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  • Thank you for watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz reporting from Atlanta, Georgia.

  • We`re starting with news from Ukraine. Parts of Kiev, the capital, were lit up by fires last night.

  • As we put this show together. Earlier in the day at least 14 people had been killed.

  • Seven civilians, six police officers and one government employer as protests intensified in Kiev.

  • Ukraine got its independence in 1991 from the Soviet Union.

  • More than two decades later, its people are people divided. Some want closer ties with the European Union, others, including the president, want closer ties with Russia.

  • Protests over this have been going on for months, each side is blaming the other for Tuesday`s violence.

  • For Americans in the U.S. Northeast who are sick of snow, now is the winter of their discontent.

  • The good news is, it`s going to get warmer for them as this week goes on.

  • The bad news, meteorologists are saying at least another month of cold, snow and ice will follow.

  • Interesting news, some cities are approaching records.

  • For Chicago, this is the fifth snowiest winter ever recorded with almost 67 inches of snow so far.

  • For Philadelphia, the third snowiest, over 58 inches of snow there.

  • And for Indianapolis, this winter is the snowiest ever. Almost 52 inches of snow and we are only in February.

  • Once again, the northeast is bracing for another snowy blast.

  • I have to stop. I cannot see where I am.

  • This latest winter storm already causing crippling whiteout conditions in northern Illinois and slamming the Chicago area with up to six inches of snow.

  • In Milwaukee, icy roads causing a vehicle to spin off the highway hitting this squad car which was at the scene of another crash.

  • The massive amount of snowfalls and the relentless storms near record breaking totals.

  • It`s been a little bit too much snow for my taste.

  • Washington D.C. almost doubling its normal amount of snowfall for February so far, while New York City and Philadelphia triple their yearly accumulations.

  • All the snow causing problems for many school systems.

  • Officials now forced to make up snow days. In parts of Pennsylvania, class was in session on President`s Day.

  • We may lose Easter Monday. We may lose a professional development day that the teachers were going to have to have and a retreat day.

  • Schools in Delaware are considering extending days by 30 minutes, and some schools in New Jersey may hold classes on Saturdays.

  • It kind of stinks.

  • Bucket ready for the big thaw: later this week, temperature will finally rise, melting this massive accumulations of snow from Washington, D.C. to Maine.

  • On the West Coast, it`s heavy amounts of rain and snow in Oregon that brought down trees.

  • Demolishing homes and landing inches away from people inside.

  • I can`t see how she got out of it alive.

  • And in Seattle, mud slides trapping this car in a highway and closing some transit tracks.

  • Time for the Shootout. Which part of the U.S. government tests the fuel economy of new cars?

  • If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it the EPA, FDA, FAA or DHS? You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • The environmental protection agency, EPA gives the fuel economy info you see on new car labels. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • The U.S. government sets minimum gas mileage requirements for new cars.

  • Now, the Obama administration is ordering new requirements for medium and heavy-duty vehicles. Tractor-trailers, buses and vans.

  • Why? The government wants all new vehicles to get better gas mileage and give less pollution.

  • It hopes the new rules will help make that happen.

  • One complication is that the technology it takes to do this can cost more, raising the price of new vehicles.

  • The government says this will be offset when money saved on fuel.

  • The American trucking industry wants the president to proceed cautiously, saying its supports saving on fuel, but it hopes the new rules won`t conflict with safety, or force vehicles to use new technologies that aren`t fully tested.

  • The president`s new guidelines were issued by executive order, which means they won`t go through Congress for approval.

  • Last November and December the personal information of as many as 110 million people were stolen.

  • They`d used credit cards at Target.

  • At around the same time, more than a million other had their info stolen.

  • They`d used credit cards at Neiman Marcus.

  • Paying for something electronically is convenient. It allows you to buy whatever, without going wherever. But is it secure?

  • First, there was cash. Then came checks. And credit cards, smartphones and even crypto currencies.

  • The size and scale of the non-cash economy is vast.

  • One report estimates non-cash transactions top 333 billion in 2012.

  • That`s 47 for each man, woman and child on the planet.

  • And the more money slosh into the system, the greater the risk.

  • Over the past four years, the Secret Service has nearly arrested 5,000 cyber criminals.

  • In total, these criminals were responsible for over a billion dollars in fraud losses.

  • The recent cases of U.S. retailers, Target and Neiman Marcus were a global wakeup call.

  • Here in New York, the district attorney admits, it`s his greatest challenge.

  • I think it is a tsunami. I think that cybercrime identity theft is occurring at a pace and a level,

  • which make it one of the most significant criminal developments that we`ve seen in our generation.

  • Target and Neiman Marcus did not just expose the magnitude of the problem, they also revealed the sophistication of those behind it.

  • Is it a case of skimming the numbers from the back of the card, cloning the card, looking at the card in the restaurant or the shop?

  • We`re also looking at situations where because of people`s - criminals technical expertise, obviously they are doing things as alleged in the Target case:

  • going through the software that control the air system in the company and through the backdoor,

  • being able to move into data and identifying customer data, customer credit card numbers and the like.

  • The real victims are the consumers. Both Target and Neiman Marcus are investigating.

  • We have learned that the malware, which penetrated our system was exceedingly sophisticated.

  • And have apologized.

  • I want to say how deeply sorry we are for the impact this incident has had on our guests.

  • Both are still facing major class action lawsuits.

  • We love Worldwide Wednesdays on the CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call.

  • It gives us another chance to go globetrotting to places like Nantou County, Taiwan.

  • And that`s where we are online at National Chi Nan University.

  • Across the Pacific in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, hello to the students of Esquella Internacional Sampedrana.

  • And across the Atlantic, our final stuff is in Lakenheath, England.

  • Thank you for watching it, Lakenheath American Middle and High Schools.

  • On cell phones and tablets, there are a lot of apps and services we can get for free.

  • What are the providers like Apple, Google, Facebook or Pandora get out of it?

  • For one thing, they`ll sell some ad space to businesses that make money off that.

  • For another, they get information. They learn a lot about us. And Laurie Segall looks at how even our politics could factor in.

  • Hey, Carl. Well, if you are one of the millions of people who use Pandora to listen to music, the company says it knows more about you than your favorite song.

  • And they are hoping to cash in. Pandora`s planning to roll out a new ad service to help political candidates target voters.

  • That means the next time you listen to Miley Cyrus or Jay-Z, you might get pegged as a Democrat or Republican.

  • At the heart of this, your zip code. When you sign up for Pandora, you`re entering your zip code.

  • That gives the company valuable geographical data.

  • And they can tell a lot about you by where you live.

  • Now, in the past, Pandora has used this location data to look at how other people in your area vote.

  • Now, they are adding in to your listening preferences.

  • Now, using your location and what you`re listening to, Pandora says they determine your political preference.

  • So, let`s take a look at what Pandora says your taste reveals about your politics.

  • Listen to Daft Punk, Pandora may determine you`re likely to vote Democrat.

  • If you like country music, Pandora infers you`re more likely to vote Republican.

  • Love some Jay-Z? Well, according to Pandora it`s hard to determine your political affiliation.

  • Listen, Carl, one thing is for sure: those apps on your smartphone, they are looking to make money, many of them are, and to do that, they`ve got to get to know you better.

  • That`s the advertising game and it looks like Pandora`s got a head start. Carl.

  • Before we go, when octopi attack. It doesn`t typically occur unless they feel threatened.

  • So, when this happened, the two divers off the coast of California recently, they kept one camera rolling as an eight-foot giant Pacific octopus tried to take out the other.

  • The diver who posted this on YouTube thinks the animal saw its reflection in the lens, mistook it for another octopus and went after it.

  • When the camera flashes went off, the octopus went away.

  • Would you have stuck around? I can think of eight good reasons not to.

  • It`s interesting that diver never thought he octopushed it away.

  • It was eight armed and dangerous.

  • I guess when that happen so fast, you don`t have time to ink about it.

  • CNN STUDENT NEWS dives back in tomorrow.

Thank you for watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz reporting from Atlanta, Georgia.

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February 19, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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