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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about 10 abbreviations

    哈囉,我是Emma,今天我們要來講講10個你應該要知道的

  • you should know.

    英文縮寫

  • So first of all, what is an abbreviation? Well, here's a clue in the word. You have

    首先,"abbreviation"縮寫是什麼呢?其實,在這個拚字當中藏有線索。當中有

  • the word "brev". "Brev" -- in other words, "brevity" -- it means to be short. So abbreviations

    "brev"這個字。"Brev"換個說法"brevity"就是精簡的意思。所以abbreviations

  • are words or sentences that we have made short, usually to save time. So for example, ASAP,

    就是那些被縮短的單字或是句子,通常是為了節省時間。例如ASAP

  • RSVP, RIP, BYOB, BBQ -- you see the pattern? We have capital letters, and they all stand

    RSVP, RIP, BYOB, BBQ--看出端倪了沒?都是大寫的字母,通常用來表示

  • for something that's longer. So it's a short form of a word or a sentence. So let's look

    更長的單詞。所以這是單字或句子縮短後的版本。讓我們來瞧瞧

  • at ten common abbreviations.

    這十個縮寫

  • So the first one we have, "ASAP". What does this mean? "As soon as possible", okay? We

    第一個是"ASAP"。這是什麼意思呢?"As soon as possible"盡快,了解嗎?

  • use this a lot when we're writing emails, letters, sometimes in conversation. "As soon

    我們在寫 email,信件或是某些對話中常常使用。"As soon as possible"

  • as possible" is long, so when we don't want to say "as soon as possible", we can shorten

    太長了,所以當我們不想說"As soon as possible"的時候,我們可以把它縮短成

  • it to "ASAP". What are some examples? "Email me ASAP." "Take our quiz ASAP." "Go see the

    "ASAP"。有哪些例子呢? "請盡快寄Email給我""快回答我們的問題""快點去見

  • principal ASAP." So it just means to do something as quickly as you can. And this is a very

    校長"所以,它代表的是盡快去做事情的意思。這是一個很常用的

  • common expression.

    語詞

  • Our second abbreviation, "RSVP". What does it mean, "RSVP"? It means, "Please reply."

    第二個縮寫是"RSVP"這是什麼意思呢?這代表"Please reply"請回覆

  • Okay? So we often use this if you're invited to something. If, for example, I'm having

    了解嗎?所以這通常在受到邀約的時候使用。假如,我要舉辦

  • a birthday party, and I want all of you to come, I would ask you to RSVP. "Please RSVP

    一場生日宴會,希望可以邀請你,我可以請你RSVP "Please RSVP

  • by Friday." This means, "Please reply. Please tell me you're coming by Friday." "Please

    by Friday." 這代表 "請回覆。想要參加,請在星期五前告訴我。"請

  • RSVP as soon as you can." "Please RSVP by next Saturday." So it means, again, "Please

    盡快RSVP回覆" "Please RSVP by next Saturday"意思一樣是,"請

  • send me a reply so I know you're coming." You, again, see this on invitations, any type

    回覆我讓我知道您要來。"這同樣會出現在邀請函上,你會在

  • of invite, you will see this.

    任何形式的邀約上看到

  • Our next common abbreviation, RIP. You may have seen this before. It means, "Rest in

    下一個縮寫, RIP你可能之前見過。它的意思是"Rest in

  • peace." So when somebody passes away -- when somebody dies -- often on their tombstone,

    peace."(安息)所以當有人過世的時候--有人死的時候--通常在他們的墓碑上

  • you'll see "RIP", which stands for, "Rest in peace". If you're on Facebook, and someone

    你會看到"RIP",代表"Rest in peace."如果你在臉書上,而某個

  • you know, maybe they lose a member of their family, they will often write, "RIP Fluffy"

    你認識的人剛好痛失至親,他們通常會寫這個,"RIP Fluffy"(安息吧,小毛球)

  • if it's a cat; "RIP whoever it is". And it means, "Rest in peace." Okay? So this one

    如果它是隻貓的話;"RIP whoever it is."而它就是在說,"安息吧。" 了解?所以這個

  • has to do with dying and death.

    跟死亡有關

  • No. 4, "BYOB". This is common when we're talking about parties. And it means, "Bring your own

    第四個,"BYOB"這常在談論派對的時候用到。它的意思是,"Bring your own

  • beer" or "bring your own booze". Beer, booze -- they're both alcoholic drinks. So "booze"

    beer"或是"bring your own booze"。 Beer, booze--都是含酒精飲料。"booze"

  • is any drink with alcohol in it. And so what that means is if you're invited to a party,

    指的是任何含酒精的飲品。所以,如果你受邀去參加一個派對,這句話代表的

  • maybe the host doesn't have any alcoholic drinks, so they will tell you, "Bring your

    可能是這個派對的主人沒有準備任何含酒精的飲料,所以它們會告訴你,"請帶

  • own drinks." "Bring your own beer." "Bring your own wine." "BYOB" means "bring your own

    自己的飲料。" "帶自己的啤酒。" "帶自己的酒。" "BYOB"意思是"帶你自己的

  • alcohol". Okay? So it's a very common expression for parties.

    含酒飲料" 了解? 所以這個詞彙常出現在派對上。

  • No. 5, "BBQ". "BBQ" means "barbecue". What's a "barbecue"? It's a way we cook meat. It's

    第五個,"BBQ" "BBQ"意思是"barbecue"。"barbecue"是什麼呢?這是我們料理肉類的一種方法。

  • a way we cook food. You usually have a grill. You put maybe hamburgers, hot dogs on the

    我們烹飪食物的方法。通常會有個烤肉架。把一些漢堡、熱狗放在烤肉架

  • grill. You barbecue them. You can eat barbecued chicken, different types of barbecue. So "BBQ"

    上。然後燒烤。你可以享用烤雞,或各式烤肉。所以"BBQ"

  • refers to a type of food or a party where they will serve hamburgers and hot dogs. So

    指的就是一種食物或是一個會提供漢堡和熱狗的派對。

  • let's check out five more abbreviations.

    讓我們再看五個縮寫

  • No. 6 on our list is "PIN". So a "PIN" is a password. Usually, you use it with your

    第六個清單上的字是"PIN"。 "PIN"是密碼。通常用在

  • bank. Maybe you have a debit card. You put it into a machine, and it asks you for your

    銀行上。你可能有張金融簽帳卡(用Debit Card卡購物,金額會直接從帳戶中扣除),把它放進機器,提款機會要求你輸入

  • PIN. "PIN" means "personal identity number". So it's a number; sometimes it's four digits;

    "PIN" "PIN"就是"personal identity number" 它就是組數字,有時候四碼

  • sometimes it's six numbers. And it's pretty much a password.

    有時候六碼。其實就是你的密碼

  • No. 7. "E.g." is an abbreviation many people get confused with No. 8, "i.e." So I'll first

    第七個"E.g."常常讓人跟第八個"i.e."搞混。我會先

  • explain what "e.g." means. So notice first it's E dot G dot. It means "example", okay?

    解釋"e.g."是什麼。首先請注意,這是E句號G句號。代表的是"example例子,"知道嗎?

  • So when you're writing -- you don't use this in conversation. You don't say, "E.g. blah,

    所以,當你在寫作時--這不會出現在日常對話裡。你不會說,"E.g. blah

  • blah, blah, blah, blah." You use it for writing, specifically. Now, the way you use it is if

    blah, blah點點點,等等等。"這會特別用在書寫的時後。怎麼用呢?如果

  • you're talking about something -- for example, "I want to tell you about all the animals

    你在講某件事--例如,"我想跟你說有關卵生

  • that lay eggs." Okay, so animals that lay eggs. I could say, "There are many animals

    動物的事情。" 就這個"卵生動物",我可能會說,"有很多動物

  • that lay eggs. E.g. chickens or hens, ducks -- I think platypuses, although I'm not exactly

    會生蛋。例如E.g. 母雞,鴨子--鴨嘴獸?這個我不太確定

  • sure about that one -- snakes, alligators, other birds, ostriches." So I used "e.g."

    --蛇,鱷魚,其他鳥類,鴕鳥。那我就會用 "e.g."

  • to show these are examples. Okay? So it means "example".

    來表示這些都是例子。了解?所以這代表"範例"

  • This is different from "i.e." -- I dot E dot -- which is used to add clarity to something.

    這跟"i.e."不一樣。--i句點e--這通常用來澄清某件事。

  • So it means that you say something, and then you want to say it again but maybe in different

    所以,這用在當你在討論某件事,而想要再次用不同的字句,重新說明。

  • words. So that sort of means "that is". So you restate an idea. For example, "This happened

    這就有點像"that is"也就是說的意思。你會重申這個概念。例如"這件事發生在

  • on Halloween, i.e. October 31st." Okay? So it just clarifies something. It makes something

    萬聖節,也就是,10月31日。 了解? 這是要澄清某件事。這讓一些概念

  • more clear. You have the same point, but you're repeating it, in a sense, in different words.

    更清楚。其實是同一件事情,但是某種程度上,你在重複說明,用不同的說法。

  • Okay? So "i.e." does not mean "example".

    了解?所以 "i.e."不代表"example舉例"

  • No. 9, "etc." -- E-T-C. So again, that means "et cetera". And what does this mean? When

    第九個 "etc."--E-T-C. 這代表"et cetera" 意思是什麼呢? 當

  • you're listing a bunch of different things, you have many, many things to say, you can

    你列舉一堆東西的時候,可能有很多很多要說,你可以

  • use this to mean "and so forth". Okay? So this -- seven, eight, and nine are all used

    用這個代表 "and so forth 等" 了解? 這個--八九不離十,都是用在

  • in writing, not in speech. If I read "etc.", an example of this would be, "Today, I went

    寫作上,而不是在對話中。如果我說 "etc.",例如,"今天,我去

  • grocery shopping. I bought many things. I bought eggs, bread, milk, chicken, juice,

    購物,買了些東西。我買了蛋、麵包、牛奶、雞肉,果汁

  • etc." So it means I'm listing a long list -- instead of saying every single thing I

    等。"這代表我列了一長串清單--我無意把所我買的東西都講出來

  • bought, which can take me a long time, "etc." means "and so forth". Okay? "I play many sports.

    因為這可能會花很多時間,"etc."就意味等等"and so forth" 了解? "我做很多種運動

  • I play soccer; I play baseball, tennis, badminton, etc." Okay? So it means "and so forth".

    我玩足球、棒球、網球、羽球,等等。" 了解? 這代表 "and so forth等等"

  • Finally, No. 10, "ATM". What is an "ATM"? It stands for "automatic teller machine",

    最後,第十個,"ATM"什麼是"ATM"呢? 它是"automatic teller machine"的縮寫

  • okay? "ATM" is a machine. You usually find it at the bank, or you can find it sometimes

    了解? "ATM"是個機器。你通常會在銀行看到,或是有時在

  • in stores, on the street. And it's like a bank. You put in your debit card, and it gives

    商店或街道看到。它就像銀行一樣。你把金融簽帳卡放進去,它會

  • you money. So it's a machine that gives you money, and it's associated with your bank.

    讓你領錢出來。這是發鈔的機器,跟你的銀行有關

  • Okay? So you might ask, "Where's the closest ATM?" "Are there any ATMs in this mall?" Meaning,

    了解? 所以你可能會問"最近的提款機在哪裡?" "這個商場有任何提款機嗎?"意思是

  • "Are there any bank machines?" Okay?

    "有提款機嗎?" 了解?

  • So I hope you come and visit our website at www.engvid.com ASAP, okay? As soon as you

    那麼,我希望大家可以盡快拜訪我們的網站,好嗎?盡快

  • can. As soon as possible. There, you will find our quiz. You can practice all of these

    盡早。你可以在那裡看到我們的隨堂練習。你可以練習使用

  • abbreviations and more. So until next time.

    這些縮寫和其他英文。下次見囉。

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about 10 abbreviations

哈囉,我是Emma,今天我們要來講講10個你應該要知道的

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【實用】ASAP 是什麼!十個你應該知道的英文縮寫 (Learn English: 10 Abbreviations You Should Know)

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