不這麼認為。

  • There is something tremendous about getting people together in a place where serendipitous

    在一個偶然的地方把人們聚集在一起,是一件非常了不起的事情。

  • interactions can happen.

    可以發生互動。

  • Where you can have face-to-face mentoring between an instructor and students, where

    在這裡,你可以在導師和學生之間進行面對面的指導,在這裡,你可以在導師和學生之間進行面對面的指導。

  • students can talk to each other, and create together, and learn to debate ideas.

    同學們可以互相交流,共同創作,學會辯論思想。

  • So this on-campus physical experience at the moment has no virtual substitute that is equally

    所以這種校內的物理體驗目前還沒有虛擬的替代品,同樣是

  • effective.

    有效。

  • Our goal here, and I think one needs to be pragmatic about this, is not to equalize necessarily

    我們在這裡的目標,我想我們需要務實地對待這個問題,不是一定要實現平等。

  • the opportunity of students who currently donít have any access, and make it equal

    為目前沒有任何機會的學生提供機會,並使之平等。

  • to what a fortunate Princeton student might have.

    到一個幸運的普林斯頓學生可能有。

  • Because that might be a really worthy goal but it's not something that we can necessarily

    因為這可能是一個真正有價值的目標,但它不一定是我們可以'的東西

  • can achieve in the short time frame.

    能在短時間內實現。

  • What we'd like to do, is we'd like to bring both of these up to considerably better than

    我們想做的是,我們想把這兩樣東西都帶到相當好的水準,而不是把它們放在一起。

  • where they are now, even if they donít end up being equal.

    他們現在在哪裡,即使他們不最終是平等的。

  • If weíve improved a lot, of both the on-campus students, and the ones who currently donít

    如果我們已經提高了很多,無論是在校園裡的學生,和那些誰目前沒有。